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Book description

This volume introduces the geographical setting of Central Asia and follows its history from the palaeolithic era to the rise of the Mongol empire in the thirteenth century. From earliest times Central Asia linked and separated the great sedentary civilisations of Europe and Asia. In the pre-modern period 'Inner Asia' was definable more as a cultural than a geographical entity, its frontiers shifting according to the changing balances of power. Written by distinguished international scholars who have pioneered the exploration of Central Asia's poorly documented past, this volume discusses chronologically the varying historical achievements of the disparate population groups in the region.


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Czeglédy, K., 1954, “Monographs on Syriac and Muhammadan Sources in the Literary Remains of M. Kmoskó,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 4, pp. 19–90.
Czeglédy, K., 1957, “The Syriac Legend Concerning Alexander the Great,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 7, pp. 231–49.
Czeglédy, K., 1971, “Pseudo-Zacharias Rhetor on the Nomads,” in Studia Turcica, edited by Ligeti, L., pp. 133–48. (Budapest).
Czeglédy, K., 1958, “Bahrām Čōbīn and the Persian Apocalyptic Literature,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 8, pp. 21–43.
Czeglédy, K., 1962, “Coγay-quzï, Qara-qum, Kök-öng,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 15, pp. 55–69.
Czeglédy, K., 1972, “On the Numerical Composition of the Ancient Turkish Tribal Confederation,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 25, pp. 275–81.
Czeglédy, K., 1973, “Gardizi on the History of Central Asia (746–80 a.d.),” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 27, pp. 257–67.
Czeglédy, K., 1980, “Zur Geschichte der Hephtaliten,” Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 28, pp. 213–17.
Czeglédy, K., 1983, “From East to West: the Age of Nomadic Migrations in Eurasia,” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, III, pp. 25–125. [Translated from Hungarian by Golden, P. B.].
Czeglédy, K., “A karluk törzsek nevei,” Magyar Nyelv 45 (1949), pp. 164–168.
Czeglédy, K., “Kāšġarī földrajzi neveihez,” Bárczi Géza – Emlékkönyv, ed. Benkö, L. (Budapest, 1963).
Czeglédy, K., “Gardīzī on the History of Central Asia (745–780 a.d.),” Acta Orientalia Hungarica 27.3 (1973).
Czeglédy, Károly, “Magna Hungaria,” Századok, 75 (1943).
Czeglédy, Károly, “A magyarság Dél-Oroszországban” in Ligeti, L.(ed.), A magyarság őstörténete (Budapest, 1943).
Czeglédy, Károly, “A IX századi magyar történelem föbb kérdései,” Magyar Nyelv, XLI (1945).
Czeglédy, Károly, IV–IX századi népmozgalmak a steppén (A Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság Kiadványai, 84, Budapest, 1954).
Czeglédy, Károly, Hajdú, Péter (eds.), A magyar őstörténet kérdései Nyelvtudományi Értekezések, 5, (Budapest, 1955).
Czeglédy, Károly, “Etimológia és filológia (Bulgár-török jövevényszavaink átvételének történeti hátteréről),” in Benkő, L., Sál, E. K. (eds.), Az etimológia elmélete és módszere (Nyelvtudományi Értekezések, 89, Budapest, 1976).
Czeglédy, Károly, Egy bolgár török yiltavar méltóságnév,” Magyar Nyelv, XL (1944).
Czeglédy, Károly, “Egy kazár méltóságnév,” Magyar Nyelv, XLIII (1947).
Czeglédy, Károly, “A kunok eredetéről,” Magyar Nyelv, XLV (1949), pp. 43–50.
Czeglédy, Károly, “A kazár kil-kel eredete,” Magyar Nyelv, XLIX (1953), pp. 175–8.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Herakleios török szövetségesei,” Magyar Nyelv, XLIX (1953), pp. 319–23.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Monographs on Syriac and Muhammadan Sources in the Literary Remains of M. Kmoskó”, Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae., 4 (1954) pp. 19–91.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Kaukázusi hunok, kaukázusi avarok”, Studia Antiqua Hungarica, 2 (1955) pp. 123–40.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Khazar Raids in Transcaucasia in a.d. 762–764,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae., 11 (1960) pp. 75–88.
Czeglédy, Károly, “A korai kazár történelem forrásainak kritikájához,” A Magyar Tudományos Akadémia nyelv-és irodalomtudományi osztályának közleményei, 15 (1960) pp. 107–28.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Bemerkungen zur Geschichte der Chazaren,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae., 13 (1961) pp. 243–51.
