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The Cambridge Companion to Textual Scholarship
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Book description

As more and more of our cultural heritage migrates into digital form and as increasing amounts of literature and art are created within digital environments, it becomes more important than ever before for us to understand how the medium affects the text. The expert contributors to this volume provide a clear, engrossing and accessible insight into how the texts we read and study are created, shaped and transmitted to us. They outline the theory behind studying texts in many different forms and offer case studies demonstrating key methodologies underlying the vital processes of editing and presenting texts. Through their multiple perspectives they demonstrate the centrality of textual scholarship to current literary studies of all kinds and express the sheer intellectual excitement of a crucial scholarly discipline entering a new phase of its existence.


'… a collection of essays from noted authorities … with an informative introduction … a comprehensive description of the various modes of textual scholarship.'

Source: SHARP News

'In all, a neat introduction to textual studies that offers to the reader a range of ways to think critically about ancient, early modern, and modern texts, from scribal to digital. The volume is useful for those who wish to find ways to articulate and theorize historical and modern conceptions of texts and textual studies.'

N. C. Aldred Source: Notes and Queries

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Guide to further reading

The following list of further reading has been drawn from titles provided by the contributors of this volume and is intended to supplement the works mentioned in their endnotes. While not designed to be a comprehensive bibliography of textual scholarship, these readings should prove rewarding to those who wish to deepen their exploration of the key issues discussed in this volume.

General orientations and foundational texts

Bajetta, Carlo M.The Authority of Editing: Thoughts on the Function(s) of Textual Criticism,” Textus 19 (2006), 305–22.
Burnard, Lou, Katherine O’Brien O’Keeffe, and John Unsworth, eds. Electronic Textual Editing. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2006.
Cerquiglini, Bernard. In Praise of the Variant: A Critical History of Philology, trans. B. Wing. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.
Chernaik, Warren L., Caroline Davis, and Marilyn Deegan, eds. The Politics of the Electronic Text. University of London, 1993.
DeFrancis, John. Visible Speech: The Diverse Oneness of Writing Systems. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989.
Eliot, Simon, and Jonathan Rose, eds. A Companion to the History of the Book, Oxford: Blackwell, 2007.
Finneran, Richard J., ed. The Literary Text in the Digital Age. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Greetham, David C., ed. Scholarly Editing: A Guide to Research. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1995.
Greetham, David C., Textual Scholarship: An Introduction. New York: Garland, 1992, 1994.
Havelock, Eric A. The Muse Learns to Write: Reflections on Orality and Literacy from Antiquity to the Present. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.
Johns, Adrian. The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Loizeaux, Elizabeth, and Neil Fraistat, eds. Reimagining Textuality: Textual Studies in the Late Age of Print. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002.
Martin, Henri-Jean. The History and Power of Writing, trans. L. G. Cochrane. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Morgan, Nigel J., and Rodney M. Thomson, eds. The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, Vol. ii: 1100–1400. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008; Vol. iii: 1400–1557, ed. L. Hellinga and J. B. Trapp, 1999.
Niles, John D. Homo Narrans: The Poetics and Anthropology of Oral Literature. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.
Pfeiffer, Rudolf. History of Classical Scholarship from 1300 to 1850. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976.
Pfeiffer, Rudolf History of Classical Scholarship from the Beginnings to the End of The Hellenistic Age. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Reiman, Donald H. Romantic Texts and Contexts. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1987.
Rouse, Mary A., and Richard H. Rouse. Authentic Witnesses: Approaches to Medieval Texts and Manuscripts. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991.
Schreibman, Susan, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth, eds. A Companion to Digital Humanities. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
Shillingsburg, Peter L. From Gutenberg to Google: Electronic Representation of Literary Texts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Shillingsburg, Peter L Scholarly Editing in the Computer Age. 3rd edn. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. A Rationale of Textual Criticism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.
Tanselle, G. Thomas Textual Criticism and Scholarly Editing. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1981.
Wells, Stanley, and Gary Taylor with John Jowett and William Montgomery. William Shakespeare: A Textual Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Williams, William Proctor, and Craig S. Abbott. An Introduction to Bibliographical and Textual Studies. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 1999.

