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Contrary to claims that socialism opposed the family unit, Rachel Hynson argues that the revolutionary Cuban government engaged in social engineering to redefine the nuclear family and organize citizens to serve the state. Drawing on Cuban newspapers and periodicals, government documents and speeches, long-overlooked laws, and oral histories, Hynson reveals that by 1961, and increasingly throughout this decade, revolutionary citizenship was earned through labor. While men were to work outside the home in state-approved jobs, women found their citizenship tied to affording the state control over their reproduction and sexual labor. Through all four campaigns examined in this book - the projects to control women's reproduction, promote marriage, end prostitution, and compel men into state-sanctioned employment - Hynson shows that the state's progression toward authoritarianism and its attendant monopolization of morality were met with resistance and counter-narratives by citizens who so opposed the mandates of these campaigns that Cuban leadership has since reconfigured or effaced these programs from the Revolution's grand narrative.Read more
- Offers an in-depth, historical treatment of the internal dynamics of four early revolutionary campaigns that sought to control women's reproduction, promote marriage, end prostitution, and compel men into state-sanctioned employment
- Advances new arguments based on primary source material, archival research, and personal interviews
- Focuses on individual beliefs and responses to campaigns as opposed to just state prerogatives and impositions to provide evidence of both the government's grand narrative and citizens' counter narratives
Reviews & endorsements
‘Brilliantly argued and meticulously researched, Rachel Hynson's Laboring for the State represents a breakthrough in understanding how Cuba's Communist state established direct connections between the grand patriarchal project of national salvation and the intimate lives of citizens. Her analysis of the rehabilitation of sexual transgressors such as pimps, prostitutes as well as average citizens who questioned the merits and values of Communist-led redemption is as unique and refreshing as it is fascinating and convincing.' Lillian Guerra, University of FloridaSee more reviews
‘Laboring for the State elevates the literature on the early years after the 1959 Cuban revolution to a new level of sophistication and complexity. Based on a rich tapestry of sources, Hynson uncovers the ‘unintended consequence' of previously understudied revolutionary campaigns. Significantly, Hynson provides a genuine intersectional analysis of Cuban history that never forgets or downplays that the island's push toward European heterosexual gender norms - the New Family - often came at the expense of black and mulato bodies.' Devyn Spence Benson, Davidson College, North Carolina
‘Rachel Hynson's Laboring for the State is essential reading for anyone interested in how Cuba's revolutionary state established hegemony. In rich and engaging detail, Hynson tracks the state's systematic intervention into even the most intimate levels of society. We learn how conservative visions of the nuclear family, women's reproductive roles, and sexual deviance were central to the attempts to regulate and control citizens. This is an important and impressive book that will reshape how we think about revolutionary Cuba's origins.' Lorraine Bayard de Volo, University of Colorado, Boulder
‘Rachel Hynson’s new book, Laboring for the State: Women, Family, and Work in Revolutionary Cuba, 1959-1971, is an excellent addition to this growing body of literature that challenges both the chronology and the content of the Cuban government’s own narrative of its revolution … Drawing on varied and fascinating sources, Hynson has written a social history of the first twelve years of revolutionary Cuba, and explained to her audience how those years shaped Cuba today.’ Anasa Hicks, H-LatAm
‘… cogently conceptualized and painstakingly researched … an ambitious book that will shake scholarship on Cuba out of its complacency.’ Michelle Chase, Hispanic American Historical Review
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- Date Published: March 2020
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107188679
- length: 332 pages
- dimensions: 235 x 158 x 22 mm
- weight: 0.61kg
- contains: 14 b/w illus.
- availability: In stock
Table of Contents
Introduction: socialist morality, the nuclear family, and state labor
1. In the hands of physicians: abortion, birth control, and claims to women's labor
2. 'The husband must protect the wife and the latter obey the husband': operation family, wedding palaces, and nuclear families
3. From the streets to the home: the re-education and resistance of female prostitutes
4. The elasticity of truth: creating male heads of household through forced labor
Epilogue: the erasure and legacies of four early revolutionary campaigns.
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