Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1983
  • Online publication date: March 2008

7 - THE IRANIAN SETTLEMENTS TO THE EAST OF THE PAMIRS

from PART 1 - POLITICAL HISTORY
Summary
In the case of one Iranian settlement in Central Asia that attained great fame in the first millennium AD. There were two great kingdoms in east of the Pamirs: Khotan and Shan-shan. Most of the knowledge of the political history of Khotan derives from Chinese sources. After a period of intermittent Chinese influence, Khotan could be described as "a pleasant and prosperous kingdom, with a numerous and flourishing population" by the Chinese pilgrim Fa-hsien, who arrived in Khotan about AD 400 on his way to India in search of Buddhist scriptures. The local literature of Khotan is wholly Buddhist but is not confined to translations of Buddhist texts. It is as a consequence of the reassertion of Chinese power in the Tarim basin under the T'ang dynasty. Even more widely scattered throughout Central Asia than the Sakas were the Iranian-speaking people known as Sogdian.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Volume 3: The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanid Periods, Part 1
  • Edited by E. Yarshater
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054942
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521200929
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Bailey, H. W., Khotanese texts, vols 1–5. Cambringe, 1945–63.
Bailey, H. W., Khotanese Buddhist texts. London, 1951.
Bailey, H. W., “Languages of the Saka”, in Iranistik 1, Linguistik (Leiden, 1958) (HO I. IV. I).
Barthold, W., Turkestan down to the Mongol invasion, 3rd ed. London, 1968 (E. J. W. Gibb Memorial, n.s. v).
Beal, S., Si-yu-ki. Buddhist records of the western world, vols 1–2. London, 1884.
Beal, S., The Life of Hiuen-tsiang. London, 1888.
Boyce, M., A catalogue of the Iranian manuscripts in Manichean script in the German Turfan collection. Berlin, 1960.
Chavannes, É Documents sur les Tou-kiue (Turcs) occidentaux. St Petersburg, 1903; repr. Paris, udated.
Chavannes, É and Pelliot, P.Un traité manichéen retrouvé en Chine”, Journal Asiatique (Paris) 1913.
Eberhard, W.The leading families of ancient Tun-huang”, Sinologica IV (Basle, 1956).
Emmerick, R. E., The Book of Zambasta (Oxford, 1968).
Emmerick, R. E. Tibetan texts concerning Khotan. Oxford, 1967.
Giles, L. Six centuries at Tunhuang, London, 1944.
Giles, L. The travels of Fa-hsien, Cambridge 1923; repr. London, 1956.
Giles, L.A Topographical Fragment from Tunhuang”, BSOS VII (1933–5).
Giles, L.A census of Tun-huang”, T'oung Pao XVI (1915).
Hambis, L. Toumchouq, vol. II, Paris, 1964.
Hamilton, J. R. Les Ouïghours à époque des cinq dynasties d'aprés les documents chinois. Paris, 1955.
Hansen, O.Zur soghdischen Inschrift auf dem dreisprachigen Denkmal von Karabalgasun’, Journal de la Société finno-ougrienne XLIV.3 (Helsinki, 1930).
Henning, W. B.Mitteliranisch”.
Henning, W. B. Sogdica. London, 1940.
Henning, W. B.The date of the Sogdian Ancient Letters’. Bulletin of the School of Oriental (and African) Studies (University of London) XII (1947–8).
Ikeda, On . “A Sogdian colony at Tunhuang in the mid-eighth century”, in Eurasian Bunkakenkyo (Tokyo, 1965).
Konow, S.Ein neuer Saka-Dialekt”, Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen (Deutschen) Akademie der Wissenschaften (Phil. Hist. Klasse) (Berlin) 1935.
Konow, S.The oldest dialect of Khotanese Saka”, Norsk Tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap XIV (Oslo, 1947).
Legge, J. A Record of Buddhistic kingdoms. Oxford 1886; repr. New York, 1965.
Lévi, S.Le Tokharien”, Journal Asiatique (Paris) 1933.
Lévi, S. Fragments de textes Koutchéens. Paris, 1933 (Cahiers de la Société Asiatique 2).
Mau-tsai, Liu . Die chinesischen Nachrichten zur Geschichte der Ost-Türken (T'u-küe). Wiesbaden, 1958 (Göttinger Asiatische Forschungen 10).
Minorsky, V. (tr.) Ḥudūd al-'ālam. London, 1937 (E. J. W. Gibb Memorial, n.s. 11).
Moule, A. C. Christians in China before the year 1550. London, 1930.
Moule, A. C. Nestorians in China, Some additions and corrections. London, 1940.
Moule, A. C. Quinsai. Cambridge, 1957.
Müller, F. W. K.Die ‘persischen’ Kalenderausdrūcke im chinesischen Tripitaka”, Sitzungsberichte der Preussischen (Deutschen) Akademie der Wissenschaften (Phil. Hist. Klasse) (Berlin) 1907.
Pelliot, P. Notes on Marco Polo, vol. 1, Paris, 1959; vol. 11, Paris, 1963.
Pelliot, P. Histoire ancienne du Tibet. Paris, 1961.
Pulleyblank, E. G., “The date of the Stael-Holstein roll”, Asia Major iv (1954).
Pulleyblank, E. G. The background of the rebellion of An Lu-shan. Oxford, 1955.
Pulleyblank, E. G.A Sogdian colony in Inner Mongolia”, T'oung Pao XLI (1952).
Rémusat, A. Histoire de la ville de Khotan. Paris, 1820.
Rostovtzeff, M., Iranians and Greeks in South Russia (Oxford, 1922).
Schafer, E. H.Iranian merchants in T'ang dynasty tales”, in Fischel, W. J. (ed.), Semitic and Oriental studies presented to W. Popper (Berkeley-Los Angeles, 1951).
Stein, M. A. Ancient Khotan, 2 vols. Oxford, 1907.
Stein, M. A. Innermost Asia, 4 vols. Oxford, 1928.
Stein, M. A. Serindia, 5 vols. Oxford, 1921.
Thomas, F. W. Tibetan literary texts and documents concerning Chinese Turkestan, vol 1. London, 1935.
Thomas, F. W.Sino-Kharo⊡ṭhī coins”, Numismatic Chronicle (London) IV (1944).
Thomas, F. W. and Konow, S. Two medieval documents from Tun-huang. Oslo, 1929.
von Le Coq, A. Chotscho. Berlin, 1913.