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The Atmosphere and Climate of Mars

Part of Cambridge Planetary Science

Robert M. Haberle, R. Todd Clancy, François Forget, Michael D. Smith, Richard W. Zurek, Philip B. James, Philip R. Christensen, Mark T. Lemmon, Paul Withers, Stephen W. Bougher, Thérèse Encrenaz, Armin Kleinböhl, Franck Montmessin, Jennifer Benson, Frank Daerden, Anthony Colaprete, Michael J. Wolff, Miguel Lopéz-Valverde, Jean-Baptiste Madeleine, R. John Wilson, Thierry Fouchet, Gregory T. Delory, Peter L. Read, Boris Galperin, Søren E. Larsen, Stephen R. Lewis, Anni Määttänen, Arakel Petrosyan, Nilton Renno, Hannu Savijärvi, Tero Siili, Amyeric Spiga, Anthony Toigo, Luis Vázquez, Scot C. R. Rafkin, Timothy I. Michaels, Jeffrey R. Barnes, James R. Murphy, Melinda A. Kahre, Claire E. Newman, Bruce A. Cantor, Yes Langevin, Michael T. Mellon, Anna Fedorova, Timothy N. Titus, Shane Byrne, Thomas H. Prettyman, Franck Lefèvre, Vladimir Krasnoplosky, David A. Brain, Jane L. Fox, Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo, C. Simon-Welund, Sergey Barabash, Firat Duru, Bruce M. Jakosky, Ronan Modolo, James W. Head, Michael A. Mischna, Norbert Schörghofer, David C. Catling, Michael H. Carr, Kevin J. Zahnle
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  • Date Published: June 2017
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107016187

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About the Authors
  • Humanity has long been fascinated by the planet Mars. Was its climate ever conducive to life? What is the atmosphere like today and why did it change so dramatically over time? Eleven spacecraft have successfully flown to Mars since the Viking mission of the 1970s and early 1980s. These orbiters, landers and rovers have generated vast amounts of data that now span a Martian decade (roughly eighteen years). This new volume brings together the many new ideas about the atmosphere and climate system that have emerged, including the complex interplay of the volatile and dust cycles, the atmosphere-surface interactions that connect them over time, and the diversity of the planet's environment and its complex history. Including tutorials and explanations of complicated ideas, students, researchers and non-specialists alike are able to use this resource to gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of this most Earth-like of planetary neighbours.

    • Emphasizes the physical processes while capturing how knowledge has changed as a result of data from space exploration
    • Covers all aspects of the atmosphere and climate system, and will appeal to atmospheric scientists of many different specialties
    • Examines the many developments, observations and model improvements in the field of Mars exploration since the topic was last reviewed in 1992
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'It has become clear that understanding the Martian atmosphere will be as complex a challenge as comprehending Earth's. This volume contains chapters exploring the observation history, energy budget, clouds, boundary layer, mesoscale meteorology, global circulation, photochemistry, and ionosphere, as well as the planet's dust, water, and carbon dioxide cycles. Additional chapters examine Mars's fascinating climate history, ranging from planetary formation to the most recent centuries. Most interesting to non-specialists may be the climate history, which suggests Mars once resembled Earth with a thick atmosphere, abundant precipitation and ground water, and possibly an ocean. For this reason, early Mars was presumably friendlier to possible life than the frigid, desiccated surface - with atmospheric pressure less than 1 percent of Earth's - that we see now. … Recommended. Upper-division undergraduate students through faculty.' M. K. Cleaveland, Choice

