This chapter explores the Yemeni literature with the Abbasid caliphate of Baghdad. It shows how to identify dynasties, the main centres of their power and, where known, their politico-religious persuasions of early Yemeni history. From the third/ninth century onwards three main groupings, minor sects, heresies or splinter groups apart, began to take shape: Sunnis, Zaydis and Ismailis. The Yemen being a land of tribes unendingly engaged in warfare, verse from the Jahiliyyah onwards has a heroic quality and reflects the ethics of tribal concepts of honour. Humayni a term of unknown origin, comprises all popular verse on a wide range of themes, namely love poetry, Sufi mystical poetry, humorous poetry, and the zamil. A1i b. Muhammad al-Sulayhi tried to unite and stabilize the Yemen and conquered most of the petty sultanates. The chapter reviews the foreign intervention with the invasion of the Ayyubid Turanshah from Egypt and concluding with the fall of the Rasulid dynasty.