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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

4 - Paraguay since 1930

In 1930, Paraguay was on the verge of a major upheaval. Paraguay and Bolivia went to war in July 1932, a month before Ayala took office. The Chaco War was the bloodiest war in modern Latin American history. Moreover, it left both sides financially exhausted. Franco promised that his government would institute sweeping changes favouring the popular classes, ignored for so long by the Liberal governments. The new laws and institutions were never put into effect and tested since the government of the February Revolution was overthrown by a Liberal-inspired counter-revolution within eighteen months. With the Liberals and febreristas in exile, and the Colorados withdrawn once more into sullen non-participation, Morinigo was obliged to rely primarily on the military. The Colorados nominates Alfredo Stroessner for president and Mendez would regain his control over the distribution of favours as head of the Central Bank. So began the rule of Stroessner, which Paraguayans came to call the stronato.
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The Cambridge History of Latin America
  • Volume 8: Latin America since 1930: Spanish South America
  • Edited by Leslie Bethell
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055246
  • Book DOI:
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