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  • Animals through Chinese History
  • Earliest Times to 1911
  • Online publication date: December 2018
  • pp 274-278

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        • Index
        • Edited by Roel Sterckx, University of Cambridge, Martina Siebert, Dagmar Schäfer, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
        • Book: Animals through Chinese History
        • Online publication: 08 December 2018
        • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108551571.016
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        • Index
        • Edited by Roel Sterckx, University of Cambridge, Martina Siebert, Dagmar Schäfer, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
        • Book: Animals through Chinese History
        • Online publication: 08 December 2018
        • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108551571.016
        Available formats
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        • Index
        • Edited by Roel Sterckx, University of Cambridge, Martina Siebert, Dagmar Schäfer, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
        • Book: Animals through Chinese History
        • Online publication: 08 December 2018
        • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108551571.016
        Available formats
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Index

agricultural writings. See nongshu
agriculture, 54, 124, 168, 233, 236, 241
modern, 233, 237
Allsen, Thomas, 11
ancestral cult, 2834
animal products
dairy, 120, 121, 125, 127, 128
wool, 125, 130
animal studies, 1, 5, 15
animals
and allegory, 11, 103108
and filiality, 6770, 159
as moral examplars, 81, 83, 111
as omens, 7, 89, 96, 101, 103, 115, 151
colour of, 29, 40, 55, 211212; See also physiognomy
economic value of, 39, 53, 117
gender of, 35, 43
military use of, 2, 7, 168, 169, 201, 206
pen-raised, 32, 3435, 3940, 60, 127, 128
welfare, 15, 185
antelope, 4042
anthropomorphism, 6, 46, 57, 82, 90, 95, 102, 107, 129
archaeology, 14
zooarchaeology, 60
Asdal, Kristin, 139
Bai Juyi, 106
Binfeng guangyi, 136138
blood, 46, 6162
boar (wild)
graphs for, 35
in sacrifice, 31, 40
Bodde, Derk, 66
Book of Changes, 37, 92, 162, 164, 223
Book of Odes, 61, 101, 107
Book of Rites, 48, 55, 59, 61, 64, 78, 162, 164, 180, 220
breeding, 4954, 154, 170
bronze vessels, 1, 21, 49
named after animals, 21
Buck, John Lossing, 122
Buddhism, 8081, 86, 87, 88, 103, 134, 155, 183, 188, 191
Chan, 93
Burkert, Walter, 47
butterflies, 106, 107, 145
Cai Yong, 59
camel, 144, 161, 163, 171, 174, 211
Cangjie, 6, 17
Cao, Deborah, 15
Cao Renhu, 228
Cartier, Michel, 121
Castiglione, Giuseppe, 212
cat, 10, 149150
as meat, 89, 94
as medicine, 94
as omen, 89
cattle, 9; see also oxen
disease, 167
during the Song, 17
illegal transport, 172
in sacrifice, 39, 54
movement of, 165
Chen Fu, 131, 133, 166
Chen Hongxu, 114
Chen Jiru, 148, 150
chickens, 53, 62, 123, 128; See also poultry
classification. See taxonomy
climate, 137, 165, 168, 169, 170, 205
Confucianism, 10, 64, 76, 107, 108, 113, 134
Confucius, 56, 79
consumption, 48, 125, 239
of offerings, 47
of pork, 234
cosmology, 5, 72, 188
crab, 139, 142, 144
crane, 67, 77, 107
Creel, Herrlee G., 12, 161
