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The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's <I>Nicomachean Ethics</I>
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    The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
    • Online ISBN: 9781139022484
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CCO9781139022484
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Book description

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is the first and arguably most important treatise on ethics in Western philosophy. It remains to this day a compelling reflection on the best sort of human life and continues to inspire contemporary thought and debate. This Cambridge Companion includes twenty essays by leading scholars of Aristotle and ancient philosophy that cover the major issues of this text. The essays in this volume shed light on Aristotle's rigorous and challenging thinking on questions such as: can there be a practical science of ethics? What is happiness? Are we responsible for our character? How does moral virtue relate to good thinking? Can we act against our reasoned choice? What is friendship? Is the contemplative life the highest kind of life? Covering all sections of the Nicomachean Ethics and selected topics in Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics and Protrepticus, this volume offers the reader a solid foundation in Aristotle's ethical philosophy.

Reviews

'A high-grade collection of new essays on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics with several important contributions on central issues. This collection, with its helpful bibliography, deserves to be widely used in graduate seminars and undergraduate courses on the Ethics.'

David Charles - University of Oxford

'Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most influential works in the history of ethics, and thus an ideal candidate for a Cambridge Companion. Ronald Polansky has enlisted an outstanding cast of specialists to provide the reader with a truly comprehensive introduction to this great work, suitable for advanced students and scholars alike.'

James G. Lennox - University of Pittsburgh

‘The Companion has many strengths that recommend it. The range of topics is very complete … The quality of writing throughout is very high, and each chapter provides a clear roadmap of the topic at hand. Students will learn not only the content of these central questions about Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics but also why they matter for the larger interpretation of Aristotle's ethical thinking and their broader philosophical importance.’

Peter Aronoff Source: Bryn Mawr Classical Review

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20 Topical Bibliography to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics

Thornton Lockwood

Book-Length Studies

Baracchi, C. 2008. Aristotle’s Ethics as First Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bostock, D. 2000. Aristotle’s Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Broadie, S. 1991. Ethics with Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Burger, R. 2008. Aristotle’s Dialogue with Socrates: On the Nicomachean Ethics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Crubellier, M., and P. Pellegrin. 2002. Aristote. Le philosophe et les savoirs. Paris: Seuil.
Curzer, H. 2012. Aristotle and the Virtues. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Düring, I. 1966. Aristoteles. Darstellung und Interpretation seines Denkens. Heidelberg: Winter.
Echeñique, J. 2012. Aristotle’s Ethics and Moral Responsibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Garver, E. 2006. A Confrontation with Aristotle’s Ethics: Ancient and Modern Morality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Gottlieb, P. 2009. The Virtue of Aristotle’s Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hardie, W. F. R. 1980 [1968]. Aristotle’s Ethical Theory. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Höffe, O. 1996 [1971]. Praktische Philosophie: Das Modell des Aristoteles. 2nd ed. Berlin: Akademie.
Hughes, G. J. 2013. The Routledge Guidebook to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. London: Routledge.
Irwin, T. H. 2007. The Development of Ethics: A Historical and Critical Study. Vol. 1. From Socrates to the Reformation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kontos, P. 2002. L’action morale chez Aristote. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Kraut, R. 1989. Aristotle on the Human Good. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
May, H. 2010. Aristotle’s Ethics: Moral Development and Human Nature. London: Continuum.
Natali, C. 2013 [1991]. Aristotle: His Life and School. D. S. Hutchinson ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Pakaluk, M. 2005. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reeve, C. D. C. 1992. Practices of Reason: Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Reeve, C. D. C. 2012. Action, Contemplation, and Happiness. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Salem, E. 2010. In Pursuit of the Good: Intellect and Action in Aristotle’s Ethics. Philadelphia: Paul Dry Books.
Shields, C. 2007. Aristotle. New York: Routledge Press.
Smith, T. 2001. Revaluing Ethics: Aristotle’s Dialectical Pedagogy. Albany: SUNY Press.
Tessitore, A. 1996. Reading Aristotle’s Ethics: Virtue, Rhetoric and Political Philosophy. Albany: SUNY Press.
Urmson, J. 1988. Aristotle’s Ethics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Wolf, U. 2002. Aristoteles Nikomachische Ethik. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Editions of the Nicomachean Ethics

Greek Editions

Bywater, I. 1894. Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea. Oxonii: e typographeo clarendoniano.
Susemihl, F., and O. Apelt eds. 1912 [1882]. Aristotelis Ethica Nicomachea. 3rd ed. Leipzig: Teubner.

Translations

Apostle, H. G. 1984. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Translated with commentaries. Grinnell: Peripatetic Press.
Bartlett, R. C., and S. D. Collins. 2011. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bien, G. 1985. Aristoteles Nikomachische Ethik. 4th ed. Hamburg: Felix Meiner.
Bodéüs, R. 2004. Aristote: Ethique à Nicomaque. Traduction et présentation. Paris: GF Flammarion.
Broadie, S., and C. Rowe. 2002. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics; Translation, Introduction, and Commentary. New York: Oxford University Press.
Crisp, R. 2000. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. Translated and edited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dirlmeier, F. 1983. Aristoteles, Nikomachische Ethik. 2nd ed. Translated, with introduction and commentary. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Gauthier, R. A. 1972–1974. Aristoteles ethica nicomachea [in Latin]. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Gigon, O. 2000. Aristoteles. Die Nikomachische Ethik. With revisions by R. Nickel. Dusseldorf: Artemis and Winkler.
Irwin, T. H. 1999. Nicomachean Ethics. 2nd ed. Translation with introduction and notes. Indianapolis: Hackett.
Natali, C. 1999. Aristotele. Etica nicomachea. Translation, introduction, and notes. Rome-Bari: Laterza.
Ostwald, M. 1986 [1962]. Nicomachean Ethics. Translated with notes. New York: Macmillan.
Rackham, H. 1990 [1926]. Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Ross, W. D. 2009 [1915]. Aristotle: The Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford World’s Classics. Revised with an introduction and notes by L. Brown. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Also printed in J. Barnes ed. The Complete Works of Aristotle, the revised Oxford translation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Sachs, J. 2002. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. Translation, glossary, and introductory essay. Newburyport, MA: Focus Publishing.
Thomson, J. A. K. 2004 [1955]. The Ethics of Aristotle. Revised by H. Tredennick, with new introduction and further reading by J. Barnes. London: Penguin.
Tricot, J. 1959. Éthique à Nicomaque. Translation, introduction, notes, and index. Paris: J. Vrin.
Wolf, U. 2006. Aristoteles, Nikomachische Ethik. Reinbek: Rowohlt.
Zanatta, M. 1986. Aristotele. Etica Nicomachea. Introduction, translation, and commentary. Milan: Biblioteca Universale.

Aristotle’s Ethical Corpus and the Composition of the Nicomachean Ethics

Allan, D. J. 1957. “Magna Moralia and Nicomachean Ethics.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 77: 7–11.
Allan, D. J. 1961. “Quasi-Mathematical Method in the Eudemian Ethics.” 303–318 in S. Mansion ed. Aristote et les problems de method. Louvain: Publications Universitaires.
Barnes, J. 1997. “Roman Aristotle.” 1–70 in J. Barnes and M. Griffin eds. Philosophia Togata ii: Plato and Aristotle at Rome. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bobonich, C. 2006. “Aristotle’s Ethical Treatises.” 12–36 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Bodéüs, R. 1973. “Contribution a l’histoire des oeuvres morales d’Aristote: Les Testimonia.” Revue philosophique de Louvain 71: 451–467.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1973]. “Magna Moralia and Aristotle’s Moral Philosophy.” 195–211 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Jaeger, W. 1948 [1923]. “The Original Ethics.” 228–258 in his Aristotle: Fundamentals of the History of His Development. R. Robinson trans. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kenny, A. 1978. The Aristotelian Ethics: A Study of The Relationship between the Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Pakaluk, M. 2011. “On the Unity of the Nicomachean Ethics.” 23–44 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rowe, C. J. 1971. The Eudemian and Nicomachean Ethics: A Study in the Development of Aristotle’s Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rowe, C. J. 1975. “A Reply to John Cooper on the Magna Moralia.” American Journal of Philology 96: 160–172.

Editions and Commentary on the Eudemian Ethics

Buddensiek, F. 1999. Die Theorie des Glücks in Aristoteles’ Eudemischer Ethik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht.
Decarie, V. 1978. Aristote. Ethique à Eudème. Introduction, translation, notes, and indices, with the collaboration of R. Houde-Sauvé. Paris: J. Vrin.
Dirlmeier, F. 1969. Aristoteles, Eudemische Ethik. 2nd ed. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Donini, P. 1999. Etica Eudemia. Translation, introduction, and notes. Rome: GLF Editioni Laterza.
Inwood, B., and R. Woolf. 2013. Eudemian Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kenny, A. 2011. Aristotle, The Eudemian Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Leigh, F. ed. 2013. The Eudemian Ethics on the Voluntary, Friendship, and Luck. The Sixth S. V. Keeling Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy. Leiden: Brill.
Moraux, P., and D. Harlfinger eds. 1971. Untersuchugen zur Eudemischen Ethik: Akten des 5 Symposium Aristotelicum. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Rackham, H. 1992 [1935]. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, Eudemian Ethics, Virtues and Vices. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Simpson, P. 2013. The Eudemian Ethics of Aristotle. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Solomon, J. Eudemian Ethics. 1984 [1915]. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, the revised Oxford translation. J. Barnes ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Walzer, R. R., and J. M. Mingay. 1991. Aristotelis Ethica Eudemia. Oxonii: e typographeo clarendoniano.
Woods, M. 1991. Aristotle: Eudemian Ethics, Books I, II, and VIII. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Editions and Commentary on the Magna Moralia

Armstrong, G. C. 1990 [1935]. Magna Moralia. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Dalimier, C. 1995. Aristote. Les grands livres d’éthique. Paris: Arléa.
Dirlmeier, F. 1958. Aristoteles, Magna Moralia. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
Donini, P. 1965. L’etica dei Magna Moralia. Turin: Giappichelli.
Stock, St. George. Magna Moralia. 1984 [1915]. In The Complete Works of Aristotle, the revised Oxford translation. J. Barnes ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Editions and Commentary on the Protrepticus

Barnes, J., and G. Lawrence. 1984 [1915]. “Fragments: Dialogues.” 2403–2417 in The Complete Works of Aristotle, the revised Oxford translation. J. Barnes ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Berti, E. trans. 2000. Protreptico: Esortazione alla filosofia. Turin: UTET Università.
Bywater, I. 1869. “On A Lost Dialogue of Aristotle.” Journal of Philology 2: 55–69.
Chroust, A. H. 1964. Protrepticus: A Reconstruction. South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Düring, I. 1961. Aristotle’s Protrepticus: An Attempt at Reconstruction. Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia 12. Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.
Hutchinson, D. S., and M. R. Johnson. 2005. “Authenticating Aristotle’s Protrepticus.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 29: 193–294.
Rabinowitz, W. G. 1957. Aristotle’s Protrepticus and the Sources of Its Reconstruction. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ross, W. D. 1955. Aristotelis fragmenta selecta. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Commentaries on Individual Books of the Nicomachean Ethics

Dahl, N. No date. Nicomachean Ethics, Book III. Project Archelogos. http://archelogos.com/xml/toc/toc-eniii.htm.
Gadamer, H. G. 1998. Nikomachische Ethik VI. Translated with commentary. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
Gottlieb, P. No date. Nicomachean Ethics, Books I–II. Project Archelogos. http://archelogos.com/xml/toc/toc-eni.htm.
Greenwood, L. H. G. 1909. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics Book Six. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jackson, H. 1879. Peri Dikaiosunes – the Fifth Book of the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Cambridge: Syndics of the University Press.
Konstan, D. 2001. On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 8 and 9. (Aspasius, Anonymous, and Michael of Ephesus). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Konstan, D. 2007. Aspasius: On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 1–4, 7–8. London: Duckworth.
Natali, C. No date. Nicomachean Ethics, Books X. Project Archelogos. http://archelogos.com/xml/toc/toc-enx.htm.
Pakaluk, M. 1999. Nicomachean Ethics VIII and IX. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Reeve, C. D. C. 2013. Aristotle on Practical Wisdom: Nicomachean Ethics VI. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Taylor, C. C. W. 2006. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics Books II–IV. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Wilson, J. Cook. 1912. On the Structure of Book Seven of the Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ancient Greek Commentary Tradition

Alberti, A., and R. W. Sharples eds. 1999. Aspasius: The Earliest Extant Commentary on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Alexander of Aphrodisias. 1990 [1887]. Questiones Ethicae. In Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. Supplementum Aristotelicum, vol. 2, pt. 1. I. Burns ed. Berlin: Reimer. Translated as Ethical Problems, by R. W. Sharples. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Anonymous. 1892. Eustratii et Michaelis et Anonyma in Ethica Nicomachea. In Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. vol. 20. G. Heylbut ed. Berlin: Reimer. Translated in part as D. Konstan. 2001. On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 8 and 9. (Aspasius, Anonymous, and Michael of Ephesus). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Aspasius. 1889. Aspasii in Ethica Nicomachea quae supersunt commentaria. In. G. Heylbut ed. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, vol. 19. Berlin: Reimer. Translated in part as Konstan, D. 2007. Aspasius: On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 1–4, 7–8. London: Duckworth.
Gottschalk, H. B. 1990 [1987]. “The Earliest Aristotelian Commentators.” 55–81 in R. Sorabji ed. Aristotle Transformed: The Ancient Commentators and Their Influence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Heliodorus (the Paraphrist). 1889. Heliodori in Ethica Nicomachea Paraphrasis. In Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca, vol. 19. G. Heylbut ed. Berlin: Reimer.
Mercken, H. P. F. 1990 [1973]. “The Greek Commentators on Aristotle’s Ethics.” 407–443 in R. Sorabji ed. Aristotle Transformed: The Ancient Commentators and Their Influence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Michael of Ephesus. 1892. Michaelis Ephesii in librum quintum Ethicorum Nicomacheorum commentarium. In G. Heylbut ed. Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. vol. 22. Berlin: Reimer.

