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  • Print publication year: 1994
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - Political history, 146–95 b.c.

from PART I
Summary
Roman morality and political harmony were at their height between the Second and Third Punic Wars. The authority exercised by Roman magistrates abroad is exemplified by the fact that it was Scipio Aemilianus himself as proconsul, who after the defeat of Carthage in 146 drew the line which was to separate Roman territory from that assigned to the descendants of Massinissa. The extent of popular influence on politics in Rome must be judged by reference to the power of the aristocracy. Appian and Plutarch provide a generally consistent picture of the agrarian problem which was the target of Tiberius Gracchus' legislation. According to Appian, the Romans had exploited the territory seized during their conquest of Italy in order to reward and strengthen the farming people from whom they drew their military manpower. The expenditure of the wealthy would have stimulated economic life in the cities and created employment among the free poor as well as slaves.
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The Cambridge Ancient History
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054379
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521256032
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