Theoretical context

Amodio, Mark C. Writing the Oral Tradition: Oral Poetics and Literate Culture in Medieval England. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2004.
Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. 1983; London and New York: Verso, 1991.
Baron, Dennis. A Better Pencil: Readers, Writers, and the Digital Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Barthes, Roland. Image–Music–Text, trans. Stephen Heath. New York: Hill and Wang, 1977.
Bartlett, Francis Charles. Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology. New York: Macmillan, 1932.
Bellemin-Noël, Jean. Le texte et l'avant-texte. Paris: Larousse, 1972.
Benjamin, Walter. The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility and Other Writings on Media, ed. Michael W. Jennings, Brigid Doherty, and Thomas Y. Levin; trans. Edmund Jephcott, Rodney Livingston, Howard Eiland et al. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Bornstein, George, and Theresa L. Tinkle, eds. The Iconic Page in Manuscript, Print, and Digital Culture. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
Burt, E. S., and Janie Vanpee, eds. Reading the Archive: On Texts and Institutions, Yale French Studies 77 (1990).
Chandler, Daniel. The Act of Writing: A Media Theory Approach. Aberystwyth: Prifysgol Cymru, 1995.
Chartier, Roger. Forms and Meanings: Texts, Performances and Audiences from Codex to Computer. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.
Cohen, Philip G., ed. Texts and Textuality: Textual Instability, Theory and Interpretation. New York: Garland, 1997.
Croce, Benedetto. The Aesthetic on the Science of Expression and of the Linguistic in General, trans. C. Lyas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
De Certeau, Michel. The Poetics of Everyday Life, trans. S. Rendall. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.
Derrida, Jacques. Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression, trans. Eric Prenowitz. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Derrida, Jacques Of Grammatology, trans. G. C. Spivak. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1974.
Derrida, Jacques Writing and Difference, trans. A. Bass. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.
Dillon, Janette. “Is There a Performance in This Text?”, Shakespeare Quarterly 45 (1994), 74–86.
Drucker, Johanna. The Word Made Flesh. New York: Granary Books, 1996.
Drucker, Johanna “Picture Problems: X-editing Images 1992–2010.” Digital Humanities Quarterly 3.3 (Summer 2009).
Eaves, Morris. “‘Why Don't They Leave it Alone?’ Speculations on the Authority of the Audience in Editorial Theory,” in Cultural Artifacts and the Production of Meaning: The Page, the Image, and the Body, ed. Margaret Ezell and Katherine O’Brien O’Keeffe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994, 85–99.
Eco, Umberto. The Open Work, trans. A. Cancogni. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Eliot, Simon, Andrew Nash, and Ian Willison, eds. Literary Cultures and the Material Book. The British Library, 2007.
Goodman, Nelson. Languages of Art: An Approach to a Theory of Symbols, 2nd edn. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1976.
Goody, Jack. The Interface between the Written and the Oral. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
Grafton, Anthony. Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.
Greetham, David C. Theories of the Text. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Grigely, Joseph. Textualterity: Art, Theory, and Textual Criticism. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Hall, Gary. Digitize This Book! The Politics of New Media, or Why We Need Open Access Now. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
Hayles, N. Katherine. Writing Machines. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002.
Honko, Lauri, ed. Textualization of Oral Epics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000.
Ivins, William Mills. Prints and Visual Communication. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1953.
Jed, Stephanie H. Chaste Thinking: The Rape of Lucretia and the Birth of Humanism. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1989.
Josipovici, Gabriel. Touch. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
Kirschenbaum, Matthew G. Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008.
Kuskin, William. Symbolic Caxton: Literary Culture and Print Capitalism. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008.
Leyton, Michael. Symmetry, Causality, Mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992.
Leyton, Michael The Structure of Paintings. Vienna: Springer, 2006.
Lord, Albert Bates. Epic Singers and Oral Tradition. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.
Lord, Albert Bates The Singer of Tales. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1960; 2nd edn., 2000.
Lord, Albert Bates The Singer Resumes the Tale, ed. Mary Louise Lord. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.
Manguel, Alberto. A History of Reading. New York: Penguin, 1996.
Manoff, Marlene. “The Materiality of Digital Collections: Theoretical and Historical Perspectives,” Libraries and the Academy 6.3 (2006), 311–25.
McGann, Jerome J. A Critique of Modern Textual Criticism. University of Chicago Press, 1983. Repr. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1992.
McGann, Jerome J Radiant Textuality: Literature After the World Wide Web. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
McGann, Jerome JTexts in N-Dimensions and Interpretation in a New Key,” Text Technology 12.2 (2003), 1–18.
McGann, Jerome J. The Textual Condition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
McGann, Jerome J., ed. Textual Criticism and Literary Interpretation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.
McKenzie, D. F. Bibliography and the Sociology of Texts. The Panizzi Lectures. London: British Library, 1986.
Modiano, Raimonda, Leroy Searle, and Peter L. Shillingsburg, eds. Voice, Text, Hypertext: Emerging Practices in Textual Studies. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2004.
Mundal, Else, and Jonas Wellendorf, eds. Oral Art Forms and Their Passage into Writing. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculaneum Press, 2008.
Murphy, Andrew, ed. The Renaissance Text. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.
Murray, Simone. Mixed Media: Feminist Presses and Publishing Politics. London: Pluto Press, 2004.
Nunberg, Geoffrey, ed. The Future of the Book. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1996.
Ong, Walter. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London and New York: Routledge, 1982.
Panofsky, Erwin. Studies in Iconology. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.
Reid, Martine. “Editor's Preface. Legible/Visible,” Yale French Studies 84 (1994), 1–12.
Reiman, Donald H. The Study of Modern Manuscripts: Public, Confidential, and Private. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon, 1978.
Sampson, Geoffrey. Writing Systems: A Linguistic Introduction. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985.
Stock, Brian. Listening for the Text: On the Uses of the Past. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.
Street, Brian V. Literacy in Theory and Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Sutherland, Kathryn. Jane Austen's Textual Lives: From Aeschylus to Bollywood. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Sutherland, KathrynRevised Relations? Material Text, Immaterial Text, and the Electronic Environment,” TEXT 11 (1998), 17–39.
Tedlock, Dennis. The Spoken Word and the Work of Interpretation. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.
Thompson, D’Arcy Wentworth. On Growth and Form. An abridged edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1961.
Vandendorpe, Christian. From Papyrus to Hypertext: Toward the Universal Digital Library, trans. P. Aronoff and H. Scott. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
Willats, John. Art and Representation: New Principles in the Analysis of Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.
Zumthor, Paul. Oral Poetry: An Introduction, trans. K. Murphy-Judy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1990.

