Skip to main content
  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: May 2009

6 - Edinburgh and Lowland Scotland

from Part II - Geographies: The Scenes of Literary Life
In the century between David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature and Thomas Carlyle's The French Revolution Lowland Scotland became one of the advanced centres of European and North Atlantic literary culture. Scotland's entry into modernity followed its dissolution into 'North Britain' at the 1707 Union of Parliaments. The French Revolution marked a turning point in Scotland as in England, although with different dynamics. Scotland's literary eminence declined sharply after the 1830s, despite an influential spate of liberal and radical periodicals encouraged by Reform. The accumulation of urban wealth through colonial trade, agricultural improvement and early industrialization financed the institutions that comprised the republic of letters of the Lowland Scottish Enlightenment. Hugh Blair buttressed his defence of the antiquity of Fingal with the appeal to conjectural history, in an argument that exposed its circular, fictive logic. The most drastic unwriting of Scottish Romanticism occurred, however, in a sequence of works that terminated the post-Enlightenment era of national literature in Edinburgh.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of English Romantic Literature
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055970
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
[Allison Archibald], ‘On the Proposed National Monument at Edinburgh’, Blackwood’ s Edinburgh Magazine 28 (July 1819),
Blair Hugh, ‘A Critical Dissertation on the Poems of Ossian’, in The Poems of Ossian and Related Works, ed. Gaskill Howard (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995),
Brewer John The Pleasures of the Imagination: English Culture in the Eighteenth Century (London: HarperCollins, 1997),
Brown Ian, Clancy ThomasOwen, Manning Susan and Pittock Murray (eds.), The Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature, Vol. II: Enlightenment, Britain and Empire (1707–1918), Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.
Brown MaryEllen, Burns and Tradition, Urbana: Illinois University Press, 1984.
Burns Robert, The Poems and Songs of Robert Burns, ed. Kinsley James, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Carruthers Gerard, and Rawes Alan (eds.), English Romanticism and the Celtic World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Chandler James, England in 1819: The Politics of Literary Culture and the Case of Romantic Historicism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Christensen Jerome, Romanticism at the End of History, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.
Clive John, Scotch Reviewers: The Edinburgh Review 1802–1815, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1957.
Cockburn Henry, Memorials of His Time, ed. Miller Karl (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974),
Craig Cairns, Out of History: Narrative Paradigms in Scottish and English Culture, Edinburgh: Polygon, 1996.
Craig David, Scottish Literature and the Scottish People, 1680–1830, London: Chatto & Windus, 1961.
Crawford Robert, Devolving English Literature, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992.
Crawford Robert,ed., Robert Burns and Cultural Authority, Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, 1997.
Crawford Robert, ed.,The Scottish Invention of English Literature, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Crawford Thomas, Burns: A Study of the Poems and Songs, Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1960.
Crawford Thomas, Society and the Lyric: A Study of the Song Culture of Eighteenth Century Scotland, Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1979.
Davis Leith, Acts of Union: Scotland and the Literary Negotiation of the British Nation 1707–1830, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.
Davis Leith, Duncan Ian and Sorensen Janet (eds.), Scotland and the Borders of Romanticism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Demata Massimiliano, and Duncan Wu (eds.), British Romanticism and the Edinburgh Review: Bicentenary Essays, New York: Palgrave, 2002.
Duff David, and Jones Catherine (eds.), Scotland, Ireland, and the Romantic Aesthetic, Lewisburg, PA: Bucknell University Press, 2007.
Duncan Ian, Scott’s Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.
Ferris Ina, The Achievement of Literary Authority: Gender, History, and the Waverley Novels (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991),
Fielding Penny, Writing and Orality: Nationality, Culture, and Nineteenth-Century Scottish Fiction, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996.
Fontana Biancamaria, Rethinking the Politics of Commercial Society: The Edinburgh Review 1802–1832, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Garside Peter, and Schöwerling Rainer, The English Novel 1770–1829: A Bibliographical Survey of Prose Fiction Published in the British Isles, Vol. II: 1800–1829, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Gaskill Howard (ed.), Ossian Revisited, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991.
Gifford Douglas, James Hogg, Edinburgh: Ramsay Head, 1976.
Goslee NancyMoore, Scott the Rhymer, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1988.
Gottlieb Evan, Feeling British: Sympathy and National Identity in Scottish and English Writing, 1770–1832, Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2007.
Hart FrancisRussell, Lockhart as Romantic Biographer, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971.
Hayden JohnO. (ed.), Scott: The Critical Heritage, New York: Barnes & Noble, 1970.
Hechter Michael, Internal Colonialism: The Celtic Fringe in British National Development, 1536–1966, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.
Hogg James, The Spy, ed. Hughes GillianK. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000),
Hogg James, The Stirling/South Carolina Research Edition of the Collected Works of James Hogg, 20 vols., ed. Mack DouglasS. and Hughes Gillian, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995–.
Hont Istvan, and Ignatieff Michael (eds.), Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Hook Andrew, Scotland and America: A Study of Cultural Relations, 1750–1835, Glasgow: Blackie, 1975.
Irvine Robert, Enlightenment and Romance: Gender and Agency in Smollett and Scott, Oxford and Bern: Peter Lang, 2000.
[Jeffrey Francis], ‘Mounier, De l’ influence des Philosophes, Francs-Macons, et Illuminées, sur la Revolution de France’, Edinburgh Review 1 (1802),
[Jeffrey Francis], ‘Mad. De Stael, De la Litteérature considérée dans ses Rapports avec les Institutions Sociales’, Edinburgh Review 41 (1813),
Johnson Samuel and Boswell James, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland and The Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, ed. Levi P. (Harmondsworth and New York: Penguin, 1984),
Jones Catherine, Literary Memory: Scott’s Waverley Novels and the Psychology of Narrative, Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2003.
