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26 - Geohazard Analysis for Disaster Risk Reduction and Sustainability

from Part VII - Future Earth and Risk, Safety and Security

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  22 October 2018

Tom Beer
Affiliation:
IUGG Commission on Climatic and Environmental Change (CCEC)
Jianping Li
Affiliation:
Beijing Normal University
Keith Alverson
Affiliation:
UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre
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Summary

Understanding of disasters associated with geohazard events, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and lava flows, landslides and tsunamis, results from recent advances in basic sciences, and particularly advances in Earth observations, analysis, and modelling. This allows for comprehensive hazard assessments combining knowledge of seismology, volcanology, geology, oceanography, geodesy, electromagnetism, hydrology, and soil properties with modelling tools and forecasting. In the chapter some advances in analysis of seismic and lava flow hazards are analyzed, and an interaction of risk components (geohazard, vulnerability, and exposure) is presented. Some past major geohazard events and their impact on society and sustainability are overviewed. Disaster risk reduction in the framework of sustainable development goals is then discussed
Type
Chapter
Information
Global Change and Future Earth
The Geoscience Perspective
, pp. 349 - 363
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

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