Skip to main content
×
Home
The Cambridge History of Turkey
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 3
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    2016. Glauben im Hinterland. p. 550.

    Moudouros, Nikos 2016. Between anti-Westernization and Islamism: Turkey’s ‘Islamic’ vision in Cyprus?. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 317.


    Matthee, Rudi 2015. The Decline of Safavid Iran in Comparative Perspective. Journal of Persianate Studies, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 276.


    ×
  • Volume 3: The Later Ottoman Empire, 1603–1839
  • Edited by Suraiya N. Faroqhi, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munchen

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge History of Turkey
    • Online ISBN: 9781139054119
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Volume 3 of The Cambridge History of Turkey traces the history of the later Ottoman Empire from the death of Mehmed III in 1603 to the proclamation of the tanzimat, the administrative reconstruction of the Ottoman state, in 1839. This was a period of relative stability when trade between the empire and Europe flourished and, wartime apart, merchants and pilgrims travelled in relative security. However, despite the emphasis on the sultan's role as defender of the faithful and of social order, tensions did exist between the ruling elite in Istanbul and their provincial subjects. This theme is central to the volume. Other sections focus on religious and political groups, women, trade, rural life and, importantly, music, art and architecture. The history emphasises the political, cultural and artistic accomplishments of the Ottomans in the post-classical period, thus challenging traditional notions that this was a period of stagnation.

Reviews

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
  • 1 - Introduction
    pp 1-17
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.002
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This introductory chapter provides an overview of the key themes discussed in the book. The study of provincial history has permitted us to reassess the operation of Ottoman state and society as a whole. It is useful for historians of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to link up with ethnologists, an approach that has proved fruitful to Europeanist historians but has so far been shunned by scholars concerned with the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire appears as a solid land mass, which is true enough but not the whole story: after all, the sultans did, with some justification, claim to reign over both land and sea. The sociopolitical system of Ottoman Empire had put down deep roots in most of the territories governed by the sultans, whose subjects profited from the precarious situation in their commercial dealings. An interesting feature of eighteenth-century provincial building was the inclination of certain patrons to revive elements of local pre-Ottoman traditions.
  • 2 - Ecology of the Ottoman lands
    pp 18-43
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.003
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter deals with the centuries of long-term contraction and stagnation of the Ottoman Empire, following the splendid period of Süleyman the Lawgiver (1520-66). It considers how the empire fitted into the physical landscape, and which political and social developments in the course of time changed the appearance of the various lands under Ottoman rule. The chapter discusses mutating patterns of settlement and rural production, and their 18 effects on the landscape, and attempts to establish why they occurred. It also includes natural events such as the plague, which, however, had only indirect influence on the economic potential of the Ottoman state. Climatic reasons are frequently held responsible for the stagnation and occasional decline in population after about 1600. Çiftliks dominance in the basins favourable to agriculture had important consequences, determining the distribution of settlements for centuries ahead. Among the results of the Ottoman occupation there were remarkable ethnic changes, especially on the Balkans and in the Pannonian basin.
  • 3 - Political and diplomatic developments
    pp 44-62
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.004
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter argues for a history of the Ottoman Empire narrated as transformations that allow for the simultaneity of conflicting tendencies, and in which external forces and internal dynamics both have their places. Seen in this perspective, Ottoman history is as much part of Western history. Social, cultural and provincial history have become prominent; by contrast, matters of philological interest and political history have receded into the background, and only in very recent years has a reintegration of political and social history been attempted. Large-scale rebellions in Anatolia marked the end of the rural prosperity and relative peace so crucial for the well-being of an agricultural empire. The period between the death of Süleyman the Magnificent in 1566 and the ascendancy of the Köprülü household in 1656 has been characterised as the 'Age of the Queen Mother'. Murad IV tried to control the social forces that formed the basis of his political power by imposing strict control.
  • 4 - Political culture and the great households
    pp 63-80
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.005
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Understanding Ottoman political culture in the period 1603-1789 requires examining change governmental system, abuses and reflections on what to do about them, the rise of competing elite households within the state-as-household, and the post-1789 return towards centralisation. The period from 1603 to 1838 was one of crisis and change for all elements of the government. First among them, the sultan had historically been a warrior-patriarch ruling a state seen as a single patrimonial household. After 1600, Ottoman thinkers continued to add to the Islamic political-philosophical tradition. This chapter talks about the household factionalism of the era in which the treatises were produced. The social setting of greatest political significance was the great household. The old vision of the state as the sultan's all-inclusive household yielded to one in which there were 'slaves of the slaves' of the sultan and many households within his.
  • 5 - War and peace
    pp 81-117
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.006
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter emphasises changing techniques, primarily of continental warfare in a comparative context, including a description of the campaigns which serve as signposts in that regard; and concepts and tools of diplomacy. It highlights significant treaties, and alterations to Ottoman diplomatic strategy. The chapter also discusses political and social effects of military defeat, which by the end of the period under discussion were profound enough to encourage nineteenth-century reformers to reconstruct the empire along western European absolutist lines. Between 1650 and 1800, European warfare altered in ways that are still the subject of debate, but which seem to have radically changed the face of war as well as the government organisation and financing required to maintain a continual cycle of violence and control over local populations. A temporary peace had been drawn up in 1736, the Ottomans anticipating a campaign with Russia, and Nadir Shah, was diverted to India.
  • 6 - Public finances: the role of the Ottoman centre
    pp 118-132
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.007
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In the first half of the seventeenth century the Ottoman central finance department faced and met the challenge of altering the taxation system to a cash basis, although it was not able to solve the deficit problem until the eighteenth century. The department also attempted to control tax-farming centrally through appointing governmental and military personnel as mültezims, allowing central appointments to supersede local ones, and intensifying the inspection of records and operations. To control the amounts collected, the finance department gave tax-collectors and mültezims copies of the survey registers and audited their books when collection was completed. By adapting time-honoured procedures to new situations, and by maintaining the peasants' productive capacity through its judgments, the finance department supported the legitimacy of the state and its procedures in a time of turmoil and change. Through the device of tax-farming, Ottoman tax collection was monetarised in advance of the stabilisation of the coinage or the full monetarisation of the economy.
  • 7 - The Ottoman centre versus provincial power-holders: an analysis of the historiography
    pp 133-156
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.008
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Well into the 1970s the historiography of the Ottoman provinces allocated an inordinate amount of space to the spectacular rise and occasional rebellions of the seventeenth- and eighteenth-century provincial power elite. The Ottoman conquest and control of vast territories depended to a large degree on the ability of the government to forge alliances with local power elites. Attempting to identify and categorise the provincial power-holders of the Ottoman Empire is a challenging undertaking. This is partly due to the fluidity of the borders between those who held formal administrative positions, such as members of the military and judiciary establishment on the one hand, and those who could wield influence through their positions within local society, known loosely as the ayan, on the other. The Ottoman government's views of local power-holders were at best ambivalent. Until the 1980s the historiography of the Ottoman Empire had emphasized the often conflict-ridden quality of relations between the central state and the provincial elites.
  • 8 - Semi-autonomous provincial forces in the Balkans and Anatolia
    pp 157-185
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.009
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In the Ottoman Empire, some degree of communal autonomy was conducive to the emergence of local leadership. The beginnings of semi-autonomous provincial forces in the Ottoman Empire were embedded in a rather traditional matrix. In other words, these forces functioned not much differently from the so-called 'thematic' archontes of the late Byzantine period. Within Ottoman studies this significant shift in centre-periphery relations has not gone unnoticed, although the focus has been primarily on the Muslim notables, especially the ayan, whereas their non-Muslim peers, archontes and kocabaşis, have been rather neglected. It seems that the Ottoman Balkans at least experienced a demographic contraction during the seventeenth century. Efforts to reassert imperial rule during the subsequent decades hardly eased tensions. Quite to the contrary, disturbances caused by pastoral groups in Anatolia and Syria, who defied enforced sedentarisation, or rebellions in the Balkans by semi-military groups such as martolos, voynuk and derbendci, who feared the loss of fiscal privileges, contributed greatly to insecurity in the countryside.
  • 9 - Semi-autonomous forces in the Arab provinces
    pp 186-206
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.010
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Given the diversity in conditions that existed in the Arab provinces, the local forces making for autonomy differed widely in their origins. Nonetheless, every Arab province witnessed the rise of political movements or personalities who challenged the sultan's monopoly of power in the eighteenth century. The origins of those elites are divided into four broad categories: tribal/clan-based groups; neo-Mamluks; Ottoman military forces; and the local ayan, or urban notables. Throughout the Ottoman period geographical Syria and northern Iraq were linked both culturally and economically. They also shared similar political experiences. Three major caravan cities, Aleppo, Damascus and Mosul, dominated the region and after some initial indecision, the Ottomans created three provinces, centred on each. In 1260 soldiers of slave origin seized control of Egypt and instituted a radically different kind of dynastic succession than any previously known in Muslim lands.
  • 10 - The Ottoman ulema
    pp 207-225
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.011
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In the Ottoman Empire, as in Islamic states before it, the ulema occupied a singular place among the exemplars of faith and pious tradition: the ulema were viewed as the heirs of the Prophet, the repositories of the holy law. Efforts by the state to rein in the ulema's capacity for independent action, and the religious institution's own urge to autonomy, are recurring themes in Ottoman history. From the end of the sixteenth century, the ulema as an institution, the ilmiye as it was called, was subjected to the economic and demographic pressures that impelled others of the central elites to protect their privileged status against new claimants. Until the eighteenth century, class-based patrimonialism in the ilmiye had been gaining ground only episodically. The indulgence of aristocratic ilmiye leadership in the eighteenth century coincided with broad shifts in Ottoman statecraft and the regime's consequently greater reliance on the several roles of the ulema.
