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  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Flynn, Suzanne and Berkes, Éva 2017. L3 Syntactic Transfer. Vol. 5, Issue. , p. 35.

    Ortega, Lourdes 2014. Interlanguage. Vol. 39, Issue. , p. 173.

    Berkes, Éva and Flynn, Suzanne 2012. The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism. p. 137.

    Flynn, Suzanne and Lust, Barbara 1990. In Defense of Parameter-Setting in L2 Acquisition: A Reply to Bley-Vroman and Chaudron‘90*. Language Learning, Vol. 40, Issue. 3, p. 419.

  • Print publication year: 1989
  • Online publication date: June 2012

7 - Spanish, Japanese and Chinese speakers' acquisition of English relative clauses: new evidence for the headdirection parameter


Consistent with the general theme of this book, my purpose in this paper is to discuss system interaction in bilingualism. While many of the chapters focus on the normal and abnormal interaction of different aspects of language in speakers who have learned two or more languages simultaneously, I focus on the adult learner's acquisition of a second language, or sequential bilingualism in traditional terms. Within this context, I consider the relative contributions of past first language (L1) experience and processes independent of this in second language (L2) learning. I argue that the parameter-setting model of Universal Grammar (UG) hypothesized for L1 acquisition provides an explanatory framework within which to integrate these two components. In addition, I argue that this work can clarify our understanding of questions and issues related to normal and abnormal bilingual processing in much the same manner that investigations of this sort inform theories of L1 acquisition. In adult L2 learning we are dealing with sophisticated learners whose pragmatic and general cognitive abilities are for the most part fully developed. In both child L1 acquisition and in the simultaneous acquisition of two languages, we are often working with individuals who are at immature stages both in terms of their language abilities and in terms of their general pragmatic and cognitive development.

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Bilingualism across the Lifespan
  • Online ISBN: 9780511611780
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