cricket, 139, 143, 153
crow, 68, 69, 70, 75, 79
Cui Youfu, 90
Dai Biaoyuan, 112
dairy. See animal products
Daoism, 102, 184
De Groot, J.J.M., 87
deer, 53, 80, 151, 219, 228232
diet, 119, 120, 121, 123, 125, 126
equine, 207
human, 127
Ding Bangyou, 53
disasters, man-made, 240; See also epidemics
disease, 127, 164167, 180, 208, 240; See also epidemics; veterinary care
divination, 25, 29, 30, 56, 115
dog, 48, 53, 59, 187
as meat, 48, 191
categories of, 48
virtuous dogs, 7375, 168
domestication, 86, 91
Dong Zhongshu, 65
donkey, 123, 161, 167, 174, 185
dove, 224228, 230
draught animals, 119, 122, 130
Duan Yucai, 228
Edgerton, David, 8
eel, 183, 194
Egypt, 86
empiricism, 81, 140, 150, 217, 229
environment, 183, 218, 238, 242; See also climate
epidemics, 125, 163164, 172, 173, 176, 188; See also disease
Epstein, Hellmut, 48
equine medicine, 178179
falcon, 224232
farming, 122125, 161; See also nongshu
feeding in return (fanbu), 68, 69
Feng Shan, 95
Fèvre, Francine, 133
fodder, 49, 57, 58, 122, 129, 137, 153, 166, 237
contamination, 238
food safety, 241
frog, 191, 228, 230
Fu Xi, 63, 75
Fu Xuan, 72
Gan Bao, 67
genetic technology, 235
Gengzhi tu, 133
gibbon, 71, 72, 81
Girard, René, 47
goldfish, 139, 143, 144, 153, 154156
Graf, Fritz, 47
Gu Deji, 221
Guandi, 190, 194
Guo Bocang, 146
Guo Pu, 100, 104, 115
Guo Zizhang, 148
habitat, 161
changes in, 18
Han Yu, 92, 95, 96
Hanshan, 92
Hao Yixing, 100, 115
Harper, Donald, 130
He Chengtian, 67
herdsmen, 49, 51, 134
First Herdsman, 50
Herds Office, 169, 175
hierarchies
of animals, 84
of humans and animals, 65, 96
Hill, Erica, 15
hobby animals, 153
Hong Shi, 95
horse, 40, 132, 147149, 199
breeding policies (Song), 171
equine care, 208
equine training, 208
in Qimin yaoshu, 130
management of, 202
Huainanzi, 5, 104
Huang, Philip, 122, 125
Huang Han, 149
Huang Tingjian, 94
Huangfu Mi, 105
Huayuan zhuang, 9, 25
human–animal difference, 67, 112113
hunting, 17, 50, 105, 150, 151
and morality, 77, 184
and Qing emperors, 219221
practices, 224
rituals, 222
iconography, 1, 21, 25, 62, 96
India, 86
injuries, 208, 210
to horns, 56
Jia Sixie, 128
Jiang Zaiyong, 155
Jinyu tupu (Illustrated Treatise on Goldfish), 154
Kangxi, Emperor, 218, 219
Keightley, David, 34
Koselleck, Reinhart, 8
Kuo Chunghao, 18
law, 74, 195
legal statutes, 52
and animal welfare, 52
Tang code, 52, 87
Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 5
lexicography, 13, 100
Li Diaoyuan, 146
Li Shizhen, 154
literary knowledge, 140
Liu Shen, 112
Liu Xianting, 218
Liu Yuxi, 106
livestock, 49, 52, 119120, 173
care, 127
in nongshu, 127131
Lou Shu, 133, 134, 138
Lu Dian, 108
Lü Dongbin, 186
Lu Guimeng, 106
Lu Jia, 75
Lü Kun, 158
Luo Yuan, 109
Ma Duanlin, 160
Major, John, 5, 81
Manchus, 2, 13, 200, 222, 226
Manchu language, 211212
Mao sheng (History of the Cat), 149
Martin, William Alexander Parson, 1
meat
consumption taboos, 189
dogs, 48
infected meat, 175
meat markets, 126
medicine, 133, 140
equine, 178, 179
for cattle, 167
Imperial Pharmacy, 177, 203, 204, 214
overlap with human medicine, 177, 199, 201, 203
Meserve, Ruth I., 160
Métailié, Georges, 133
migration of animals, 164, 176
monasteries, 10, 88, 92
Mongols, 7, 97, 121, 201
monkey, 67, 68, 76
macaque, 7073
Monthly Ordinances, 57, 183, 217, 218
