Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-xbgml Total loading time: 1.393 Render date: 2022-08-19T17:37:15.972Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

18 - Bearded Pig Sus barbatus (Müller, 1838)

from Part II - Species Accounts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 November 2017

Mario Melletti
AfBIG (African Buffalo Initiative Group), IUCN SSC ASG
Erik Meijaard
Australian National University, Canberra
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2017

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Balen, J. V. (1914). De Dierenwereld van Insulinde in woord en beeld (vol. 1). Zoogdieren.Google Scholar
Banks, E. (1931). A popular account of the mammals of Borneo. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 9: part II.Google Scholar
Banks, E. (1949). Bornean mammals. Kuching: Kuching Press.Google Scholar
Bastoni, B. (2008). PKHS/STTCP Senepis. Annual Report of PKHS/STTCP 0: 4554.Google Scholar
Beccari, O. (1904). Wanderings in the great forests of Borneo. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Bennett, E. L. & Gumal, M. T. (2001). The inter-relationships of commercial logging, hunting and wildlife in Sarawak, and recommendations for forest management. In Fimbel, R. A., Grajal, A. & Robinson, J. G. (eds.), The cutting edge: conserving wildlife in logged tropical forest. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Bennett, E. L., Nyaoi, A. J. & Sompud, J. (1999). Saving Borneo's bacon: the sustainability of hunting in Sarawak and Sabah. In Robinson, J. G. & Bennett, E. L. (eds.), Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Blouch, R. A. (1984). Current status of the Sumatran rhino and other large mammals in Southern Sumatra. Bogor: WWF Report.Google Scholar
Briedermann, L. (1965). Die altersbestjmznung erlegten schwarzwi. Deutsche Akademie de Landwirtschaftswissenschaften zu Berlin. Arbeitsgemejnschaft für Jagd-urid Wildforschung. Merkblatt 22: 1020.Google Scholar
Caldecott, J. (1988). Hunting and wildlife management in Sarawak. Gland: IUCN, pp. 176182.Google Scholar
Caldecott, J. (1991). Eruptions and migrations of bearded pig populations. Bongo 18: 233243.Google Scholar
Caldecott, J. & Caldecott, S. (1985). A horde of pork. New Scientist 1469: 3235.Google Scholar
Caldecott, J. O., Blouch, R. A. & MacDonald, A. A. (1993). The bearded pig (Sus barbatus). In Oliver, W. L. R. (ed.), Pigs, peccaries, and hippos. Status survey and conservation action plan. Gland: IUCN/SSC Pigs and Peccaries Specialist group and IUCN/SSC Hippos Specialist Group.Google Scholar
Chin, C. (2001). Pig in the pot: comments on Sus barbatus in the hunting lifestyle of the Penan in Sarawak (Borneo). Asian Wild Pig News 1: 1012.Google Scholar
Chua, K. B. (2003). Nipah virus outbreak in Malaysia. Journal of Clinical Virology 26: 265275.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Clayton, L., Keeling, M. & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (1997). Bringing home the bacon: a spatial model of wild pig hunting in Sulawesi, Indonesia. Ecological Applications 7: 642652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corlett, R. T. (2007). The impact of hunting on the mammalian fauna of tropical Asian forests. Biotropica 39: 292303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curran, L. M. & Leighton, M. (2000). Vertebrate responses to spatiotemporal variation in seed production of mast-fruiting Dipterocarpaceae. Ecological Monographs 70: 121150.Google Scholar
Curran, L. M. & Webb, C. O. (2000). Experimental tests of the spatiotemporal scale of seed predation in mast-fruiting Dipterocarpaceae. Ecological Monographs 70: 151170.Google Scholar