Czeglédy, Károly, “TEPMATZOγΣ,” Acta Antiqua Hungarica, 10 (1962).
Czeglédy, Károly, A nomád népek vándorlása napkelettől napnyugatig (Kőorösi Csoma Kiskönyvtár, 8, Budapest, 1969).
Czeglédy, Károly, “Pseudo-Zacharias Rhetor on the Nomads,” in Ligeti, L. (ed.), Studia Turcica (Budapest, 1971), pp. 133–48.
Czeglédy, Károly, “Ogurok és türkök Kazáriában” in Bartha, A. et al. (eds.), Magyar őbstörténeti tanulmányok (Budapest, 1977).
Ḑbrowski, Krzysztof, Nagrodzka-Majchrzyk, Teresa, Tryjarski, Edward, Hunowie Europejscy, Protobułgarzy, Chazarowie, Pieczyngowie (Wroław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975).
Da̧browski, Krzysztof, Nagrodzka-Majchrzyk, Teresa, Tryjarski, Edward, Hunowie Europejscy Protobulgarzy, Chazarowie, Pieczyngowie (Wroław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975).
Daffinà, Paolo, 1982, “The Han shu Hsi yü chuan retranslated. A Review Article,” T'oung Pao, 68, pp. 309–39.
Daffinà, Paolo, 1982, Il nomadismo centrasiatico, Parte prima, Istituto dell'India e dell'Asia Orientale, (Roma). The title does not reflect accurately the content of the book which is probably the best and most up-to-date presentation of Inner Asian history and civilization up the end of the Hsiung-nu period.
Daffinà, Paolo, 1985, “La Persia sassanide secondo le fonti cinese,” Rivista degli Studi Orientali, 57, pp. 121–70.
Dauvillier, Jean, “Les provinces chaldéennes ‘de l'extérieur’ au moyen âge,” Mélanges offerts au R.P. Ferdinand Cavallera (Toulouse, 1948), pp. 261–316.
Davidovič, E. A., “Numizmatičeskie materialy dlja khronologii i genealogii sredneaziatskikh Karakhanidov,” Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Istoričeskogo Muzeja, 26, Numizmatičeskiĭ sbornik, pt. 2 (1957).
Dawson, Christopher (editor), 1966, The Mongol Mission, Harper Torchbook (1966).
De Crespigny, R., 1984, Northern Frontier. The Policies and Strategy of the Later Han Empire, Faculty of Asian Studies Monographs, New Series. 4 (Canberra).
de Vajay, Sz., Der Eintritt des ungarischen Stämmebundes in die europäischen Geschichte (München, 1968).
Debec, G. F., 1948, Paleoantropologija SSSR, Trudy Instituta êtnografii AN SSSR, Novaja serija iv..
Debec, G. F., 1956, “Problema proiskhozhdenija kirgizskogo naroda v svete antropologicheskikh dannykh,” Trudy kirgizskoj arkheologo-êtnograficheskoj êkspedicii 1, pp. 3–17.
Décsy, Gyula, Einführung in die Finnisch-Ugrische Sprachwissenschaft (Wiesbaden, 1965).
Deér, Joseph, 1965, “Karl der Grosse und der Untergang des Awarenreiches” in Karl der Grosse, herausgegeben von Braunfels, W., vol. 1, pp. 719–91 (Düsseldorf).
Deér, József, Pogány magyarság keresztény magyarság (Budapest, 1938).
Deguignes, , 1756–8, Histoire générale des Huns, des Turcs, des Mongols et des autres Tartares occidentaux … avant et depuis Jésus-Christ, jusqu'à présent, i–iv (in 5 volumes), (Paris).
Demiéville, Paul, 1952, Le concile de Lhasa. Une controverse sur le quiétisme entre bouddhistes de l'lnde et de la Chine au Vllle siècle de l'ère chrétienne, Bibliothèque de l'Institut des Hautes Etudes Chinoises, Vol. VII (Paris).
Denis, Sinor, Introduction à l'étude de l'Eurasie Centrale (Wiesbaden 1963), pp. 210–15.
Denis, Sinor, Introduction à l'étude de l'Eurasie Centrale (Wiesbaden 1963), pp. 261–5.