Philological and Analytical Commentaries

Aquinas, T. 1993 [1964]. Commentary on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. C. I. Litzinger trans. Notre Dame, IN: Dumb Ox Books.
Burnet, J. 1900. The Ethics of Aristotle. London: Methuen.
Dirlmeier, F. 1999 [1956]. Aristoteles Nikomachische Ethik. Berlin: Akademie.
Gauthier, R. A., and J. Y. Jolif. 1970 [1958–1959]. L’Ethique à Nicomaque. 2nd ed. With a new introduction and updated bibliography. Paris-Louvain: Publications Universitaires. Reprinted in Louvain and Paris: Peeters, 2002.
Grant, A. 1885. The Ethics of Aristotle. 4th ed. rev. London: Longmans, Green.
Joachim, H. H. 1955. Aristotle – The Nicomachean Ethics. D. A. Rees ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sparshott, F. 1994. Taking Life Seriously: A Study of the Argument of the Nicomachean Ethics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Stewart, J. A. 1892. Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Zanatta, M. 1986. Aristotele Etica Nicomachea. 2 vols. Milan: Biblioteca Universale.

Bibliographies

Barnes, J., M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji. 1995. Bibliography. 295–384 in J. Barnes ed. The Cambridge Companion to Aristotle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Everson, S. 1998. Bibliography. 241–283 in S. Everson ed. Companion to Ancient Thought, vol. IV: Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gauthier, R. A., and J. Y. Jolif. 1970. “Bibliographie 1912–1958.” 917–940 in L’Ethique à Nicomaque. 2nd ed. Vol. II, pt. 2. Paris-Louvain: Publications Universitaires.
Gauthier, R. A., and J. Y. Jolif 1970. “Bibliographie 1958–1968.” 315–334 in L’Ethique à Nicomaque. 2nd ed. Vol. I, pt. 1. Paris-Louvain: Publications Universitaires.
Lockwood, T. “Aristotle’s Ethics.” Oxford Bibliographies in Classics. D. Clayman ed. New York: Oxford University Press. [http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195389661/obo-9780195389661-0079.xml?rskey=NdrSbm&result=15&q=]
Natali, C. 2002. “Gli studi italiani sull’Etica Nicomachea dalla fine del sec. XIX a oggi.” Elenchos 23: 89–138.

Lexica

Bonitz, H. 1961 [1870]. Index Aristotelicus. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Bywater, I. 1892. Contributions to the Textual Criticism of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Höffe, O. ed. 2005. Aristoteles Lexikon. Stuttgart: Alfred Kröner.
Kieran, T. P. ed. 1962. Aristotle Dictionary. With an introduction by Theodore James. New York: Philosophical Library.
Organ, T. W. 1949. An Index to Aristotle. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rassow, H. 1874. Forschungen über die Nikomachische Ethik des Aristoteles. Weimar: Hermann Böhlau.
Urmson, J. O. 1990. Greek Philosophical Vocabulary. London: Duckworth.

Collections of Articles

Alberti, A. ed. 1990. Studi sull’ Etica di Aristotele. Naples: Bibliopolis.
Anton, J. P., and A. Preus eds. 1991. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Barnes, J., M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. 1977. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Chateau, J.-Y. ed. 1997. La Vérité pratique, Ethique à Nicomaque Livre VI. Paris: J. Vrin.
Destrée, P. ed. 2003. Aristote: Bonheur et vertus. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Destrée, P., and M. Zingano eds. 2013. Theoria: Studies on the Status and Meaning of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Ethics. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters.
Heinaman, R. ed. 1995. Aristotle and Moral Realism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Heinaman, R. ed. 2003. Plato and Aristotle’s Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Höffe, O. ed. 1995. Aristoteles: Die Nikomachische Ethik. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Irwin, T. ed. 1995. Classical Philosophy, Collected Papers. Aristotle’s Ethics. Vol. 5. New York: Garland.
Kraut, R. ed. 2006. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Miller, J. ed. 2011. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, J. ed. 2012. The Reception of Aristotle’s Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moraux, P., and D. Harlfinger eds. 1971. Untersuchungen zur Eudemischen Ethik. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Müller-Goldingen, C. ed. 1988. Schriften zur aristotelischen Ethik. Hildesheim: Georg Olms.
Pakaluk, M., and G. Pearson eds. 2011. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Romeyer-Dherbey, G., and G. Aubry eds. 2002. L’Excellence de la Vie: sur L’Ethique à Nicomaque et L’Ethique à Eudème d’Aristote. Paris: J. Vrin.
Rorty, A. O. ed. 1980. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sherman, N. ed. 1999. Aristotle’s Ethics: Critical Essays. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Sim, M. ed. 1995. The Crossroads of Norm and Nature: Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics and Metaphysics. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Topics within Aristotle’s Ethics

Book I: Happiness and the Human Good

The Method of Ethics

Barnes, J. 1980. “Aristotle and the Method of Ethics.” Revue Internationale de Philosophie 133/134: 490–511.
Höffe, O. 1995. “Ethik als praktische Philosophie – Methodische Überlegungen (I 1, 1094a22–1095a13).” 13–38 in O. Höffe ed. Aristoteles: Die Nikomachische Ethik. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
Irwin, T. H. 1981. “Aristotle’s Methods of Ethics.” 193–224 in D. O’Meara ed. Studies in Aristotle. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Kraut, R. 2006. “How to Justify Ethical Propositions: Aristotle’s Method.” 76–95 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Natali, C. 2010. “Posterior Analytics and the Definition of Happiness in NE I.” Phronesis 55: 304–324.
Salmieri, G. 2009. “Aristotle’s Non-dialectical Methodology in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 29: 311–335.
Whiting, J. 2001. “Strong Dialectic, Neurathian Reflection, and the Ascent of Desire: Irwin and McDowell on Aristotle’s Methods of Ethics.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 17: 61–116.
Zingano, M. 2007. “Aristotle and the Problems of Method in Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32: 297–330.

The Accuracy of Ethics

Achtenberg, D. 2002. Cognition of Value in Aristotle’s Ethics: Promise of Enrichment, Threat of Destruction. Albany: SUNY Press.
Anagnostopoulos, G. 1994. Aristotle on the Goals and Exactness of Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bolton, R. 1991. “Aristotle on the Objectivity of Ethics.” 59–72 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Irwin, T. H. 2000. “Ethics as an Inexact Science: Aristotle’s Ambitions for Moral Theory.” 130–156 in B. Hooker ed. Moral Particularism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Natali, Carlo. 2007. “Rhetorical and Scientific Aspects of the Nicomachean Ethics.” Phronesis 52: 364–381.
Roche, T. D. 1988. “On the Alleged Metaphysical Foundation of Aristotle’s Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 8: 49–62.
Roche, T. D. 1992. “In Defense of an Alternative View of the Foundation of Aristotle’s Moral Theory.” Phronesis 37: 46–83.
Winter, M. 1997. “Aristotle, hos epi to polu Relations, and a Demonstrative Science of Ethics.” Phronesis 42: 163–189.

The Rationality of Ethics

Irwin, T. H. 1978. “First Principles in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3: 252–272.
Kraut, R. 1998. “Aristotle on Method and Moral Education.” 271–290 in J. Gentzler ed. Method in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Lännström, A. 2006. Loving the Fine: Virtue and Happiness in Aristotle’s Ethics. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
McDowell, J. 1980. “The Role of Eudaimonia in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 359–376 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Price, A. W. 2005. “Aristotelian Virtue and Practical Judgement.” 257–278 in C. Gill ed. Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Vasiliou, I. 1996. “The Role of Good Upbringing in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Philosophy and Phenomonlogical Research 56: 771–797.
Whiting, J. 2001. “Strong Dialectic, Neurathian Reflection, and the Ascent of Desire: Irwin and McDowell on Aristotle’s Methods of Ethics.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 17: 61–116.
Williams, B. 1985. Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

The Doctrine of Three Lives

Brown, E. 2013. “Aristotle on the Choice of Lives: Two Concepts of Self-Sufficiency.” 135–158 in P. Destrée and M. Zingano eds. Theoria: Studies on the Status and Meaning of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Ethics. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters.
Cooper, J. M. 2012. Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Crisp, R. 2003. “Socrates and Aristotle on Happiness and Virtue,” with reply by C. Rowe. 55–86 in R. Heinaman ed. Plato and Aristotle’s Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Crittenden, P. 1996. “Aristotle and the Idea of Competing Forms of Life.” Philosophical Inquiry 18: 88–100.
Joly, R. 1956. Le Thème philosophique des genres de vie dans l’Antiquité Classique. Brussels: J. Duculot.
Labarrière, J. L. 2002. “De l’unité de l’intellect chez Aristote et du choix de la vie la meilleure.” 221–243 in M. Canto-Sperber and P. Pellegrin eds. Le style de la pensée. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
Morrison, D. 2001. “Politics as a Vocation, According to Aristotle.” History of Political Thought 22: 221–241.
Tessitore, A. 1988. “Aristotle’s Political Presentation of Socrates in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Interpretation 16: 3–22.

Aristotle’s Criticisms of the Platonic Notion of the Good

Ackrill, J. L. 1977 [1972]. “Aristotle on ‘Good’ and the Categories.” 17–24 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Allan, D. J. 1963–1964. “Aristotle’s Criticism of Platonic Doctrine concerning Goodness and the Good.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 64: 273–286.
Flashar, H. 1977 [1965]. “The Critique of Plato’s Theory of Ideas in Aristotle’s Ethics.” M. Schofield trans. 1–16 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Gadamer, H. G. 1986. “Aristotle’s Critique of the Idea of the Good.” 126–158 in his The Idea of the Good in Platonic-Aristotelian Philosophy. P. C. Smith trans. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Kosman, L. A. 1968. “Predicating the Good.” Phronesis 13: 171–174.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1980. “Shame, Separateness, and Political Unity: Aristotle’s Criticisms of Plato.” 395–435 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Segvic, H. 2004. “Aristotle on the Varieties of Goodness.” Apeiron 37: 151–176.

