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  • Cited by 2
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Naymark, Aleksandr 2016. The Coinage of Nakhshab during the First-Fourth Centuries ce. Towards a New Systematization of Sogdian Coinages and the Political History of Sogd during Antiquity. Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology, Vol. 7, Issue. , p. 55.

    Lerner, Jeffrey D. 2012. The Encyclopedia of Ancient History.

  • Print publication year: 1983
  • Online publication date: March 2008


Transoxiana was the largest country outside the limits of Iran proper that was from early times inhabited by Iranian peoples - either as settled agriculturists, include the Sogdians and the Chorasmians or as nomads. When, after the victorious march across Asia, Alexander's army encountered stubborn resistance in Transoxiana and became bogged down there for over two years, the Greeks could regard only Bactria as conquered, and felt their position on the far side of the Oxus to be precarious. The Great Yiieh-chih were undoubtedly the dominant political power in a considerable area of Transoxiana in the 2nd and 1st centuries BC. Connected with them also was a political event of crucial significance for the whole of the Middle East - the rise of the Kushan kingdom as a result of the elevation of the Yue-chi tribe of Kwei-shwang and their subjection of the other four tribes.
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The Cambridge History of Iran
  • Volume 3: The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanid Periods, Part 1
  • Edited by E. Yarshater
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054942
  • Book DOI:
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