Skip to main content
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1999
  • Online publication date: March 2008

7 - Introduction: the beginnings of Hellenistic epistemology

from PART III - EPISTEMOLOGY
Summary
It is generally agreed that the Hellenistic period is the great age of ancient epistemology. Two philosophers of signal and symbolic importance had connections with Alexander. The first is Aristotle, and the second is second is Pyrrho, some twenty years younger than Aristotle. The widespread notion that the beginning of the Hellenistic period is marked by an epistemological turn rests on considerations both philosophical and historical. According to an ancient orthodoxy, promoted by the Neopyrrhonians, Pyrrho was above all an epistemologist: he was a thorough-going sceptic. Modern scholars who accept this orthodoxy rely primarily on a passage in Aristocles, which is unanimously and rightly held to be crucial to the interpretation of Pyrrho's thought. The sceptical Academy is not the only Hellenistic school to produce an epistemology which would later attract the Neopyrrhonians: the Cyrenaics did so too. The whole of Cyrenaic epistemology is contained in a phrase: feelings alone are apprehensible.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053617
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521250283
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Annas J. E. (1990a) ‘Platon le sceptique’, RMM 95.
Ausland H. W. (1989) ‘On the moral origin of the Pyrrhonian philosophy’, Elenchos 10.
Barnes J. (1985) ‘Theophrastus and hypothetical syllogistic’, in Wiesner (1985–87) I, also in Fortenbaugh et al. (1985).
Barnes J. (1987) ‘An Aristotelian way with Scepticism’, in Matthen (1987).
Barnes J. (1992) ‘Diogenes Laertius IX 61–116: The philosophy of Pyrrhonism’, in Haase W., ed., ANRW II 36.6 (Berlin/New York).
Barnes J. (1979) The Presocratic Philosophers, 2 vols. (London/New York; repr. 1982 in one vol.).
Berti E. (1981) ‘La critica allo scetticismo nel IV libro della Metafisica’, in Giannantoni (1981a) I.
Bett R. (1994b) ‘Aristocles on Timon on Pyrrho: The text, its logic, and its credibility’, OSAP 12.
Bollack J., ed. (1975) La pensée du plaisir – Epicure: textes moraux, commentaires (Paris).
Brochard V. (1887) Les sceptiques grecs (Paris; 2nd edn 1923).
Brunschwig J. (1992) ‘Pyrrhon et Philista’, in Goulet-Cazé M.-O., Madec G., O'Brien D., edd., ΣOΠIHΣ MAIHTOPEΣ “Chercheurs de sagesse”, Hommage à Jean Pépin (Paris).
Brunschwig J. (1994e) ‘Once again on Eusebius on Aristocles on Timon on Pyrrho’, in Brunschwig (1994a).
Brunschwig J. (1994f) ‘The Anaxarchus case: an essay on survival’, PBA 81.
Brunschwig J. (1996) ‘Le fragment DK 70 B 1 de Métrodore de Chio’, in Algra et al. (1996).
Burnyeat M. F. (1978) ‘The upside-down back-to-front sceptic of Lucretius IV 472’, Philologus 122.
Burnyeat M. F. (1980b) ‘Tranquillity without a stop: Timon, frag. 68’, CQ 30.
Burnyeat M. F. (1982a) ‘Idealism and Greek philosophy: what Descartes saw and Berkeley missed’, PhR 91.
Burnyeat M. F. (1990) The Theaetetus of Plato (Indianapolis/Cambridge).
Decleva Caizzi F., ed. (1981a) Pirrone: Testimonianze, Elenchos 5 (Naples).
Decleva Caizzi F. (1986) ‘Pirroniani ed accademici nel III secolo a.C.’, in Flashar & Gigon (1986).
Denyer N. C. (1991) Language, Thought and Falsehood in Ancient Greek Philosophy (London/New York).
Dorandi T. (1994c) ‘I frammenti di Anassarco di Abdera’, Atti e Memorie dell' Accademia Toscana di Scienze e Lettere La Colombaria 69 N.S. 45.
Döring K., ed. (1972) Die Megariker – Kommentierte Sammlung der Testimonien (Amsterdam).
Döring K. (1988) Der Sokratesschüler Aristipp und die Kyrenaiker, AAWM, Geistes- und Sozialwiss. Klasse 1988.1 (Mainz).
Dumont J.-P. (1969) ‘Pyrrhon et le scepticisme ancien’, in Parain B., ed., Histoire de la philosophie (Paris) vol. I: Orient, Antiquité, Moyen Age.
Dumont J.-P. (1972) Le Scepticisme et le Phénomène — Essai sur la signification et les origines du pyrrhonisme (2nd edn Paris, 1985).