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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2017
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107016187
    • length: 588 pages
    • dimensions: 282 x 227 x 32 mm
    • weight: 1.91kg
    • contains: 298 b/w illus. 29 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction Robert M. Haberle, R. Todd Clancy, François Forget, Michael D. Smith and Richard W. Zurek
    2. Understanding Mars and its atmosphere Richard W. Zurek
    3. History of Mars atmosphere observations Philip B. James, Philip R. Christensen, R. Todd Clancy, Mark T. Lemmon and Paul Withers
    4. Thermal structure and composition Michael D. Smith, Stephen Bougher, Thérèse Encrenaz, François Forget and Armin Kleinböhl
    5. Mars clouds R. Todd Clancy, Franck Montmessin, Jennifer Benson, Frank Daerden, Anthony Colaprete and Michael J. Wolff
    6. Radiative process: techniques and applications Michael J. Wolff, Miguel Lopéz-Valverde, Jean-Baptiste Madeleine, R. John Wilson, Michael D. Smith, Thierry Fouchet and Gregory T. Delory
    7. The Martian planetary boundary layer Peter L. Read, Boris Galperin, Søren E. Larsen, Stephen R. Lewis, Anni Määttänen, Arakel Petrosyan, Nilton Renno, Hannu Savijärvi, Tero Siili, Aymeric Spiga, Anthony Toigo and Luis Vázquez
    8. Mesoscale meteorology Scot C. R. Rafkin, Aymeric Spiga and Timothy I. Michaels
    9. The global circulation Jeffrey R. Barnes, Robert M. Haberle, R. John Wilson, Stephen R. Lewis, James R. Murphy and Peter L. Read
    10. The Mars dust cycle Melinda A. Kahre, James R. Murphy, Claire E. Newman, R. John Wilson, Bruce A. Cantor, Mark T. Lemmon and Michael J. Wolff
    11. The water cycle Frank Montmessin, Michael D. Smith, Yves Langevin, Michael T. Mellon and Anna Federova
    12. The CO2 cycle Timothy N. Titus, Shane Byrne, Anthony Colaprete, François Forget, Timothy I. Michaels and Thomas H. Prettyman
    13. Atmospheric photochemistry Franck Lefèvre and Vladimir Krasnoplosky
    14. Upper neutral atmosphere and ionosphere Stephen W. Bougher, David A. Brain, Jane L. Fox, Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo, C. Simon-Welund and Paul Withers
    15. Solar wind interaction and atmospheric escape David A. Brain, Sergey Barabash, Stephen W. Bougher, Firat Duru, Bruce M. Jakosky and Ronan Modolo
    16. Recent climate variations François Forget, Shane Byrne, James W. Head, Michael A. Mischna and Norbert Schörghofer
    17. The early Mars climate system Robert M. Haberle, David C. Catling, Michael H. Carr and Kevin J. Zahnle
    18. Future prospects Robert M. Haberle, Todd Clancy, François Forget, Michael D. Smith and Richard W. Zurek
    Index.

  • Editors

    Robert M. Haberle, NASA Ames Research Center
    Robert M. Haberle is a senior scientist in the Space Science and Astrobiology Division at NASA Ames Research Center. His main research interests center around the atmosphere and climate of Mars: past, present, and future. He has been involved in multiple NASA missions to Mars including Pathfinder, Mars Global Surveyor, and the Mars Science Laboratory, and he has promoted and developed landed network mission concepts for atmospheric science.

    R. Todd Clancy, Space Science Institute, Boulder, Colorado
    R. Todd Clancy is a senior scientist with the Space Science Institute of Boulder, Colorado, and his research has focused on observational studies of atmospheres of the Earth, Venus, and Mars.

    François Forget, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, Paris
    François Forget is a Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) senior scientist in Paris, where he studies the past and present climate of Mars. He has been heavily involved in the European Space Agency (ESA) missions Mars Express and Exomars 2016, and is a member of the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) and Insight science teams.

    Michael D. Smith, NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
    Michael D. Smith is a senior scientist in the Planetary Systems Laboratory of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. His research interests include the meteorology and dynamics of planetary atmospheres, radiative transfer, and remote sensing techniques, and he has been an active participant for more than twenty years on the science teams of eight past, current, and future spacecraft missions to Mars.

    Richard W. Zurek, NASA-Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California
    Richard W. Zurek is chief scientist for the Mars Program Office at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology. He also serves as the project scientist for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and is involved in the development and implementation of new missions to Mars.

    Contributors

    Robert M. Haberle, R. Todd Clancy, François Forget, Michael D. Smith, Richard W. Zurek, Philip B. James, Philip R. Christensen, Mark T. Lemmon, Paul Withers, Stephen W. Bougher, Thérèse Encrenaz, Armin Kleinböhl, Franck Montmessin, Jennifer Benson, Frank Daerden, Anthony Colaprete, Michael J. Wolff, Miguel Lopéz-Valverde, Jean-Baptiste Madeleine, R. John Wilson, Thierry Fouchet, Gregory T. Delory, Peter L. Read, Boris Galperin, Søren E. Larsen, Stephen R. Lewis, Anni Määttänen, Arakel Petrosyan, Nilton Renno, Hannu Savijärvi, Tero Siili, Amyeric Spiga, Anthony Toigo, Luis Vázquez, Scot C. R. Rafkin, Timothy I. Michaels, Jeffrey R. Barnes, James R. Murphy, Melinda A. Kahre, Claire E. Newman, Bruce A. Cantor, Yes Langevin, Michael T. Mellon, Anna Fedorova, Timothy N. Titus, Shane Byrne, Thomas H. Prettyman, Franck Lefèvre, Vladimir Krasnoplosky, David A. Brain, Jane L. Fox, Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo, C. Simon-Welund, Sergey Barabash, Firat Duru, Bruce M. Jakosky, Ronan Modolo, James W. Head, Michael A. Mischna, Norbert Schörghofer, David C. Catling, Michael H. Carr, Kevin J. Zahnle

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