Derevjanko, A. P., 1970a, Gromatukhskaja kul'tura, In: Sibir i ee sosedi v drevnosti (Novosibirsk).
Derevjanko, A. P., 1969, “The Novopetrovka Blade Culture on the Middle Amur,” Arctic Anthropology, No. 1, pp. 119–127.
Derevjanko, A. P., 1970b, Novopetrovskaja kul'tura Srednego Amura (Novosibirsk).
Derevjanko, A.P.–Okladnikov A.P., 1969, “Drevnie kul'tury vostochnykh rajonov MNP (k itogam arkheologicheskikh issledovanij 1949 i 1967 gg.),” Sovetskaja Arkheologija 1969, 4, pp. 141–56.
Derevjanko, E. I., 1975, Mokhêskie pamjatniki Srednego Priamur' ja (Novosibirsk).
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Dexippi, Eunapii, Petri Patricii, Prisci, Malchi, Menandri historiarum quae supersunt, ed. Bekker, I., Niebuhr, B. G. (Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, Bonn, 1829).
Dexippi, Eunapii, Petri Patricii, Prisci, Malchi, Menandri historiarum quae supersunt, ed. Bekker, I., Niebuhr, B. G. (Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, Bonn, 1829).
Diaconu, P., Les Petchenègues au Bas-Danube (Bibliotheca Historica Romaniae, 27, Bucarest 1970).
Diakonoff, I. M. 1981, “The Cimmerians,” Acta Iranica, 2nd Series, vol. vii, pp. 103–40. [Very important].
Dienes, István, The Hungarians Cross the Carpathians, trans. Balogh, B. (Budapest, 1972).
Dikov, N. N., 1958, Bronzovyj vek Zabajkal'ja (Ulan-Udê).
Dikov, N. N., 1964, “Kamennyj vek Kamchatki i Chukotki v svete novejshikh arkheologicheskikh dannykh,” in Istorija i kul'tura narodov severo-vostoka SSSR (Magadan).
Dikov, N. N., [There is an English version: “The Stone Age of Kamchatka and the Chukchi Peninsula in the Light of New Archaeological Data,” Arctic Anthropology (1965), 3, No. 1, pp. 10–25].
Dikov, N. N., 1977, Arkheologicheskie pamjatniki Kamchatki, Chukotki i Verkhnej Kolymy. Azija na styke s Amerikoj v drevnosti (Moskva). [With English table of contents].
Dikov, N. N., 1979, Drevnie kul'tury Severo Vostochnoj Azii (Moskva). [Continuation of Dikov 1977, with English table of contents].
Doblhofer, E., 1955, Byzantinische Diplomaten und östliche Barbaren. Aus den Excerpta de legationibus des Konstantinos Porphyrogennetos ausgewählte Abschnitte des Priskos und Menander Protektor (Graz).
Doerfer, Gerhard, 1973, “Zur Sprache der Hunnen,” Central Asiatic Journal pp. 1–50. [Cf. on the same topic Pritsak 1982].
Doerfer, Gerhard, 1962, “Zur Bezeichnung der Westtürken”, Central Asiatic Journal 7, pp. 256–63.
Doerfer, Gerhard, 1969, “Altaische Scholien zu Herbert Frankes Artikel,” Zentralasiatische Studien 3, pp. 45–9.
Dolgikh, B. O., 1960, Rodovoj i plemennoj sostav narodov Sibiri v XVII v., Trudy Instituta vostokovedenija. 55.
Dovatur, A. I.Kallistov, D. P.Shisova, I. A., 1982, Narody nashej strany v “Istorii” Gerodota [The peoples of our land in the “Histories” of Herodotus] (Moscow).
Dowsett, C.J.F. [translator], 1961, The History of the Caucasian Albanians by Mvsès Dasxurançi (Oxford).
Dubs, H. H., 1938–55, The History of the Former Han Dynasty. A Critical Translation with Annotations, (Baltimore, Md.).
Ducellier, A., “Les sources byzantines et l'apparition des Hongrois en Europe,” Études Finno-Ougriennes, I (1964).
Dujčev, Ivan, 1976, Cronaca di Monemvasia (Palermo). [An important work concerning the penetration of the Avars and Slavs into Hellas].
Dunlop, D. M., 1957, The History of the Jewish Khazars (Princeton).
Dunlop, Douglas M., The History of the Jewish Khazars (Princeton, 1954).
