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What did democracy mean before liberalism? What are the consequences for our lives today? Combining history with political theory, this book restores the core meaning of democracy as collective and limited self-government by citizens. That, rather than majority tyranny, is what democracy meant in ancient Athens, before liberalism. Participatory self-government is the basis of political practice in 'Demopolis', a hypothetical modern state powerfully imagined by award-winning historian and political scientist Josiah Ober. Demopolis' residents aim to establish a secure, prosperous, and non-tyrannical community, where citizens govern as a collective, both directly and through representatives, and willingly assume the costs of self-government because doing so benefits them, both as a group and individually. Basic democracy, as exemplified in real Athens and imagined Demopolis, can provide a stable foundation for a liberal state. It also offers a possible way forward for religious societies seeking a realistic alternative to autocracy.Read more
- Establishes the hypothetical modern state of 'Demopolis' to creatively and effectively demonstrate the relevance of classical Greek democracy for liberal states
- Combines history with political theory to enable knowledge of the past to support the argument for the present
- Emphasizes the relationship of democratic legitimacy, civic education, and political participation, allowing audiences to connect democracy and popular participation without resorting to populism
Reviews & endorsements
'Demopolis is Josiah Ober’s long-awaited case for the intrinsic value of democracy, not liberal democracy, but democracy simply, the project of collective self-governance. Ober provides a clear and clarifying analytical framework for understanding democracy itself, prior to or apart from its admixture with liberalism. The result is not merely a powerful work in political philosophy but also a compelling argument for the human value of dignitarian democracy: forms of self-rule defined and constrained by the value of human dignity. This book is a masterpiece.' Danielle Allen, Harvard UniversitySee more reviews
'There is no better guide than Joshiah Ober to Athenian democracy, and now, also to its significance for understanding the value of democracy today, even where modern liberal rights and values may not exist. This book combines history and theory in a political tour de force.' Melissa Lane, Princeton University
'Demopolis is a tightly reasoned work of scholarship … Mr Ober is an excellent writer and his argument is worth the effort. He believes today’s liberals, following the political philosopher John Rawls, conflate liberalism and democracy in ways that make it difficult to assess one without the other.' Barton Swaim, Wall Street Journal
'Ober concludes that basic democracy might form an alternative foundation in light of current challenges to liberalism, such as populist nationalism. This conclusion will not convince all, but Ober’s work is thorough and thought-provoking. Highly Recommended.' J. Heyrman, Choice
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- Date Published: July 2017
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781316649831
- length: 222 pages
- dimensions: 227 x 152 x 11 mm
- weight: 0.36kg
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
List of figures and tables
Note on the text
1. Basic democracy
2. The meaning of democracy in classical Athens
3. Founding Demopolis
4. Legitimacy and civic education
5. Human capacities and civic participation
6. Civic dignity and other necessary conditions
7. Delegation and expertise
8. A theory of democracy
Epilogue. Democracy after liberalism
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