Ernout A. & Robin L. (1925–8) Lucrèce: De Rerum Natura. Commentaire exégétique et critique, 3 vols. (Paris).
Everson S. (1991b) ‘The objective appearance of Pyrrhonism’, in Everson (1991a).
Flintoff E. (1980) ‘Pyrrho and India’, Phronesis 25.
Fraenkel E. (1925 (1968)) ‘Xenophanesstudien’, Hermes 60, repr. in Wege und Formen frühgriechischen Denkens (Munich).
Frede M. (1973) (rev. Stough 1969) JPh 70.
Frenkian A. M. (1958) ‘Der griechische Skeptizismus und die indische Philosophie’, Bibliotheca Classica Orientalis 3.
Giannantoni G. (1958) I Cirenaici. Raccolta delle fonti antiche, traduzione e studio introduttivo (Florence).
Gigante M. (1983b) Diogene Laerzio: Vite dei filosofi, BUL, 3rd edn (Rome/Bari).
Gigante M. & Dorandi T. (1980) ‘Anassarco e Epicuro “Sul regno”’, in Romano F., ed. (1980).
Glucker J. (1978) Antiochus and the Late Academy, Hypomnemata 56 (Göttingen).
Görler W. (1985) (rev. Decleva Caizzi 1981a) AGPh 67.
Guthrie W. K. C. (1962–1981) A History of Greek Philosophy, 6 vols. (Cambridge, later repr.).
Hankinson R. J. (1995) The Sceptics (London).
Hicks R. D., ed. (1925) Diogenes Laertius: Lives of Eminent Philosophers, LCL, 2 vols. (London/Cambridge, Mass.; various repr.).
Hussey E. (1990) ‘The beginnings of epistemology: from Homer to Philolaus’, in Everson (1990a).
Laks A. (1993b) ‘Annicéris et les plaisirs psychiques. Quelques préalables doxographiques’, in Brunschwig & Nussbaum (1993).
Lévy C. (1990) ‘Platon, Arcésilas, Carnéade — Réponse à J. Annas’, RMM 95.
Lévy C. (1992) Cicero Academicus, Recherches sur les Académiqueset sur la philosophie cicéronienne (Rome).
Long A. A. (1974) Hellenistic Philosophy: Stoics, Epicureans, Sceptics (London; 2nd edn, Berkeley 1986).
MacKim R. (1984) ‘Democritus against Scepticism: all sense-impressions are true’, in Proceedings of the Ist International Congress on Democritus (Xanthi) vol. 1.
Malaparte C. (1929) ‘Ritratto di Pirrone’, Pegaso 1.
Mannebach E., ed. (1961) Aristippi et Cyrenaicorum Fragmenta (Leiden/Cologne).
Marco M. di, ed. (1989) Timone di Fliunte: Silli, Testi e commenti 10 (Rome).
Mondolfo R. (1934) L’infinito nel pensiero dei Greci (Florence).
Natorp P. (1884) Forschungen zur Geschichte des Erkenntnisproblems im Alterthum (Berlin; repr. Hildesheim 1965).
Nestle W. (1932) ‘Metrodoros (14)’, in Pauly Wissowa, Realencyclopädie 15, cols.
Piantelli M. (1978) ‘Possibili elementi indiani nella formazione del pensiero di Pirrone d'Elide’, Filosofia 29.
Pra M. dal (1950) Lo Scetticismo Greco (Milano; repr. in 2 vols. Rome/Bari 1975–2).
Raphael M. (1931) ‘Die pyrrhoneische Skepsis’, Philosophische Hefte 3.
Reale G. (1981) ‘Ipotesi per una rilettura della filosofia di Pirrone di Elide’, in Giannantoni (1981a) I.
Robin L. (1944) Pyrrhon et le Scepticisme Grec (Paris).
Russo A. (1978) Scettici antichi, Classici della filosofia 22 (Turin).
Sedley D. N. (1976a) ‘Epicurus and his professional rivals’, in Bollack & Laks (1976).
Stopper M. R. (1983) ‘Schizzi Pirroniani’, Phronesis 28.
Stough Ch.L. (1969) Greek Scepticism (Berkeley/Los Angeles).
Striker G. (1981) ‘Über den Unterschied zwischen den Pyrrhoneern und den Akademikern’, Phronesis 26 ; English version in Striker (1996).
Striker G. (1990) ‘The problem of the criterion’, in Everson (1990a) ; repr. in Striker (1996).
Vander Waerdt P. A. (1989) ‘Colotes and the Epicurean refutation of Skepticism’, GRBS 30.
Zeller E. & Mondolfo R. (1969) La Filosofia dei Greci nel suo sviluppo storico, parte I: I Presocratici, vol. v: Empedocle, Atomisti, Anassagora, a cura di Capizzi, A. (Florence).