Džanašvili, M., “Izvestija gruzinskikh letopiseĭ i istorikov o severnom Kavkaze i Rossii,” Sbornik Materialov dlja Opisanija Mestnosteĭ i Piemen Kavkaza, 22 (1897).
Eberhard, W., 1942a, Kultur und Siedlung der Randvölker Chinas, (Leiden). Still very important.
Eberhard, W., 1942b, Lokalkulturen im alten China, (Leiden).
Eberhard, W., 1949, Das Toba-Reich Nordchinas, (Leiden).
Eberhard, W., 1965, Conquerors and Rulers. Social Forces in Medieval China, 2nd, revised edition, (Leiden).
Eberhard, W., 1978, China und seine westlichen Nachbarn. Beiträge zur mittelalterlichen und neueren Geschichte Zentralasiens, (Darmstadt).
Eberhard, W., 1942, Kultur und Siedlung der Kandvölker Chinas, T'oung Pao, supplément au vol. 36 (Leiden).
Eberhard, W., 1942, 1942–3, “Die Kultur der alten zentral- und west-asiatischen Völker nach chinesischen Quellen,” Zeitschrift f¨r Ethnologie 73 pp. 215–75.
Ecsedy, H. 1965, “Old Turkic Titles of Chinese Origin,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 18, pp. 83–91.
Ecsedy, H. 1972, “Tribe and Tribal Society in the 6th Century Turk Empire,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 25, pp. 245–62.
Ecsedy, H. 1977, “Tribe and Empire, Tribe and Society in the Turk Age,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 31, pp. 3–15.
Ecsedy, Hilda, “Old Turkic titles of Chinese origin,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 18: 83–91 (1965).
Egami, Namio, Kita Ajiya Shi, Tokyo, 1956.
Eisner, J., 1952, Devinske Nová Ves (Bratislava).
Enoki, Kazuo, 1955, “The Origin of the White Huns or Hephtalites,” East and West 6, pp. 231–7.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1959, “On the Nationality of the Ephtalites,” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 18, pp. 1–58.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1963, “The Location of the Capital of Lou-Ian and the Date of KharoṣṬhī Inscriptions,” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko. 22, pp. 125–171.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1965, “On Sino-KharoṣṬhī Coins,” East and West, 15, pp. 231–276.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1968, “Hsieh, Fu-wang or Wang of the Yüeh-shih,” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 26, pp. 1–13.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1970, “On the Date of the Kidarites (2),” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko. 28, pp. 13–38.
Enoki, Kazuo, 1969, “On the Date of the Kidarites (1),” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Toyo Bunko 27, pp. 1–26.
Erdélyi, István, 1982, Az avarság és kelet a régészeti források tükrében (Budapest). [Russian summary].
Erdélyi, István, “Bol'šaja Vengrija,” Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 13 (1961).
Erdélyi, István, “Teorii vengerskikh učenykh o povolžskom proiskhoždenii drevnikh vengrov,” Arkheologija i Etnografija Baškirii, 4 (1971).
Erdélyi, István, “Fouilles archéologiques en Bachkirie et la préhistoire hongroise,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 25 (1972), 301–12.
Eremeev, D. E., Êtnogenez Tjurok (Moskva, 1971).
Eremjan, S. T., “Juriĭ Bogoljubskiĭ po armjanskim i gruzinskim istočnikam,” Naučnye Trudy Erevanskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta 23. (1946).
Esin, E., “Ṭabarīʾs Report on the Warfare with the Türgiš and the Testimony of Eighth Century Central Asian Art,” Central Asiatic Journal 17.2–4 (1973).
Fan, Yeh, Hou Han Shu, Shanghai, Commercial Press, 1927.
Fedorov, M. N., “Novye fakty iz istorii Karakhanidov pervoĭ četverti XI v. v svete numizmatičeskikh dannykh,” Iz Istorii Kul'tury Narodov Uzbekistana (Tashkent, 1965).
Fedorov, M. N., “Očerk istorii Karakhanidov vtori četverti XI v. (po numizmatičeskim dannym),” Istorija Material' noj Kul'tury Uzbekistana 7 (1966).
Fedorov, M. N., “Ferganskiĭ klad karakhanidskikh dirkhemov 1034–1043 gg.,” Sovetskaja Arkheologija (1968), No. 3.
Fedoseeva, S. A., 1968, Drevnie kul'tury verkhnogo Viljuja (Moskva).