Historical context

Alexander, Jonathan J. G. Medieval Illuminators and Their Methods of Work. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.
Arber, Edward, ed. A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London 1554–1640 ad, 5 vols., 1875–94. Repr. Gloucester, MA: P. Smith, 1950.
Bataillon, Louis Jacques, Bertrand G. Guyot, and Richard H. Rouse, eds. La production du livre universitaire au moyen age: exemplar et pecia. Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1991.
Battles, Matthew. Library: An Unquiet History. New York: Norton, 2003.
Bender, John, and Michael Marrinan, eds. Regimes of Description: In the Archive of the Eighteenth Century. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.
Bloch, R. Howard, and Stephen G. Nichols, eds. Medievalism and the Modernist Temper. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.
Bradbury, Nancy M. Writing Aloud: Storytelling in Late Medieval England. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1998.
Camille, Michael. Image on the Edge: The Margins of Medieval Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Carlson, David R. English Humanist Books: Writers and Patrons, Manuscript and Print, 1475–1525. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.
Casson, Lionel. Libraries in the Ancient World. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001.
Chartier, Roger. Inscription and Erasure: Literature and Culture from the Eleventh to the Eighteenth Century, trans. A. Goldhammer. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
Chartier, RogerLanguages, Books, and Reading from the Printed Word to the Digital Text,” trans. T. L. Fagan, Critical Inquiry 31.1 (Autumn 2004), 133–52.
Chartier, Roger The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries, trans. L. G. Cochrane. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
Clanchy, M. T. From Memory to Written Record: England 1066–1307, 2nd edn. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993.
Cohen, Charles Lloyd, and Paul S. Boyer, eds. Religion and the Culture of Print in Modern America. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2008.
De Hamel, Christopher. The Book: A History of the Bible. London: Phaidon, 2001.
De Hamel, Christopher Medieval Craftsmen: Scribes and Illuminators. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1992.
Doane, Alger Nicolaus, and Carol Braun Pasternack, eds. Vox Intexta: Orality and Textuality in the Middle Ages. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.
Duckett, Kenneth W. Modern Manuscripts. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1975.
Echard, Siân. Printing the Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.
Eggert, Paul. Securing the Past: Conservation in Art, Architecture and Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Eisenstein, Elizabeth L. The Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communications and Cultural Transformations in Early-modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
Füssel, Stephan. Gutenberg and the Impact of Printing, trans. D. Martin. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate Publishing, Scolar Press, 2003.
Gellrich, Jesse M. The Idea of the Book in the Middle Ages: Language Theory, Mythology, and Fiction. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.
Hamburger, Jeffrey F. The Visual and the Visionary: Art and Female Spirituality in Late Medieval Germany. New York: Zone Books, 1998.
Hanna, Ralph. London Literature, 1300–1380. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Hanna, Ralph Pursuing History: Middle English Manuscripts and Their Texts. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Kuskin, William, ed. Caxton's Trace: Studies in the History of English Printing. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006.
Love, Harold. Scribal Publication in Seventeenth-Century England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.
Machan, Tim William, ed. Medieval Literature: Texts and Interpretation. Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies. State University of New York at Binghamton, 1991.
Piper, Andrew. Dreaming in Books: The Making of the Bibliographic Imagination in the Romantic Age. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Raven, James, ed. The Destruction of Great Book Collections Since Antiquity. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Zumthor, Paul. Toward a Medieval Poetics, trans. P. Bennett. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1992.

