Abu Muadh Bashshar b. Burd al-Muraath, Abu Ishaq Ismail b. al-Qasim, nicknamed Abu l-Atahiyah and al-Hasan b. Hani al-Hakami, known as Abu Nuwas are among the earliest and most important representatives of a group of poets whom medieval Arab critics describe as "moderns". Bashshar was certainly a Shuubi: in his poems he very frequently plays off the glorious past of the Persians against the Bedouins' alleged lack of culture. The Arabs regard Abu l-Atahiyah as the poet of renunciation par excellence. Abu Nuwas is undoubtedly one of the most versatile of the early moderns, indeed one of the most versatile of all Abbasid poets. Abu Nuwas is the most celebrated and heavily imitated writer of khamriyyat in Arabic. According to Arab tradition, the chief influence on Abu Nuwas as a wine-poet was Abu I-Hindi though his later life was spent in the eastern part of the Islamic Empire.