Happiness as the Human Good

Ackrill, J. L. 1980 [1974]. “Aristotle on Eudaimonia.” 15–34 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Aubenque, P. 1978. “Die Kohärenz der aristotelischen Eudaimonia-Lehre.” 45–57 in G. Bien ed. Die Frage nach dem Glück. Stuttgart-Bad: Cannstatt.
Austin, J. L. 1967 [c. 1938]. “Agathon and Eudaimonia in the Ethics of Aristotle.” 261–296 in J. M. E. Moravcsik ed. Aristotle: A Collection of Critical Essays. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.
Bartlett, R. C. 2008. “Aristotle’s Introduction to the Problem of Happiness.” American Journal of Political Science 52: 677–687.
Broadie, S. 1999. “Aristotle’s Elusive ‘Summum Bonum.’Social Philosophy and Policy 16: 233–251.
Charles, D. 1999. “Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplement 73: 205–223.
Cleemput, G. Van. 2006. “Aristotle on Eudaimonia in Nicomachean Ethics 1.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30: 127–157.
Cooper, J. M. 1986 [1975]. Reason and the Human Good in Aristotle. Indianapolis: Hackett.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1987]. “Contemplation and Happiness: A Reconsideration.” 212–236 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cooper, J. M. 2003. “Plato and Aristotle on ‘Finality’ and ‘(Self)sufficiency’” with reply by A. Kenny. 117–152 in R. Heinaman ed. Plato and Aristotle’s Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Crisp, R. 1994. “Aristotle’s Inclusivism.” Ancient Philosophy 12: 111–136.
Curzer, H. J. 1990. “Criteria for Happiness in Nicomachean Ethics I 7 and X 6–8.” Classical Quarterly 40: 421–432.
Curzer, H. J. 1991. “The Supremely Happy Life in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Apeiron 24: 47–69.
Devereux, D. 1981. “The Essence of Happiness.” 247–260 in D. O’Meara ed. Studies in Aristotle. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Farwall, P. 1995. “Aristotle and the Complete Life.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 12: 247–263.
Glassen, P. 1957. “A Fallacy in Aristotle’s Argument about the Good.” Philosophical Quarterly 66: 319–322.
Gurtler, G. 2003. “The Activity of Happiness in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Review of Metaphysics 56: 801–834.
Hardie, W. F. R. 1965. “The Final Good in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Philosophy 40: 277–295.
Heinaman, R. 1988. “Eudaimonia and Self-Sufficiency in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Phronesis 33: 35–41.
Heinaman, R. 1993. “Rationality, Eudaimonia, and Kakodaimonia in Aristotle.” Phronesis 38: 31–56.
Heinaman, R. 2002. “Improvability of Eudaimonia in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 23: 99–146.
Heinaman, R. 2007. “Eudaimonia as an Activity in Nicomachean Ethics 1.8–12.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 33: 221–253.
Irwin, T. H. 2012. “Conceptions of Happiness in the Nicomachean Ethics.” 495–528 in C. Shields ed. The Oxford Handbook of Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kenny, A. 1991. “The Nicomachean Concept of Happiness.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Supplemental Volume: 67–80.
Kraut, R. 1989. Aristotle on the Human Good. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Kraut, R. 1995. “In Defense of the Grand End.” Ethics 103: 311–374.
Lawrence, G. 1993. “Aristotle and the Ideal Life.” Philosophical Review 102: 1–34.
Lawrence, G. 2005. “Snakes in Paradise: Problems in the Ideal Life.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 43, Supplement: 126–165.
Lear, G. R. 2004. Happy Lives and the Highest Good: An Essay on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Long, A. A. 2011. “Aristotle on Eudaimonia, Nous, and Divinity.” 92–114 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McDowell, J. 1980 [1980]. “The Role of Eudaimonia in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 359–376 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
McDowell, J. 1995. “Eudaimonism and Realism in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 201–218 in R. Heinaman ed. Aristotle and Moral Realism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Meyer, Susan Sauvé. 2011. “Living for the Sake of an Ultimate End.” 47–65 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nagel, T. 1980 [1972]. “Aristotle on Eudaimonia.” 7–14 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Roche, T. D. 1995. “The Ultimate End of Action: A Critique of Richard Kraut’s Aristotle on the Human Good.” 115–138 in M. Sim ed. The Crossroads of Norm and Nature: Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics and Metaphysics. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Scott, D. 1999. “Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation: Primary and Secondary Eudaimonia.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplement 73: 225–242.
Vranas, P. 2005. “Aristotle on the Best Good: Is Nicomachean Ethics 1094a18–22 Fallacious?Phronesis 50: 116–128.
Walker, M. 2011. “Aristotle on Activity ‘According to the Best and Most Final’ Virtue.” Apeiron 44: 91–110.
Whiting, J. 2002. “Eudaimonia, External Results, and Choosing Virtuous Actions for Themselves.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65: 270–290.
Wilkes, K. 1980 [1978]. “The Good Man and the Good for Man in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 341–358 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Human Ergon or Function

Achtenberg, D. 1989. “The Role of the Ergon Argument in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 9: 37–47.
Barney, R. 2008. “Aristotle’s Argument for a Human Function.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 34: 293–322.
Brüllmann, P. 2012. “Ethik und Naturphilosophie Bemerkungen zu Aristoteles’ Ergon-Argument (EN I 6).” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94: 1–30.
Destrée, P. 2002. “Comment démontrer le propre de l’homme? Pour une lecture ‘dialectique’ de EN, I, 6.” 39–62 in G. Romeyer-Dherby and G. Aubry eds. L’Excellence de la vie: Sur l’Ethique à Nicomaque et l’Ethique à Eudème d’Aristote. Paris: J. Vrin.
Gomez-Lobo, A. 1989. “The Ergon Inference.” Phronesis 34: 170–184.
Korsgaard, C. 1986. “Aristotle on Function and Virtue.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 3: 259–279.
Kraut, R. 1979. “The Peculiar Function of Human Beings.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9: 467–478.
Lawrence, G. 1997. “Nonaggregatability, Inclusiveness, and the Theory of Focal Value: Nicomachean Ethics I.7 1097b16–20.” Phronesis 42: 32–76.
Lawrence, G. 2001. “The Function of the Function Argument.” Ancient Philosophy 21: 445–475.
Lawrence, G. 2006. “Human Good and Human Function.” 37–75 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1990. “Aristotle on Human Nature and the Foundations of Ethics.” 83–131 in J. Altham and R. Harrison eds. World, Mind, and Ethics: Essays on the Ethical Philosophy of Bernard Williams. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Purinton, J. 1998. “Aristotle’s Definition of Happiness (NE I.7, 1098a16–18).” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 16: 259–298.
Roche, T. D. 1988. “Ergon and Eudaimonia in Nicomachean Ethics I: Reconsidering the Intellectualist Interpretation.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 26: 175–194.
Whiting, J. 1988. “Aristotle’s Function Argument: A Defense.” Ancient Philosophy 8: 33–48.

Happiness, Chance, and External Goods

Brown, E. 2005. “Wishing for Fortune, Choosing Activity: Aristotle on External Goods and Happiness.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 21: 57–81.
Cashen, M. 2012. “The Ugly, the Lonely, and the Lowly: Aristotle on Happiness and the External Goods.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 29: 1–19.
Cooper, J. 1999 [1985]. “Aristotle and the Goods of Fortune.” 292–311 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Farwall, P. 1994. “Aristotle, Success, and Moral Luck.” Journal of Philosophical Research 19: 37–50.
Gooch, P. W. 1983. “Aristotle and the Happy Dead.” Classical Philology 78: 112–116.
Irwin, T. H. 1985. “Permanent Happiness: Aristotle and Solon.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 3: 89–124.
Lear, J. 1995. “Testing the Limits: The Place of Tragedy in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 61–84 in R. Heinaman ed. Aristotle and Moral Realism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1986. The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1998. “Political Animals: Luck, Love, and Dignity.” Metaphilosophy 29: 273–287.
Pritzl, K. 1983. “Nicomachean Ethics I.10–11: Aristotle on the Happiness after Death.” Classical Philology 78: 101–111.
Scott, D. 2000. “Aristotle on Posthumous Fortune.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 18: 211–230.
Stemmer, P. 1992. “Aristoteles’ Glücksbegriff in der Nikomachischen Ethik: Eine Interpretation von EN I 7, 1097b2–5.” Phronesis 37: 85–110.
White, S. A. 1992. Sovereign Virtue: Aristotle on the Relationship between Happiness and Prosperity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Book II: Ethical Virtue

The Nature of Agency

Ackrill, J. L. 1980 [1978]. “Aristotle on Action.” 93–102 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Balaban, P. 1986. “Aristotle’s Theory of Praxis.” Hermes 114: 163–172.
Balaban, P. 1990. “Praxis and Poiesis in Aristotle’s Practical Philosophy.” Journal of Value Inquiry 24: 185–198.
Charles, D. 1984. Aristotle’s Philosophy of Action. London: Duckworth.
Coope, U. 2007. “Aristotle on Action.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81, Supplement: 109–138.
Ebert, T. 1976. “Praxis und Poiesis. Zu einer handlungsthoretischen Unterscheidung bei Aristoteles.” Zeitschrift für philosophische Forschung 30: 12–30.
Freeland, C. A. 1985. “Aristotelian Actions.” Noûs 19: 397–414.
Hagen, C. T. 1984. “The Energeia/kinēsis Distinction and Aristotle’s Theory of Action.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 22: 263–280.
Natali, C. 2004. L’action efficace. Études sur la philosophie de l’action chez Aristotle. Louvain and Paris: Peeters.
Politis, V. 1998. “Aristotle’s Advocacy of Non-Productive Action.” Ancient Philosophy 18: 353–379.
Segvic, H. 2009 [2002]. “Aristotle’s Metaphysics of Action.” 111–143 in her From Protagoras to Aristotle: Essays in Ancient Moral Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Vasiliou, I. 2011. “Aristotle, Agents, and Actions.” 170–190 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, B. A. O. 1995. “Acting as a Virtuous Person Acts.” 13–23 in R. Heinaman ed. Aristotle and Moral Realism. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Nature, Habit, and the Acquisition of Ethical Virtue

Balaudé, J.-F. 1997. “Nature et norme dans les traités éthiques d’Aristote.” 95–129 in P. M. Morel ed. Aristote et la notion de nature. Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux.
Bowditch, N. 2008. “Aristotle on Habituation: The Key to Unlocking the Nicomachean Ethics.” Ethical Perspectives 15: 309–342.
Burnyeat, M. 1980. “Aristotle on Learning to be Good.” 69–92 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Curzer, H. 1996. “Aristotle’s Bad Advice on Becoming Good.” Philosophy 71: 139–146.
Curzer, H. 2002. “Aristotle’s Painful Path to Virtue.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 40: 141–162.
Di Muzio, G. 2000. “Aristotle on Improving One’s Character.” Phronesis 45: 205–219.
Everson, S. 1998. “Aristotle on Nature and Value.” 77–106 in S. Everson ed. Companion to Ancient Thought 4: Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hursthouse, R. 1988. “Moral Habituation.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 6: 201–219.
Kraut, R. 2007. “Nature in Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics.” Social Philosophy and Policy 24: 153–175.
Lawrence, G. 2011. “Acquiring Character: Becoming Grown-Up.” 233–283 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lennox, J. 1999. “Aristotle on the Biological Roots of Human Virtue.” 10–31 in J. Maienschein and M. Ruse eds. Biology and the Foundation of Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lockwood, T. 2013. “Habituation, Habit, and Character in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 19–36 in T. Sparrow and A. Hutchinson eds. A History of Habit, from Aristotle to Bourdieu. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
London, A. J. 2001. “Moral Knowledge and the Acquisition of Virtue in Aristotle’s Nicomachean and Eudemian Ethics.” Review of Metaphysics 54: 553–583.
Morel, P. M. 1997. “L’habitude: une seconde nature?131–148 in P. M. Morel ed. Aristote et la notion de nature. Presses Universitaires de Bordeaux.
Sherman, N. 1989. The Fabric of Character: Aristotle’s Theory of Virtue. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Smith, A. D. 1996. “Character and Intellect in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 41: 56–74.
Vasiliou, I. 1996. “The Role of Good Upbringing in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56: 771–797.
Verbeke, G. 1990. Moral Education in Aristotle. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Ward, J. K. 2005. “Aristotle on Physis: Human Nature in the Ethics and Politics.” Polis 22: 287–308.

The Definition and Nature of Ethical Virtue

Audi, R. 1995. “Acting from Virtue.” Mind 104: 449–471.
Collins, S. 1999. “The Moral Virtues in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 131–158 in R. C. Bartlett and S. D. Collins eds. Action and Contemplation: Studies in the Moral and Political Thought of Aristotle. Albany: SUNY Press.
Curzer, H. J. 2005. “How Good People Do Bad Things: Aristotle on the Misdeeds of the Virtuous.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 28: 233–256.
Gottlieb, P. 2009. The Virtue of Aristotle’s Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hutchinson, D. S. 1986. The Virtues of Aristotle. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Kraut, R. 1976. “Aristotle on Choosing Virtue for Itself.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 58: 223–239.
Lorenz, H. 2009. “Virtue of Character in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 37: 177–212.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1988. “Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13: 32–53.
Sherman, N. 1997. Making a Necessity of Virtue: Aristotle and Kant on Virtue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Walker, A. D. M. 1989. “Virtue and Character.” Philosophy 64: 349–362.
White, S. A. 1992. “Natural Virtue and Perfect Virtue in Aristotle.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium on Ancient Philosophy 8: 135–186.

