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    Miller, Timothy D. 2008. Desgabets on Cartesian Minds. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Vol. 16, Issue. 4, p. 723.


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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

9 - Individuation

from II - Logic, language, and abstract objects
Summary
Seventeenth-century philosophers discussed several related questions under the heading individuation, although they did not always distinguish clearly between them. This chapter examines four of these questions. The main scholastic theories concerning individuation were drawn together and discussed in detail towards the end of the sixteenth century in the fifth of Francisco Suárez's fifty-four Disputationes metaphysicae. Descartes assumes that there is a plurality of individual human souls. Each individual human self, he states, has an immediate awareness of its own thinking and thus its own existence. Locke argued on the basis of his atomism that the complex of accidents relevant to individuation would have to be reduced to those of spatio-temporal location. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's philosophy as a whole is often characterised as individualism. The individual substance, or monad, as he called it in his later writings, was certainly a main focus of his philosophical thinking.
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The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055451
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521307635
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Boyle Robert, The Origine of Formes and Qualities (1666), in Boyle 1979.
Boyle Some Physico-Theological Considerations about the Possibility of the Resurrection (1675), in 1979.
Bruno De la causa, principio et uno (Bruno 1973; English translation Bruno 1976).
Clauberg Elementa philosophia sive ontosophia first appeared in 1647
Clauberg Opera omnia philosophica (Clauberg 1691)).
Cordemoy Six discours sur la distinction et l'union du corps et de l'âme, Cordemoy 1968.
Garber Daniel argues that in the Discours de métaphysique (1686)
Leibniz Remarques sur la Lettre de M. Arnaud’ (Ger. II 42 [Leibniz 1967]).
Leibniz Remarques sur la Lettre de M. Arnaud’ (Ger. II 43 [Leibniz 1967]).
Locke distinguishes not between the Extrinsecal Marks and Signes by which we may know the Distinction of Individuals, and what Intrinsecally and Essentially constitutes or makes them different Things’ (Sergeant 1697)).
Scotus Quanestiones quodlibetales, 2.16 (Scotus Duns 1968, 1975).
Sergeant Their Individuation must be presuppos'd to Existence; and so, cannot depend on it as on its Principle.’ 1700
Kenelm DigbySir, Observations upon Religio Medici, 1643.
St. Thomas Metaphysics, Bk. V, lesson 8, commentary 876 (Thomas Aquinas 1950, 1961).
Timpler Metaphysicae systema methodicum, which first appeared in Steinfurt in 1604 (Freedman 1988, vol. I).