Fedotov, M. R., Istoričeskie svjazi čuvašskogo jazyka s jazykami finno-ugrov Povolž'ja i Pecmi, C̆uvašsko-mariĭskie jazykovve svjazi, pt. 1 (C̆eboksary, 1965).
Fedotov, M. R., Istoričeskie svjazi C̆uvašskogo s volžskimi i permskimi finno-ugroskimi i jazykami (C̆eboksary, 1968).
Fehér, Géza, A bolgár-törökök szerepe és műveltsége (Budapest, 1940).
Fehér, Géza, “Zur Geschichte der Steppenvölker von Südrussland 9–10 Jhr.,” Studia Slavica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 5 (1959).
Ferrari, Alfonsa, 1958, Mk'yen brtse's Guide to the Holy Places of Central Tibet, completed and edited by Luciano Petech, with the collaboration of Hugh Richardson, Serie Orientale Roma xvi (Rome).
Fodor, István, “K voprosu o pogrebal'nom obrjade drevnikh vengrov,” Smirnov, A. P. (ed.), Problemy arkheologii i drevneĭ istorii ugrov (Moskva, 1972).
Fodor, István, Verecke híres útján … (Budapest, 1975).
Francke, A. H., 1926, “Antiquities of Indian Tibet,” Archaeological Survey of India, New Imperial Series, Vol. L, II (Calcutta).
Franke, Herbert, 1969, “Bemerkungen zu den sprachlichen Verhä ltnissen im Liao-Reich,” Zentralasiatische Studien 3, pp. 7–43.
Franke, Herbert, 1974, “A Note on Wine,” Zentralasiatische Studien 8, pp. 241–5.
Franke, Herbert, 1975, “Chinese Texts on the Jurchen. I. A Translation of the Jurchen Monograph in the San-ch'ao pei-meng hui-pien,” Zentralasiatische Studien 9, pp. 119–86.
Franke, Herbert, 1978a, “Chinese Texts on the Jurchen. II. A Translation of Chapter One of the Chin-shi,” Zentralasiatische Studien 12, pp. 413–52.
Franke, Herbert, 1978b, Nordchina am Vorabend der mongolischen Eroberungen: Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft unter der Chin-Dynastie (1115–1234), Rheinisch-Westfälische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vorträge G 228 (Opladen).
Franke, Herbert, 1979, “Some Folkloristic Data in the Dynastic History of the Chin (115–1234),” in Legend, Lore and Religion in China. Essays in Honor of Wolfram Eberhard on his Seventieth Birthday, edited by Allan, Sarah and Cohen, Alvin P., pp. 135–53 (San Francisco).
Franke, Herbert, 1981, “Jurchen Customary Law and Chinese Law of the Chin Dynasty”, in State and Law in East Asia, edited by Eikemeier, Dieter and Franke, Herbert, pp. 215–233 (Wiesbaden).
Franke, Herbert, 1982, “Randnotizen zu einigen Worten der Khitansprache im Lichte neuerer Arbeiten,” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 36, pp. 173–82.
Franke, Herbert, 1985, “Fremdherrschaften in China und ihr Einfluss auf die staatlichen Institutionen (10–14 Jahrhundert),” Anzeiger der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 122, No. 3 pp. 47–67.
Franke, O., 1936–7, Geschichte des Chinesischen Reiches, Vols. 2 and 3 (Berlin/Leipzig).
Franke, Otto, 1948, 1952, Geschichte des chinesischen Reiches, vols. 4 and 5 (Berlin).
Fritze, W. H., 1963, 1965, 1967, “Slaven und Awaren im angelsächsischen Missionsprogramm,” Zeitschrift für Slavische Pbilologie 31, pp. 316–38; 32, pp. 231–51; 33, pp. 358–72.
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Frumkin, Grégoire, 1970, Archaeology in Soviet Central Asia (Leiden, Brill). [Only some parts relevant to this chapter].
Frye, R. N., 1966, The Heritage of Persia (New York).
Frye, R. N., The Golden Age of Persia. The Arabs in the East (London, 1975).
Fülöp, Gy., 1978, “La survivance des Avars au IXe siècle,” Alba Regia, 16, pp. 87–97.
Gabain, A. von, 1950, “Steppe und Stadt im Leben der ältesten Türken,” Der Islam, 29, pp. 30–62.
Gabain, A. von, 1953, “Inhalt und magische Bedeutung der alttürkischen Inschriften,” Anthropos, PP. 537–55.