The Notion of What Is “Fine” (To Kalon)

Irwin, T. H. 2010. “The Sense and Reference of Kalon in Aristotle.” Classical Philology 105: 381–396.
Irwin, T. H. 2011. “Beauty and Morality in Aristotle.” 239–253 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Korsgaard, C. 1986. “Aristotle and Kant on the Source of Value.” Ethics 96: 486–505.
Korsgaard, C. 1996. “From Duty and for the Sake of the Noble.” 203–236 in S. Engstrom and J. Whiting eds. Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kosman, A. 2010. “Beauty and the Good: Situating the Kalon.” Classical Philology 105: 314–357.
Lännström, A. 2006. Loving the Fine: Virtue and Happiness in Aristotle’s Ethics. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Lear, G. R. 2009. “Aristotle on Moral Virtue and the Fine.” 116–136 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Owens, J. 1981. “The Kalon in Aristotelian Ethics.” 261–278 in D. O’Meara ed. Studies in Aristotle. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Rogers, K. 1993. “Aristotle’s Conception of To Kalon.” Ancient Philosophy 13: 355–371.
Tuozzo, T. M. 1995. “Contemplation, the Noble, and the Mean: The Standard of Moral Virtue in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Apeiron 28: 129–154.

The Doctrine of the Mean

Bosley, R. 1991. On Virtue and Vice: The Metaphysical Foundations of the Doctrine of the Mean. New York: Peter Lang.
Bosley, R., R. Shiner, and J. D. Sisson eds. 1995. Aristotle, Virtue and the Mean. Kelowna, BC, Canada: Academic Printing and Publishing (= Apeiron 28.4).
Brown, L. 1997. “What Is the ‘Mean Relative to Us’ in Aristotle’s Ethics?Phronesis 42: 77–93.
Curzer, H. J. 1996. “A Defense of Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean.” Ancient Philosophy 16: 129–139.
Curzer, H. J. 2006. “Aristotle’s Mean Relative to Us.” American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 80: 507–519.
Gauthier-Muzellec, M.-H. 1998. Aristote et la juste mesure. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Hardie, W. F. R. 1977 [1964–1965]. “Aristotle’s Doctrine that Virtue Is a ‘Mean.’33–46 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Hursthouse, R. 1980–1981. “A False Doctrine of the Mean.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 81: 57–72.
Hursthouse, R. 2006. “The Central Doctrine of the Mean.” 96–115 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Hutchinson, D. S. 1988. “Doctrines of the Mean and the Debate concerning Skills in Fourth-Century Medicine, Rhetoric, and Ethics.” Apeiron 21: 17–52.
Leighton, S. R. 2011. “Inappropriate Passion.” 211–236 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Losin, P. 1987. “Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 4: 329–341.
Peterson, S. 1988. “Horos (limit) in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Phronesis 23: 233–250.
Rapp, C. 2006. “What Use Is Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean?99–126 in B. Reis and S. Haffmanns eds. The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Urmson, J. 1980 [1973]. “Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean.” 157–170 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wolf, U. 1988. “Über den Sinn der aristotelischen Mesonlehre.” Phronesis 33: 54–75.
Young, C. M. 1996. “Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean.” Topoi 15: 89–99.

Book III.1–5: Moral Responsibility

Overviews of Aristotle’s Moral Psychology

Cooper, J. 1999 [1988]. “Some Remarks on Aristotle’s Moral Psychology.” 237–252 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Grönroos, Gösta. 2007. “Listening to Reason in Aristotle’s Moral Psychology.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32: 251–272.
Irwin, T. H. 1980. “The Metaphysical and Psychological Basis of Aristotle’s Ethics.” 35–53 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
McDowell, J. 1998. “Some Issues in Aristotle’s Moral Psychology.” 107–128 in S. Everson ed. Companion to Ancient Thought 4: Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearson, G. 2011. “Non-Rational Desire and Aristotle’s Moral Psychology.” 144–169 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearson, G. 2012. Aristotle on Desire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Price, A. W. 2012. Virtue and Reason in Aristotle and Plato. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

The Voluntary and the Involuntary

Curren, R. 1989. “The Contribution of Nicomachean Ethics III.5 to Aristotle’s Theory of Responsibility.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 6: 261–277.
Dudley, J. 2012. Aristotle’s Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism. Albany: SUNY Press.
Flannery, K. 2006. “Force and Compulsion in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 22: 41–61.
Furley, D. J. 1977 [1967]. “Aristotle on the Voluntary.” 47–60 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Irwin, T. H. 1980. “Reason and Responsibility in Aristotle.” 117–156 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Kenny, A. 1979. Aristotle’s Theory of the Will. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Klimchuk, D. 2002. “Aristotle on Necessity and Voluntariness.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 19: 1–19.
Madigan, A. 1986. “Dimensions of Voluntariness in EN III.12, 1119a21–33.” Ancient Philosophy 6: 139–152.
Meyer, S. S. 2009. “Aristotle on the Voluntary.” 137–157 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Meyer, S. S. 2011 [1993]. Aristotle on Moral Responsibility: Character and Cause. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Moline, J. N. 1989. “Aristotle on Praise and Blame.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 71: 283–302.
Natali, C. 1998. “Aristotele: azione e responsabilità.” 85–103 in C. Vigna ed. La libertà del bene. Milano: Vita e Pensiero.
Natali, C. 2000. “Responsabilità e determinismo nell’etica aristotelica.” 481–510 in M. Migliori ed. Il dibattito etico e politico in Grecia tra il V e il IV secolo. Naples: La Città de sole.
Nielsen, K. 2007. “Dirtying Aristotle’s Hands? Aristotle’s Analysis of ‘Mixed Acts’ in the Nicomachean Ethics III, 1.” Phronesis 52: 270–300.
Sakezles, P. 2007. “Aristotle and Chrysippus on the Psychology of Human Action: Criteria for Responsibility.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15: 225–252.
Sorabji, R. 1980. Necessity, Cause, and Blame: Perspectives on Aristotle’s Theory. London: Duckworth.

The Problem of Freedom

Bobzien, S. 1998. “The Inadvertent Conception and Late Birth of the Free Will Problem.” Phronesis 43: 133–175.
Chappell, T. 1994. Aristotle and Augustine on Freedom. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Donini, P. L. 2009 [1989]. Aristotle and Determinism. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters.
Dudley, J. 2004. Aristotle’s Concept of Chance. Contingency, Accidents, Freedom, and Necessity. London: Ashgate.
Everson, S. 1990. “Aristotle’s Compatibilism in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 10: 81–99.
Frede, M. 2011. A Free Will: Origins of the Notion in Ancient Thought. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hardie, W. F. R. 1968. “Aristotle and the Freewill Problem.” Philosophy 43: 274–278.
Kahn, C. 1988. “Discovering the Will: From Aristotle to Augustine.” 234–259 in J. M. Dillon and A. A. Long eds. The Question of Eclecticism: Studies in Later Greek Philosophy. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Natali, C. 2002. “Responsibility and Determinism in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 267–295 in M. Canto-Sperber and P. Pellegrin eds. Le style de la pensée. Paris: Les Belles Lettres.
Rapp, C. 1995. “Freiwilligkeit, Entscheidung, und Verantwortlichkeit (EN III 1–7).” 109–134 in O. Höffe ed. Aristoteles: Die Nikomachische Ethik. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.

Deliberation and Choice

Kuhn, H. 1960. “Der Begriff der Prohairesis in der Nikomachischen Ethik.” 123–140 in D. Henrich ed. Die Gegenwart der Griechen im neueren Denken: Festschrift für H. G. Gadamer zum 60. Geburstag. Tübingen: J. C. B. Mohr.
McDowell, J. 1996. “Deliberation and Moral Deliberation in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 19–35 in Engstrom and J. Whiting eds. Aristotle, Kant, and the Stoics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mele, A. R. 1981. “Choice and Virtue in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 19: 405–424.
Natali, C. 1988. “Les fins et les moyens: un puzzle aristotélicien.” Revue de Philosophie ancienne 6: 107–146.
Nielsen, K. 2011. “Deliberation as Inquiry: Aristotle’s Alternative to the Presumption of Open Alternatives.” Philosophical Review 120: 383–421.
Price, A. W. 2011. “Aristotle on the Ends of Deliberation.” 135–158 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Segvic, H. 2009. “Deliberation and Choice in Aristotle.” 144–171 in her From Protagoras to Aristotle: Essays in Ancient Moral Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Sherman, N. 1985. “Character, Planning, and Choice.” Review of Metaphysics 39: 83–116.
Tilley, J. 1994. “Virtue and Choice in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Philosophia 23–24: 173–177.
Tuozzo, T. M. 1991. “Aristotelian Deliberation Not of Ends.” 193–212 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Wiggins, D. 1980 [1975–1976]. “Deliberation and Practical Reason.” 221–240 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wish, Emotion, and Desire

Brinton, A. 1988. “Pathos and the Appeal to Emotion: An Aristotelian Analysis.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 5: 207–219.
Cooper, J. 1999 [1996]. “An Aristotelian Theory of the Emotions.” 406–423 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
DeMoss, D. J. 1990. “Acquiring Ethical Ends.” Ancient Philosophy 10: 63–80.
Dow, J. 2011. “Aristotle’s Theory of the Emotions: Emotions as Pleasures and Pains.” 47–74 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Fortenbaugh, W. W. 2002 [1975]. Aristotle on Emotions: A Contribution to Philosophical Psychology, Rhetoric, Poetics, Politics, and Ethics. 2nd ed. with a new epilogue. London: Duckworth.
Hursthouse, R. 1984. “Acting and Feeling in Character: Nicomachean Ethics 3.i.” Phronesis 29: 252–266.
Knuuttila, S. 2004. Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Konstan, D. 2006. Emotions of the Greeks. Studies in Aristotle and Classical Literature. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Kosman, L. A. 1980. “Being Properly Affected: Virtues and Feelings in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 103–116 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lorenz, H. 2006. The Brute Within: Appetitive Desire in Plato and Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Mele, A. R. 1984. “Aristotle’s Wish.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 22: 139–156.
Moss, J. 2012. Aristotle on the Apparent Good: Perception, Phantasia, Thought, and Desire. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1996. “Aristotle on Emotions and Rational Persuasion.” 303–323 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Rhetoric. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pearson, G. 2011. “Non-Rational Desire and Aristotle’s Moral Psychology.” 144–169 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearson, G. 2012. Aristotle on Desire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rorty, A. O. 1984. “Aristotle on the Metaphysical Status of Pathē.” Review of Metaphysics 37: 521–546.
Sherman, N. 1993. “The Role of Emotions in Aristotelian Virtue.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 9: 1–33.
Striker, G. 1996. “Emotions in Context: Aristotle’s Treatment of the Passions in the Rhetoric and His Moral Psychology.” 286–302 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Rhetoric. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Tuozzo, T. M. 1994. “Conceptualized and Unconceptualized Desire in Aristotle.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 32: 525–549.

The Critique of Protagoras and Responsibility for One’s Character States

Bondeson, W. 1979. “Aristotle on Responsibility for One’s Character and the Possibility of Character Change.” Phronesis 19: 59–65.
Brickhouse, T. C. 1991. “Roberts on Responsibility for Action and Character in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 11: 137–148.
Chappell, T. 2005. “‘The Good Man Is the Measure of All Things’: Objectivity without World-Centredness in Aristotle’s Moral Epistemology.” 233–255 in C. Gill ed. Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Destrée, P. 2011. “Aristotle on Responsibility for One’s Character.” 285–318 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Di Muzio, G. 2008. “Aristotle’s Alleged Moral Determinism in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Journal of Philosophical Research 33: 19–32.
Gottlieb, P. 1991. “Aristotle and Protagoras: The Good Human Being as the Measure of Goods.” Apeiron 24: 25–46.
Ott, W. R. 2000. “A Troublesome Passage in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics iii.5.” Ancient Philosophy 20: 99–108.
Roberts, J. 1989. “Aristotle on Responsibility for Action and Character.” Ancient Philosophy 9: 23–36.

