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16 - Parental Autonomy and Relatedness Support

from Part III - Interventions from Educational and Social/Personality Psychology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 September 2020

Frank C. Worrell
Affiliation:
University of California, Berkeley
Tammy L. Hughes
Affiliation:
Duquesne University, Pittsburgh
Dante D. Dixson
Affiliation:
Michigan State University
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Summary

Parental autonomy and relatedness support are crucial aspects of parental involvement and address core psychological needs. Although parental autonomy support has been incorporated into successful prevention programs, broader preventive possibilities will be examined. Six parental autonomy support intervention studies have been conducted with mostly middle to high socioeconomic status (SES) students in the United States, Canada, and Italy, yielding positive effects on intrinsic motivation, emotions toward learning, engagement, altruism, and mental health. Although cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have indicated that parental autonomy support promotes positive outcomes among students across all SES levels and in diverse countries, it is time to assess whether parental autonomy support interventions are equally or more effective for youth of low-SES backgrounds, diverse ethnicities, and diverse nationalities. The specific components of parental autonomy support will be discussed, as well as the potential to integrate autonomy supportive parenting with other valuable aspects of parent involvement.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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