Published online by Cambridge University Press: 25 November 2019
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and a growing economic powerhouse. Although founded in 1949, it has a significant legal history and distinct legal systems based on race. In this historical context, Indonesia has seen economic boom, bust and reform as well as a more recent change from dictatorship to democracy. This chapter reviews the rich and complex history that sets the foundation for the subsequent analysis of the post-Suharto regulatory efforts to address sustainability. The chapter includes three substantial case studies examining how the central government’s mandatory sustainability for State Owned Enterprises has fared.