Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1994
  • Online publication date: March 2008

18 - The intellectual developments of the Ciceronian age

from PART II
Summary
In considering the level and nature of intellectual activity in Roman society, this chapter discusses the culture of the Roman and Italian upper classes. The social nature of intellectual activity is revealed when one considers the custom of dedication which had arisen in the Hellenistic period. Increased exposure to Greek culture and contact with Greek intellectuals helped to erode upper-class inhibitions about studying and writing on subjects not directly connected with Roman public life or traditional practical training. In those areas most closely related to formal education, scholarship and science, the outstanding figure is Marcus Terentius Varro, who was regarded as the most learned Roman of his age. Cicero affords a glimpse of the attention paid to Pythagoras in his day. He insists that the Pythagorean communities of southern Italy in the sixth to fourth centuries must have had an influence on institutions of the early Roman state. The basis of the Greek style of education was poetry.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge Ancient History
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054379
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Ambaglio, D.La dedica delle opere letterarie antiche fino all'età dei Flavi’, Saggi di letteratura e storiografia antiche, ed. Ambaglio, D. et al. (Bibl. di Athenaeum 2). Como, 1983
Anderson, W. S. Pompey, his Friends, and the Literature of the First Century B.C. (Univ. of Calif. Pubs. in Class. Philol. 19.1). Berkeley, 1963
Badian, E.Rome, Athens and Mithridates’, Assimilation et résistance à la culture gréco-romaine dans le monde ancien. Travaux du VI. congrès internat. de la FIEC, Madrid, Sept. 1974, ed. Pippidi, D. M., Bucharest, 1976 (= AJAH 1 (1976))
Badian, E.The early historians’, Latin Historians, ed. Dorey, T. A., London, 1966
Balsdon, J. P. V. D. Romans and Aliens. London, 1979
Barnes, J.Cicero's De Fato and a Greek source’, Histoire et structure: à la mémoire de Victor Goldschmidt, Paris, 1985
Barwick, K. Das rednerische Bildungsideal Ciceros (Abhandlungen der sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig 54.3). Berlin, 1963
Bonner, S. F. Education in Ancient Rome from the Elder Cato to the Younger Pliny. London, 1977
Boyancé, P.Les méthodes de l'histoire littéraire: Cicéron et son oeuvre philosophique’, Revue des études latines 14 (1936) (= Etudes sur l'humanisme cicéronien, Brussels, 1970, 199–221)
Burkert, W.Cicero als Platoniker und Skeptiker’, Gymnasium 72 (1965)
Burkert, W.Zur geistesgeschichtlichen Einordnung einiger Pseudo-pythagorica’, Entretiens Hardt 18 (1971)
Cardauns, B. M. Terentius Varro, Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum. 2 vols. Wiesbaden, 1976
Cardauns, B.Varro und die Religion. Zur Theologie, Wirkungsgeschichte und Leistung der “Antiquitates Rerum Divinarum”’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972II. 16.1 (1978)
Clausen, W. V.The new direction in poetry’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: I: Greek Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. II: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982)
Crawford, M. H.Greek intellectuals and the Roman aristocracy’, Imperialism in the Ancient World, ed. Garnsey, P. D. A. and Whittaker, C. R., Cambridge, 1978
Dahlmann, H.Terentius’ (84), Pauly, A., Wissowa, G. and Kroll, W., Real-Encyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft Suppl. 6 (1935)
Dahlmann, H.Varroniana’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972— 1.3 (1973)
Dalzell, A.Lucretius’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. 11: Latin Literature, ed. , E. J. Kenney and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 II (1982)
Dillon, J. The Middle Platonists. London, 1977
Donini, P.The history of the concept of electicism’, The Question of ‘Eclecticism’, Studies in Later Greek Philosophy, ed. Dillon, J. M. and Long, A. A., Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, 1988
Donini, P. Le scuole l'animal l'impero: la filosofia antica da Antioco a Plotino. Turin, 1982
Douglas, A. E. M. Tulli Ciceronis Brutus. Oxford, 1966
Douglas, A. E.The intellectual background of Cicero's Rhetorica: a study in method’, Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, ed. Temporini, H. and Haase, W.. Berlin and New York, 1972 1.3 (1973)
Edelstein, L. and Kidd, I. G. Posidonius. I Cambridge, 1972, II (2 vols.) Cambridge 1988
Fantham, E.The synchronistic chapter of Gellius (NA 17.21) and some aspects of Roman chronology and cultural history between 60 and 50 B.C.’, Liverpool Classical Monthly 6 (1981)
Ferrary, J.-L. Philhellénisme et impérialisme. Rome, 1988
Forbes, C. A.The education and training of slaves in antiquity’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 86 (1955)
Furley, D. J.Lucretius the Epicurean’, Entretiens Hardt 24 (1978)
Geiger, J. Cornelius Nepos and Ancient Political Biography. Stuttgart, 1985
Glucker, J. Antiochus and the Late Academy. Göttingen, 1978