Gabain, A. v., 1973, Das Leben im uigurischen Königreich von Qočo (850–1250), I–II, Veröffentlichungen der Societas Ural-Altaica, Bd.6, (Wiesbaden).
Gabain, Annemarie von, “Steppe und Stadt im Leben der ältesten Türken,” Der Islam 29: 30–62 (1949).
Gafurov, B. G., Litvinskiĭ, B. A., Istorija tadžikskogo naroda, 3 vols. (Moskva, 1963–5).
Gafurov, B. G., Tadžiki (Moskva, 1972).
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Gardīzī, , Bartol'd, V. V., “Izvlečenie iz sočinenija Gardizi Zain al-Akhbār” in Bartol'd, V. V., Sočinenija, 9 vols. (Moskva, 1963–73), VIII.
Gardīzī, , Zain al-Akhbār (“Adornment of Information”), excerpts in: V.V., Bartol'd, “Izvlečenie iz Sočinenija Gardizi Zaĭn al-Akhbar,” in Akademik V. V. Bartol'd, Sočinenija, 9 vols. (Moskva, 1963–73), vol. 8.
Gardīzī, , Zain al-Akhbār, ed. Nāzim, M. (Berlin, 1928).
Gardner, Percy 1886, The Coins of the Greek and Scythic Kings of Bactria and India in the British Museum (London). Reprinted: Chicago 1966.
Garipov, T. M., Kuzeev, R. G., “Baškiro-Mad'jarskaja problema,” Arkheologija i Etnografija I (1962).
Garkavi, A. Ja., Skazanija musul'manskikh pisateleǐ o slavjanakh i russkikh (Sanktpeterburg, 1870).
Garkavi, A. Ja., Skazanija evreĭskikh pisateleĭ o khozarakh i Khozarskom carstve (Sanktpeterburg, 1874).
Garrod, D. A.Bate, D. M., 1937, The Stone Age of Mount Carmel (Oxford).
Gening, V. F., Khalikov, A. Kh., “Etnogenez udmurtov po dannym arkheologii,” Voprosy finno-ugorskovo jazykoznanija IV (1967).
Gening, V. F., Khalikov, A. Kh., Rannie bolgary na Volge (Moskva, 1964).
Georgios Monakhos, : Georgii Monachi chronicon, ed. Boor, Carl, I–II (Leipzig, 1904).
Gerasimov, M. M., 1958, “Mal'ta, paleoliticheskaja Mal'ta (raskopki 1956–1957 gg.),” Sovetskaja Êtnografija. 1958, 3.
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Geschichte Mittelasiens, 1966, Orientalistik, Handbuch, Abteilung, Erste, Band, Fünfter, Abschnitt, Fünfter, (Leiden). Cf. Haussig 1966, Jettmar 1966, Petech 1966, Spuler 1966.
Ghévond, , Histoire des guerres et des conquêtes des Arabes en Arménie, trans. Chahnazarian, V. (Paris, 1856).
Gibert, Lucien, 1934, Dictionnaire historique et géographique de la Mandchourie (Hong Kong).
Ginagi, Kh.G (ed.), Istorija Tatarskoĭ ASSR, 2 vols (Kazan', 1955–60).
Ginsburg, Norton (editor), 1958, The Pattern of Asia (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.).
Girshman, R., 1946, Begram. Recherches archéologiques et historiques sur les Kouchans. Mémoires de la Délégation Archéologique Françhise en Afghanistan 12 (Cairo).
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Göbl, Robert, 1967, Dokumente zur Geschichte der iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien undlndien, i–iii (Wiesbaden).
Göckenjan, H., Hilfsvölker und Grenzwächter im mittelalterlichen Ungarn (Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des östlichen Europa, V, Wiesbaden, 1972).
Golb, Norman, Pritsak, Omeljan, Khazarian Hebrew Documents of the Tenth Century (Ithaca, 1982).
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Golden, P. B., “Imperial Ideology and the Sources of Political Unity Amongst the Pre-Činggisid Nomads of Western Eurasia,” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, 2 (1976).
Golden, Peter B., “The People,” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, 1 (1975).
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Golden, Peter B., “Hazar Dili” (“The Khazar Language”), Türk Dili Arastirmalari Yilligt Belleten. (1971).
Golden, Peter B., “The Migrations of the Oǧuz,” Archivum Ottomanicum, 4 (1972), pp. 45–84.