Books III.6–V.11: Individual Virtues

Courage

Brady, M. E. 2005. “The Fearlessness of Courage.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 43: 189–211.
Deslauriers, M. 2002. “Andreia, Divine and Sub-Human Virtue.” 187–211 in I. Sluiter and R. Rosen eds. Proceedings of the Penn-Leiden Colloquium on Ancient Values I. Leiden: Brill.
Leighton, S. R. 1988. “Aristotle’s Courageous Passions.” Phronesis 33: 76–99.
Pears, D. 1978. “Aristotle’s Analysis of Courage.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3: 273–285.
Pears, D. 1980. “Courage as a Mean.” 171–188 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pearson, G. 2006. “Does the Fearless Phobic Really Fear the Squeak of Mice Too Much?Ancient Philosophy 26: 81–91.
Pearson, G. 2009. “Aristotle on the Role of Confidence in Courage.” Ancient Philosophy 29: 123–137.
Rogers, K. 1994. “Aristotle on the Motive of Courage.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 32: 303–313.
Rorty, A. O. 1986. “The Two Faces of Courage.” Philosophy 61: 151–171.
Sanford, J. 2010. “Are You Man Enough? Aristotle and Courage.” International Philosophical Quarterly 50: 431–446.
Taylor, C. C. W. 2008. “Wisdom and Courage in the Protagoras and the Nicomachean Ethics.” 281–294 in his Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Ward, L. 2001. “Nobility and Necessity: The Problem of Courage in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” American Political Science Review 95: 71–83.

Temperance

Bogen, J., and J. Moravcsik. 1982. “Aristotle’s Forbidden Sweets.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 20: 111–127.
Curzer, H. J. 1997. “Aristotle’s Account of the Virtue of Temperance in Nicomachean Ethics III.10–11.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 35: 5–26.
MacIntyre, A. C. 1988. “Sophrosunē: How a Virtue Can Become Socially Disruptive.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13: 1–11.
Madigan, A. 1986. “Dimensions of Voluntariness in EN III.12, 1119a21–33.” Ancient Philosophy 6: 139–152.
Rupert, M. 2002. “Aristotle’s Discussion of Temperance and Continence.” Dialogue 45: 16–19.
Sisko, J. E. 2003. “Taste, Touch, and Temperance in Nicomachean Ethics 3.10.” Classical Quarterly 53: 135–140.
Young, C. M. 1988. “Aristotle on Temperance.” Philosophical Review 97: 521–542.

Liberality and Magnificence

Hadreas, P. 2002. “Aristotle on the Vices and Virtue of Wealth.” Journal of Business Ethics 39: 361–376.
Hare, J. 1988. “Eleutheriotes in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 8: 19–32.
Hunt, L. 1986. “Generosity and the Diversity of the Virtues.” 216–227 in R. K. Kruschwitz and R. C. Roberts eds. The Virtues: Contemporary Essays on Moral Character. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Pakaluk, M. 2002. “On an Alleged Contradiction in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 22: 201–219.
Swanson, J. A. 1994. “Aristotle on Liberality: Its Relation to Justice and Its Public and Private Practice.” Polity 27: 3–23.
Ward, A. 2011. “Generosity and Inequality in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Polis 28: 267–278.
Young, C. M. 1994. “Aristotle on Liberality.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium on Ancient Philosophy 10: 313–334.

Magnanimity and Love of Honor

Bae, E. 2003. “An Ornament of the Virtues.” Ancient Philosophy 23: 337–349.
Cooper, N. 1989. “Aristotle’s Crowning Virtue.” Apeiron 22: 191–205.
Cordner, C. 1994. “Aristotelian Virtue and Its Limitations.” Philosophy 69: 291–316.
Crisp, R. 2006. “Aristotle on Greatness of Soul.” 158–178 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Curzer, H. J. 1990. “A Great Philosopher’s Not So Great Account of Great Virtue: Aristotle’s Treatment of ‘Greatness of Soul.’Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20: 517–537.
Curzer, H. J. 1991. “Aristotle’s Much-Maligned Megalopsuchos.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 69: 131–151.
Gauthier, R. A. 1951. Magnanimité: L’idéal de la grandeur dans la philosophie païenne et dans la théologie chrétienne. Paris: J. Vrin.
Hardie, W. F. R. 1978. “‘Magnanimity’ in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 23: 63–79.
Held, D. 1993. “Megalopsychia in Nicomachean Ethics IV.” Ancient Philosophy 13: 95–110.
Howland, J. 2002. “Aristotle’s Great-Souled Man.” Review of Politics 64: 27–56.
Pakaluk, M. 2004. “The Meaning of Aristotelian Magnanimity.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 26: 241–275.
Sarch, A. 2008. “What’s Wrong with Megalopsychia?Philosophy 83: 231–253.
Schütrumpf, E. 1989. “Magnanimity, Megalopsuchia and the System of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 71: 10–22.
Sherman, N. 1988. “Common Sense and Uncommon Virtue.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13: 97–114.
Somme, L. T. 1999. “La magnanimité chez Aristote.” Revue Thomiste 99: 700–735.
Somme, L. T. 2000. “La magnanimité chez Aristote (La Deuxième Partie).” Revue Thomiste 108: 62–78.
Stover, J., and R. Polansky. 2003. “Moral Virtue and Megalopsychia.” Ancient Philosophy 23: 351–359.

Truthfulness

Gooch, P. W. 1987. “Socratic Irony and Aristotle’s Eiron: Some Puzzles.” Phoenix 41: 95–104.
Lane, M. 2006. “The Evolution of Eironeia in Classical Greek Texts: Why Socratic Eironeia Is Not Socratic Irony.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 31: 49–83.
Szabados, B. 1998. “Hypocrisy after Aristotle.” Dialogue 37: 545–570.
Zembaty, J. S. 1993. “Aristotle on Lying.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 31: 7–30.

Other Aristotelian Virtues

Broadie, S. 2003. “Aristotelian Piety.” Phronesis 48: 54–70.
Burger, R. 1991. “Ethical Reflection and Righteous Indignation: Nemesis in the Nicomachean Ethics.” 127–139 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Coker, J. 1992. “On Being Nemesētikos as a Mean.” Journal of Philosophical Research 17: 61–92.
Gottlieb, P. 1994. “Aristotle’s Nameless Virtues.” Apeiron 27: 1–15.
Gravelee, G. S. 2000. “Aristotle on Hope.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 38: 461–477.
Leighton, S. 2002. “Aristotle’s Account of Anger: Narcissism and Illusions of Self-Sufficiency.” Ratio 15: 23–45.
Mayhew, R. 2007. “Aristotle on Prayer.” Rhizai 4: 295–309.

Justice

Overviews of Justice

Collins, S. 2002. “Justice and the Dilemma of Moral Virtue in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 105–129 in A. Tessitore ed. Aristotle and Modern Politics. The Persistence of Political Philosophy. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Curzer, H. J. 1995. “Aristotle’s Account of the Virtue of Justice.” Apeiron 28: 207–238.
Drefcinski, S. 2000. “Aristotle and the Characteristic Desire of Justice.” Apeiron 33: 109–123.
Fritz, K. v. 1980. “Zur Interpretation des V. Buches von Aristoteles’ NE.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 62: 241–275.
Harrison, A. R. W. 1957. “Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book V and the Law of Athens.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 77: 42–47.
Kraut, R. 2002. “Justice in the Nicomachean Ethics.” 98–177 in Aristotle: Political Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kraut, R. 2003. “Justice in Plato and Aristotle: Withdrawal versus Engagement,” with reply by C. Rowe. 153–176 in R. Heinaman ed. Plato and Aristotle’s Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Kussmaul, P. 2008. “Aristotle’s Doctrine of Justice and the Law of Athens.” Dionysius 26: 29–46.
Moraux, P. 1957. A la recherche de l’Aristote perdu: Le Dialogue “Sur la Justice.” Louvain: Publications Universitaires de Louvain.
Pearson, G. 2006. “Aristotle on Acting Unjustly without Being Unjust.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30: 211–233.
Williams, B. A. O. 1980. “Justice as a Virtue.” 189–199 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Young, C. 2006. “Aristotle’s Justice.” 179–197 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

General versus Specific Justice

O’Connor, D. 1988. “Aristotelian Justice as a Personal Virtue.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13: 417–427.
O’Connor, D. 1991. “The Aetiology of Justice.” 136–164 in C. Lord and D. O’Connor eds. Essays on the Foundations of Aristotelian Political Science. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Fossheim, H. 2011. “Justice in the Nicomachean Ethics Book V.” 254–275 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ritchie, D. G. 1894. “Aristotle’s Subdivisions of ‘Particular Justice.’Classical Review 8: 185–192.
Sherman, D. 1999. “Aristotle and the Problem of Particular Injustice.” Philosophical Forum 30: 235–248.

Distributive and Corrective Justice

Frank, J. 1988. “Democracy and Distribution: Aristotle on Just Desert.” Political Theory 26: 784–802.
Harvey, F. D. 1965. “Two Kinds of Equality.” Classica et Mediaevalia 26: 101–146.
Karasmanis, V. 1993. “The Mathematical Passage in Nicomachean Ethics 1131b5–15.” Ancient Philosophy 13: 373–378.
Keyser, P. 1992. “A Proposed Diagram in Aristotle, EN V3, 1131a24–b20 for Distributive Justice in Proportion.” Apeiron 25: 15–44.
Keyt, D. 1991 [1985]. “Aristotle’s Theory of Distributive Justice.” 238–278 in D. Keyt, and F. D. Miller eds. A Companion to Aristotle’s Politics. D. Keyt and F. D. Miller eds. Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
Mathie, W. 1987. “Political and Distributive Justice in the Political Science of Aristotle.” Review of Politics 49: 59–84.
McKerlie, D. 2001. “Aristotle’s Theory of Justice.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 39: 119–142.
Neyers, J. W. 1998. “The Inconsistencies of Aristotle’s Theory of Corrective Justice.” Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 11: 311–328.
Rosen, F. 1975. “The Political Context of Aristotle’s Categories of Justice.” Phronesis 20: 228–240.
Springborg, P. 1984. “Aristotle and the Problem of Needs.” History of Political Thought 5: 393–424.
Weinrib, E. J. 1992. “Corrective Justice.” Iowa Law Review 77: 403–425.

Reciprocity and Exchange

Danzig, G. 2000. “The Political Character of Aristotelian Reciprocity.” Classical Philology 95: 399–424.
Gordon, B. 1963. “Aristotle and the Development of Value Theory.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 78: 115–128.
Judson, L. 1997. “Aristotle on Fair Exchange.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 13: 147–175.
McNeill, D. 1990. “Alternative Interpretations of Aristotle on Exchange and Reciprocity.” Public Affairs Quarterly 4: 55–68.
Meikle, S. 1995. Aristotle’s Economic Thought. New York: Oxford University Press.
Scaltsas, T. 1995. “Reciprocal Justice in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 77: 248–262.

Natural and Political Justice

Alexander of Aphrodisias. 1990 [1887]. “hoti physei to dikaion.” 156–159 in Questiones Ethicae, Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca. Supplementum Aristotelicum, vol. 2, pt. 1. I. Burns ed. Berlin: G. Reimer. Translated in Ethical Problems, by R. W. Sharples. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Aubenque, P. 1980. “La Loi selon Aristote.” Archives de Philosophie du Droit 25: 147–157.
Aubenque, P. 1995. “The Twofold Natural Foundation of Justice According to Aristotle.” 35–47 in R. Heinaman ed. Aristotle and Moral Realism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Bodéüs, R. 1999. “The Natural Foundations of Right and Aristotelian Philosophy.” 69–106 in R. C. Bartlett and S. D. Collins eds. Action and Contemplation: Studies in the Moral and Political Thought of Aristotle. Albany: SUNY Press.
Burns, T. 1998. “Aristotle and Natural Law.” History of Political Thought 19: 142–166.
Corbett, R. 2009. “The Question of Natural Law in Aristotle.” History of Political Thought 30: 229–250.
Destrée, P. 2000. “Aristote et la question du droit naturel (Eth. Nic., V,10, 1134b18–1135a5).” Phronesis 45: 220–239.
Lockwood, T. 2006. “Ethical Justice and Political Justice.” Phronesis 51: 29–48.
Miller, F. D. 1991 [1988–1989]. “Aristotle on Natural Law and Justice.” 279–306 in D. Keyt and F. Miller eds. A Companion to Aristotle’s Politics. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Mulhern, J. J. 1972. “MIA MONON PANTACHOU KATA PHUSIN Ē ARISTĒ (EN 1135a).” Phronesis 17: 260–268.
Sharples, R. W. 2005. “An Aristotelian Commentator on the Naturalness of Justice.” 279–293 in C. Gill ed. Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Vega, J. 2010. “Aristotle’s Concept of Law: Beyond Positivism and Natural Law.” Journal of Ancient Philosophy 4: 1–31.

