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The Cambridge Companion to Wyndham Lewis
  • Edited by Tyrus Miller, University of California, Santa Cruz
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The Cambridge Companion to Wyndham Lewis offers fresh insight into the fascinating and controversial works, both literary and visual, of Wyndham Lewis (1882–1957). Accessible to students and scholars alike, this Companion illuminates key areas of Lewis's life and career. Written by a team of leading experts, this book examines Lewis's work in light of contemporary concerns with radical politics, feminism and queer perspectives, and the effects of mass media. Individual essays further illustrate the author's early leadership of the British artistic avant-garde, his varying later phases as a writer and painter, and his radical and changing political views, in addition to his complex views on gender and race, his relation to philosophy and theology, and his idiosyncratic practice of cultural criticism.


'… particularly valuable for its contributions on Lewis’s art. … will be a welcome addition to the bookshelves of university libraries, graduate students, and professors who teach or research modernist literature and art.'

Heather Fielding Source: Journal of Wyndham Lewis Studies

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A Guide to Additional Reading

Lewis and the European Avant-Gardes

Antliff, Mark and Klein, Scott W. (eds.). Vorticism: New Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.
Antliff, Mark and Leighten, Patricia. Cubism and Culture. London: Thames and Hudson, 2001.
Bürger, Peter. Theory of the Avant-Garde, trans. Michael Shaw. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.
Cottington, David. Cubism and Its Histories. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.
Graver, David. The Aesthetics of Disturbance: Anti-Art in Avant-Garde Drama. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Poggi, Christine. Inventing Futurism: The Art and Politics of Artificial Optimism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009.
Poggioli, Renato. Theory of the Avant-Garde. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of the Harvard University Press, 1981.
Wees, W. C. Vorticism and the English Avant-Garde. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1972.

Lewis and the Critique of Modernism

Klein, Scott W. The Fictions of James Joyce and Wyndham Lewis: Monsters of Nature and Design. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Materer, Timothy. Vortex: Pound, Eliot, and Lewis. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1979.
Miller, Tyrus. Late Modernism: Politics, Fiction, and the Arts between the World Wars. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999.
Nicholls, Peter. Modernisms: A Literary Guide. London: Macmillan, 1995.
Peppis, Paul. Literature, Politics, and the English Avant-Garde: Nation and Empire, 1901–1918. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Sherry, Vincent. Ezra Pound, Wyndham Lewis, and Radical Modernism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Symons, Julian. Makers of the New: The Revolution in Literature, 1912–1939. New York: Random House, 1987.
Walsh, Michael J. K. (ed.). London, Modernism, and 1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Lewis as Visual Artist

Black, Jonathan et al. Blasting the Future! Vorticism in Britain, 1910–1920. London: Philip Wilson, 2004.
Corbett, David Peters. The Modernity of English Art, 1914–1930. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997.
Corbett, David Peters (ed.). Wyndham Lewis and the Art of Modern War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Cork, Richard. Vorticism and Abstract Art in the First Machine Age. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976.
Edwards, Paul. Wyndham Lewis: Painter and Writer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000.
Humphreys, Richard. Tate British Artists: Wyndham Lewis. London: Tate, 2004.
Michel, Walter. Wyndham Lewis: Paintings and Drawings. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1971.

Lewis’s Theories of Satire and the Practice of Fiction

Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays by M. M. Bakhtin, ed. Holquist, Michael, trans. Holquist, Michael and Emerson, Caryl. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998.
Beasley, Rebecca. “Wyndham Lewis and Modernist Satire.” In The Cambridge Companion to the Modernist Novel, ed. Shiach, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, 126136.
Bogel, Fredric V. The Difference Satire Makes: Rhetoric and Reading from Jonson to Byron. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001.
Connery, Brian A. and Combe, Kirk. Theorizing Satire: Essays in Literary Criticism, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1995.
Elices, Juan F. Historical and Theoretical Approaches to English Satire. Munchen: Lincom Europa, 2005.
Knight, Charles A. The Literature of Satire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Perrino, Mark. The Poetics of Mockery: Wyndham Lewis’s The Apes of God and the Popularization of Modernism. London: W. S. Maney, 1995.

Lewis, Satire, and Portraiture

Edwards, Paul. Wyndham Lewis Portraits. London: National Portrait Gallery, 2008.
Edwards, Paul et al. Wyndham Lewis, 1882–1957. Madrid: Fundación Juan March, 2010.
Kush, Thomas. Wyndham Lewis’s Pictorial Integer. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1981.
Normand, Tom. Wyndham Lewis, The Artist: Holding the Mirror Up to Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Shapiro, Theda. Painters and Politics: The European Avant-Garde and Society, 1900–1925. New York: Elsevier, 1976.
Tickner, Lisa. Modern Life and Modern Subjects: British Art in the Early Twentieth Century. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000.