Golden, Peter B., “The Question of the Rus' Qaǧanate,” Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, 2 (1982) pp. 77–97.
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Golden, Peter B., Khazar Studies. An historico-philological inquiry into the origins of the Khazars (Bibliotheca Orientalis Hungarica xxv, Budapest, 1980).
Golden, Peter B., “Khazaria and Judaism”, Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, 3 (1983), pp. 127–56.
Golubovskiĭ, P., Pečenegi, Torki i polovcy do našestvija tatar. Istorija južno- russkikh stepeĭ IX – XIII VV. (Kiev, 1884).
Gombocz, Zoltan, “Die Bulgarisch-Türkischen Lehnwörter in der ungarischen Sprache,” Mémoires de la Société Finno-ougrienne., 30 (1912).
Gombocz, Zoltan, “Árpádkori török személy neveink,” Magyar Nyelv, XI (1915).
Gombocz, Zoltan, Honfoglalás előtti bolgártörök jövevényszavaink, ed. Ligeti, L. (Budapest, 1960).
Gordon, C. D., 1960, The Age of Attila. Fifth Century Byzantium and the Barbarians (Ann Arbor, Michigan).
Grafenauer, B., 1950, “Quelques problèmes relatifs à l'époque des Slaves du Sud,” Zgodovinski Casopis 4, pp. 23–126. [In Slovenian with a French summary].
Grakov, B. N., 1947, “Perezhitki matriarkhata u sarmatov” [Survivals of matriarchate among the Sarmatians] VDI, 3.
Grakov, B. N., 1954, Kemenskoe gorodishche na Dnepre, [The Kamenskoe Gorodishche on the Dnieper], Materialy i issledovanija po arkheologii SSSR, 36.
Grakov, B. N., 1971, Skify [The Scythians] (Moscow).
Gregory, of Tours, Historica Francorum, edited by Krusch, B., Levison, W., Monumenta Germaniae Historica. SSRM. 1937–51 (Hannover).
Grekov, B. A., Čerepnin, L. V., Pašuto, V. T., Očerki istorii. SSSR: period feodalizma IX – XV vv. (Moskva, 1953).
Grekov, Boris D., “Volžskie bolgary v ix–x vv.,” Istoričeskie Zapiski 14 (1945).
Grenard, F., “La légende de Satok Boghra Khan et l'histoire,” Journal asiatique 1900, I, pp. 5–79.
Griffin, J. B., 1960, “Some Prehistoric Connections Between Siberia and America,” Science 131, pp. 801–12.
Grigorev, A. A. and Budyko, M. I., 1960, “Classification of the Climates of the U.S.S.R.,” Soviet Geography 1, pp. 3–23.
Grigor'ev, V. V., Rossija i Azija (Sanktpeterburg, 1876).
Grjaznov, M. P. 1929, “Bronzovyj kinzhal s ozera Kotokel',” Burjatievedenie 9–10 (Verkhneudinsk).
Grjaznov, M. P. 1952, “Pamjatniki karasukskogo êtapa v Central'nom Kazakhstane,” Sovetskaja Arkheologija. 1952, 12.
Grjaznov, M. P. 1956, Istorija drevnykh piemen Verkhnej Obi, Materialy i issledovanija po arkheologii SSSR 48.
Grjaznov, M. P. 1961, Drevnjaja bronza minusinskikh stepej, Trudy otdela istorii pervobytnoj kul'tury Gos. Ermitazha, 1 (Leningrad).
Grjaznov, M. P.Shnejder, E. R., 1929, “Drevnie izvajanija minusinskikh stepej,” Materialy po Etnografii, torn 4, vyp. 2.
Grønbech, Kaare, Komanisches Wörterbuch (Monumenta Linguarum Asiae Maioris, Subsidia, 1, København, 1942).
Grousset, René, 1939, L'Empire des Steppes, 1939.
Grousset, René, The English translation by Walford, Naomi, The Empire of the Steppes. A History of Central Asia, 1970, (Rutgers University Press)
Grube, Wilhelm, 1896, Die Sprache und Schrift der Jučen (Leipzig).
Gruševskiĭ (Gruševs'kiĭ), M.Očerki istorii Kievskoĭ zemli ot smerti Jaroslava do konca XIV st. (Kiev, 1891).
Guliamov, Ia. G., Tolstov, S. P. et al., Istorija Uzbekskoj SSR, vol. I (Tashkent, 1967).
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