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Democratic Politics in the European Parliament
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Details

  • 27 tables
  • Page extent: 260 pages
  • Size: 228 x 152 mm
  • Weight: 0.54 kg

Library of Congress

  • Dewey number: 328.4
  • Dewey version: 22
  • LC Classification: JN36 .H53 2007
  • LC Subject headings:
    • European Union
    • European Parliament
    • Legislative power--European Union countries
    • Legislators--European Union countries

Library of Congress Record

Hardback

 (ISBN-13: 9780521872881)

Democratic politics in the European Parliament Cambridge University Press
978-0-521-87288-1 - DEMOCRATIC POLITICS IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT - by Simon Hix, Abdul G. Noury and Gérard Roland
Table of Contents


List of Contents


List of figures page xi
List of tables xii
List of boxes xiv
Acknowledgements xv
Introduction 1
Summary of the argument and the main findings 3
Outline of the book 6
Lessons for political science and European politics 8
Chapter 1   Development of the European Parliament 12
1.1 Powers of the European Parliament 12
1.1.1 Power to control the executive: a hybrid model 13
1.1.2 Power to make legislation: from a lobbyist to a co-legislator 18
1.2 Political parties in the European Parliament: a ‘two-plus-several’ party system 21
1.3 The electoral disconnection 26
1.4 The dataset: roll-call votes in the European Parliament 29
1.5 Conclusion 31
Chapter 2   Democracy, transaction costs and political parties 32
2.1 Citizen-delegate democracy 33
2.2 Party-based democracy 37
2.2.1 Parties in legislative politics and the making of public policy 39
2.2.2 Parties and electoral politics 46
2.3 Parliaments without strong parties: a history of failure 49
2.4 Implications for the European Parliament 50
2.5 Conclusion 53
Chapter 3   Ideological not territorial politics 54
3.1 Political conflict, indivisibilities, externalities and redistribution 55
3.2 Solving political conflicts 57
3.3 The cleavage theory of democratic politics 63
3.4 Implications for the European Parliament 66
3.5 Conclusion 68
Appendix: Decentralised governance to territorial entities and sectors 69
Chapter 4   Participation 72
4.1 Participation in the European Parliament: The costs and benefits of voting 74
4.2 Variations in participation rates across time, political group and country 77
4.3 Explaining the patterns 79
4.4 Conclusion: politics determines participation 85
Chapter 5   Trends in party cohesion 87
5.1 Theories of party cohesion 88
5.2 Measuring cohesion in the European Parliament 91
5.3 Main trends: growing party voting and declining national voting 93
5.4 Determinants of party cohesion in the European Parliament 95
5.4.1 Variables 95
5.4.2 Results 99
5.5 Conclusion: Growing policy-making power leads to growing party cohesion 104
Chapter 6   Agenda-setting and cohesion 105
6.1 Agenda-setting and political parties 108
6.1.1 The agenda cartel theory of parties 108
6.1.2 Agenda-setting in the European Parliament: external and internal ‘cartels’ 111
6.1.3 Propositions about agenda-setting and party cohesion in the European Parliament 115
6.2 Descriptive evidence of agenda-setting and policy influence 118
6.3 Statistical analysis 121
6.3.1 Variables 122
6.3.2 Results 123
6.4 Conclusion: agenda control alone cannot explain party discipline 130
Chapter 7   Who controls the MEPs? 132
7.1 MEPs: agents with two principals 133
7.2 Voting with and against the European and national parties 136
7.3 Analysis of MEP voting defection in the Fifth Parliament 139
7.3.1 Variables 139
7.3.2 Results 142
7.4 Relative importance of European and national parties in all five parliaments 143
7.5 Conclusion: European parties from national party actions 145
Chapter 8   Competition and coalition formation 147
8.1 Theories of party competition and coalition formation 148
8.2 Patterns of coalitions in the European Parliament 150
8.3 Determinants of coalition formation 152
8.3.1 Variables 152
8.3.2 Results 157
8.4 Conclusion: an increasingly competitive party system 158
Chapter 9   Dimensions of politics 161
9.1 Dimensions of conflict in EU politics 162
9.2 Estimating MEPs’ ideal points from roll-call votes 165
9.3 Spatial maps of the five elected European Parliaments 168
9.4 Interpretation of the meaning of the dimensions 172
9.4.1 Variables 172
9.4.2 Results 175
9.5 Conclusion: Normal politics in a territorially divided polity 180
Chapter 10   Investiture and censure of the Santer Commission 182
10.1 Formation and termination of governments and the case of the EU 183
10.2 The Santer Commission: from nomination to resignation 186
10.3 Analysis: MEP behaviour in the investiture and censure of the Commission 192
10.3.1 Variables 192
10.3.2 Results 195
10.4 Conclusion: Government–opposition politics arrives in the European Parliament 198
Chapter 11   The Takeover Directive 200
11.1 A short history of the Takeover Directive 201
11.2 Explaining MEP voting on the Takeover Directive: nationality or party? 205
11.3 Analysis of MEP behaviour on the Takeover Directive 208
11.3.1 Variables 208
11.3.2 Results 211
11.4 Conclusion: parties and ideology matter, even when national interests interfere 214
Conclusion 216
Bibliography 221
Index 235


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