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  • Cited by 5
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gregson, John 2019. Marxism, Ethics and Politics. p. 35.

    Gregson, John 2019. Marxism, Ethics and Politics. p. 135.

    Lennon, Mick 2015. Finding Purpose in Planning. Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. 63.

    Midtgarden, Torjus 2013. Conflicting and complementary conceptions of discursive practice in non-metaphysical interpretations of Hegel. Philosophy & Social Criticism, Vol. 39, Issue. 6, p. 559.

    Tankebe, Justice 2008. Police effectiveness and police trustworthiness in Ghana: An empirical appraisal. Criminology & Criminal Justice, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 185.

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  • Print publication year: 2003
  • Online publication date: November 2009

7 - MacIntyre's Critique of Modernity

Summary

The modern period is usually dated as beginning roughly in 1789, the year not only of the French Revolution but also of the opening of the new federal government in the United States and correspondingly the securing of that country's new nationally oriented commercial society. Within a short period of time, “modernity” saw democratic revolutions, authoritarian revolutions, and the explosive growth of industrial society. There are now many who think that the modern period has run its course and is giving way to a new form of “postmodern” civilization.

Modernity, with its factories and steam engines, its mass culture and its creation of weapons of immense destruction, has long been the object of both admiration and dislike. Its admirers tend to see it as marking progress beyond what preceded it: human life has been lengthened in industrial society, many of the great masses who were formerly excluded have become empowered, wealth has increased, and freedom has become the great watchword across the globe. (Even the capitalism-critical Marxists bought into their own version of the idea of progress.) However, modernity has also been the object of intense, emotional attack, and in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century in Germany, criticizing modernity became a genre unto itself. Even before the onset of industrialization, people like F. H. Jacobi were already expressing dismay in the emerging trust in reason to solve all our problems and were criticizing all Enlightenment thought as potentially “nihilistic” (a termJacobi coined) – enlightened reason, so Jacobi's claimwent, could tear things down, but it could not satisfactorily build anything up to replace it.

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Alasdair MacIntyre
  • Online ISBN: 9780511609961
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511609961
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