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Duality by Design
The Global Race to Build Africa's Infrastructure

$32.99 (F)

Phanish Puranam, Nuno Gil, Anne Stafford, Innocent Musonda, Hagen Worch, Mundia Kabinga, Anton Eberhard, Jochen Markard, Bernhard Truffer, Nchimunya Hamukoma, Brian Levy, Valerie J. Karplus, Donald R. Lessard, Ninad Rajpurkar, Arun Singh, Amy Rose, Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga, Robert Stoner, Richard de Neufville, Malik Ismail, Murray Metcalfe, Madeleine McPherson, Mark Hellowell, Pamela Stapleton, Cletus Agyemin-Boateng, Wafaa Hussein Nadim, Samuel C. MacAulay, Uwe Wissenbach, Trynos Gumbo, Boniface Bwanyire, Walter Musakwa, Chioma Okoro, Jeff Pinto, Rehema Msulwa
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  • Date Published: March 2022
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108461030

$ 32.99 (F)

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About the Authors
  • Africa's rapid population growth and urbanisation has made its socioeconomic development a global priority. But as China ramps up its assistance in bridging Africa's basic infrastructure gap to the detriment of institutions building, warnings of a debt trap have followed. Building upon an extensive body of evidence, the editors argue that developing institutions and infrastructure are two equally desirable but organisationally incompatible objectives. In conceptualising this duality by design, a new theoretical framework proposes better understanding of the differing approaches to development espoused by traditional agencies, such as the World Bank, and emergent Chinese agencies. This new framing moves the debate away from the fruitless search for a 'superior' form of organising, and instead suggests looking for complementarities in competing forms of organising for development. For students and researchers in international business, strategic and public management, and complex systems, as well as practitioners in international development and business in emergent markets.

    • Proposes new conceptual framing to look at global efforts to promote socioeconomic development by uncovering a tension between whether to design organisations to build institutions first and then basic infrastructure or the other way around
    • Furthers our empirical and theoretical understanding of designing organisations to pursue development and navigate institutional voids in the environment
    • Offers extensive evidence (grounded in Africa) of two complementary approaches to pursuing development by prioritizing either institutions or infrastructure building
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    Reviews & endorsements

    ‘With a wealth of empirical evidence, this book exposes a fundamental choice underlying infrastructure development in Africa and elsewhere. Western development agencies emphasize institution-building, good governance and transparency with the result that investment is slow. In contrast, Chinese agencies seek to get it done so that investment is quick, but possibly unsustainable. Foreshadows a new era of geopolitics on the African continent.' Carliss Y. Baldwin, Harvard Business School

    ‘Africa's capacity for prosperity - which depends on the development of its infrastructure - is central to our way of life for a slate of reasons that are laid out in this terrific book. Gil explains what it will take to assure Africa's stability and security. This is essential reading for scholars interested in the construction of institutions, and for anyone interested in international political economy.' Anita McGahan, University of Toronto

    ‘Duality by design: The Global Race to Build Africa's Infrastructure is a rich and thought-provoking work, whose data and conclusions illuminate the Latin American reflection on the challenges in the development of infrastructure projects.' Rafael Valim, President of the Brazilian Institute of Legal Studies in Infrastructure (2014–16) and editor of the Brazilian Journal of Infrastructure

    ‘Africa has a rapidly growing population, which is projected to reach forty percent of the world's population by 2100. This rapid growth in population highlights the challenges presented by an infrastructure which is already woefully inadequate. Drawing on an extensive body of research, this book focusses on the incompatibility between building institutions and capital investment, a fundamental question that will become ever more pressing as the growth in population demands better infrastructure to serve it. The Western approach of institutional building as a necessary precursor to investment contrasts sharply with the Chinese focus on speed of investment, a contrast which will become more sharply drawn and debated in the future. This book makes a valuable contribution to that debate and is essential reading for all those interested in the provision of infrastructure to meet the needs of the growing population of Africa.' John Roberts, Former CEO of United Utilities

    ‘This book presents a new, probing and insightful slant on the well-trodden discussion of the duality involved in promoting infrastructure development in emerging market countries with weak institutions. Rather than treating this as a dilemma with dichotomous alternatives, each with its pros and cons, this book delivers hard-hitting arguments and multiple case studies to support the idea of looking for hybrid organizational solutions that can maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of both approaches. It poses questions that can help to launch a new set of research and experimentation in support of the aspirations and goals of both the local populations and the grantee countries and multilateral institutions that support infrastructure development. It is well worth a read!' Raymond E. Levitt, Kumagai Professor of Engineering Emeritus and Director of the Global Projects Center, Stanford University

    'Duality by Design is critical reading for anyone wanting to understand the dynamics of global development and the options we have for constructing a world that serves us all. It provokes us to think differently, to see alternative paths to progress, to more deeply understand challenges in developing economies, to open a more expansive conversation and to engage in a constructive debate about our collective future.' Sara Beckman, University of California, Berkeley