  • 11 - Muslim women in the early modern era
    pp 226-255
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.012
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century literary representations of Ottoman women occur in variant Eastern and Western forms. Sexuality was not a fit topic for polite Ottoman conversation, but it was a salient feature of Ottoman political and social governance. As for the role of polygamy and slave concubinage in Ottoman women's history, many travellers can be faulted for overstating the incidence of those practices in the population at large. Ordinary women as well as women of the elites not only possessed moveable and immoveable property in appreciable amounts, but actively tended to their property rights. Women's social latitude was conditioned on their place in the family and household. The central social fact in the lives of women and men in Ottoman society of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was family, or, more accurately, was still family. Family households were anything but stable. Muslim women are particularly called to account for sartorial and behavioural transgressions.
  • 12 - The Ottoman Jews
    pp 256-271
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.013
  • View abstract
    Summary
    From the early eighteenth century to the 1880s, the stream of Jews from the lands of Christendom to the Ottoman Empire dried up completely. The Ottoman state was first and foremost a Muslim state, based on the teachings of Islam. The sultan's authority, and the importance of the Ottoman Empire in the life of its Jewish subjects, were perceived in the seventeenth century as an incontrovertible fact. At the time of arrival the Jewish immigrants were considered an economic asset to the empire, because of the new skills they brought with them as well as their economic ties with their countries of origin. The Ottoman Jewish family adopted many of the values of the Ottoman Muslim family. From all perspectives the 1600s and 1700s were the most 'Ottoman' centuries for the Jews of the empire. Yet it was the Jewish community's success in integrating within the Ottoman order that diminished its ability to contribute something new to the ambient society.
  • 13 - Christians in a changing world
    pp 272-280
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.014
  • View abstract
    Summary
    The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries witnessed the intense political struggle that created the millets wherein religious identity for many of the empire's Christians became contested and was ultimately rearticulated. The Christians of the Asian and African provinces who were neither Orthodox nor Armenians, Copts, Jacobites, Maronites and Nestorians, were officially placed under the political, if not spiritual, direction of the Armenian patriarch although that authority was typically exercised only in the defence of traditionalist clergy against Catholic sympathisers. The emergence of the millet system lay in the ambitions of the Orthodox Ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople to secure his authority over all the Orthodox faithful in the sultan's realm, called simply, if somewhat ambiguously, the Rum in Ottoman Turkish. In the sixteenth century, the Orthodox patriarchs of Constantinople had been open to contact with Latin Catholics in the capital, but attitudes changed as the number of Catholic clergy in the empire increased and their actions became more aggressive.
  • 14 - Capitulations and Western trade
    pp 281-335
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.015
  • View abstract
    Summary
    A general evaluation of Western trade in the Ottoman Empire during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries is bound to consist of half-measures and half-truths. Throughout the fifteenth century, the capitulatory regime had remained an Italian affair, with successive confirmations of the documents granted to the Genoese and the Venetians, and their eventual extension to the Florentines under Mehmed II, and to the Neapolitans under Bayezid II. Throughout the 1700s French trade rose steadily: from some 10-15 million livres tournois at the beginning of the century to almost 50 million at the end. Independently of the vicissitudes of the commercial, economic and political conjunctures, the tone had been set for what was to come in the nineteenth century. The Ottoman economy and its major actors, even if they occasionally felt threatened by the growing presence of Western traders, had, until the nineteenth century, enough leeway to navigate between a multitude of actions and reactions, ranging from outright resistance to temporary collaboration.
  • 15 - Guildsmen and handicraft producers
    pp 336-355
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.016
  • View abstract
    Summary
    This chapter discusses the condition of Ottoman artisans. Handicraft producers were linked to each other, and also to their suppliers, wholesalers and ultimate consumers, by a variety of social, political and 'economic' ties. Common purchasing by means of guild officers enhanced the guildsmen's bargaining power vis-à-vis peasant producers and, whenever semi-finished goods were needed, other craftsmen as well. From the second half of the seventeenth century onward, Muslim artisans frequently joined the military corps stationed in their places of residence, which by this influx became paramilitary, militia-like organisations. The participation of artisans in festivals organised by the Ottoman palace was probably less burdensome than logistical support for the army or navy on campaign, or actual military service. The crucial topic in the history of late Ottoman guilds is the gedik. This term has two distinct meanings: the right to follow one's trade in a given locale; and, the implements and raw materials needed to pursue the trade in question.
  • 16 - Declines and revivals in textile production
    pp 356-375
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.017
  • View abstract
    Summary
    For some of the better-known branches of Ottoman textile production, the early seventeenth century was a period of difficulties. On the supply side, Iranian silk, as yet the principal raw material in the manufacture of Bursa silk stuffs, had become more expensive, due to increasing English and Italian demand. Difficulties connected with the growth of raw material exports were also experienced in the cotton industry. High-quality Indian cottons competed with silk, while more modest customers might wear quilted garments stuffed with cotton wool as a convenient substitute for woollens. Economic factors apart, seventeenth-century political problems aggravated the difficulties of Ottoman textile producers. In the early eighteenth century, Indian prints which had reached Ottoman markets by way of Jiddah or Basra occasionally figure among the fabrics exported by French merchants, and the same applies to Iranian cotton prints. Viewed from the manufacturers' angle, textile producers adapted quite rapidly to the falling away of the luxury market, and built up alternative clienteles.
  • 17 - Rural life
    pp 376-390
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.018
  • View abstract
    Summary
    Many regions of the Ottoman Empire contained substantial proportions of nomads and semi-nomads, whose modes of life were extremely diverse. In consequence, many former nomads and semi-nomads abandoned their settlements, and in the absence of other means of livelihood, frequently robbed villagers and caravans. Before about 1980 scholars often linked the emergence of landholdings in non-peasant hands to expanding export markets. The Ottoman central administration never recognised the debasement of peasant status in law, but regarded it as an abuse to be remedied whenever possible. The extent of rural craft production remains unclear; but it seems that in the narrower sense of the term that is the replacement of agriculture by a craft as the principal source of income for a village community, proto-industry remained limited to few places. In other parts of the eighteenth-century empire, agricultural products were sold by local magnates, who had acquired them as part of the peasant taxes they had farmed from the central treasury.
  • 18 - The Ottoman musical tradition
    pp 391-407
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.019
  • View abstract
    Summary
    An original and synthetic Ottoman musical tradition took shape only after the Empire had achieved its maximum extent and reached the zenith of its political power. In stark contrast to the overwhelming importance of the written word in other areas of Ottoman culture and in the polity at large, Ottoman/Turkish traditional music was always taught and transmitted orally. In contrast to the antecedent musical traditions, Ottoman/Turkish music of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was no longer the preserve of an urban professional elite. Nor, as we have seen, was the court the only centre of music-making. Ottoman/Turkish music was essentially a 'chamber music' in terms both of general performance styles and of the number of performers usually involved in various ensembles. The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries span a crucial period in the long, creative and heterogeneous history of Ottoman/Turkish art music. For the 'golden age', so to speak, of the Ottoman/Turkish musical tradition was indeed the nineteenth century.
  • 19 - Arts and architecture
    pp 408-480
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.020
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In the Ottoman architecture of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the survival of established conventions was accompanied by the development of new elements and combinations of motifs. The sudden end of miniature production in Baghdad must have been brought about by turmoil in the area after a partial Iranian blockade of the city in 1605 and a rising of the Shiites in Karbala. Artistic patronage also receded in seventeenth-century Istanbul, if not as abruptly as in Baghdad; this phenomenon remains unexplored in its wider dimensions. The appearance of album paintings in the early 1600s may indicate that patronage for more encompassing projects was currently unavailable. Among the noted illustrated manuscripts of the early seventeenth century one can still find representatives of the Ottoman historical tradition. The most innovative part of the vast complex and one of the most exquisite examples of Ottoman secular architecture is the royal pavilion, built over a high and deep arch abutting the mosque.
  • 20 - Ottoman literature
    pp 481-520
  • https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521620956.021
  • View abstract
    Summary
    In the eighteenth century one supposedly encounters a widespread dissolution or degeneration of the established literary forms, a process that announced the profound changes in mentality, form, genre and topic that were to characterise Ottoman literature in the nineteenth century. By comparison with earlier and later periods, Ottoman literature of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries presents some peculiar problems. Especially during the sixteenth century, one of the most important and striking changes experienced by the Turkish language involved the massive entry of Arabic and Persian words. An interesting indicator of the change of linguistic taste among educated seventeenth-century Ottomans is the recasting of older texts by the writer Cevrî. Until writers made contact with European literary forms in the nineteenth century, prose definitely took second place to poetry, and emphasis moreover was on style rather than on content. This chapter discusses two prose works, the ten-volume travel account of Evliyâ Çelebi and the Muhayyelât-i ledünn-i ilâhî of 'Azîz Efendi.
