Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 1968
  • Online publication date: March 2008


Old mine-workings have long been known in many provinces of Iran. Traces of gold in alluvium or quartz veins have been recorded, and minerals yielding silver, lead, zinc, and copper are widely but sparingly distributed. This chapter presents a description of several minerals and metals along with their mine-locations in Iran such as coal, iron, copper, lead-zinc, chromite, bauxite, molybdenum, arsenic, antimony, fluorspar. Coal is an obvious alternative to charcoal, and for a considerable time coal has been dug in the mountains north of Tehrān. Iron ore deposits have been observed in many parts of the country, most of them between the southern slopes of the Alburz system and the Volcanic belt, especially somewhat north-east of the limits of the Volcanic belt. References to fluorspar are made in the record of some of the lead-zinc workings, such as the one at Mīkhās near Qazvin where quartz, calcite and fluor are vein minerals.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054928
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Beckett, P. H. T.Coal deposits near Kirman, south Persia.” Econ. Geol. vol. LI.
Böhne, E.Die Steinkohlenvorkommen Persiens.” Z. Prakt. Geol. vol. XL. 1932.
Diehl, E.Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Erzfundstellen Irans.” Schweiz Miner. Petrogr. Mitt. vol. XXIV. 1944.
Huckriede, R., Kürsten, M. and Venzlaff, H.Zur Geologie des Gebietes zwischen Kerman und Sagand (Iran).” Beih. geol. Jb. vol. LI. 1962.
Ladame, G.Les resources metallifères de l'lran.” Schweiz. Miner. Petrogr. Mitt. vol. XXV. 1945.
Overseas, Geol . Survey, Min. Resources Division. Statist. Summ. Miner. Ind. 1955–1960. London, 1962.
Stahl, A. F. Persien Handb. reg. Geol. vol. VI, no. 8, 1911.
Tipper, G. H.Geology and mineral resources of eastern Persia.” Rec. geol. Surv. India, vol. LIII. 1928.
Walther, H. W.Orogen-Structur und Metalverteilung im östlichen Zagros (Sudost-Iran).” Geol. Rdsch. vol. L. 1960.
Walther, H. W. and Wirtz, D.Geologie und Lagerstätten in sudost Iran.” Z. dt. geol. Ges. vol. III. 1960.