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The Six Day War in 1967 profoundly influenced how an increasing number of religious Zionists saw Israeli victory as the manifestation of God's desire to redeem God's people. Thousands of religious Israelis joined the Gush Emunim movement in 1974 to create settlements in territories occupied in the war. However, over time, the Israeli government decided to return territory to Palestinian or Arab control. This was perceived among religious Zionist circles as a violation of God's order. The peak of this process came with the Disengagement Plan in 2005, in which Israel demolished all the settlements in the Gaza Strip and four settlements in the West Bank. This process raised difficult theological questions among religious Zionists: What supreme religious significance could be attributed to these events? Was the State of Israel no longer to be considered a divine tool for the redemption of the Jewish people? This book explores the internal mechanism applied by a group of religious Zionist rabbis in response to their profound disillusionment with the behavior of the state, reflected in an increase in religious radicalization due to the need to cope with the feelings of religious and messianic failure.Read more
- The book treats: prophetic failure, the Israeli settlers' community, the Arab-Israeli conflict, Israeli society and politics, Christian Zionism and messianic religious Zionism
- Explores the profound disillusionment of the rabbinical elite of the Israeli West Bank to state territorial compromises
- New research also compares the American Christian Evangelical response to Israeli territorial compromises
Reviews & endorsements
"The book deals with a fascinating chapter in modern Judaism and in the history of Israel and the modern Middle East. Inbari handles this potentially volatile topic masterfully. He provides excellent insights and maintains an even and balanced scholarly account at all times. I highly recommend it."
Yaakov Ariel, University of North Carolina, Chapel HillSee more reviews
"In his detailed and systematic study, Motti Inbari uses the psychological mechanism of cognitive dissonance to explain how religious leaders try to comprehend an ever-changing world. With mastery of subject matter, detailed analysis, and clear writing, Inbari enables the reader to make sense of a variety of complex intellectual phenomena. This book should attract scholars interested the interaction between modern religion and politics, the path religious Zionism is headed, and the meaning of compromise for the West Bank Jewish settlers. It should also give pause for thought for those seeking a peaceful solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."
Michael Feige, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
"Motti Inbari's book is an insightful introduction into Messianic Religious Zionists' (MRZ) evolving worldviews as they relate to political negotiations over land compromises. Inbari is particularly insightful in his discussion of the changes in approach since the Oslo period in the 1990s … [he] effectively synthesizes significant secondary sources with available primary sources to provide a stimulating and much-needed analysis of the changing attitudes of MRZ rabbis and followers toward violent responses to territorial compromises."
"An extremely valuable book that should be read by anyone interested in the role of religious Zionism in Israel."
Politics, Religion and Ideology
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- Date Published: July 2014
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781107673359
- length: 216 pages
- dimensions: 234 x 156 x 12 mm
- weight: 0.34kg
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Zionist perceptions in the thought of Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook and the roots of Gush Emunim
2. Gush Emunim and the Israeli-Egyptian peace agreement
3. The statist approach confronted with the Oslo Accords
4. 'Hearing a baby's cry': political reality and messianic retreat in the thought of Rabbi Yehuda Amital
5. Post-Zionism in the religious-Zionist camp: the 'Jewish leadership' movement
6. Fundamentalism in crisis: the response of messianic religious Zionism to the theological dilemmas raised by Israel's disengagement plan
7. The position of the messianic religious Zionist rabbis to political violence and incitement
8. The American fundamentalist response to 'land for peace' solutions.
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