Bibliography
Ĭlgürel Mücteba, ‘Balıkesir’de âyânlık mücadelesi’, Tarih Enstitüsü Dergisi 3 (1972), 63–74
Abdal-Rehim Abdal-Rahman Abdal-Rehim, ‘The Family and Gender Laws in Egypt during the Ottoman Period’, in Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira, Syracuse, 1996, pp. 96–111
Abdel Nour Antoine, Introduction à l’histoire urbaine de la Syrie ottomane (XVIe–XVIIIe siècle), Beirut, 1982
Abdülkadir Efendi, Topçular kâtibi Abdülkâdir (Kadrî) Efendi tarihi (metin ve tahlîl), 2 vols., ed. Yılmazer Ziya, Ankara, 2003
Abdulkadiroğlu Abdulkerim, Bursalı İsmail Beliğ, Ankara, 1985
Abdullah Thabit, Merchant, Mamluks, and Murder: The Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth Century Basra, Albany, 2001
Abdullah Yenişehirli, Behçet el-fetava, Istanbul, 1266/1849
Abou-El-Haj Ali Rifaჯat, ‘Ottoman Diplomacy at Karlowitz’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 87, 4 (1967), 498–512
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, ‘Ottoman Attitudes Toward Peace-Making: The Karlowitz Case’, Der Islam 51 (1974), 131–7
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, ‘The Formal Closure of the Ottoman Frontier in Europe: 1699– 1703’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 89 (1969), 467–75
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, ‘The Ottoman Nasihat name as a Discourse over “Morality”’, Mélanges Robert Mantran (Revue d’Histoire Maghrebine) 47–8 (December 1987), 17–30
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, ‘The Ottoman Vezir and Paşa Households 1683–1703: A Preliminary Report’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 94 (1974), 438–47
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, Formation of the Modern State: The Ottoman Empire, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries, Albany, 1991
Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat Ali, The 1703 Rebellion and the Structure of Ottoman Politics, Istanbul and Leiden, 1984
Abu-Husayn Abdul-Rahim, ‘Problems in the Ottoman Administration in Syria during the 16th and 17th Centuries: The Case of the Sanjak of Sidon-Beirut’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 24 (1992), 665–75
Abu-Husayn Abdul-Rahim, Provincial Leaderships in Syria, 1575–1650, Beirut, 1985
Abul’afia Hayim, Hanan Elohim, Izmir, 1736
Abun-Nasr Jamil, A History of the Maghrib, Cambridge, 1975
Abu–Manneh Butrus, ‘The Husaynis: The Rise of a Notable Family in 18th Century Palestine’, in Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political, Social and Economic Transformation, ed. Kushner David, Jerusalem, 1986, pp. 93–108
Adanir Fikret, ‘The Ottoman Peasantries, c. 1360–c. 1860’, in The Peasantries of Europe from the Fourteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries, ed. Scott Tom, London and New York, 1998, pp. 269–310
Adanir Fikret, ‘Tradition and Rural Change in Southeastern Europe During Ottoman Rule’, in The Origins of Backwardness in Eastern Europe, ed. Chirot Daniel, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1989, pp. 131–76
Aghassian Michel and Kévonian Kéram, ‘Le commerce arménien dans l’Océan indien aux 17e et 18e siècles’, in Marchands et hommes d’affaires asiatiques dans l’Océan indien et la mer de Chine: 13e–20e siècles, ed. Lombard Denys and Aubin Jean, Paris, 1988, pp. 155–81
Agmon Iris, ‘Women, Class, and Gender: Muslim Jaffa and Haifa at the Turn of the Twentieth Century’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 30 (1998), 477–500
Ágoston Gábor, ‘Ottoman Artillery and European Military Technology in the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Centuries’, Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 47 (1994), 15–48
Ágoston Gábor, ‘Ottoman Warfare in Europe 1453–1826’, in European Warfare 1453–1815, ed. Black Jeremy, Basingstoke, 1999, pp. 118–44 and 262–3
Ágoston Gábor, Guns for the Sultan: Military Power and the Weapons Inudstry in the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, 2005
Ahıshalı Recep, Osmanlı devlet teşkilatında reisülküttâblık, XVIII. yüzyıl, Istanbul, 2001
Ahmed Leila, Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate, New Haven, 1992
Aigen Wolffgang, Sieben Jahrein Aleppo (1656–1663):Ein Abschnitt aus den ‘Reiβ-Beschreibungen’ des Wolffgang Aigen, ed. Tietze Andreas, Vienna, 1980
Akalay Zeren, ‘XVI. yüzyıl nakkaşlarından Hasan Paşa ve eserleri’, in I. Milletlerarası Türkoloji Kongresi, ed. Dursun Yıldız Hakkı, Şadi Erdinç Erol and Eraslan Kemal, Istanbul, 1979, pp. 607–26
Akalın Şehabeddin, ‘Mimar Dalgıç Ahmed Paşa’, Tarih Dergisi 9 (1958), 71–80
Akarlı Engin, ‘Gedik: Implements, Mastership, Shop Usufruct, and Monopoly among Istanbul Artisans, 1750–1850’, Wissenschaft skolleg-Jahrbuch (1984–5), 223–32
Akdağ Mustafa, Celâlî is yanları (1550–1603), Ankara, 1963
Akgündüz Ahmed, Islâm hukukunda kölelik-câriyelik müessesesive Osmanlı’da harem, 2nd edn, Istanbul, 1995
Akgündüz Ahmed, Osmanlı kanunnâmeleri ve hukukî tahlilleri, 9 vols., Istanbul, 1996
Akkaya Hüseyin, Nevres-i Kadîm ve Türkçe dîvân’ı: inceleme, tenkidli metin ve tıpkıbasım, vol. I, Cambridge, MA, 1995
Akok Mahmut, ‘Ağrı-Doğubeyazid’da İshak Paşa Sarayı rölöve ve mimarisi’, Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 10, 2 (1961), 30–48
Aksan Virginia H., ‘Feeding the Ottoman Troops on the Danube’, War and Society 13 (1995), 1–14
Aksan Virginia H., ‘Mutiny and the Eighteenth Century Ottoman Army’, Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 22, 1 (1998), 116–25
Aksan Virginia H., ‘Ottoman Political Writing, 1768–1808’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 25 (1993), 53–69
Aksan Virginia H., ‘Ottoman-French Relations 1738–1768’, in Studies on Ottoman Diplomatic History ed. Kuneralp Sinan, Istanbul, 1987, pp. 41–58
Aksan Virginia H., ‘The One-Eyed Fighting the Blind: Mobilization, Supply, and Command in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774’, International History Review 15 (1993), 221–38
Aksan Virginia H., ‘Whatever Happened to the Janissaries? Mobilization for the 1768–1774 Russo-Ottoman War’, War in History 5, 1 (1998), 23–36
Aksan Virginia H., An Ottoman Statesman in War and Peace: Ahmed Resmi Efendi 1700–1783, Leiden, 1995
Aksan Virginia, Ottoman Wars: An Empire Besieged 1700–1870, London, 2007.
Aksu Hüsamettin, ‘Tercüme-i Cifr (Cefr) el-Cami’ Tasvirleri’, in Yıldız Demiriz’e armağan, ed. Tanman M. Baha and Tükel Uşun, Istanbul, 2001, pp. 19–23
Aktepe Münir, ‘İstanbul nüfus meselesine dair bazı vesikalar’, Tarih Dergisi 9,13 (1958), 1–30
Aktepe Münir, Patrona isyanı (1730), Istanbul, 1958
Akün Ömer Faruk, ‘Divan edebiyatı’, TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi, Istanbul, 1994
al-Nabulsi Abd al-Ghani, al-Haqiqah wa al-majaz fi rihlat Bilad al-Sham wa Misr wa al-Hijaz, Damascus, 1989
Alexander John, Autocratic Politics in a National Crisis: The Imperial Russian Government and Pughachev’s Revolt, 1773–1775, Bloomington, 1969
Ali Abdullah Yusuf (trans.), The Holy Qur’an: Text, Translation and Commentary, New York, 1988
Alloula Malek, The Colonial Harem, Minneapolis, 1986
Altuğ İlknur, Nevşehir Damat İbrahim Paşa külliyesi, Ankara, 1992
Altun Kudret, Tezkire-i Mucîb: inceleme-tenkidli metin-dizin-sözlük, Ankara, 1997
Amarilio A. S., ‘Evrat Talmud Torah ha-Gadol be-Saloniqi’, Sefunot 13 (The Book of Greek Jewry 3) (1971–8), 273–308
Ambraseys Nicolas N. and Finkel Caroline, The Seismicity of Turkey and Adjacent Areas: A Historical Review, 1500–1800, Istanbul, 1995
Anadol Kemal, Nevşehir’de Damat İbrahim Paşa külliyesi, Istanbul, 1970
Anastasopoulos Antonis, ‘Lighting the Flame of Disorder: Ayan In fighting and State Intervention in Ottoman Karaferye, 1758–59’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 8, 1–2 (Spring 2002), 73–88
And Metin, ‘I. Abdülhamit’in Prusya elçisine armağan ettiği Osmanlı kıyafetler albümü’, Antik & Dekor 19 (1993), 20–3
And Metin, ‘Sanatçı cariyeler, yaratıcı Osmanlılar’, Sanat Dünyamız 73 (1999), 70–4
And Metin, ‘Varşova’da bir çarşı ressamı albümü’, Antik & Dekor 51 (1999), 62–7
And Metin, Minyatürlerle Osmanlı-İslâm mitologyası, Istanbul, 1998
And Metin, Osmanlı şenliklerinde Türk sanatları, Ankara, 1983
Andreev Stefan and Elena Grozdanova, Iz istorijata na rudarstvoto i metalurgijata v bӑlgarskite zemi prez XV–XIX vek, Sofia, 1993
Angold Michael, A Byzantine Government in Exile: Government and Society under the Laskarids of Nicaea, 1204–1261, London, 1975
Anhegger Robert, ‘Hezarfenn Hüseyin Efendi’nin Osmanlı devlet teşkilâtına dair mülâhazatı’, Türkiyat Mecmuası 10 (1951–3), 365–93
Anon. , Relation des deux rebellions arrivés à Constantinople en1730 et 1731, The Hague, 1737
Arasaratnam Sinappah, Merchants, Companies and Commerce on the Coromandel Coast, 1650–1740, Delhi, 1986
Arat Reşid Rahmeti (ed.), Kutadgu bilig, Ankara, 1947
Arbel Benjamin, Trading Nations: Jews and Venetians in the Early Modern Eastern Mediterranean, Leiden, New York and Cologne, 1995
Arel Ayda, ‘18. ve 19. yüzyıl Ege dünyasında ikonografik izlek ve kalıpar’, in Sanat tarihinde ikonografik araştırmalar: Güner İnal’a armağan, Ankara, 1993, pp. 21–9
Arel Ayda, ‘Aydın ve yöresinde bir âyân ailesi ve mimarlık: Cihanoğulları’, in Osmanlı’ dan Cumhuriyet’e: Problemler, araştırmalar. I. Ulusararası tarih kongresi 24–26 mayıs 1993 (Ankara), Istanbul, 1998
Arel Ayda, ‘Image architecturale et image urbaine dans une série de bas-reliefs de la région égénne’, Turcica 18 (1986), 81–101
Arel Ayda, 18. yüzyılda İstanbul mimarisinde batılılaşma süreci, Istanbul, 1975
Arı Ahmet, Mevlevilikte bir hanedanlık kurucusu: Sâkıb Dede ve dîvânı, Ankara, 2003
Arie Gavriel, Généalogie de la famille Arie de 1766 à 1929, n.p., 1929
Arık Rüçhan, Batılılaşma dönemi Türk mimarisi örneklerinden Anadolu’da üç ahşap cami, Ankara, 1973
Arnold Thomas, Painting in Islam, New York, 1965
Artan TülayFrom Charismatic Leadership to Collective Rule: Gender Problems of Legalism and Political Legitimation in the Ottoman Empire’, in Histoire économique et sociale de l’Empire ottoman et de la Turquie (1326–1960). Actes du Congrès international tenu à Aix-en-Provence du 1 er au 4 juillet 1994, ed. Panzac Daniel, Paris and Louvain, 1995, pp. 569–80
Artan TülayNoble Women who Changed the Face of the Bosphorus and the Palaces of the Sultanas’, Biannual Istanbul, ’92 Selections (1992), 87–97
Artan TülayQuestions of Ottoman Identity and Architectural History’, in Rethinking Architectural Historiography, ed. Arnold D., Erkut T. A. and Özkaya B. T., London, 2006, pp. 85–109
Artan Tülay, ‘Periods and Problems of Ottoman (Women’s) Patronage on the Via Egnatia’, in Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of the Institute for Mediterranean Studies: Via Egnatia under Ottoman Rule, 1380–1699, 9–11 January 1994, ed. Zachariadou Elizabeth, Rethymnon, 1997, pp. 19–43
Artan Tülay, ‘Problems Relating to the Social History Context of the Acquisition and Possession of Books as Part of Collections of Objets d’Art in the 18th Century’, in Art Turc: 10e Congrès international d’art turc, Geneva, 1999, pp. 87–92
Artinian Vartan, ‘The Formation of Catholic and Protestant Millets in the Ottoman Empire’, The Armenian Review 28 (1975), 3–15
Arvieux Louis Laurent d’, Mémoires du Chevalier d’Arvieux…, 6 vols., Paris, 1735
Ashkenazi Rabbi Betzalel, Responsa, Venice, 1595
Aşkar Mustafa, Tasavvuf tarihi literatürü, Ankara, 2001
Ata Tayyarzade Ahmed, Tarih-i Ata, vol. III, Istanbul, 1293/1876
Atasoy Nurhan and Çağman Filiz, Turkish Miniature Painting, Istanbul, 1974
Atasoy Nurhan, ‘Türk minyatürlerinden üç gündelik hayat sahnesi’, in Sanat tarihinde doğudan batıya/Ünsal Yücel anısına sempozyum bildirileri, Istanbul, 1989, pp. 19–22
Atasoy Nurhan, 1582 Surname-i hümayun: An Imperial Celebration, Istanbul, 1997
Atasoy Nurhan, A Garden for the Sultan: Gardens and Flowers in the Ottoman Culture, Istanbul, 2003
Atıl EsinThe Art of the Book’, in Turkish Art, ed. Atıl Esin, Washington, 1980, pp. 137–238
Atıl Esin, ‘Ahmed Nakşi, an Eclectic Painter of the Early Seventeenth Century’, in Fifth International Congress of Turkish Art, Proceedings, ed. Fehér Géza Jr., Budapest, 1978, pp. 103–21
Atıl Esin, ‘The Story of an Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Festival’, Muqarnas, an Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture: Essays in Honor of Oleg Grabar 10 (1993), 181–200
Atıl Esin, Levni and the Surname: The Story of an Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Festival, Istanbul, 1999
Ayan Hüseyin, Cevrî: hayâtı, edebî kişiliği, eserleri ve Divanının tenkidli metni, Erzurum, 1981
Aydemir Yaşar, ‘Türk edebiyatında kaside’, Bilig 22 (Summer 2002), 133–68
Aydüz Salim, ‘Lâle Devri’nde yapılan ilmî faaliyetler’, Dîvân: İlmî Araştırmalar 2, 3 (1997), 143–70
Aynur Hatice and Karateke Hakan, III. Ahmed dönemi İstanbul çeşmeleri: 1703–1730, Istanbul, 1995
Aynur Hatice, Üniversitelerde Eski Türk edebiyatı çalışmaları: tezler, yayınlar, haberler, Istanbul, 1991–
Aynural Salih, İstanbul değirmenleri ve fırınları, zahire ticareti, Istanbul, 2001
Ayvansarâyî Hâfız Hüseyin al-, Mecmuâ-i tevârih, transcribed and annotated by Derin Fahri Ç. and Çabuk Vâhid, Istanbul, 1985
Ayvansarayî Hafız Hüseyin al-, The Garden of the Mosques: Hafız Hüseyin al-Ayvansarayî’s Guide to the Muslim Monuments of Ottoman Istanbul, trans. and annotated by Crane Howard, Leiden, Boston and Cologne, 2000
Azzawī Abbās al-, Tā rīkh al-Iraq bayn Ihtilālayn, Baghdad, 1953
Babinger Franz, Die Geschichts schreiber der Osmanen und ihre Werke, Leipzig, 1927
Baer Gabriel, ‘Guilds in Middle Eastern History’, in Studies in the Economic and Social History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A., Oxford, 1970, pp. 11–30
Baer Gabriel, ‘Women and Waqf: An Analysis of the Istanbul Tahrîr of 1546’, Asian and African Studies 17 (1983), 9–28
Bağcı Serpil, ‘From Adam to Mehmed III: Silsilenâme’, in The Sultan’s Portrait: Picturing the House of Osman, ed. Kangal Selmin, Istanbul, 2000, pp. 188–201
Bağış Ali İhsan, Osmanlı ticaretinde gayri Müslimler. Kapitülasyonlar – Avrupa tüccarları-beratlı tüccarlar–Hayriye tüccarları (1750–1839), Ankara, 1983
Bakhit Adnan al- (trans.), ‘Aleppo and the Ottoman Military in the 16th Century’, al-Abhath 27 (1978–9), 27–38
Barbir Karl, Ottoman Rule in Damascus, 1708–1758, Princeton, 1980
Bardakjian Kevork, ‘The Rise of the Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople’, in Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, 2 vols., ed. Braude Benjamin and Lewis Bernard, New York and London, 1982, vol. I, pp. 89–100
Barkan Ömer Lûtfi, ‘Edirne askerî kassamı’ na âit tereke defterleri (1545–1659)’, Belgeler 3, 5–6 (1966), 1–479
Barkan Ömer Lûtfi, ‘Les mouvements des prix en Turquie entre 1490 et 1655’, in Histoire économique du monde méditerranén 1450–1650: Mélanges en l’honneur de Fernand Braudel, Toulouse, 1973, vol. I, pp. 65–79
Barkan Ömer Lûtfi, ‘The Price Revolution of the Sixteenth Century: A Turning Point in the Economic History of the Near East’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 6 (1975), 3–28
Barkan Ömer Lütfi, ‘1070–1071 (1660–1661) tarihli Osmanlıbütçesi vebir mukayese’, İstanbul üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası 17 (1955/6), 304–47
Barkan Ömer Lütfi, ‘Essai sur les donnés statistiques des registres de recensement dans l’Empire ottoman aux XVe et XVIe siècles’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 1 (1957), 9–36
Barkan Ömer Lütfi, ‘Research on the Ottoman Fiscal Surveys’, in Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A., Oxford, 1970, pp. 163–71
Barkan Ömer Lütfi, ‘Türk toprak hukuku tarihinde Tanzimat ve 1274 (1858) tarihli Arazi Kanunnamesi’, in Türkiye’de toprak meselesi, toplu eserler I, ed. Barkan Ömer Lütfi, Istanbul, 1980, pp. 291–375
Barkey Karen, Bandits and Bureaucrats: The Ottoman Route to State Centralization, Ithaca and London, 1994
Barnai Jacob, ‘Hayei ha-Ru’ah ve-ha-Yetzirah ha-Sifrutit shel Yehudei ha-Imperiyah ha- ‘Ot’manit’, Si’ah 14 (1980), 11–31
Barnai Jacob, ‘Messianism and Leadership: The Sabbatean Movement and the Leadership of the Jewish Communities in the Ottoman Empire’, in Ottoman and Turkish Jewry: Community and Leadership, ed. Rodrigue Aron, Bloomington, 1992, pp. 167–82
Barnai Jacob, ‘Rabbi Hayim Benvenisti ve-Rabbanut Izmir bi-Zmano’, in Yemei ha-Sahar, ed. Rozen Minna, Tel Aviv, 1996, pp. 151–91
Barnai Jacob, ‘The Development of Community Organizational Structures: The Case of Izmir’, in Jews, Turks, Ottomans, ed. Levy Avigdor, Syracuse, 2002, pp. 35–51
Barnai Jacob, Shabta’ut: Hebetim Hevratiyim, Jerusalem, 2000
Barnai Jacob, The Jews in Palestine in the Eighteenth Century, trans. Goldblum Naomi, Tuscaloosa, 1992
Barsoumian Hagop, ‘The Dual Role of the Armenian Amira Class within the Ottoman Government and the Armenian Millet (1750–1850)’, in Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, 2 vols., ed. Braude Benjamin and Lewis Bernard, New York and London, 1982, vol. I, pp. 171–84
Bartl Peter, ‘Die Mirditen: Bemerkungen zur nordal banischen Stammes geschichte’, Münchener Zeitschrift für Balkankunde 1 (1978), 27–69
Bartl Peter, Der Westbalkan zwischen spanischer Monarchie und osmanischem Reich: Zur Türkenkriegs problematik an der Wende vom 16. zum 17.Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden, 1974
Bassan Rabbi Yehiel, Responsa, Istanbul, 1737
Bayerle Gustav, ‘The Compromise at Zsitvatorok’, Archivum Ottomanicum 6 (1980), 5–53
Baykal Bekir Sıtkı, ‘Aჯyanlık müessesesinin düzeni hakkında belgeler’, Belgeler 1, 2 (1964), 221–5
Bayly Christopher A., Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770–1870, Cambridge, 1983
Bayram Sadi, ‘Musavvir Hüseyin tarafından minyatürleri yapılan ve halen Vakıflar Genel Müdürlüğü arşivi’nde muhafaza edilen silsilenâme’, Vakıflar Dergisi 13 (1981), 253–338
Be’eri Tova, ‘Shelomoh Mazal-Tov ve-Nitzanei Hashpa’atah shel ha-Shirah ha-Turkit ‘al ha-Shirah ha ‘Ivrit’, Pe’amim 59 (1994), 65–76
Behar Cem, ‘Transmission musicale et mémoire textuelle dans la musique classique Ottomane/Turque’, Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Mediterrannée 75/76 (1996), 91–102
Behar Cem, Aşk olmayınca meşk olmaz, Istanbul, 2003 [1998]
Behar Cem, Ali Ufkî ve mezmurlar, Istanbul, 1990
Behar Cem, Zaman, mekân, müzik: klasik Türk musikisinde egitim (meşk), icra ve aktarım, Istanbul, 1993
Behrens-Abouseif Doris, ‘The Abd al-Rahmân Katkhudâ Style in 18th Century Cairo’, Annales Islamologiques 26 (1992), 117–26
Behrens-Abouseif Doris, Azbakiyya and its Environs: from Azbak to Ismaჯil, 1476–1879, Cairo, 1985
Beldiceanu Nicoarӑ and Beldiceanu-Steinherr Irène, ‘Riziculture dans l’empire ottoman (XIVe–XVe siècle)’, Turcica 9, 2–10 (1978), 9–28
Beldiceanu Nicoarӑ, ‘Sur les Valaques des Balkans slaves a l’époque ottomane (1450–1550)’, Revue d’Etudes Islamiques 34 (1966), 83–132
Beldiceanu Nicoarӑ, ‘Timariotes chrétiens en Thessalie (1454/55)’, Südost-Forschungen 44 (1985), 45–81
Beldiceanu Nicoarӑ, Le timar dans l’etat ottoman (début XIVe–début XVIe siècle), Wiesbaden, 1980
Belin Alphonse, Essais sur l’histoire économique de la Turquie, d’aprés les écrivains originaux, Paris, 1865
Benvenisti Hayim, Responsa Baჯeyi Hayai, vol. I, Salonika, 1791
Benvenisti Hayim, Sheyarei Kenest ha-Gedolah: Orah Hayim, Istanbul, 1729
Benvenisti Rabbi Mosheh, Responsa: Penei Mosheh, vol. I, Istanbul, 1669
Berkes Niyazi, ‘İlk Türk matbaası kurucusunun dinî ve fikrî kimliği’, Belleten 26,104 (1962), 75–137
Berkes Niyazi, 100 soruda Türkiye iktisat tarihi, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1969
Berkes Niyazi, The Development of Secularism in Turkey, Montreal, 1964
Beydilli Kemal, ‘İgnatius Mouradgea d’Ohsson (Muradcan Tosunyan): ailesi hakkında kayıtlar, “Nizâm-ı Cedîd”e dâir lâyihası ve Osmanlı İmparatorluğundaki siyâsî hayatı’, Tarih Dergisi 34 (1984), 247–314
Beydilli Kemal, Büyük Friedrich ve Osmanlılar: XVIII yüzyılda Osmanlı–Prusya münasebetleri, Istanbul, 1985
Beydilli Kemal, Muhendishâne ve Üsküdar matbaalarında basılan kitapların listesi ve bir katalog, Istanbul, 1997
Beydilli Kemal, Türk bilim ve matbaacılık tarihinde muhendishâne, mühendishâne matbaası ve kütüphânesi (1776–1826), Istanbul, 1995
Biddle Martin, The Tomb of Christ, Phoenix , Mill , Thrupp and Stroud , 1999
Bierman Irene, ‘The Ottomanization of Crete’, in The Ottoman City and its Parts: Urban Structure and Social Order, ed. Bierman Irene A., Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat A. and Preziosi Donald, New York, 1991, pp. 53–75
Bilkan Ali Fuat (ed.), NâbîDîvâm, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1997
Bingöl Y., İshak Paşa Sarayı, Istanbul, 1998
Black Jeremy, European Warfare 1660–1815, London, 1994
Bode Andreas, Die Flottenpolitik Katharinas II. und die Konflikte mit Schweden und der Türkei (1768–1792), Wiesbaden, 1979
Bodman Herbert, Political Factions in Aleppo, 1760–1826, Chapel Hill, 1963
Bon Ottaviano, The Sultan’s Seraglio, London, 1996
Boppe Auguste, ‘La Mission de l’adjudant commandant Mériage à Widdin (1807–1809)’, Annales de l’Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques 1 (1886), 259–93
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Ha-Mishpahah ha-Yehudit be-Istanbul ba-Me’ot ha- Shemoneh-˯Esreh ve-ha-Teshჯa-˯Esreh ki-Yhidah Kalkalit’, in Eros, Erusin ve-Isurim: Miniyut u-Mishpahah ba-Historiyah, ed. Bartal Israel and Gafni Yesha’ayahu, Jerusalem, 1998, pp. 305–33
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Jewish Lay Leadership and Ottoman Authorities during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries’, in Ottoman and Turkish Jewry: Community and Leadership, ed. Rodrigue Aron, Bloomington, 1992, pp. 87–121
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Le-Toledot Qehilat Qushta be-Emtzaჯitah shel ha-Me’ah ha-Tet Zayin: Hakhameyhah ha-Sefardim ve-ha-Romaniotim’, Michael 9 (1985), 27–54
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Nisuin ve-Gerushin ba-Hevrah ha-Yehudit be-Istanbul ba-Me’ot ha-Shemoneh-˯Esreh ve-ha-Teshჯa ჯEsreh’, Michael 14 (1997), 139–69
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Pinqas Memunei Isur ve-Heter be-Qushta Min ha-Me’ot ha-Yod-Het ve-ha-Yod-Tet’, ˯Alei Sefer 14 (1987), 99–124
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Sifrut ha-Halakhah be-Qushta ba-Shanim 1750–1900’, Lad- inar 1 (1998), 13–22
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Sifrut ha-Halakhah be-Saloniqi ba-Shanim 1750–1900’, Lad- inar 2 (2001), 15–35
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Sifrut ha-Halakhah be-Turqiyah Yavan ve-ha-Balqanim ba-Shanim 1750–1900’, Pe’amim 86–7 (2001), 124–74
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘Taqanot Qushta bi-Yrushah u-Vituyan be-Hayei ha-Hevrah ba-Tequfah ha-˯Ot’manit’, in Hevrah ve-Qhilah: Mi-Divrei ha-Qongres ha-Bein Le’umi ha-Sheni le-Heqer Moreshet Yahadut Sefarad ve-ha-Mizrah, ed. Haim A., Jerusalem, 1991 pp. 3–24
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, ‘The Va’ad Berurei Averot as a Judicial Body in Christian Spain and the Ottoman Empire’, Jewish Law Association Studies 11 (2000), 117–40
Borenstein-Makovetsky Le’ah, Pinqas Beit Din Isur ve-Heter shel Qehilat Istanbul 1710–1904, Lod, 1999
Bosscha-Erdbrink Gerard R., At the Threshold of Felicity: Ottoman–Dutch Relations During the Embassy of Cornelis Calkoen at the Sublime Porte, 1726–1744, Ankara, 1975
Bostan İdris, Osmanlı bahriye teşkilâtı: XVII. yüzyılda tersâne-i âmire, Ankara, 1992
Boulanger Patrick, Marseille marché international de l’huile d’olive, un produit et des hommes, 1725–1825, Marseilles, 1996
Bracewell Catherine W., The Uskoks of Senj: Piracy, Bandits and Holy War in the Sixteenth Century Adriatic, Ithaca, 1992
Braude Benjamin, ‘Foundation Myths of the Millet System’, in Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire: The Functioning of a Plural Society, 2 vols., ed. Braude Benjamin and Lewis Bernard, New York and London, 1982, vol. I, pp. 69–88
Braude Benjamin, ‘International Competition and Domestic Cloth in the Ottoman Empire 1500–1650, A Study in Undevelopment’, Review 2, 3 (1979), 437–54
Braudel Fernand, Civilization matérielle, économie et capitalisme, XVe–XVIIIe siècle, 2 vols., Paris, 1979
Braudel Fernand, Sozialgeschichte des 15.–18. Jahrhunderts, Munich, 1986
Braudel Fernand, The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World of Philip II, 2 vols., New York, 1974
Breu Josef (ed.), Atlas der Donauländer, Vienna, 1970–89
Bruinessen Martin M., Agha, Sheich und Staat: Politik und Gesellschaft Kurdistans, Berlin, 1989
Brummett Palmira, ‘Foreign Policy,Naval Strategy and the Defense of the Ottoman Empire in the Early Sixteenth Century’, International History Review 11 (1989), 613–27
Brummett Palmira, ‘The Early Modern Ottoman Campaign: Containing Violence, Commemorating Allegiance, and Securing Submission’, Eurasian Studies 3 (2004), 69–89
Brummett Palmira, Ottoman Seapower and Levantine Diplomacy in the Age of Discovery, Albany, 1994
Bulliet Richard, The Camel and the Wheel, Cambridge, MA, 1975
Bulut Mehmet, Ottoman–Dutch Economic Relations in the Early Modern Period, 1571–1699, Hilversum, 2001
Bunis David, Leshon Judezmo: Mavo li-Lshonam shel ha-Yehudim ha-Sefaradim ba-Imperiyah ha-˯Ot’manit, Jerusalem, 1999
Bunis David, Voices from Jewish Salonika, Jerusalem, 1999
Busbecq Ogier Ghislain, The Turkish Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Oxford, 1927
Busch-Zantner Richard, ‘Agrarverfassung und Siedlung in Südosteuropa,unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Türkenzeit’, Beiheft 3, Leipziger Vierteljahrsschr. f. Südosteuropa (1938)
Buturović Djenana, Morići (od stvarnosti do usmene predaje), Sarajevo, 1983
Çağman Filiz, ‘Mevlevi dergahlarında minyatür’, in I. Milletlerarası Türkoloji Kongresi, ed. Yıldız Hakkı Dursun, Erdinç Erol Şadi and Eraslan Kemal, Istanbul, 1979, pp. 651–77
Cantemir Dimitrius, Historia incrementorum at que decrementorum Aulae othomanicae, first published in English as The History of the Growth and Decay of the Othman Empire, trans. Tindal N., London, 1734–5
Carrière Charles and Courdurié Marcel, ‘Un sophisme économique: Marseille s’ enrichit en achetant plus qu’elle ne vend (Réflexions sur les mécanismes commerciaux levantins au XVIIIe siècle)’, in Histoire, Economie et Société, 3,1 (1984), 7–51
Carrière Charles, Courdurié Marcel, Gutsatz Michel and Squarzoni Rene, Banque et capi-talisme commercial. La lettre de change au XVIIIe siècle, Marseilles, 1976
Carrière Charles, Négociants marseillais au XVIIIe siècle, 2 vols., Marseilles, 1973
Carrièrre Charles, Le port mondial au XVIIIe siècle: richesse du passé marseillais, Marseilles, 1979
Carswell John, ‘From the Tulip to the Rose’, in Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Naff Thomas and Owen Roger, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1977, pp. 328–55
Carter Francis W., Dubrovnik (Ragusa): A Classic City-State, London and New York, 1972
Cassels Lavender, The Struggle for the Ottoman Empire 1771–1740, London, 1966
Cazacu Matei, ‘Les Valaques dans les Balkans occidentaux (Serbie, Croatie, Albanie, etc.). La Pax ottomanica (XVe–XVIIe siècles)’, in Les Aroumains, Paris, 1989, pp. 79–93
Çelebi Evliyâ, Evliya Çelebi in Diyarbekir: The Relevant Sections of the Seyahatname, ed. and trans. Bruinessen Martin et al., Leiden, 1988
Çelebi Evliyâ, Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia and Africa in the Seventeenth Century, trans. Hammer Ritter Joseph, London, 1834
Çelebi Evliyâ, Seyahatnâmesi Topkapi Sarayi Kütüphanesi Baǧdat 306, Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi Pertev Pasa 462, Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi Hacı Beşir Aǧa 452 Numaralı Yazmaların Mukayeseli Transkripsyonn-Dizini, ed. Dağlı Yücel, Kahraman Seyit Ali and Dankoff Robert, Istanbul, 2005
Çelebi Evliyâ, Seyahatnâmesi, 10 vols., Istanbul, 1314/1896–7 to 1938
Çelebi Evliyâ, The Intimate Life of an Ottoman Statesman: Melek Ahmed Pasha (1588–1622) as Portrayed in Evliya Çelebi’s Book of Travels, trans. Dankoff Robert, Albany, 1991
Çelebi Kâtib, Fezleke-i tarih, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1286/1870
Çelebi Kâtib, The Balance of Truth, trans. Lewis Geoffrey, London, 1957
Çeltik Halil, ‘18. yy. tezkirelerindeki Divan şairleriJournal of Turkish Studies/Türklük Bilgisi Araştırmaları: Hasibe Mazıoğlu Armağam 22 (1998), 49–85
Cengiz Halil Erdoğan, ‘Divan şiirinde musammatlar’, Türk Dili: Türk Şiiri özel sayısı II Divan Şiiri 415–17 (July–September 1986), 291–429
Cerasi Maurice, ‘The Problem Specificity and Subordination to External Influences in Late Eighteenth Century Ottoman Architecture in Four Istanbul Buildings in the Age of Hassa Miჯmar Mehmed Tahir’, in Proceedings of the 11 th International Congress of Turkish Art, Utrecht, 23–28 August 1999, ed. Kiel Machiel, Landman Nico and Theunissen Hans, Electronic Journal of Oriental Studies 4 (2001), 1–23
Cernovodeanu Paul, ‘The General Condition of English Trade in the Levant in the Second Half of the 17th and at the Beginning of the 18th Century’, Revue des Etudes Sud-Est Européennes 5, 3–4 (1967), 447–60
Çetin Osman, Sicillere göre Bursa’da ihtida hareketleri ve sosyal sonuçları (1472–1909), Ankara, 1994
Cevdet [Paşa] Ahmed, Tertib-i Cevdet ez-Tarih-i Cevdet, 12 vols., Istanbul, 1309/1891–2
Cezar Mustafa, ‘Ottoman Construction System in the Classical Period’, in Cezar Mustafa: Typical Commercial Buildings of the Classical Period and the Ottoman Construction System, Istanbul, 1983, pp. 251–96
Cezar Mustafa, Osmanlı başkenti İstanbul, Istanbul, 2002
Cezar Mustafa, Osmanlı tarihinde levendler, Istanbul, 1965
Cezar Yavuz, Osmanlı maliyesinde bunalım ve değişim dönemi (XVIII. yy’dan Tanzimat’a malitarih), Istanbul, 1986
Chandler David, The Art of Warfare in the Age of Marlborough, London, 1976
Çığ Kemal, Batur S., Köseoğlu C. and Rogers Michael, The Topkapı Saray Museum. Architecture: The Harem and Other Buildings, Boston, 1988
Cin Halil, Eski hukukumuzda boşanma, Ankara, 1976
Çıpan Mustafa, Fasih divanı: inceleme-tenkidli metin, Istanbul, 2003
Çizakça Murat, ‘Incorporation of the Middle East into the European World Economy’, Review 8, 3 (1985), 353–78
Çizakça Murat, ‘Price History and the Bursa Silk Industry: A Study in Ottoman Industrial Decline (1550–1650)’, Journal of Economic History 40, 3 (1980), 533–50
Çizakça Murat, A Comparative Evolution of Business Partnerships:The Islamic World and Europe, with Specific Reference to the Ottoman Archives, Leiden, 1996
Clogg Richard, ‘The Greek Mercantile Bourgeoisie: “Progressive” or “Revolutionary”?’, in Balkan Society in the Age of Greek Independence, ed. Clogg Richard, London, 1981, pp. 85–110
Cohen Amnon, ‘Elishevჯa Simon Pikali and ‘Ovadiyah Salameh’, in Yehudim be-Veit ha-Mishpat ha-Muslemi: Hevrah, Kalkalah ve-Irgun Qehilati bi-Yrushalayim ha-˯Ot’manit, ha-Me’ah ha-Shesh-˯Esreh, Jerusalem, 1993, pp. 109–23, 155–8
Cohen Amnon, Jewish Life under Islam, Cambridge, 1984
Cohen Amnon, Palestine in the 18 th Century, Jerusalem, 1973
Cohen Amnon, The Guilds of Ottoman Jerusalem, Leiden, 2001
Cohen Amnon, Yehudei Yerushalayim ba-Me’ah ha-Shesh-˯Esreh le-fi Teჯudot Turkiyot shel Beit ha-Din ha-Sharჯi, Jerusalem, 1976
Cohen Amnon, Yehudim be-Veit ha-Mishpat ha-Muslemi: Hevrah, Kalkalah ve-Irgun Qehilati bi-Yrushalayim ha-˯Ot’manit, ha-Me’ah ha-Shemoneh-˯Esreh, Jerusalem, 1996
Colley Linda, Captives, Britain, Empire and the World 1600–1859, New York, 2002
Commins David, Islamic Reform: Politics and Social Change in Late Ottoman Syria, Oxford, 1990
Cook M. A., Population Pressure in Rural Anatolia, 1450–1600, London, 1972
Coşkun Menderes, Manzum bir şairler tezkiresi: Hasîb’in Silkü’l-le’âl-i Âl-i ʿOsmân’ınındaki şair biyografileri, Ankara, 2002
Coşkun Menderes, Manzum ve mensur Osmanlı hac seyahatnameleri ve Nâ bî’nin Tuhfetü’l-harameyn’i, Ankara, 2002
Courbage Yousseff and Fargues Philip, Christians and Jews under Islam, trans. Mabro Judy, London, 1997
Crane Howard, ‘The Ottoman Sultans’ Mosques: Icons of Imperial Legacy’, in The Ottoman City and its Parts: Urban Structure and Social Order, ed. Bierman Irene A., Abou-El-Haj Rifaჯat A. and Preziosi Donald, New York, 1991, pp. 171–243
Crane Howard, Risâle-i Mi’mâriyye: An Early Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture, facsimile with translation and notes, Leiden, 1987
Craven Elizabeth, Memoirs of the Margravine of Anspach, Written by Herself, 2 vols., London, 1826
Crecelius Daniel, The Roots of Modern Egypt: A Study of the Regimes of Ali Bey al-Kabir and Muhammad Abu al-Dhahab, 1760–1775, Chicago, 1981
Cuno Kenneth M., The Pasha’s Peasants: Land, Society and Economy in Lower Egypt, 1740–1858, Cambridge, 1992
Cvetkova Bistra, ‘Novye dannye o christianach-spachijach na Balkanskom poluostrove v period tureckogo gospodstva’, Vizantijski vremennik 13 (1958), 184–97
Cvetkova Bistra, Izvӑnredni danӑci i dӑržavni povinnosti v bӑlgarskite zemi pod turska vlast, Sofia, 1958
Cvijic Jovan, La Péninsule balkanique: géographie humaine, Paris, 1918
Dalsar Fahri, Türk sanayi ve ticaret tarihinde Bursa’da ipekçilik, Istanbul 1960
Dankoff Robert, An Ottoman Mentality: The World of Evliya Çelebi, Leiden, 2004
Darling Linda T., ‘Capitulations’, in The Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, 4 vols., ed. Esposito John L., Oxford, 1995, vol. I, pp. 257–60
Darling Linda T., Revenue-Raising and Legitimacy: Tax Collection and Finance Administration in the Ottoman Empire, 1560–1660, Leiden, 1996
Dávid Géza and Fodor Pál (eds.), Hungarian–Ottoman Military and Diplomatic Relations in the Age ofSüleyman the Magnificent, Budapest, 1994
Dávid Géza (ed.), Hungarians and Habsburgs in Central Europe, Leiden, 2000
Davis David Brion, New York Review of Books, vol. 93 (17 October 1996)
Davis David Brion, Slavery and Human Progress, New York and Oxford, 1984
Davis Fanny, The Ottoman Lady: A Social History from 1718 to 1918, New York and Westport, 1986
Davis Ralph, ‘English Imports from the Middle East, 1580–1780’, in Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A., Oxford, 1970, pp. 193–206
Davis Ralph, Aleppo and Devonshire Square: English Traders in the Levant in the Eighteenth Century, London, Melbourne and Toronto, 1967
Davis Ralph, The Industrial Revolution and British Overseas Trade, Leicester, 1979
Davison Roderic, ‘Russian Skill and Turkish Imbecility: The Treaty of Kuchuk Kainardji Reconsidered’, Slavic Review 35 (1976), 463–83
Davison Roderic, ‘The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca: A Note on its Italian Text’, International History Review 10 (1988), 611–20
Demetriades Vasiles, Topografia tēs Thessalonikēs kata tēn epochē tēs Tourkokratias 1430–1912, Salonika, 1983
Develi Hayati (ed.), XVIII. yüzyıl İstanbul hayatına dair Risâle-i garîbe, Istanbul, 2001
Dialetis Dimitris, Gavroglu Kostas and Patiniotis Manolis, ‘The Sciences in the Greek-Speaking Regions during the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’, in The Sciences in the European Periphery during the Enlightenment, ed. Gavroglu Kostas, Dordrecht, 1999 pp. 41–71
Dimashqi Mikha’il Burayk al-, Ta’rikh al-Sham, 1720–1782, ed. al-Basha Qustantin, Harissa, 1930
Dimitrov Strašimir, ‘Istorijata na edin ajanin’, in Včest na akademik Dimitar Kosev: izsledvanija po slučaj 70 godini ot roždenieto mu, ed. Bužaški Evlogi et al., Sofia, 1974, pp. 65–79
Diriöz Meserret, Eserlerine göre Nâbî, Istanbul, 1994
Djordjević Dimitrije and Fischer-Galati Stephen, The Balkan Revolutionary Tradition, New York, 1981
Djurdjev Branislav, ‘Hrišćani-spahije u severnoj Srbiji u XV veku’, Godišnjak Istoriskog Društva Bosne i Hercegovine 4 (1952), 165–9
Djurdjev Branislav, ‘O knezovima pod turskom upravom’, Istorijski časopis 1 (1948), 132–57
Djurdjev Branislav, ‘O naseljavanju vlaha-stočara u sjevernu Srbiju u drugoj polovini XV vijeka’, Godišnjak Društva istoričara Bosne i Hercegovine 35 (1984), 9–34
Djurdjev Branislav, ‘O vojnucima (sa osvrtom na razvoj turskog feudalizma i na pitanje bosanskog agaluka)’, Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu 2 (1947), 75–138
Djurdjev Branislav, ‘Teritorijalizacija katunske organizacije do kraja XV veka (katunknežine-pleme)’, Simpozijum o srednjevjekovnom katunu (24–25 November 1961), ed. Filipović M. S., Sarajevo, 1963, pp. 143–70
Djurdjev Branislav, Postanak i razvitak brdskih, crnogorskih i hercegovačkih plemena, Titograd, 1984
Doğan Muhammed Nur (ed.), Şeyh Galib, HüsnüAşk, metin, nesre çeviri, notlar veaçıklamalar, Istanbul, 2002
Doğanalp-Votzi Heidemarie, Der Gerber, der Kulturbringer: Politik, Ökonomie, Zivilisation im osmanischen Vorderasien, Frankfurt am Main, 1997
Doumani Beshara, Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700–1900, Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, 1995
Douwes Dick, The Ottomans in Syria: A History of Justice and Oppression, London, 2000
Downing Brian M., The Military Evolution and Political Change: Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe, Princeton, 1992
Dragojlović Dragoljub, ‘Institucija kolektivne odgovornosti kod balkanskih slovena u srednom veku’, in Običajno pravo i samouprave na Balkanu i u susednim zemljama/Le Droit coutumier et les autonomies sur les Balkans et dans les pays voisins, ed. Čubrilović Vasa, Belgrade, 1974, pp. 419–25
Duben Alan and Behar Cem, Istanbul Households: Marriage, Family and Fertility 1880–1940, Cambridge, 1991
Duben Alan, ‘Turkish Families and Households in Historical Perspective’, Journal of Family History 10 (1985), 75–97
Dündar A., Arşivlerdeki plan ve çizimler ışığı altında Osmanlı imar sistemi (XVIII.–XIX. yüzyıl), Ankara, 2000
Düzdağ M. Ertuğrul, Şeyhülislâm Ebussuûd Efendi fetvaları ışığında 1 6. asır Türk hayatı, Istanbul, 1972
Efendi Azîz, Muhayyelât-i ʿAzîz Efendi, Istanbul, 1268/1852
Efendi Aziz, Muhayyelat-ı Aziz Efendi, 2nd edn, ed. Kabaklı Ahmet, Istanbul, 1990
Efendi Çatalcalı Ali, Fetava-i Ali Efendi, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1283/1866–7
Efendi Emîn, Kethudâz â de Efendi’nin tercüme-i hâline zeyl-i ʿacizânedir, Istanbul, 1294/1877
Efendi Mehmed, Le Paradis des infidèles: relation de Yirmisekiz Çelebi Mehmed Efendi, ambas-sadeur Ottoman en France sous la Régence, ed. Veinstein Gilles, trans. Galland J.-C., Paris, 1981
Efendi of Sâlim, Tezkire-i Sâlim, Dersa˯âdet, 1315 [1897–8]
Efendi of Selânikî Mustafa, T ârih-i Selânikî, 2 vols., ed. İpşirli Mehmet, Istanbul, 1989
Eisma Doeke, ‘Stream Deposition and Erosion by the Eastern Shore of the Aegean’, in The Environmental History of the Near and Middle East since the Last Ice Age, ed. Brice W. C., London, 1978, pp. 67–81
Elçin Şükrü, Ali Ufkî-Mecmûa-i saz ü söz, facsimile, Istanbul, 1976
Elçin Şükrü, Gevherî divânı, 2nd rev. edn, Ankara, 1998
Eldem Edhem, Goffman Daniel and Masters Bruce, The Ottoman City between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir and Istanbul, Cambridge, 1999
Eldem Edhem, French Trade in Istanbul in the Eighteenth Century, Leiden, 1999
Eldem Sedat Hakkı, Sa’dabad, Istanbul, 1977
Eldem Sedat Hakkı, Turk Evi3, Istanbul, 1987