Lewis and Fascism

Frost, Laura. Sex Drives: Fantasies of Fascism in Literary Modernism. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001.
Gąsiorek, Andrzej. “Wyndham Lewis on Art, Culture and Politics in the 1930s.” In Wyndham Lewis and the Cultures of Modernity, ed. Gąsiorek, Andrzej, Reeve-Tucker, Alice and Waddell, Nathan. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2011, 201221.
Griffin, Roger. Modernism and Fascism: The Sense of a Beginning Under Mussolini and Hitler. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
Griffiths, Roger. Fellow Travellers of the Right: British Enthusiasts for Nazi Germany, 1933–1939. London: Constable, 1980.
Hamilton, Alastair. The Appeal of Fascism: A Study of Intellectuals and Fascism, 1919–1945. London: Macmillan, 1971.
Hewitt, Andrew. Fascist Modernism: Aesthetics, Politics, and the Avant-Garde. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1993.
Holmes, Stephen. The Anatomy of Antiliberalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.
Jameson, Fredric. Fables of Aggression: Wyndham Lewis, the Modernist as Fascist. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1979.
Sternhall, Zeev. Neither Left nor Right: Fascist Ideology in France. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Lewis, Anarchism, and Socialism

Antliff, Allan. Anarchist Modernism: Art, Politics, and the First American Avant-Garde. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.
Bridson, D. G. The Filibuster: A Study of the Political Ideas of Wyndham Lewis. London: Cassell, 1972.
Bru, Sascha. Democracy, Law and the Modernist Avant-Gardes: Writing in the State of Exception. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009.
Campbell, SueEllen. The Enemy Opposite: The Outlaw Criticism of Wyndham Lewis. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1988.
Miller, Tyrus. “No-Man’s Land: Wyndham Lewis and Cultural Revolution.” In Time Images: Alternative Temporalities in Twentieth-Century Theory, Literature, and Art. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2009, 82103.
Munton, Alan. “The Politics of Wyndham Lewis.” PN Review 1 (March 1976): 3439.
Scott, James C. Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Conditions Have Failed. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.
Scott, James C. Two Cheers for Anarchism: Six Easy Pieces on Autonomy, Dignity, and Meaningful Work and Play. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.
Stirner, Max. The Ego and His Own, trans. Bynington, Steven T.. ed. Caroll, John. London: Jonathan Cape, 1971.

Race and Anti-Semitism in Lewis

Ayers, David. “Wyndham Lewis and the Modernists: Internationalism and Race.” In Modernism and Race, ed. Platt, Len. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. 156172.
Cheyette, Bryan. Constructions of “the Jew” in English Literature and Society: Racial Representations, 1875–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Cheyette, Bryan, ed. Between ‘Race’ and Culture: Representations of ‘the Jew’ in English and American Literature. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Julius, Anthony. Trials of the Diaspora: A History of Anti-Semitism in England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Levine, Gary. The Merchant of Modernism: The Economic Jew in Anglo-American Literature, 1864–1939. London: Routledge, 2013.
Trubowitz, Lara. Civil Antisemitism, Modernism, and British Culture, 1902–1939. New York: Palgrave, 2012.

Women, Masculinity, and Homosexuality in Lewis

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Carlston, Erin. Thinking Fascism: Sapphic Modernism and Fascist Modernity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Felski, Rita. The Gender of Modernity. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.
Hewitt, Andrew. Political Inversions: Homosexuality, Fascism, and the Modernist Imagination. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Loewenstein, Andrea Freud. Loathsome Jews and Engulfing Women: Metaphors of Projection in the Works of Wyndham Lewis, Charles Williams, and Graham Greene. New York: New York University Press, 1993.
Warnke, Georgia. Debating Sex and Gender. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Lewis’s Cultural Criticism

Ayers, David. Wyndham Lewis and Western Man. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1992.
Bell, Daniel. The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting. New York: Basic Books, 1973.
Burnham, James. The Managerial Revolution: What Is Happening in the World. New York: Praeger, 1972.
Burnham, James. Suicide of the West: An Essay on the Meaning and Destiny of Liberalism. New York: John Day, 1964.
Edwards, Paul. “Cultural Criticism at the Margins: Wyndham Lewis, The Tyro (1920–21), The Enemy (1927–29).” In A Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines, ed. Brooker, Peter and Thacker, Andrew. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Flusser, Vilém. Post-History, trans. Novaes, Rodrigo Maltez. Minneapolis: Univocal Press, 2013.
Harrison, John. The Reactionaries. London: Victor Gollancz, 1966.
Marcuse, Herbert. One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society. Boston: Beacon Press, 1991.
Niethammer, Lutz. Posthistoire: Has History Come to an End? Trans. Camiller, Patrick. London: Verso, 1992.
Stiegler, Bernard. The Decadence of Industrial Democracies, trans. Ross, Daniel and Arnold, Suzanne. London: Polity Press, 2011.

Lewis between Philosophy and God

Antliff, Mark. Inventing Bergson: Cultural Politics and the Parisian Avant-Garde. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Bergson, Henri. Creative Evolution, trans. Mitchell, Arthur. London: Macmillan, 1920.
Deleuze, Gilles. Bergsonism, trans. Tomlinson, Hugh and Habberjam, Barbara. New York: Zone Books, 1990.
Osborne, Peter. The Politics of Time: Modernity and Avant-Garde. London: Verso, 1995.
Schenker, Daniel. Wyndham Lewis: Religion and Modernism. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1991.
Stengers, Isabelle. Thinking with Whitehead: A Free and Wild Creation of Concepts, trans. Chase, Michael. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.
Whitehead, Alfred North. Process and Reality. New York: The Free Press, 1978.
Whitehead, Alfred North. Science and the Modern World. London: Macmillan, 1925.

Lewis and Media

Baudrillard, Jean. Simulacra and Simulations, trans. Glaser, Shiela Faria. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Debord, Guy, The Society of the Spectacle, trans. Perlman, Fredy. Detroit: Black & Red, 1983.
Flusser, Vilém. Writings. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.
McLuhan, Marshall. Counterblast. London: Rapp & Whiting, 1970.
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1994.
Murphet, Julian. Multimedia Modernism: Literature and the Anglo-American Avant-Garde. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Watson, Shiela. Wyndham Lewis and Expressionism. Waterloo, Canada: MLR Editions Canada, 2003.


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