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    Taub, Liba 2016. A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome. p. 232.

    Fitzgerald, John T. 2013. Cosmologies of the ancient Mediterranean world. In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi, Vol. 47, Issue. 2,

    Salles, Ricardo 2012. The Encyclopedia of Ancient History.

    2012. Pneuma and Realized Eschatology in the Book of Wisdom. p. 245.

    Sharples, Robert W. 2012. A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. p. 430.

  • Print publication year: 1999
  • Online publication date: March 2008

12 - Cosmology

By the time of the death of Aristotle, there was some measure of agreement among educated Greeks about the nature of the cosmos. The great astronomers of the fourth century, Eudoxus and Callippus, had worked out a model of concentric spheres, each inner one having poles located in the one next to it on the outside. Epicurean cosmology is offered to humanity for its comfort and reassurance. The arguments with which he defended his theories were as good as he could make them; he tackled the propositions of the Timaeus and the Physics, and endeavoured to show that they were wrong and he was right. Stoicism had influential supporters among thinking people in the Hellenistic and Roman world. Like Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics held that the cosmos in which we live is the only one in the universe. Their cosmos, like Aristotle's, is a corporeal continuum, with no void space inside it, and matter itself is continuous, not atomic.
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The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy
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