Equity (epieikeia)

Brunschwig, J. 1996. “Rule and Exception: On the Aristotelian Theory of Equity.” 115–156 in M. Frede and G. Striker eds. Rationality in Greek Thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Georgiadis, G. 1987. “Equitable and Equity in Aristotle.” 150–172 in S. Panagiotou ed. Justice, Law, and Method in Plato and Aristotle. Edmonton, AL: Academic Printing and Publishing.
Hewitt, A. 2008. “Universal Justice and Epieikeia in Aristotle.” Polis 25: 115–130.
Horn, C. 2006. “Epieikeia: The Competence of the Perfectly Just Person in Aristotle.” 142–166 in B. Reis and S. Haffmanns eds. The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1995. “Equity and Mercy.” Philosophy and Public Affairs 22: 83–125.
Shiner, R. A. 1994 [1987]. “Aristotle’s Theory of Equity.” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 27: 1245–1264.

Book VI: Intellectual Virtues

Overviews of Aristotle’s Intellectual Virtues

Chateau, J.-Y., ed. 1997. La Vérité pratique, Ethique à Nicomaque Livre VI. Paris: J. Vrin.
Gadamer, H. G. 1998. Nikomachische Ethik VI. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
Greenwood, L. H. G. 1909. Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics, Book Six. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heidegger, M. 1997 [1924–1925]. Plato’s Sophist, Introductory Part, 15–156. R. Rojcewicz and A. Schuwer trans. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Louden, R. B. 1997. “What Is Moral Authority? Euboulia, Sunesis, and Gnomē vs. Phronēsis.” Ancient Philosophy 17: 103–118.
Monan, J. D. 1968. Moral Knowledge and Its Method in Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Natali, C. 2001. The Wisdom of Aristotle. G. Parks trans. Albany: SUNY Press.
Reeve, C. D. C. 2006. “Aristotle on the Virtues of Thought.” 198–217 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Reeve, C. D. C. 2013. Aristotle on Practical Wisdom: Nicomachean Ethics VI. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

The Relation of Desire and Practical Reason; Moral Virtue and Knowledge

Anscombe, G. E. M. 1977 [1965]. “Thought and Action in Aristotle.” 72–78 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Broadie, S. 1987. “The Problem of Practical Intellect in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Boston Area Colloquium on Ancient Philosophy 3: 229–252.
Charles, D. 2009. “Aristotle on Desire and Action.” 291–308 in D. Frede ed. Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Charles, D. 2011. “Desire in Action: Aristotle’s Move.” 75–93 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cooper, J. 1999 [1996]. “Reason, Moral Virtue, and Moral Value.” 253–280 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Fortenbaugh, W. W. 1991 [1987]. “Aristotle’s Distinction between Moral Virtue and Practical Wisdom.” 97–106 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Irwin, T. H. 1975. “Aristotle on Reason, Desire and Virtue.” Journal of Philosophy 72: 567–578.
Mele, A. R. 1984. “Aristotle on the Roles of Reason in Motivation and Action.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 66: 124–147.
Miller, F. D. 1984. “Aristotle on Rationality in Action.” Review of Metaphysics 37: 499–520.
Price, A. W. 2005. “Aristotelian Virtue and Practical Judgement.” 257–278 in C. Gill ed. Virtue, Norms, and Objectivity: Issues in Ancient and Modern Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Smith, A. D. 1996. “Character and Intellect in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 41: 56–74.
Sorabji, R. 1980 [1973–1974]. “Aristotle on the Role of Intellect in Virtue.” 201–220 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Craft (Technē)

Angier, T. 2010. Technē in Aristotle’s Ethics: Crafting the Moral Life. London: Continuum.
Baracchi, C. 2011. “Three Fragments on ‘Techne’ in Aristotle’s ‘Nicomachean Ethics’: A Note on Exploration and Creativity.” Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 32: 103–125.
Broadie, S. 1987. “Nature, Craft and Phronēsis in Aristotle.” Philosophical Topics 15: 35–50.
Garrett, J. 1987. “Aristotle’s Nontechnical Conception of Technē.” Modern Schoolman 64: 283–294.

The Theoretical Virtues: Epistēmē, Nous, Sophia

Gigon, O. 1975. “Phronēsis und Sophia in der Nicomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles.” 91–104 in. J. Mansfield and L. M. de Rijk eds. Kephalaion: Studies in Greek Philosophy and Its Continuation. Assen: Van Gorcum.
Nightingale, A. W. 2004. Spectacles of Truth in Classical Greek Philosophy: Theoria in Its Cultural Context. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Salem, E. 2003. “Prudence and Wisdom in Aristotle’s Ethics.” St. John’s Review 47: 25–50.
Wood, J. 2011. “Contemplating the Beautiful: The Practical Importance of Theoretical Excellence in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 49: 391–412.

Practical Wisdom (Phronēsis)

Abizadeh, A. 2002. “The Passions of the Wise: Phronēsis, Rhetoric, and Aristotle’s Passionate Practical Deliberation.” Review of Metaphysics 56: 267–296.
Annas, J. 1996. “Aristotle and Kant on Morality and Practical Reasoning.” 237–258 in S. Engstrom and J. Whiting eds. Kant and the Stoics: Rethinking Happiness and Duty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Aubenque, P. 1963. La Prudence chez Aristote. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Aubenque, P. 1965. “La prudence aristotélicienne, porte-t-elle sur la fin ou sur les moyens?Revue des Études Grecques 78: 40–51.
Barnes, J. J. Brunschwig, and M. Frede. 1990. “Le propre de la prudence.” 79–96 in R. Brague and J. F. Courtine eds. Herméneutique et ontologie. Mélanges en hommage à P. Aubenque. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
Broadie, S. 1998. “Interpreting Aristotle’s Directions.” 291–306 in J. Gentzler ed. Method in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Drefcinski, S. 1996. “Aristotle’s Fallible Phronimos.” Ancient Philosophy 16: 139–154.
Dunne, J. 1993. Back to the Rough Ground: Phronēsis and “Technē” in Modern Philosophy and in Aristotle. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Fiasse, G. 2001. “Aristotle’s Phronimos: A True Grasp of Ends as Well as Means.” Review of Metaphysics 55: 323–338.
Hursthouse, R. 2006. “Practical Wisdom: A Mundane Account.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106: 285–309.
Kirkland, S. 2007. “The Temporality of Phronēsis in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 27: 127–140.
Modrak, W. K. W. 1991. “Aristotle on Reason, Practical Reason, and Living Well.” 179–192 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Reeve, C. D. C. 1992. Practices of Reason: Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Rese, F. 2005. “Praxis and Logos in Aristotle: On the Meaning of Reason and Speech for Human Life and Action.” Epoche 9: 359–377.
Taylor, C. C. W. 2008. “Aristotle on the Practical Intellect.” 204–222 in his Pleasure, Mind, and Soul: Selected Papers in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Wiggins, D. 1980 [1975–1976]. “Deliberation and Practical Reason.” 221–240 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Moral Perception: Particulars and Universals

Devereux, D. 1986. “Particular and Universal in Aristotle’s Conception of Practical Knowledge.” Review of Metaphysics 39: 483–504.
Fortenbaugh, W. W. 1964. “Aristotle’s Conception of Moral Virtue and Its Perceptive Role.” Transactions of the American Philological Association 95: 77–87.
Hankinson, R. J. 1990. “Perception and Maturation: Aristotle on the Moral Imagination.” Dialogue 29: 41–63.
Irwin, T. H. 1978. “First Principles in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3: 252–272.
Louden, R. B. 1991. “Aristotle’s Practical Particularism.” 159–178 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy IV: Aristotle’s Ethics. Albany: SUNY Press.
Milliken, J. 2006. “Aristotle’s Aesthetic Ethics.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 44: 319–339.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1985. “The Discernment of Perception: An Aristotelian Conception of Private and Public Rationality.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium on Ancient Philosophy 1: 151–201.
Price, A. W. 2005. “Was Aristotle a Particularist?Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 21: 191–212.
Shiner, R. A. 1979. “Ethical Perception in Aristotle.” Apeiron 13: 79–85.
Walsh, M. 1999. “Role of Universal Knowledge in Aristotelian Moral Virtue.” Ancient Philosophy 19: 73–88.
Woods, M. 1986. “Intuition and Perception in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 4: 145–166.

The Nature of “Right Reason” (Orthos Logos)

Burnet, J. 1914. “On the Meaning of Logos in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Classical Review 28: 6–7.
Cook Wilson, J. 1913. “On the Meaning of Logos in Certain Passages in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Classical Review 27: 113–117.
Dryer, D. P. 1983. “Aristotle’s Conception of ‘Orthos Logos.’Monist 66: 106–119.
Glidden, D. K. 1995. “Moral Vision, Orthos Logos, and the Role of the Phronimos.” Apeiron 28: 103–128.
Gómez-Lobo, A. 1995. “Aristotle’s Right Reason.” Apeiron 28: 15–34.
Gómez-Lobo, A. 2001. “La recta razon en Aristoteles ¿Principio o proposicion particular?Convivium 14: 48–65.
Rist, J. 1983. “An Early Dispute about Right Reason.” Monist 66: 38–49.

The Unity of the Virtues

Coope, U. 2012. “Why Does Aristotle Think that Ethical Virtue Is Required for Practical Wisdom?Phronesis 57: 142–163.
Cooper, J. 1998. “The Unity of Virtue.” Social Philosophy and Policy 15: 233–274.
Deslauriers, M. 2002. “How to Distinguish Aristotle’s Virtues.” Phronesis 48: 101–126.
Dominick, Y. H. 2006. “Teaching Nature: Natural Virtue and Practical Wisdom in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Southwest Philosophy Review 22: 103–111.
Drefcinski, S. 2006. “A Different Solution to an Alleged Contradiction in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 30: 201–210.
Gardiner, S. 2001. “Aristotle’s Basic and Non-Basic Virtues.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 20: 261–296.
Gottlieb, P. 1994. “Aristotle on Dividing the Soul and Uniting the Virtues.” Phronesis 39: 275–290.
Halper, E. 1999. “The Unity of the Virtues in Aristotle.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 17: 115–146.
Irwin, T. H. 1988. “Disunity in the Aristotelian Virtues.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 7: 61–78.
Kraut, R. 1988. “Comments on ‘Disunity in the Aristotelian Virtues.’Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 7: 79–86.
Lennox, J. G. 1999. “Aristotle on the Biological Roots of Human Virtue: The Natural History of Natural Virtue.” 10–31 in J. Maienschein and M. Ruse eds. Biology and the Foundation of Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moss, J. 2011. “‘Virtue Makes the Goal Right’: Virtue and Phronēsis in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 56: 204–261.
Müller, A. W. 2004. “Aristotle’s Conception of Ethical and Natural Virtue.” 18–53 in J. Szaif and M. Lutz-Bachmann eds. Was ist das für den Menschen Gute?Menschliche Natur und Güterlehre. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Natali, C. 1984. “Virtù o scienza? Aspetti della Phronēsis nei Topici e nelle Etiche di Aristotele.” Phronesis 29: 50–72.
Natali, C. 2007. “Bonheur et unification des vertus chez Aristote.” Revista de Filosofia Antiga 1: 1–27.
Pakaluk, M. 2002. “On an Alleged Contradiction in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 22: 201–219.
Telfer, E. 1989–1990. “The Unity of Moral Virtue in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91: 35–48.

