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    Moreno Pérez, A. Santiago and Orfila Pons, Margarita 2014. Las <em>tabernae</em> de <em>Pollentia</em> (Mallorca). Materiales figurados como manifestaciones apotropaicas, de religiosidad, y de representación durante el siglo III. Archivo Español de Arqueología, Vol. 87, Issue. 0, p. 203.

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  • Print publication year: 1994
  • Online publication date: March 2008

17 - The city of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late Republic

from PART II
Summary
This chapter discusses the resident population of the city of Rome. It also discusses two other collectivities that need to be distinguished. The first, the plebs urbana, was a subset of the urban population. The second, the populus Romanus, was the sum of all Roman citizens of whatever status everywhere. The populus Romanus and the plebs urbana were in early Roman history very nearly co-extensive, but as Rome was involved in increasingly farflung theatres of activity and new citizens outside Rome were included within the body politic, they became widely separated. The constitutional origins of the position of the populus Romanus, and so of the plebs, were reflected in some of the more important features of its organization. The plebs urbana was a very large body. Romans and Italians began to be widely diffused throughout the Mediterranean world. The arrival of the luxury taberna was accomplished at Rome by the age of the Hannibalic War.
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