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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: May 2011

38 - Olympiodorus

from VI - Late Platonism
Olympiodorus' surviving commentaries are all apo phones, i.e. lecture notes by students. There are commentaries on two works of Aristotle and three Platonic dialogues. The Vaticanus Urbinas graecus 35 has preserved excerpts from a commentary on Aristotle's De interpretatione in the form of scholia. Scholars in the past have often belittled Olympiodorus' philosophical acumen and exegetical skills. There are commentaries on two works of Aristotle and three Platonic dialogues. Olympiodorus follows Ammonius in emphasizing the harmony between Aristotle and his master. Olympiodorus' Alcibiades shows that people are rational souls making use of the body as an instrument. It draws on a commentary by Damascius and, probably through the latter, on Proclus. Olympiodorus' Commentary on the Gorgias is the only surviving commentary on this work. It often refers to Ammonius' interpretations. The Gorgias commentary contains an interesting criticism of astrology, which, however, does not amount to an outright rejection.
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The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity
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