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    Dombrowski, Justin 2013. The Encyclopedia of Ancient History.

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  • Print publication year: 1984
  • Online publication date: March 2008

2 - Numismatics

from INTRODUCTION
Summary
This chapter focusses on numismatics during various periods of Jewish history: Persian period, Alexander Janneus and Hellenistic dynasties, Hasmonean period, John Hyrcanus I and Herodian period. Since the eighteenth century the careful, scientific study of ancient Palestinian coinage struck by both Jewish and non-Jewish authorities has been recognized as an adjunct to the study of classical Jewish history. The Phoenician coins found in Palestine were minted in the first place in Sidon and also in Tyre. Many of the Ptolemaic coins found in Palestine were minted in Alexandria, though there is significant coinage from other mints in the Ptolemaic empire. The suppression of the two great Jewish revolts in Palestine changed the ethnography of the land and shifted the balance in favour of the non-Jewish elements. The production of coinage was now restricted to a number of official mints and the currency in use in Palestine consisted of coins provided by a number of these production centres.
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