Editions and discussion of specific editions

Bertram, Paul, and Bernice Kliman, eds. Three-Text Hamlet: Parallel Texts of the First and Second Quartos and First Folio. New York: AMS Press, 1991.
Braun-Rau, Alexandra. William Shakespeares King Lear in seinen Fassungen, Beihefte zu editio 20. Tübingen: Niemeyer, 2004.
Clayton, Thomas, ed. The Hamlet First Published (Q1, 1603): Origins, Form, Intertextualities. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1992.
Eaves, Morris, Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi, eds. The William Blake Archive.
Franklin, Ralph William, ed. The Manuscript Books of Emily Dickinson, 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1981.
Gabler, Hans Walter, ed. Ulysses: A Critical and Synoptic Edition. New York: Garland, 1984.
Gurr, Andrew. “Maximal and Minimal Texts: Shakespeare v. the Globe,” Shakespeare Survey 52 (1999), 68–87.
Holderness, Graham, and Bryan Loughrey, eds. Shakespearean Originals – First Editions. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992.
Honigmann, E. A. J. The Stability of Shakespeare's Text. London: Edward Arnold, 1965.
Howe, Susan. A Bibliography of the King's Book or Eikon Basilike. Dexter, MI: Paradigm Press, 1989.
Kahan, Jeffrey, ed. King Lear: New Critical Essays. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.
Kane, George, ed. Piers Plowman: The A Version. Will's Visions of Piers Plowman and Do-Well. An Edition in the Form of Trinity College Cambridge MS R.3.14 Corrected from Other Manuscripts, with Variant Readings. London: University of London, The Athlone Press, 1960.
Kane, George, and E. Talbot Donaldson, eds. Piers Plowman: The B Version. Will's Visions of Piers Plowman, Do-Well-, Do-Better and Do-Best. An Edition in the Form of Trinity College Cambridge MS B.15.17, Corrected and Restored from the Known Evidence, with Variant Readings. London: University of London, The Athlone Press, 1975.
Lachmann, Karl, ed. Lucretii De Rerum Natura Libri VI. Berlin, 1850.
Lernout, Geert. “Controversial Editions: Hans Walter Gabler's Ulysses,” Text: An Interdisciplinary Annual of Textual Studies 16 (2006), 229–41.
Netz, Reviel, and William Noel. The Archimedes Codex: How a Medieval Prayer Book is Revealing the True Genius of Antiquity's Greatest Scientist. Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, 2007.
Paradigm Project. Workbook on Digital Private Papers. Oxford: Bodleian Library, 2005–7.
Parry, Milman. The Making of Homeric Verse, ed. A. Parry. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971.
Patterson, Lee. “The Logic of Textual Criticism and the Way of Genius: The Kane-Donaldson Piers Plowman in Historical Perspective,” in Negotiating the Past: The Historical Understanding of Medieval Literature. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987, 77–113.
Reiman, Donald H., and Neil Fraistat, eds. The Complete Poetry of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000–.
Reynolds, L. D., and N. G. Wilson. Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature, 2nd edn., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.
Ross, Charles L., and Dennis Jackson, eds. Editing D. H. Lawrence: New Versions of a Modern Author. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Russell, George, and George Kane, eds. Piers Plowman: The C Version. Will's Visions of Piers Plowman, Do-Well, Do-Better and Do-Best. An Edition in the Form of Huntington Library ms hm 143, Corrected and Restored from the Known Evidence, with Variant Readings. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.
Taylor, Gary, and Michael Warren, eds. The Division of the Kingdoms. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983.
Thompson, Ann, and Neil Taylor, eds. Hamlet and Hamlet: The Texts of 1603 and 1623, 2 vols. London: Arden Shakespeare, 2006.
Tronch-Pérez, Jesús, ed. A Synoptic Hamlet: A Critical-Synoptic Edition of the Second Quarto and First Folio Texts of Hamlet. València: Universitat de València; Zaragoza: SEDERI, 2002.
Urkowitz, Steven. Shakespeare's Revision of King Lear. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.
Urkowitz, Steven “‘Well-sayd olde mole’: Burying Three Hamlets in Modern Editions,” in Shakespeare Study Today, ed. Georgianna Ziegler. New York: AMS Press, 1986, 37–80.
Werstine, Paul. “The Textual Mystery of Hamlet,” Shakespeare Quarterly 39 (1988), 1–26.
Wilson, F. P.Shakespeare and the New Bibliography,” in The Bibliographical Society 1892–1942: Studies in Retrospect, ed. F. C. Francis. London: Bibliographical Society, 1945. Revised as Shakespeare and the New Bibliography, ed. Helen Gardner. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970.