Gow, A. S. F. and Page, D. L. The Greek Anthology II. The Garden of Philip. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1968
Grafton, A. T. and Swerdlow, N. M.Technical chronology and astrological. history in Varro, Censorinus and others’, Classical Quarterly 35 (1985)
Gratwick, A. S.The satires of Ennius and Lucilius’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982)
Grimal, P.Le poéme de Lucrèce en son temps’, Entretiens Hardt 24 (1978)
Grube, G. M. A. The Greek and Roman Critics. London, 1965
Gruen, E. S. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. 2 vols. Berkeley, 1984
Hadot, I. Arts libéraux et philosophie dans la pensée antique. Paris, 1984
Harris, W. V.Literacy and epigraphy 1’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 52 (1983)
Horsfall, N.Doctus sermones utriusque linguae?’, Échos du monde classique 22 (1979)
Horsfall, N.Varro and Caesar: three chronological problems’, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London 19 (1972)
Jocelyn, H. D.The ruling class of the Roman Republic and Greek philosophers’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Manchester 59 (1976/7)
Jocelyn, H. D.Varro's Antiquitates rerum diuinarum and religious affairs in the late Roman Republic’, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, Manchester 65 (1982/3)
Jocelyn, H. D. The Tragedies of Ennius. Cambridge, 1967
Jones, D. M.Cicero as a translator’, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London 6 (1959)
Kroll, W. Die Kultur der ciceronischen Zeit. Leipzig, 1933
Kumaniecki, K.Cicerone e Varrone. Storia di una conoscenza’, Athenaeum 40 (1962)
Langenberg, G. M. Terenti Varronis Liber De Philosophia. Ausgabe und Erklärung der Fragmente. Cologne, 1959
Linderski, J.Garden parlours: nobles and birds’, in Curtis, R. I. (ed.), Studia Pompeiana et Classica in honour of Wilhelmina F. Jaskemski II ff. New York, 1988
Lintott, A. W.The Roman judiciary law from Tarentum’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 45 (1982)
Malitz, J. Die Historien des Poseidonios (Zetemata 74). Munich, 1983
Momigliano, A.Epicureans in revolt’, Journal of Roman Studies 31 (1941) (= Secondo contributo alla storia degli studi classici, Rome, 1960)
Momigliano, A.The origins of universal history’, Univ. of London Creighton Lecture, Annali delta scuola normale superiore di Pisa, Classe di lettere efilosofia 12 (1982) (= Settimo contributo alla storia degli studi classici, Rome, 1984)
Momigliano, A. Alien Wisdom. The Limits of Hellenization. Cambridge, 1975
Nisbet, R. G. M. M. Tulli Ciceronis in L. Calpurnium Pisonem Oratio. Oxford, 1961
Ogilvie, R. M.Caesar’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. 11: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 II (1982)
Ogilvie, R. M. A Commentary on Livy Books 1–5. Oxford, 1965
Rawson, E.Cicero the historian and Cicero the antiquarian’, Journal of Roman Studies 62 (1972) (= A 94A)
Rawson, E.History, historiography, and Cicero's expositio consiliorum suorum’, Liverpool Classical Monthly 7 (1982) (= A 94A)
Rawson, E.L. Cornelius Sisenna and the early first century B.C.’, Classical Quarterly 29 (1979) (= A 94A)
Rawson, E.The introduction of logical organisation in Roman prose literature’, Papers of the British School at Rome 46 (1978) (= A 94A)
Rawson, E. Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic. London, 1985
Rawson, E. rev. of Hadot, Arts libéraux, Journal of Roman Studies 77 (1987)
Schofield, M.Cicero for and against divination’, Journal of Roman Studies 76 (1986)
Sedley, D.Epicurus, On Nature Book XXVIII’, Cronache ercolanesi 3 (1973)
Shackleton Bailey, D. R. Cicero's Letters to Atticus. 7 vols. Cambridge, 1965–70
Shackleton Bailey, D. R. Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares. 2 vols. Cambridge, 1977
Shackleton Bailey, D. R. Two Studies in Roman Nomenclature. New York, 1976
Skydsgarrd, J. E. Varro the scholar: Studies in the first book of Varro's De Re Rustica. Copenhagen, 1968
Spurr, S. Arable Cultivation in Roman Italy. London, 1986
Stahl, W. H. Roman Science: Origins, Development, and Influence to the Later Middle Ages. Madison, WI, 1962
Sumner, G. V. The Orators in Cicero's Brutus: Prosopography and Chronology. Toronto, 1973
Syme, R. Sallust. Berkeley, 1964
Tarrant, H. Scepticism or Platonism? The Philosophy of the Fourth Academy. Cambridge, 1985
Taylor, D. J. Declinatio: a Study of the Linguistic Theory of Marcus Terentius Varro. Amsterdam, 1975
Thesleff, H.On the problems of the Doric Pseudo-Pythagorica. An alternative theory of date and purpose’, Entretiens Hardt 18 (1971)
Thesleff, H. An Introduction to the Pythagorean Writings of the Hellenistic Period. Abo, 1961
Thesleff, H., rev. of della Casa, Nigidio Figulo, Gnomon 37 (1965)
Treggiari, S. Roman Freedmen during the Late Republic. Oxford, 1969
Williams, G. W. Change and Decline: Roman Literature in the Early Empire. Berkeley, 1978
Winterbottom, M.Literary criticism’, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: 1: Greek. Literature, ed. Easterling, P. E. and Knox, B. M. W.. Cambridge, 1985. II: Latin Literature, ed. Kenney, E. J. and Clausen, W. V.. Cambridge, 1982 11 (1982)