Dove, M. R. (1993). The response of dayak and bearded pig to mast-fruiting in Kalimantan: an analysis of nature-culture analogies. In Hladik, C. M., Hladik, A., Linares, O. F., et al. (eds.), Tropical forest people and food: biocultural interactions and applications to development. London: UNESCO Parthenon Publishing Group.Google Scholar
Endert, U. (1925). Cited in Nederlandsch Indische Vereeniging tot Natuurbescherming (NIVN), 1939. Netherlands.Google Scholar
Francis, C. M. & Barrett, P. (2008). A guide to the mammals of Southeast Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, p. 392.Google Scholar
Fryxell, J. M., Sinclair, A. R. & Caughley, G. (2014). Wildlife ecology, conservation, and management. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Groves, C. (1981). Ancestors for the pigs: taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Sus. Technical Bulletin of Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies 3. Canberra: Australian National University.Google Scholar
Groves, C. P. (2001). Taxonomy of wild pigs of Southeast Asia. Asian Wild Pig News 1: 23.Google Scholar
Hanebuth, T., Stattegger, K. & Grootes, P. M. (2000). Rapid flooding of the Sunda Shelf: a late-glacial sea-level record. Science 288: 10331035.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harrison, R. D. (2011). Emptying the forest: hunting and the extirpation of wildlife from tropical nature reserves. BioScience 61: 919924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harrison, R. D., Tan, S., Plotkin, J. B., et al. (2013). Consequences of defaunation for a tropical tree community. Ecology Letters 16: 687694.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Harrison, T. (1998). Vertebrate faunal remains from the Madai Caves, Sabah, East Malaysia. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 17: 8592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hislop, J. A. (1949). Some field notes on the bearded pig. Malay Naturalist Journal 4: 6265.Google Scholar
Hislop, J. A. (1955). Notes on the migration of bearded pig. In Sieveking, G. (ed.), Excavations at Gua Cha, Kelantan, 1954. Appendix E. Federations Museum Journal 2: 134137.Google Scholar
Hose, C. (1926). Natural man: a record from Borneo. London: Macmillan, London; Singapore: Oxford University Press (reprint).Google Scholar
Ickes, K., Dewalt, S. J. & Thomas, S. C. (2003). Resprouting of woody saplings following stem snap by wild pigs in a Malaysian rain forest. Journal of Ecology 91: 222233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
ISIS. (2011). International Species Information System: Sus barbatus. Version 12, accessed on 15 January, 2011.
Janzen, D. H. (1974). Tropical blackwater rivers, animals, and mast fruiting by the Dipterocarpaceae. Biotropica 12: 69103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kawanishi, K. & Sunquist, M. E. (2004). Conservation status of tigers in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia. Biological Conservation 120: 329344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kawanishi, K., Richardson, D. & Lazarus, K. (2006). Contraction of bearded pig Sus barbatus distribution in Peninsular Malaysia. Suiform Soundings 6: 1316.Google Scholar
Kawanishi, K., Clements, G. R., Gumal, M., et al. (2013). Using BAD for good: how best available data facilitated a precautionary policy change to improve protection of the prey of the tiger Panthera tigris in Malaysia. Oryx 47: 420426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ke, A. and Luskin, M. S. (2017). Integrating disparate occurence reports to map data-poor species ranges and occupancy: a case study of the vulnerable bearded pig Sus barbatus. Oryx 111.