Discussions of editorial method

Bédier, Joseph. “La tradition manuscrite du Lai de l’Ombre: Réflexions sur l'art d’éditer les anciens textes,” Romania 54 (1928), 321–56.
Blecua, A.Defending Neolachmannianism: On the Palacio Manuscript of La Celestina,” in Variants, ed. P. Robinson and H. T. M. Van Vliet. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002, 113–33.
Bornstein, George. Material Modernism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Bornstein, George, ed. Representing Modernist Texts: Editing as Interpretation. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.
Bowers, Fredson. Essays in Bibliography, Text and Editing. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1975.
Bowers, FredsonMultiple Authority: New Problems and Concepts of Copy-Text,” The Library, 5th ser., 27 (1972), 81–115.
Bryant, John. The Fluid Text. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002.
Busby, Keith, ed. Towards a New Synthesis? Essays on the New Philology. Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1993.
Cohen, Philip G., ed. Devils and Angels: Textual Editing and Literary Theory. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1991.
Dahlström, Mats, Espen S. Ore, and Edward Vanhoutte, eds. Electronic Scholarly Editing – Some Northern European Approaches, A special issue of Literary and Linguistic Computing 19.1 (2004).
De Biasi, Pierre-Marc. “What is a Literary Draft? Toward a Functional Typology of Genetic Documentation,” Yale French Studies 89: Drafts (1996), 26–58.
Dennis, Rodney G., and Elizabeth A. Falsey, eds. The Marks in the Fields: Essays on the Uses of Manuscripts. Cambridge, MA: Houghton Library/Harvard University Press, 1992.
Deppman, Jed, Daniel Ferrer, and Michael Groden, eds. Genetic Criticism: Texts and Avant-textes. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.
Dow, Elizabeth H. Electronic Records in the Manuscript Repository. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2009.
Eggert, Paul. “The Book, the E-text, and the ‘Work-Site’.” Text Editing, Print, and the Digital World, ed. Marilyn Deegan and Kathryn Sutherland. Farnham: Ashgate, 2008, 63–82.
Falconer, Graham. “Genetic Criticism,” Comparative Literature 45.1 (1993), 1–21.
Gabler, Hans Walter. “Beyond Author-Centricity in Scholarly Editing,” Journal of Early Modern Studies 1.1 (2012), 15–35.
Gabler, Hans Walter. “Questioni: The Primacy of the Document in Editing,” Ecdotica 4 (2007), 197–207.
Gabler, Hans Walter. “Theorizing the Digital Scholarly Edition,” Literature Compass 7.2 (2010), 43–56.
Gabler, Hans Walter, George Bornstein, and G. B. Pierce, eds. Contemporary German Editorial Theory. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Greg, Walter W. The Calculus of Variants: An Essay on Textual Criticism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1927.
Greg, Walter WThe Rationale of Copy-Text,” Studies in Bibliography 3 (1950–1), 19–36.
Gumbrecht, Hans Ulrich. The Powers of Philology: Dynamics of Textual Scholarship, Champaign, University of Illinois Press, 2003.
Hay, Louis, ed. Essais de critique génétique. Paris: Flammarion, 1979.
Jenny, Laurent. “Genetic Criticism and its Myths,” Yale French Studies 89 (1996), 9–25.
Kelemen, Erick, ed. Textual Editing and Criticism: An Introduction. New York: Norton, 2009.
Kenney, E. J. The Classical Text: Aspects of Editing in the Age of the Printed Book. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974.
Lernout, Geert. “Genetic Criticism and Philology,” Text: An Interdisciplinary Annual of Textual Studies 14 (2002), 53–6.
