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Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation

Details

  • Page extent: 320 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.64 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 658.155
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: HD61 .A56 2010
  • LC Subject headings:
    • Risk management
    • Risk management--Social aspects

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521193092)

Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation
Cambridge University Press
9780521193092 - Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation - By Bridget M. Hutter
Frontmatter/Prelims

Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation

Anticipating risks has become an obsession of the early twenty-first century. Private and public sector organisations increasingly devote resources to risk prevention and contingency planning to manage risk events should they occur. This book shows how we can organise our social, organisational and regulatory policy systems to cope better with the array of local and transnational risks we regularly encounter. Contributors from a range of disciplines – including finance, history, law, management, political science, social psychology, sociology and disaster studies – consider threats, vulnerabilities and insecurities alongside social and organisational sources of resilience and security. These issues are introduced and discussed through a fascinating and diverse set of topics, including myxomatosis, the 2012 Olympic Games, gene therapy and the recent financial crisis. This is an important book for academics and policymakers who wish to understand the dilemmas generated in the anticipation and management of risks.

Bridget M. Hutter is Professor of Risk Regulation and Director of the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR) at the London School of Economics and Political Science. She is author of numerous publications on the subject of risk regulation and has an international reputation for her work on compliance, regulatory enforcement and business risk management.


Anticipating Risks and Organising Risk Regulation

Bridget M. Hutter


CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo

Cambridge University Press
The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK

Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York

www.cambridge.org
Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521193092

© Cambridge University Press 2010

This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

First published 2010

Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge

A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library

ISBN 978-0-521-19309-2 Hardback

Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.


To Corin


Contents

Notes on contributors
ix
Preface
xiii
Part I    Introduction
1
1         Anticipating risk and organising risk regulation: current dilemmas
Bridget M. Hutter
3
Part II   Threat, vulnerabilities and insecurities
23
2         Risk society and financial risk
Clive Briault
25
3         Before the sky falls down: a ‘constitutional dialogue’ over the depletion of internet addresses
Jeanette Hofmann
46
4         Changing attitudes to risk? Managing myxomatosis in twentieth-century Britain
Peter Bartrip
68
5         Public perceptions of risk and ‘compensation culture’ in the UK
Sally Lloyd-Bostock
90
6         Colonised by risk – the emergence of academic risks in British higher education
Michael Huber
114
Part III  Social, organisational and regulatory sources of resilience and security
137
7         Regulating resilience? Regulatory work in high-risk arenas
Carl Macrae
139
8         Critical infrastructures, resilience and organisation of mega-projects: the Olympic Games
Will Jennings and Martin Lodge
161
9         Creating space for engagement? Lay membership in contemporary risk governance
Kevin E. Jones and Alan Irwin
185
10        Bioethics and the risk regulation of ‘frontier research’: the case of gene therapy
Javier Lezaun
208
11        Preparing for future crises: lessons from research
Arjen Boin
231
12        Conclusion: important themes and future research directions
Bridget M. Hutter
249
References
265
Author index
296
Subject index
301

Contributors

Peter Bartrip

is a historian and Associate Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies in the University of Oxford. He holds degrees from the Universities of Swansea, Saskatchewan and Cardiff. Until recently he was Reader in History at the University of Northampton. He has published histories of workmen's compensation, the British Medical Journal and the British Medical Association, and books on several aspects of occupational health and safety. His most recent book, funded by the Wellcome Trust, was Myxomatosis. A History of Pest Control and the Rabbit (2008). He has published many articles in scholarly journals and is currently working on both the history of no-fault compensation for road traffic accident victims and aspects of the history of lung cancer.

Arjen Boin

is a professor at Utrecht University. He received his Ph.D. from Leiden University, the Netherlands where he taught at the Department of Public Administration before moving to Louisiana State University. He is a founding director of Crisisplan (an international crisis consultancy based in the Netherlands). Dr Boin has published widely on topics of crisis and disaster management, leadership, institutional design and correctional administration. His most recent books are The Politics of Crisis Management (Cambridge University Press, 2005, winner of APSA's Herbert A. Simon book award), Governing after Crisis (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and Crisis Management: A Three Volume Set of Essential Readings (2008). Dr Boin serves on the editorial board of Risk Management and the Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management. He is the incoming editor of Public Administration, a premier journal in the field.

Clive Briault

is an independent consultant on risk and regulation issues, a programme leader for the Toronto Centre for Leadership in Financial Supervision, and a non-executive director of a financial services company. He has held senior positions in the Bank of England and the UK Financial Services Authority (FSA), most recently as Managing Director, Retail Markets, at the UK FSA. He has published articles on a range of regulatory and monetary policy issues, including on the costs of inflation, central bank independence and accountability, the rationale for a single financial services regulator, derivatives and systemic risk, and supervision after the 2008 credit crunch.