morality books (shanshu ), 14, 181
Namao jing (Classic of Cat Acquisition), 97
Nanquan Puyuan, 93
Niu Sengru, 91
nomadism, 2, 13, 121, 122, 128, 207
nomenclature, 58, 127, 204
nongshu, 118120, 127, 131, 135
oracle bone inscriptions, 49
oxen, 53, 121, 135, 171
as sacrificial victim, 55
colour, 55
trade of, 172
pasturage, 124, 208
politics of, 52
search for, 216
pets, 15, 94, 98, 197
Buddhist criticism of, 93
gibbon as, 72
pharmacopoeia, 154, 156, 168, 178, 204
physiognomy, 50, 55, 127, 128, 148, 170, 175, 210
of horns, 56
pig, 44, 234, 235
as pork, 126, 131, 233
backyard pig, 237
breeding instructions, 138, 234
contemporary statistics, 234
exotic pigs, 237
in agricultural writings, 131, 136
in sacrifice, 35
pigeon, 158, 224
pollution, 238, 239
potter wasp, 101, 106, 110
poultry, 125, 163
Ptak, Roderich, 18
pulu, 11, 140, 155, 221
definition of, 141
Qianlong, Emperor, 13, 217, 218
Qimin yaoshu, 11, 118, 119, 120, 121, 125, 128, 135, 142
Qin jing (Classic on Birds), 141
Qu Dajun, 124
quail, 139, 143, 153, 158, 230
ram, 42, 217
rearing, 171
releasing animals (fangsheng), 187
Rhapsody on Bees, 112114
ritual. See hunting; sacrifice
Ruan Ji, 75
Sabban, Françoise, 120
sacrifice, 21, 23, 25, 5563
and victim numbers, 52
types of, 32
sacrificial victims
as consumed offerings, 48
as tax, 54
breeding process, 57
ritual terminology for, 59, 184
selection criteria, 55
substandard quality of, 52
scapula, 21, 28
Schafer, Edward H., 4
Schmalzer, Sigrid, 236
scorpion, 85, 101, 102, 113, 115
sericulture, 18, 135
serpent, 184
Shanglin park, 51, 222
sheep, 21, 34, 35, 42
in sacrifice, 31, 35
Shenzong, Emperor, 170, 176
Shu Yuanyu, 91
Sima Guang, 96, 177, 221, 225
Sima Qian, 53, 102
skinning, 174
slaughter, 46, 47, 53, 60, 126
officials in charge of, 53
snake, 73, 85, 103, 139, 158
Song Yingxing, 114, 124
sparrow, 223, 231
stables, 63, 122, 175, 176, 178; See also animals, pen-raised animals
Sterckx, Roel, 69, 79
Su Shi, 94
Sun Di, 95
Sun Sunyi, 149
swallow, 106, 230, 231
taboo, 181, 190, 191, 194, 196
on bovines and dogs, 183, 184
on other animals, 183
Taiping war, 181, 192
Taizong, Emperor, 178
Tao Zhu Gong, 119, 129
taotie (animal mask), 20, 25, 35
tax, 164
taxonomy, 5, 13, 154
of bees, 110
terminology, 1, 85, 210
equine, 130, 210212
Thunberg, Carl Peter, 94
Tian Rucheng, 98
tiger, 67, 80, 150153, 159, 168, 219
tribute, 201
turtle, 184
turtle plastron, 27, 37, 43, 49
van Gulik, R.H, 72
vegetarianism, 182, 183, 189, 190, 191, 194
Vernant, Jean-Pierre, 47
veterinary care, 50, 133, 161163, 175, 199, 209
Mongolian doctors, 202, 209, 215
Vialles, Noëlie, 47, 58
von Staden, Heinrich, 158
Wang Anshi, 173
Wang Chong, 103
Wang Wei, 223
Wang Yucheng, 107
Wang Yuhu, 127
Wang Zhen, 135, 138
water buffalo, 18, 123, 124, 161
wild versus domesticated, 2, 184, 226, 234
wolf, 48, 82, 103, 168, 219, 228
Wu Zetian, 90
Wuqiu Yan, 97
Wuti Qingwen jian, 210
Xing Bing, 168
Xu Shen, 60, 61, 100, 221
Xuanzang, 88
Xue Jichang, 90
Xunzi, 65, 102
Yang Shen, 120, 136, 137
Yang Xiong, 55, 56, 100
You Mao, 141
Yuan Da, 158
Yuan Zhen, 88
Zhang Hua, 105, 109
Zhang Xianyun, 171
Zhang You, 90
Zhang Zhuo, 89
Zhangjiashan, 52
Zhao Biaozhao, 150
Zheng Xuan, 59
Zhenzong, Emperor, 174
Zhou Mi, 167
Zhou Zizhi, 111
Zhu Xi, 111, 117, 166
Zhuang Chuo, 168
Zhuangzi, 57