Loewenstein, Joseph F. “Authentic Reproductions: The Material Origins of the New Bibliography.” Textual Formations and Reformations, Laurie E. Maguire and Thomas L. Berger, eds. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1998.
MacDonald, Claire, and William H. Sherman, eds. On Editing, special issue of Performance Research 7.1 (March 2002).
Macé, Caroline, Philippe Baret, Andrea Bozzi, and Laura Cignoni, eds. The Evolution of Texts: Confronting Stemmatological and Genetical Methods, Linguistica Computazionale 24–5. Pisa: Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali, 2006.
Smith, Martha Nell. “Software of the Highest Order: Revisiting Editing as Interpretation,” Textual Cultures 2.1 (Spring 2007), 1–15.
Steding, Soren A. Computer-Based Scholarly Editions: Context–Concept–Creation–Clientele. Berlin: Logos Verlag, 2002.
Sturges, Robert S. “Textual Scholarship: Ideologies of Literary Production,” Exemplaria 3.1 (1991), 109–31.
Sutherland, Kathryn. “Being Critical: Paper-based Editing and the Digital Environment,” in Text Editing, Print, and the Digital World, ed. Marilyn Deegan and Kathryn Sutherland. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009, 13–25.
Tanselle, G. Thomas. “Editing without a Copy-Text,” Studies in Bibliography 47 (1994), 1–22. Rpt. in Tanselle, Literature and Artifacts. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 1998, 236–57.
Tanselle, G. ThomasThe Editorial Problem of Final Authorial Intention,” Studies in Bibliography 29 (1976), 167–211.
Taylor, Gary. “The Rhetoric of Textual Criticism,” TEXT 4 (1988), 39–57.
Timpanaro, Sebastiano. The Genesis of Lachmann's Method, trans. G. Most. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.
Tisseron, Serge. “All Writing is Drawing: The Spatial Development of the Manuscript,” Yale French Studies 84 (1994), 29–42.
Van Hulle, Dirk. “Compositional Variants in Modern Manuscripts,” Digital Technology and Philological Disciplines, Linguistica Computazionale 20–1 (2004): 513–27.
Van Hulle, Dirk MSS: Modern Manuscript Studies,
Van Hulle, Dirk Textual Awareness: A Genetic Study of Late Manuscripts by Joyce, Proust, and Mann. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004.
Van Hulle, Dirk “Textual Descent with Intentional Modification: Genetic Criticism and Genetic Engineering,” Linguistica Computazionale 24–25 (2006), 215–28.
Van Hulle, Dirk, and Wim Van Mierlo (eds.) Reading Notes. Variants: Journal for the European Society for Textual Scholarship 2.3 (2004).
Vanhoutte, Edward. “Every Reader his Own Bibliographer – An Absurdity?” in Text Editing, Print and the Digital World, ed. Marilyn Deegan and Kathryn Sutherland. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009, 99–112.

Studies of specific authors and problems

Arnheim, Rudolf, et al. Poets at Work: Essays Based on the Modern Poetry Collection at the Lockwood Memorial Library. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1948.
Bustarret, Catherine. “Paper Evidence and the Interpretation of the Creative Process in Modern Literary Manuscripts,” L’Esprit Créateur 41 (Summer 2001), 16–28.
Butterick, George. “Modern Literary Manuscripts and Archives: A Field Report,” Credences New Series 1 (1980), 81–103.
Cameron, Sharon. Choosing Not Choosing: Dickinson's Fascicles. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Coe, Michael D. Breaking the Maya Code, revised edn. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1999.
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