Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Print publication year: 2005
  • Online publication date: March 2008

5 - The Demographic Impact of Colonization

from Part II - Natural Resources and Factor Endowments
Summary
The arrival of Europeans in the Americas resulted in what was perhaps the greatest demographic collapse in history. Racial mixing and changes to native production systems, social structures, and ideologies, though less quantifiable, played increasingly important roles in determining demographic trends. Demographic change among native peoples was strongly correlated with the intensity of Spanish immigration and settlement. The importation of African slaves was a response to the shortage of Indian labor, which derived from the absence of a substantial native population in pre-Columbian times or its decline in the early colonial period. The demographic impact of colonial rule was most devastating in the Caribbean, where most native groups became extinct within a generation. The end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth century was a watershed in the demographic history of Latin America. Colonization had not come to an end, and that many regions were still to experience its full demographic impact.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053945
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521812894
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose , eds., The Backbone of History: Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere (Cambridge, 2002).