Book VII.1–10: Akrasia

Book-Length Treatments

Cook Wilson, J. 1912. On the Structure of Book Seven of the Nicomachean Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dahl, N. 1984. Practical Reason, Aristotle, and Weakness of the Will. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Destrée, P., and C. Bobonich eds. 2007. Akrasia in Greek Philosophy: From Socrates to Plotinus. Leiden: Brill.
Hoffmann, T. ed. 2008. Weakness of Will from Plato to the Present. Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press.
Natali, C. ed. 2009. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book VII: Symposium Aristotelicum. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Continence and Incontinence

Brickhouse, T. C. 2003. “Does Aristotle Have a Consistent Account of Vice?Review of Metaphysics 57: 3–23.
Charles, D. 2011. “Akrasia: The Rest of the Story?187–209 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Charlton, W. 1988. Weakness of Will. Oxford: Blackwell.
Davidson, D. 1969. “How Is Weakness of the Will Possible?93–113 in J. Feinberg ed. Moral Concepts. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Drefcinski, S. 2000. “Can Continent People Have Practical Wisdom?Ancient Philosophy 20: 109–118.
Francis, S. 2011. “‘Under the Influence’ – The Physiology and Therapeutics of Akrasia in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Classical Quarterly 61: 143–171.
Gosling, J. C. B. 1993. “Mad, Drunk, or Asleep? Aristotle’s Akratic.” Phronesis 38: 98–104.
Gould, C. S. 1994. “A Puzzle about the Possibility of Aristotelian Enkrateia.” Phronesis 39: 174–186.
Grgic, F. 2002. “Aristotle on the Akratic’s Knowledge.” Phronesis 47: 336–358.
Henry, D. 2002. “Aristotle on Pleasure and the Worst Form of Akrasia.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5: 255–270.
Irwin, T. H. 2001. “Vice and Reason.” Journal of Ethics 5: 73–97.
Kontos, P. 2009. “Akolasia As ‘Radical’ Ethical Vice: The Evidence of NE 1140b11–21.” Ancient Philosophy 29: 337–347.
McDowell, J. 2009 [1996]. “Incontinence and Practical Wisdom in Aristotle.” 59–76 in his Engaged Intellect: Philosophical Essays. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
McIntyre, A. 2006. “What Is Wrong with Weakness of Will?Journal of Philosophy 103: 284–311.
Moss, J. 2009. “Akrasia and Perceptual Illusion.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91: 119–156.
Pickavé, M., and J. Whiting. 2008. “Nicomachean Ethics 7.3 on Akratic Ignorance.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 34: 323–372.
Price, A. W. 2006. “Acrasia and Self-Control.” 234–254 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Purshouse, L. 2006. “Neoptolemus’s Soul and the Taxonomy of Ethical Characters in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14: 205–223.
Robinson, R. 1977 [1954]. “Aristotle on Akrasia.” 79–91 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Roochnik, D. 2007. “Aristotle’s Account of the Vicious: A Forgivable Inconsistency.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 24: 207–220.
Toner, C. 2003. “Akrasia Revisited: An Interpretation and Defense.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 41: 283–306.
Wiggins, D. 1980 [1978–1979]. “Weakness of Will, Commensurability and the Objects of Deliberation and Desire.” 241–266 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The Practical Syllogism

Allan, D. J. 1955. “The Practical Syllogism.” 325–340 in Autour d’Aristote. Recueil d’Études de Philosophie Ancienne et Médiévale Offert à Monseigneur A. Mansion. Louvain: Presses Universitaires de Louvain.
Bäck, A. 2009. “Mistakes of Reason: Practical Reasoning and the Fallacy of Accident.” Phronesis 54: 101–135.
Corcilius, K. 2008. “Praktische Syllogismen bei Aristoteles.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90: 247–297.
Gottlieb, P. 2006. “The Practical Syllogism.” 218–233 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Kenny, A. 1966. “The Practical Syllogism and Incontinence.” Phronesis 11: 163–184.
McKerlie, D. 1991. “The Practical Syllogism and Akrasia.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21: 299–321.
Price, A. W. 2008. “The Practical Syllogism in Aristotle: A New Interpretation.” Logical Analysis and the History of Philosophy 11: 151–162.
Welch, J. R. 1991. “Reconstructing Aristotle: The Practical Syllogism.” Philosophia 21: 69–88.

Books VII: 1–14/X.1–5: Pleasure

Annas, J. 1980. “Aristotle on Pleasure and Goodness.” 285–300 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bostock, D. 1988. “Pleasure and Activity in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 19: 251–272.
Festugière, A. J. 1936. Le plaisir: (Eth. Nic. VII 11–14, X1–5). Introduction, translation, and notes. Paris: J. Vrin.
Frede, D. 2006. “Pleasure and Pain in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 255–275 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Gonzalez, F. J. 1991. “Aristotle on Pleasure and Perfection.” Phronesis 36: 141–160.
Gosling, J. C. B. 1973–1974. “More Aristotelian Pleasures.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 74: 15–34.
Gosling, J. C. B., and C. C. W. Taylor. 1982. The Greeks on Pleasure. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gottlieb, P. 1993. “Aristotle’s Measure Doctrine and Pleasure.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 75: 31–46.
Hadreas, P. 1997. “Aristotle’s Simile of Pleasure at NE 1174b33.” Ancient Philosophy 17: 371–374.
Hadreas, P. 2004. “The Functions of Pleasure in Nicomachean Ethics x 4–5.” Ancient Philosophy 24: 155–167.
Heinaman, R. 1995. “Activity and Change in Aristotle.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 13: 187–216.
Heinaman, R. 2011. “Pleasure as an Activity in the Nicomachean Ethics.” 7–45 in M. Pakaluk and G. Pearson eds. Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Owen, G. E. L. 1977 [1971–1972]. “Aristotelian Pleasures.” 92–103 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Ricken, F. 1976. Der Lustbegriff in der Nikomachischen Ethik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.
Shields, C. 2011. “Perfecting Pleasures: The Metaphysics of Pleasure in Nicomachean Ethics X.” 191–210 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Strohl, M. S. 2012. “Pleasure as Perfection: Nicomachean Ethics 10.4–5.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 41: 257–287.
Taylor, C. C. W. 2003. “Pleasure: Aristotle’s Response to Plato,” with reply by S. Broadie. 1–27 in R. Heinaman ed. Plato and Aristotle’s Ethics. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Van Riel, G. 2000. Pleasure and the Good Life: Plato, Aristotle, and the Neoplatonists. Leiden: Brill.
Warren, J. 2009. “Aristotle on Speusippus on Eudoxus on Pleasure.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 36: 249–282.
Webb, P. 1977. “The Relative Dating of the Accounts of Pleasure in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Phronesis 22: 235–262.
Weinman, M. 2007. Pleasure in Aristotle’s Ethics. New York: Continuum.
Weiss, R. 1979. “Aristotle’s Criticism of Eudoxan Hedonism.” Classical Philology 74: 214–221.
Wielenberg, E. 2000. “Pleasure as a Sign of Moral Virtue in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Journal of Value Inquiry 34: 439–449.

Books VIII–IX: Friendship (philia)

General Overviews

Bégorre-Bret, C. 2001. Ethique à Nicomaque, Livre VIII–IX: L’amitié. Paris: Ellipses.
Fraisse, J.-C. 1974. Philia: La notion d’amitié dans la philosophie antique. Paris: J. Vrin.
Konstan, D. 1997. Friendship in the Classical World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Konstan, D. 2001. On Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics 8 and 9. (Aspasius, Anonymous, and Michael of Ephesus). Translation with notes. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Nehamas, A. 2010. “Aristotelian Philia, Modern Friendship.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 39: 213–247.
Pakaluk, M. 1999. Nicomachean Ethics Books VIII and IX. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Pangle, L. S. 2003. Aristotle and the Philosophy of Friendship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Price, A. W. 1997 [1989]. Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Schollmeier, P. 1994. Other Selves: Aristotle on Personal and Political Friendship. Albany: SUNY Press.
Stern-Gillet, S. 1995. Aristotle’s Philosophy of Friendship. Albany: SUNY Press.
Whiting, J. 2006. “The Nicomachean Account of Philia.” 276–304 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

The Multiplicity of Friendships

Alpern, K. 1983. “Aristotle on the Friendship of Utility and Pleasure.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 21: 303–316.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1977]. “Aristotle on the Forms of Friendship.” 312–335 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1977]. “Friendship and the Good in Aristotle.” 336–355 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hadreas, P. 1995. “Eunoia: Aristotle on the Beginning of Friendship.” Ancient Philosophy 15: 393–402.
Hursthouse, R. 2007. “Aristotle for Women Who Love Too Much.” Ethics 117: 327–334.
Kosman, A. 2004. “Aristotle on the Desirability of Friends.” Ancient Philosophy 24: 135–154.
Payne, A. 2000. “Character and the Forms of Friendship in Aristotle.” Apeiron 33: 53–74.
Ricken, F. 2000. “Ist Freundschaft eine Tugend? Die Einheit des Freundschaftsbegriffs der Nikomachischen Ethik.” Theologie und Philosophie 75: 481–492.
Rogers, K. 1994. “Aristotle on Loving Another for His Own Sake.” Phronesis 39: 291–302.

Philia and Erōs

Burger, R. 2003. “Hunting Together or Philosophizing Together: Friendship and Erōs in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 37–60 in E. A. Velasquez ed. Love and Friendship: Rethinking Politics and Affection in Modern Times. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Leontsini, E. 2013. “Sex and the City: Plato, Aristotle, and Zeno of Kition on Erōs and Philia.” 129–141 in E. Sanders, C. Thumiger, C. Carey, and N. Lowe eds. Erōs in Ancient Greece. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Price, A. W. 1997. “Aristotle on Erotic Love.” 236–249 in his Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Sihvola, J. 2002. “Aristotle on Sex and Love.” 200–221 in M. C. Nussbaum and J. Sihvola eds. The Sleep of Reason: Erotic Experience and Sexual Ethics in Ancient Greece and Rome. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Justice, Friendship, and Political Friendship

Annas, J. 1990. “Comments on J. Cooper.” 243–249 in G. Patzig ed. Aristoteles: Politik. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1990]. “Political Animals and Civic Friendship.” 356–377 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Irrera, E. 2005. “Between Advantage and Virtue: Aristotle’s Theory of Political Friendship,” History of Political Thought 26: 565–585.
Klonoski, R. 1996. “Homonoia in Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics.” History of Political Thought 17: 313–325.
Ricken, F. 1991. “Gemeinschaft als Grundwert der aristotelischen Ethik.” Theologie und Philosophie 66: 530–546.
Schofield, M. 1999 [1998]. “Political Friendship and the Ideal of Reciprocity.” 72–87 in his Saving the City: Philosopher-Kings and other Classical Paradigms. New York: Routledge.

Friendship and the Family

Belfiore, E. 2001. “Family Friendships in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 21: 113–132.
Lockwood, T. 2003. “Justice in Aristotle’s Household and City.” Polis 20: 5–25.
Lockwood, T. 2006. “The Best Regime of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 26: 355–370.
Schollmeier, P. 2003. “Aristotle and Women.” Polis 20: 26–46.

Friendship and Self-Love

Annas, J. 1988. “Self-Love in Aristotle.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 27: 1–18.
Dziob, A. M. 1993. “Aristotelian Friendship: Self-Love and Moral Rivalry.” Review of Metaphysics 46: 781–801.
Homiak, M. 1981. “Virtue and Self-Love in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1: 633–652.
McKerlie, D. 1991. “Friendship, Self-Love, and Concern for Others in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Ancient Philosophy 11: 85–101.
Pangle, L. S. 1999. “Friendship and Self-Love in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 171–202 in R. C. Bartlett and S. D. Collins eds. Action and Contemplation: Studies in the Moral and Political Thought of Aristotle. Albany: SUNY Press.
Politis, V. 1993. “The Primacy of Self-Love in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 11: 153–174.
Reiner, P. 1991. “Aristotle on Personality and Some Implications for Friendship.” Ancient Philosophy 11: 67–84.
Simon, A. 2006. “Freundshaft und Selbstverständnis bei Aristoteles.” Rhizai 3: 275–298.
Stern-Gillet, S. 2004. “Des deux concepts du ‘soi’ chez Aristote.” 229–249 in E. Vegleris ed. Cosmos et Psyché. Mélanges offerts à Jean Frère. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.

Egoism and Altruism

Annas, J. 1977. “Plato and Aristotle on Friendship and Altruism.” Mind 86: 532–554.
Gardiner, S. 2001. “Aristotle, Egoism, and the Virtuous Person’s Point of View.” 239–262 in D. Baltzly, D. Blyth, and H. Tarrant eds. Power and Pleasure: Virtues and Vices. Auckland: University of Auckland Bindery.
Gottlieb, P. 1996. “Aristotle’s Ethical Egoism.” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 77: 1–18.
Kahn, C. 1981. “Aristotle and Altruism.” Mind 90: 20–40.
Madigan, A. 1985. “Eth. Nic. 9.8: Beyond Egoism and Altruism?Modern Schoolman 62: 1–20.
McKerlie, D. 1998. “Aristotle and Egoism.” Southern Journal of Philosophy 36: 531–555.
O’Connor, D. 1990. “Two Ideals of Friendship.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 7: 109–122.
Roberts, J. 1989. “Political Animals in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Phronesis 34: 185–202.
Wielenberg, E. 2004. “Egoism and Eudaimonia-Maximization in the NE.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 26: 277–295.
Williams, B. A. O. 1973. “Egoism and Altruism.” 250–265 in his Problems of the Self. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Problems concerning the Need of Friendship

Adkins, A. W. H. 1963. “Friendship and Self-Sufficiency in Homer and Aristotle.” Classical Quarterly 13: 30–45.
Biss, M. 2011. “Aristotle on Friendship and Self-Knowledge: The Friend beyond the Mirror.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 28: 125–140.
Drum, P. 2003. “What Is the Value of Friendship as a Motivation for Morality for Aristotle?Journal of Value Inquiry 37: 97–99.
Flakne, A. 2005. “Embodied and Embedded: Friendship and the Sunaisthetic Self.” Epoche 10: 37–63.
Hitz, Z. 2011. “Aristotle on Self-Knowledge and Friendship.” Philosopher’s Imprint 11: 1–28.
Jacquette, D. 2001. “Aristotle on the Value of Friendship as a Motivation for Morality.” Journal of Value Inquiry 35: 371–389.
Kraut, R. 1975. “The Importance of Love in Aristotle’s Ethics.” Philosophy Research Archives 1: 300–322.
Maher, D. 2012. “Contemplative Friendship in Nicomachean Ethics.” Review of Metaphysics 65: 765–794.
Mansini, G. 1998. “Aristotle on Needing Friends.” American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 72: 405–417.
Millgram, E. 1987. “Aristotle on Making Other Selves.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17: 361–376.
Sherman, N. 1987. “Aristotle on Friendship and the Shared Life.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47: 589–623.
Walker, M. 2010. “Contemplation and Self-Awareness in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Rhizai 7: 221–238.

