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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: June 2012

11 - Camouflage in marine fish


When we enter the marine environment as divers, snorkellers or even as television viewers, two things are immediately notable. We are supported by the water (or possibly armchair) ‘flying’ through a three-dimensional world, and we can't see very far. The latter is an uncomfortable experience as we are afraid of what might be just beyond our visual range, brandishing lots of teeth. These two physical features also set real limits for the animals that have evolved in this habitat and have a significant influence on their camouflage strategies. Many marine inhabitants are also wary of lurking teeth and know, through evolution, that attack may come from any direction.

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Animal Camouflage
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