    'Duality by Design: The Global Race to build Africa’s Infrastructure is laying out two development models that are implemented in a vast number of countries across Africa. … One model puts emphasis on investments and enhanced capacity while the other is following an approach of aligning infrastructure investments with much-needed institutional capacity building and governance. Perhaps the two models will need to come together to make a real development impact for the continent. A great start for a much-needed discussion on effectiveness of infrastructure development in Africa.' Benedict L. J. Eijbergen, The World Bank

    'This book has brought together some of the finest minds within the academic and research fields, who have real knowledge and understanding of the complex challenges faced by governments and their international agencies, and global private sector enterprises in responding, at a relevant scale, to the infrastructure needs of Africa. They have articulated the risks of not meeting this urgent challenge, while clearly acknowledging the risks of doing so. They have dared to confront these challenges, and to think very radically; nothing less will suffice.' Ian Reeves, Chairman, The Estates and Infrastructure Exchange,

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2022
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108461030
    • length: 442 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 23 mm
    • weight: 0.652kg
    • contains: 28 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Foreword Phanish Puranam
    1. Duality by design: the global race to build Africa's infrastructure Nuno Gil, Anne Stafford and Innocent Musonda
    2. Why the lights went out: a capability perspective on the unintended consequences of sector reform processes Hagen Worch, Mundia Kabinga, Anton Eberhard, Jochen Markard and Bernhard Truffer
    3. When the quest for electricity reform and the need for investment collide: South Africa, 1998–2004 Nchimunya Hamukoma and Brian Levy
    4. Institutional enablers of energy system transition: lessons from solar PV in eight African countries Valerie J. Karplus, Donald R. Lessard, Ninad Rajpurkar and Arun Singh
    5. Harnessing Africa's energy resources through regional infrastructure projects Amy Rose, Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga, Robert Stoner and Richard de Neufville
    6. Centralized vs decentralized generation in Zambia: meeting electricity demand in the context of climate change Malik Ismail, Murray Metcalfe and Madeleine McPherson
    7. Delivering healthcare infrastructure and services through public private partnerships: the Lesotho case Mark Hellowell
    8. Achieving long-term financial sustainability in African infrastucture projects Anne Stafford, Pamela Stapleton and Cletus Agyemin-Boateng
    9. A proactive social infrastructure model for future mixed-use housing in Egypt Wafaa Hussein Nadim
    10. Collective action under the shadow of contractual governance: the case of a participatory approach to upgrade Cairo's 'garbage cities' Nuno Gil and Samuel C. MacAulay
    11. Kenya's Madaraka express: an example of the decisive Chinese impulse for African mega infrastructure projects Uwe Wissenbach
    12. No one-size-fits-all organisational solution: learning from railway developments in South Africa and Ethiopia Innocent Musonda, Trynos Gumbo, Boniface Bwanyire, Walter Musakwa, Chioma Okoro and Nuno Gil
    13. Building institutions or capital investment? Organisational duality in the pursuit of socioeconomic development Nuno Gil, Jeff Pinto and Rehema Msulwa
    Afterword Nuno Gil.

  • Editors

    Nuno Gil, University of Manchester
    Nuno Gil is a Professor of New Infrastructure Development at the Alliance Manchester Business School (AMBS), University of Manchester, where he is also the director of the AMBS Infrastructure Development Research Group. Gil's research focus on the design of structures and processes to achieve collective ends. He teaches organisation design and megaproject leadershi and has worked or done research with various organizations including CH2M HILL, Intel, Rolls Royce, BAA (now Heathrow Ltd), BP, Network Rail, London2012, India's DDFCIL, and Nigeria's LAMATA amongst many others.

    Anne Stafford, University of Manchester
    Anne Stafford is Professor of Accounting and Finance at Alliance Manchester Business School, University of Manchester. Her research focuses on financial analysis and evaluation of public policy, particularly in relation to infrastructure governance and accountability. She has researched public and private sector organisations in the UK, Europe, North America and Africa and contributed to submissions to governments, the OECD, the World Bank and other global organisations.

    Innocent Musonda, University of Johannesburg
    Innocent Musonda is a Professor of Construction Management at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. He has worked for the public and private sectors in Botswana, South Africa and Zambia. He is founder and director of the Centre for Applied Research and Innovation in the Built Environment (CARINBE) at the University of Johannesburg, South Africa and chairperson of the DII conference series on infrastructure development and investment in Africa.


    Phanish Puranam, Nuno Gil, Anne Stafford, Innocent Musonda, Hagen Worch, Mundia Kabinga, Anton Eberhard, Jochen Markard, Bernhard Truffer, Nchimunya Hamukoma, Brian Levy, Valerie J. Karplus, Donald R. Lessard, Ninad Rajpurkar, Arun Singh, Amy Rose, Ignacio Pérez-Arriaga, Robert Stoner, Richard de Neufville, Malik Ismail, Murray Metcalfe, Madeleine McPherson, Mark Hellowell, Pamela Stapleton, Cletus Agyemin-Boateng, Wafaa Hussein Nadim, Samuel C. MacAulay, Uwe Wissenbach, Trynos Gumbo, Boniface Bwanyire, Walter Musakwa, Chioma Okoro, Jeff Pinto, Rehema Msulwa

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