Book X 6–8: Contemplation, the summum bonum

Burger, R. 1990. “Wisdom, Philosophy and Happiness: On Book X of Aristotle’s Ethics.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium on Ancient Philosophy 6: 289–307.
Bush, S. 2008. “Divine and Human Happiness in the Nicomachean Ethics.” Philosophical Review 117: 49–75.
Charles, D. 1999. “Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplement 73: 205–223.
Cooper, J. M. 1999 [1987]. “Contemplation and Happiness: A Reconsideration.” 212–236 in his Reason and Emotion: Essays on Ancient Moral Psychology and Ethical Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Dahl, N. O. 2011. “Contemplation and Eudaimonia in the Nicomachean Ethics.” 66–91 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Defourney, P. 1977 [1937]. “Contemplation in Aristotle’s Ethics.” 104–112 in J. Barnes, M. Schofield, and R. Sorabji eds. Articles on Aristotle. Vol. 2. Ethics and Politics. London: Duckworth.
Destrée, P., and M. Zingano eds. 2013. Theoria: Studies on the Status and Meaning of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Ethics. Louvain-la-Neuve: Peeters.
Dudley, J. A. 1981. Gott und Theōria bei Aristoteles. Die metaphysische Grundlage der Nikomachischen Ethik. Bern: Peter Lang.
Eriksen, T. B. 1976. Bios Theoretikos. Notes on Aristotle’s Ethica Nicomachea X.6–8. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Kenny, A. 1992. Aristotle on the Perfect Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Keyt, D. 1983. “Intellectualism in Aristotle.” 364–387 in J. P. Anton and A. Preus eds. Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy. Vol. 2. Albany: SUNY Press.
Long, A. A. 2011. “Aristotle on Eudaimonia, Nous, and Divinity.” 92–114 in J. Miller ed. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Roochnik, D. 2008. “What Is Theoria? Nicomachean Ethics, Book 10.7–8.” Classical Philology 104: 69–81.
Rorty, A. O. 1980 [1978]. “The Place of Contemplation in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics.” 377–394 in A. O. Rorty ed. Essays on Aristotle’s Ethics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Scott, D. 1999. “Aristotle on Well-Being and Intellectual Contemplation: Primary and Secondary Eudaimonia.” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplement 73: 225–242.
White, M. J. 1980. “Aristotle’s Concept of Theōria and the Energeia/Kinēsis Distinction.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 18: 253–265.
Whiting, J. 1986. “Human Nature and Intellectualism in Aristotle.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 68: 70–95.

The Relationship between the Politics and the Nicomachean Ethics

Adkins, A. W. H. 1991 [1984]. “The Connexion between Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics.” 75–93 in the D. Keyt and F. Miller eds. Companion to Aristotle’s Politics. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Aubenque, P. 1980. “Politique et éthique chez Aristote.” Ktema 5: 211–221.
Betbeder, P. 1970. “Ethique et Politique selon Aristote.” Revue des Sciences Philosophique et Théologiques 54: 453–488.
Bodéüs, R. 1993 [1982]. The Political Dimensions of Aristotle’s Ethics. J. E. Garrett trans. Albany: SUNY Press.
Cashdollar, S. 1973. “Aristotle’s Politics of Morals.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 11: 145–160.
Flashar, H. 1971. “Ethik und Politik in der Philosophie des Aristoteles.” Gymnasium 78: 278–293.
Hitz, Z. 2012. “Aristotle on Law and Moral Education.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 41: 263–306.
Newman, W. L. 1887. “Appendix A: On the Relation of the Teaching of the Nicomachean Ethics to That of the Politics.” 385–400 in The Politics of Aristotle, vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Salkever, S. 2007. “Teaching the Questions: Aristotle’s Philosophical Pedagogy in the Nicomachean Ethics and the Politics.” Review of Politics 69: 192–214.
Schofield, M. 2006. “Aristotle’s Political Ethics.” 305–322 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Striker, G. 2006. “Aristotle’s Ethics as Political Science.” 127–141 in B. Reis and S. Haffmanns eds. The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Vander Waerdt, P. A. 1985. “The Political Intentions of Aristotle’s Moral Philosophy.” Ancient Philosophy 5: 77–89.
Vander Waerdt, P. A. 1991. “The Plan and the Intention of Aristotle’s Ethical and Political Writings.” Illinois Classical Studies 16: 231–251.
Vergnières, S. 1995. Ethique et politique chez Aristote. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.

Historical Reception

Gauthier, R. A., and J. Y. Jolif. 1970. “L’exégèse de l’Éthique à Nicomaque: Essai d’histoire littéraire.” 91–240 in L’Ethique à Nicomaque. Vol. 1, pt. 1. Edited and translated by R. A. Gauthier and J. Y. Jolif. Paris-Louvain, Belgium: Publications Universitaires.
Miller, J. ed. 2013. The Reception of Aristotle’s Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hellenistic Reception

Annas, J. 1990. “The Hellenistic Version of Aristotle’s Ethics.” Monist 73: 80–96.
Irwin, T. 1990. “Virtue, Praise, and Success: Stoic Responses to Aristotle.” Monist 73: 59–79.
Irwin, T. 2007. The Development of Ethics: A Historical and Critical Study. Vol. I. From Socrates to the Reformation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Long, A. A. 1968. “Aristotle’s Legacy to Stoic Ethics.” Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 15: 72–85.
Moraux, P. 1973–2001. Der Aristotelismus bei den Griechen: Von Andronikos bis Alexander von Aphrodisias. 3 vols. Berlin: De Gruyter.
Russell, D. 2008. “Happiness and Agency in the Stoics and Aristotle.” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Philosophy 24: 83–112.
Russell, D. 2010. “Virtue and Happiness in the Lyceum and Beyond.” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 38: 143–185.
White, S. 2003. “Happiness in the Hellenistic Lyceum.” 69–94 in L. J. Jost and R. Shiner eds. Eudaimonia and Well-Being: Ancient and Modern Conceptions (Apeiron 35.4). Kelowna, BC: Academic Printing and Publishing.

Medieval Reception

Akasoy, A. A., and A. Fidora eds. 2005. The Arabic Version of the Nicomachean Ethics. With an introduction and translation by D. M. Dunlop. Leiden: Brill.
Arberry, A. J. 1955. “The Nicomachean Ethics in Arabic.” Bulletin of the School of African and Oriental Studies 17: 1–9.
Bejczy, I. ed. 2008. Virtue Ethics in the Middle Ages: Commentaries on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, 1200–1500. Leiden: Brill.
Di Blasi, F., J. P. Hochschild, and J. Langan eds. 2008. Virtue’s End: God in the Moral Philosophy of Aristotle and Aquinas. South Bend, IN: St. Augustine’s Press.
Doig, J. 2001. Aquinas’ Philosophical Commentary on the Ethics: An Historical Perspective. Leiden: Kluwer.
Dunbabin, J. 1963. “The Two Commentaries of Albertus Magnus on the Nicomachean Ethics.” Recherches de Théologie ancienne et medieval 30: 232–250.
Hoffmann, T., J. Müller, and M. Perkans eds. 2013. Aquinas and the Nicomachean Ethics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jaffa, H. 1952. Thomism and Aristotelianism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Nederman, C. J. 1997. Medieval Aristotelianism and Its Limits: Classical Tradition in Moral and Political Philosophy, 12th–15th Centuries. Brookfield, VT: Aldershot.

Renaissance and Early Modern Reception

Irwin, T. 2008. The Development of Ethics: A Historical and Critical Study. Vol. 2. From Suarez to Rousseau. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lines, D. 1999. “Commentary Literature on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics in Early Renaissance Italy: Preliminary Considerations.” Traditio 54: 245–282.
Lines, D. 2002. Aristotle’s Ethics in the Italian Renaissance (c. 1300–1600): The Universities and the Problem of Moral Education. Leiden: Brill.
MacIntyre, A. 2006. “Rival Aristotles: Aristotle against Some Renaissance Aristotelians.” 3–21 in his Ethics and Politics: Selected Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schmitt, C. B. 1979. Aristotle’s Ethics in the Sixteenth Century: Some Preliminary Considerations. Boppard: Harald Boldt Verlag.
Schmitt, C. B. 1983. Aristotle and the Renaissance. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Schneewind, J. B. 1990. “The Misfortunes of Virtue.” Ethics 101: 42–63.

Modern Reception

Aubenque, P. 2002. “La place de l’Éthique à Nicomaque dans la discussion contemporaine sur l’éthique.” 397–408 in G. Romeyer-Dherby and G. Aubry eds. L’Excellence de la vie: sur L’Ethique à Nicomaque et L’Ethique à Eudème d’Aristote. Paris: J. Vrin.
Berti, E. 1990. “La philosophie pratique d’Aristote et sa ‘réhabilitation’ récente.” Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 95: 249–266.
Broadie, S. 2006. “Aristotle and Contemporary Ethics.” 342–361 in R. Kraut ed. The Blackwell Guide to Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Habermas, J. 1973 [1971]. “Classical Doctrine of Politics in Relation to Social Philosophy.” 41–81 in his Theory and Practice. J. Viertel trans. Boston: Beacon Press.
Hursthouse, R. 2007. “Aristotle Old and New.” 428–439 in L. Hardwick and C. Stray eds. A Companion to Classical Receptions. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
MacIntyre, A. 2006. “Rival Aristotles: Aristotle against Some Modern Aristotelians.” 22–41 in his Ethics and Politics: Selected Essays. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ricken, F. 1999. “Aristoteles und die moderne Tugendethik.” Theologie und Philosophie 74: 391–404.
Simpson, P. 1992. “Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Aristotle.” Review of Metaphysics 45: 503–524.

Aristotle and Eastern Philosophy

Cua, A. 2003. “The Ethical Significance of Shame: Insights of Aristotle and Xunzi.” Philosophy East and West 53: 147–202.
MacIntyre, A. 1991. “Incommensurability, Truth, and the Conversation between Confucians and Aristotelians about the Virtues.” 104–122 in E. Deutsch ed. Culture and Modernity: East-West Philosophic Perspectives. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Mullis, E. 2010. “Confucius and Aristotle on the Goods of Friendship.” Dao 9: 391–405.
Sherman, T. 2006. “Being Natural, the Good Human Being, and the Goodness of Acting Naturally in the Laozi and the Nicomachean Ethics.” Dao 5: 331–347.
Sim, M. 2007. Remastering Morals with Aristotle and Confucius. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sim, M. 2010. “Rethinking Virtue Ethics and Social Justice with Aristotle and Confucius.” Asian Philosophy 20: 195–213.
Yu, J. 2007. The Ethics of Confucius and Aristotle: Mirrors of Virtue. New York: Routledge.

Feminist Appropriations of Aristotle

Achtenberg, D. 1996. “Aristotelian Resources for Feminist Thinking.” 95–117 in J. K. Ward ed. Feminism and Ancient Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
Curzer, H. J. 2007. “Aristotle: Founder of the Ethics of Care.” Journal of Value Inquiry 41: 221–243.
Groenhout, R. 1998. “The Virtue of Care: Aristotelian Ethics and Contemporary Ethics of Care.” 171–200 in C. Freeland ed. Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle. University Park: Penn State University Press.
Homiak, M. 1996. “Feminism and Aristotle’s Rational Ideal.” 118–140 in J. K. Ward ed. Feminism and Ancient Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
Modrak, D. 1994. “Aristotle: Women, Deliberation, and Nature.” 207–222 in B. Bar On ed. Engendering Origins. Albany: SUNY Press.
Nussbaum, M. C. 1998. “Aristotle, Feminism, and Needs for Functioning.” 248–259 in C. Freeland ed. Feminist Interpretations of Aristotle. University Park: Penn State University Press.