Jeanette Hofmann

is a researcher at the Centre for the Analysis of Risk and Regulation at the London School of Economics and the Social Science Research Centre, Berlin. Her work focuses on global governance, particularly on the regulation of the Internet and on the transformation of intellectual property rights. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Free University Berlin. In 2009, she co-edited ‘Governance als Prozess’/Governance as process, an interdisciplinary collection of German contributions to the governance research.

Michael Huber

is Professor of Higher Education Studies at the Institute of Science and Technology Studies at the University of Bielefeld and Research Associate at the Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation, London School of Economics and Political Science. He earned his Ph.D. at the European University Institute in Florence in 1991 and defended his Habilitation at the University of Leipzig in 2005. His main research interests are in the fields of organisational sociology, higher education studies and risk and regulation.

Bridget M. Hutter

is Professor of Risk Regulation at the London School of Economics and Political Science and Director of the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR). She has held research and teaching appointments at the Universities of Oxford and London and is former editor of the British Journal of Sociology. She is author of numerous publications on the subject of risk regulation and has an international reputation for her work on compliance, regulatory enforcement and business risk management. Previous publications include Compliance (1997), Socio-Legal Reader in Environmental Law (editor: 1999), Regulation and Risk (2001) and Organizational Encounters with Risk (edited with M. Power, Cambridge University Press, 2005). She is currently examining trends in risk regulation and preparing a research monograph Business Risk Management: Managing Risks and Responding to Regulation. She is regularly involved in policymaking discussions, with international bodies such as the World Economic Forum and with business organisations and regulatory agencies in the UK.

Alan Irwin

is a professor at Copenhagen Business School. His books include Risk and the Control of Technology (1985), Citizen Science (1995), Sociology and the Environment (2001) and (with Mike Michael) Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge (2003). With Brian Wynne, he was the co-editor of Misunderstanding Science? (Cambridge University Press, 1996). His research interests include scientific governance and societal debates over risk-related technologies. He currently chairs the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) strategy panel on ‘bioscience for society’.

Will Jennings

is ESRC/Hallsworth Research Fellow at the University of Manchester, and a Research Associate at the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His research explores the politics and management of risk in mega-projects and mega-events such as the Olympic Games. His research is currently funded through an ESRC Research Fellowship. Other research interests include the responsiveness of government to public opinion, issue ownership by political parties, agenda-setting, and blame management by public officeholders. He is also co-director of the UK Policy Agendas Project which analyses the agenda of British government between 1911 and present.

Kevin Jones

is Senior Research Associate at the University of Alberta, in Edmonton, Canada. His current research interests include the application of science and expertise in developing environmental policy, public perceptions of risk and environment and the interrelationship between scientific controversies and society.

Javier Lezaun

is the James Martin Lecturer in Science and Technology Governance at the Institute for Science, Innovation and Society, Said Business School, University of Oxford. He received a Ph.D. in science and technology studies from Cornell University, and has taught at the London School of Economics and Political Science and Amherst College. His work focuses on the social aspects of innovations in the life sciences, and on the political impacts of new biotechnologies. He is co-editor of the forthcoming volume Catastrophe: Law, Politics and the Humanitarian Impulse.

Sally Lloyd-Bostock

is a professorial research fellow at the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation. Her research concerns the relationship between psychology and law, and she has particular interests in theoretical aspects of interdisciplinary work. Areas of her empirical research have included the social psychology of negligence claims and formal complaints; health and safety regulation; juries and courtroom decision-making; and medical regulation by the General Medical Council. She was previously Professor of Law and Psychology and Director of the Institute for Judicial Administration at the University of Birmingham; and Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford.

Martin Lodge

is Reader in Political Science & Public Policy in the Department of Government, and Research Theme Director at the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation, at the London School of Economics and Political Science. His primary research interests are in the area of comparative executive government and regulation. Among his publications are The Oxford Handbook of Regulation (edited with Robert Baldwin and Martin Cave, 2010); The Politics of Public Service Bargains (with Christopher Hood, 2006) and Regulatory Innovation (edited with Julia Black and Mark Thatcher, 2005).

Carl Macrae

is Special Advisor with the National Patient Safety Agency working on new approaches to analysing and learning from patient safety incidents. His research interests focus on the analysis and management of risk, knowledge and resilience, particularly in safety-critical and high-consequence industries. Carl holds a Ph.D. in organisational risk and safety management, conducted in collaboration with a large airline, and previously held posts at the ESRC Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation, London School of Economics and Political Science and in the regulatory risk group of an investment bank. Carl is a Chartered Psychologist and his book, Risk and Resilience: Near-Miss Management in the Airline Industry, is forthcoming.




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