Kidd Colin, Subverting Scotland’s Past: Scottish Whig Historians and the Creation of an Anglo-British Identity, 1689–c. 1830, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Klancher Jon, The Making of English Reading Audiences, 1790–1832, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1987.
Lee YoonSun, Nationalism and Irony: Burke, Scott, Carlyle, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Lincoln Andrew, Walter Scott and Modernity, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007.
Livingston DonaldW., Hume’s Philosophy of Common Life, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.
Low DonaldA. (ed.), Robert Burns: The Critical Heritage, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.
Mack DouglasS., Scottish Fiction and the British Empire, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.
Macpherson James, The Poems of Ossian and Related Works, ed. Gaskill Howard, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996.
MacQueen John, The Enlightenment and Scottish Literature, 2 vols., Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1982, 1989.
Manning Susan, Fragments of Union: Making Connections in Scottish and American Writing, Houndmills: Palgrave, 2002.
Manning Susan, The Puritan-Provincial Vision: Scottish and American Literature in the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Maxwell Richard, ‘Inundations of Time: A Definition of Scott’s Originality’, ELH 68:2 (2001).
McCracken-Flesher Caroline, Possible Scotlands: Walter Scott and the Story of Tomorrow, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
McGuirk Carol, Robert Burns and the Sentimental Era, Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1985.
McIlvanney Liam, Burns the Radical: Poetry and Politics in Late Eighteenth-Century Scotland, East Linton: Tuckwell, 2002.
McNeil Ken, Scotland, Britain, Empire: Writing the Highlands, 1760–1860, Columbus, OH: Ohio University Press, 2007.
Miller David, Philosophy and Ideology in Hume’s Political Thought, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981.
Miller Karl, Cockburn’s Millennium, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.
Miller Karl, Electric Shepherd: A Likeness of James Hogg, London: Faber & Faber, 2004.
Millgate Jane, Walter Scott: The Making of the Novelist, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1984.
Muir Edwin, Scott and Scotland: The Predicament of the Scottish Writer (London: Routledge, 1936)
Murphy Peter, Poetry as an Occupation and an Art in Britain, 1760–1830, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Nairn Tom, The Break-Up of Britain: Crisis and Neo-Nationalism, London: NLB, 1981.
Osborne Peter, The Politics of Time: Modernity and Avant-Garde (London: Verso, 1995);
Phillips MarkSalber, Society and Sentiment: Genres of Historical Writing in Britain, 1740–1820, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.
Pittock Murray G. H., The Invention of Scotland: The Stuart Myth and the Scottish Identity, 1638 to the Present, London: Routledge, 1991.
Pittock Murray G. H., Poetry and Jacobite Politics in Eighteenth-Century Britain and Ireland, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Potkay Adam, The Fate of Eloquence in the Age of Hume, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.
Redekop Magdalene, ‘Beyond Closure: Buried Alive with Hogg’s Justified Sinner’, ELH 52:1 (Spring 1985).
Robertson Fiona, Legitimate Histories: Scott, Gothic and the Authorities of Fiction, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.
Russett Margaret, Fictions and Fakes: Forging Romantic Authenticity, 1760–1845, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Schoenfield MarkL., ‘Butchering James Hogg: Romantic Identity in the Magazine Market’, in At the Limits of Romanticism: Essays in Cultural, Feminist, and Materialist Criticism, ed. Favret Mary and Watson Nicola, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.
Scott Walter, Waverley; or, ’Tis Sixty Years Since, ed. Lamont Claire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1981),
Scott Walter, The Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels, 30 vols., ed. Hewitt David, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1993–2008.
Sher RichardB., Church and University in the Scottish Enlightenment: The Moderate Literati of Edinburgh, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Sher RichardB., The Enlightenment and the Book: Scottish Authors and their Publishers in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Ireland and America, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.
Simpson KennethG., The Protean Scot: The Crisis of Identity in Eighteenth-Century Scottish Literature, Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1988.
Simpson KennethG. (ed.), Burns Now, Edinburgh: Canongate, 1994.
Siskin Clifford, The Work of Writing: Literature and Social Change in Britain, 1700–1830, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
Skoblow Jeffrey, Double Tongue: Scots, Burns, Contradiction, Newark, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 2001.
Sorensen Janet, The Grammar of Empire in Eighteenth-Century British Writing, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Stafford Fiona, The Sublime Savage: A Study of James Macpherson and the Poems of Ossian, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1988.
Stewart Dugald, ‘Account of the Life and Writings of Adam Smith, LL.D.’, in Adam Smith, Essays on Philosophical Subjects, ed. Ross I. S. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980),
Stewart Susan, Crimes of Writing: Problems in the Containment of Representation, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Sutherland Kathryn, ‘Fictional Economies: Adam Smith, Sir Walter Scott and the Nineteenth Century Novel’, ELH 54:1 (1987).
Trumpener Katie, Bardic Nationalism: The Romantic Novel and the British Empire, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997.
Welsh Alexander, The Hero of the Waverley Novels: With New Essays on Scott, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Wickman Matthew, The Ruins of Experience: Scotland’s ‘Romantick’ Highlands and the Birth of the Modern Witness, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.
Wilt Judith, Secret Leaves: The Novels of Walter Scott, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.
Womack Peter, Improvement and Romance: Constructing the Myth of the Highlands, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989.
Youngson A. J., The Making of Classical Edinburgh, 1750–1840, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1966.