Leighton, M. & Leighton, D. R. (1983). Vertebrate response to fruiting seasonality within a Bornean rain forest. In Sutton, S. L., Whitmore, T. C. & Chadwick, A. C. (eds.), Tropical rainforest ecology and management. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications.Google Scholar
Linkie, M. & Sadikin, L. (2003). The bearded pig in Kerinci Seblat National Park, Sumatra. Asian Wild Pig News 3: 39.Google Scholar
Linkie, M., Guillera-Arroita, G., Smith, J., et al. (2013). Cryptic mammals caught on camera: assessing the utility of range wide camera trap data for conserving the endangered Asian tapir. Biological Conservation 162: 107115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lohe, R. (2015). Bearded pigs on the Malayan Peninsular – a travel report. Suiform Soundings 21: 2123.Google Scholar
Lucchini, V., Meijaard, E., Diong, C. H., Groves, C. P. & Randi, E. (2005). New phylogenetic perspectives among species of South-east Asian wild pig (Sus sp.) based on mtDNA sequences and morphometric data. Journal of Zoology 266: 2535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luskin, M. S. & Potts, M. D. (2011). Microclimate and habitat heterogeneity through the oil palm lifecycle. Basic and Applied Ecology 12: 540551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luskin, M. S., Christina, E. D., Kelley, L. C. & Potts, M. D. (2014). Modern hunting practices and wild meat trade in the oil palm plantation-dominated landscapes of Sumatra, Indonesia. Human Ecology 42: 3545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lyon, M. W. (1908). Mammals collected in Eastern Sumatra by W. L. Abbott during 1903, 1906, and 1907, with descriptions of new species and sub-species. Proceedings of the U S National Museum 34: 619679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lyon, M. W. (1911). Mammals collected by Dr. W.L. Abbott on Borneo and some of the small adjacent islands. Proceedings of the U S National Museum 40: 53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacKinnon, K., Hatta, G., Halim, H. & Mangalik, A. (1996). The ecology of Kalimantan. Singapore: Periplus Editions.Google Scholar
Margono, B. A., Turubanova, S., Zhuravleva, I., et al. (2012). Mapping and monitoring deforestation and forest degradation in Sumatra (Indonesia) using Landsat time series data sets from 1990 to 2010. Environmental Research Letters 7: 034010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Medway, L. (1964). Post-Pleistocene changes in the mammalian fauna of Borneo: archaeological evidence from the Niah caves. Studies in Speleology 1: 3337.Google Scholar
Medway, L. (1977). Mammals of Borneo. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.Google Scholar
Meijaard, E. (2000). Bearded pigs (Sus barbatus): ecology, conservation status, and research methodology. WWF-Indonesia, CIFOR, and Ecosense Consultants.
Meijaard, E. (2002). Wild pig meat on Sumatran and Bornean markets. Asian Wild Pig News 2: 810.Google Scholar
Meijaard, E. & Sheil, D. (2008). The persistence and conservation of Borneo's mammals in lowland rain forests managed for timber: observations, overviews and opportunities. Ecological Research 23: 2134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miettinen, J., Shi, C. & Liew, S. C. (2011). Deforestation rates in insular Southeast Asia between 2000 and 2010. Global Change Biology 17: 22612270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, G. S. (1905). Notes on Malayan pigs. Proceedings of the U S National Museum 30: 737758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
NIVN. (1939). Nederland Indische Vereniging tot Natuurbescherming. 3 jaren Indisch Natuurleven. Netherlands.
Pfeffer, P. (1959). Biologie et migrations du sanglier de Borneo (Sus barbatus Müller 1869). Mammalia 23: 277303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pfeffer, P. & Caldecott, J. T. (1986). The bearded pig in East Kalimantan and Sarawak. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 59: 81100.Google Scholar
Puri, R. (1992). Mammals and hunting on the Lurah River: recommendations for management of faunal resources in the Cagar-Alam Kayan-Mentarang. Samarinda, East Kalimantan: WWF, p. 48.Google Scholar
Robinson, J. G. & Bennett, E. L. (2013). Hunting for sustainability in tropical forests. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Ross, J., Hearn, A. J., Johnson, P. J. & Macdonald, D. W. (2013). Activity patterns and temporal avoidance by prey in response to Sunda clouded leopard predation risk. Journal of Zoology 290: 96106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schaik, C. P. V. (1986). Phenological changes in a Sumatran rainforest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2: 327347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schaik, C. P. V. & Noordwijk, M. A. V. (1985). Interannual variability in fruit abundance and reproductive seasonality in Sumatran long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). Journal of Zoology 206: 533549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Te Wong, S., Servheen, C., Ambu, L. & Norhayati, A. (2005). Impacts of fruit production cycles on Malayan sun bears and bearded pigs in lowland tropical forest of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 21: 627639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallace, A. R. (1869). The Malay Archipelago: the land of the orangutan and the bird of paradise; a narrative of travel, with studies of man and nature. London: Courier Corporation Press.Google Scholar
Wich, S. A. & Schaik, C. P. V. (2000). The impact of El Nino on mast fruiting in Sumatra and elsewhere in Malesia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 16: 563577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats