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    Northcote, Jeremy 2004. The Schematic Development of Old Testament Chronography: Towards an Integrated Model. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 3.

  • Print publication year: 1984
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - Calendars and chronology

The Babylonian conquest changed both the civil calendar and the reckoning of years in Judea. The regnal years, however, must differ from the fixed civil years. From 200 BCE, the official reckoning in Jerusalem was that of the Seleucid dynasty that is, the continuous numbering of the regnal years of Seleucus I, even after his death. With the Babylonian domination came also the Babylonian calendar and the Babylonian names of the months, first attested in Zech. The Babylonian calendar, like the biblical one, was lunisolar, and in both calendars the beginning of a month depended on the observation of the new crescent. The calendar situation in the Roman province of Judea, before and after the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE remains obscure. The Julian solar year became accepted in the whole Roman Levant, often without change in month names. The author of Jubilees, writing about 200 BCE, compiled a biblical chronology based on Jubilee and sabbatical year periods.
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