Emecen Feridun M., Unutulmuş bir cemaat, Manisa Yahudileri, Istanbul, 1997
Emmanuel I. S., Histoire de l’industrie des tissus des Israélites de Salonique, Paris, 1935
Epstein Mark Alan, The Ottoman Jewish Communities and their Role in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries, Freiburg, 1980
Epstein Mortimer, The Early History of the Levant Company, London, 1908
Erbakan Cevat, 1736–39 Osmanlı–Rus ve Avusturya savaşları, Askeri Mecmua special issue, Istanbul, 1938
Ercan Yavuz, Osmanlı Imparatorluğunda Bulgarlar ve voynuklar, Ankara, 1989
Erdem Hakan, Slavery in the Ottoman Empire and its Demise, London and New York, 1996
Erdem Sadık, Râmiz ve Âdâb-ı Zurafâ ’sı: inceleme-tenkidli metin-indeks-sözluk, Ankara, 1994
Erdmann Kurt, Europa und der Orientteppich, Mainz, 1962
Erdoğan Muzaffer, ‘Mimar Davud ağa’nın hayatı ve eserleri’, Türkiyat Mecmuası 12 (1955), 179–204
Erdoğan Muzaffer, ‘Onsekizinci asır sonlarında bir Türk sanatkarı: hassa başminarı Mehmed Tahir Ağa: hayatı ve mesleki faaliyetleri’, Tarih Dergisi 7 (1954), 157–80, 8 (1955), 157–78, 9 (1958), 161–70, 10 (1960), 25–46
Ergenç Özer, ‘1600–1615 yılları arasında Ankara iktisadi tarihine ait araştırmalar’, in Türkiye iktisat tarihi semineri, ed. Okyar Osman and Nalbantoğlu Ünal, Ankara, 1975, pp. 145–68
Ergenç Özer, ‘Osmanlı klâsik dönemindeki “eşraf” ve “a’yan” üzerine bazı bilgiler’, Osmanlı Araştırmaları 3 (1982), 105–18
Ergenç Özer, Osmanlı klasik dönemi kent tarihçiliğine katkı, XVI. yüzyılda Ankara ve Konya, Ankara, 1995
Ergenzinger Peter J., Frey Wolfgang, Kühne Hartmut and Kürschner Harald, ‘The Reconstruction of Environment, Irrigation and Development of Settlement on the Habur in North East Syria’, in Conceptual Issues in Environmental Archeology, ed. Bintliff John, Davidson Donald A. and Grant Eric G., Edinburgh, 1988, pp. 108–28
Ergin Osman Nuri, Mecelle-i umûr-u belediye, vol. I, Dersaadet, 1330/1914–15
Ergun Sadeddin Nüzhet, Âşık Ömer: hayatı ve şiirleri, İstanbul, 1936
Ergun Sadeddin Nüzhet, Türk musikisi antolojisi, dinîeserler, vols. I and II, Istanbul, 1943/4
Erim Neşe, ‘Trade, Traders and the State in Eighteenth-Century Erzurum’, New Perspectives on Turkey 5–6 (1991), 123–50
Erinç Sırrı, ‘Changes in the Physical Environment in Turkey since the End of the Last Glacial’, in The Environmental History of the Near and Middle East since the Last Ice Age, ed. Brice W. C., London, 1978, pp. 87–110
Esper Thomas, ‘Military Self-Sufficiency and Weapons Technology in Muscovite Russia’, Slavic Review 28 (1969), 185–208
Esposito John L., Women in Muslim Family Law, Syracuse, 1982
Establet Colette and Pascual Jean-Paul, ‘Famille et démographie à Damas autour de 1700: Quelques données nouvelles’, in Histoire économique et sociale de l’empire Ottoman et dela Turquie (1326–1960): Actes du Congrès international tenu à Aix-en-Provence du ler à 4 juillet 1992, ed. Panzac Daniel, Paris and Louvain, 1995, pp. 427–45
Establet Colette and Pascual Jean-Paul, Families et fortunes à Damas: 450 foyers damascains en 1700, Damascus, 1994
Evin Ahmet, ‘The Tulip Age and Definitions of Westernization’, in Social and Economic History of Turkey, ed. Okyar Osman and Inalcik Halil, Ankara, 1980, pp. 131–45
Eyice Semavi, ‘Mimar Kasım Hakkında’, Belleten 43 (1979), 767–808
Fahmy Khaled, All the Pasha’s Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army, and the Making of Modern Egypt, Cambridge, 1997
Farah Madelain, Marriage and Sexuality in Islam: A Translation of al-Ghazali’s Book on the Etiquette of Marriage from the ʿIhya’, Salt Lake City, 1984
Farmer Henry George, Turkish Instruments of Music in the Seventeenth Century, as Described in the Siyahat Nama of Ewliya Chelebi, Glasgow, 1937
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘A Builder as Slave Owner and Rural Moneylender: Hacı Abdullah of Bursa, Campaign mimar’, in Mélanges Prof Machiel Kiel, ed. Temimi Abdeljelil, Arab Historical Review for Ottoman Studies 19–20 (1999), 601–15
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Agriculture and Rural Life in the Ottoman Empire (ca 1500–1878): A Report on Scholarly Literature Published between 1970 and 1985’, New Perspectives on Turkey 1 (Fall 1987), 3–34
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Alum Production and Alum Trade in the Ottoman Empire (about 1560–1830)’, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 71 (1979), 153–75
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘An Ulema Grandee and his Household’, Osmanlı Araştırmaları 9 (1989), 199–208
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Between Conflict and Accommodation:Guildsmen in Bursa and Istanbul during the 18th Century’, in Guilds, Economy and Society: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Economic History Congress, ed. Epstein Stephen et al., Seville, 1998, pp. 143–52
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Bursa at the Crossroads: Iranian Silk, European Competition and the Local Economy 1470–1700’, in Making a Living in the Ottoman Lands, 1480–1820, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya, Istanbul, 1995, pp. 113–48
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Camels, Wagons, and the Ottoman State’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 14 (1982), 523–39
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Crime, Women, and Wealth in the Eighteenth-Century Anatolian Countryside’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 6–27
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Indebtedness in the Bursa Area, 1730–1740’, inSociétés rurales ottomanes, ed. Afifi Muhammed, Chih Rashida, Michel Nicolas, Marino Brigitte and Tamdoğan Işık, Cairo, 2005, pp. 197–213
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Merchant Networks and Ottoman Craft Production (16–17th Centuries)’ in Making a Living in the Ottoman Lands, 1480–1820, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya, Istanbul, 1995, pp. 169–92
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Migration into Eighteenth-Century “Greater Istanbul” as Reflected in the Kadi Registers of Eyüp’, Turcica 30 (1998), 163–83
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Mohair Manufacture and Mohair Workshops in Seventeenth Century Ankara’, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası 41, 1–4 (1982–3), 211–36; Turkish version: ‘Onyedinci yüzyıl Ankara’sında sof imalatı ve sof atölyeleri’, 237–59
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Notes on the Production of Cotton and Cotton Cloth in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-CenturyAnatolia’, in The Ottoman Empire and the World-Economy, ed. İslamoğlu-İnan Huri, Cambridge, 1987, pp. 262–70
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Ortak işliklerle özel evler arasında XVIII. yüzyıl Bursa’sında işyerleri’, in Bir Masaldı Bursa …, ed. Yenal Engin, Istanbul, 1996, pp. 97–104
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Ottoman Guilds in the Eighteenth Century: The Bursa Case’, in Making a Living in the Ottoman Lands, 1480–1820, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya, Istanbul, 1995, pp. 93–112
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Ottoman Peasants and Rural Life: The Historiography of the Twentieth Century’, Archivum Ottomanicum 18 (2000), 153–82
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Political Activity among Ottoman Taxpayers and the Problem of Sultanic Legitimation (1570–1650)’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 35 (1992), 1–39
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Political Initiatives “From the Bottom Up” in the Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Empire: Some Evidence for their Existence’, in Osmanistische Studien zur Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, ed. Majer Hans Georg, Wiesbaden, 1986, pp. 24–33
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Räuber, Rebellen und Obrigkeit im osmanischen Anatolien’, Periplus 3 (1993), 31–46
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Seeking Wisdom in China: An Attempt to Make Sense of the Celali Rebellions’, in Zafar-nama: Memorial Volume to Felix Tauer, ed. Vesely Rudolf and Gombar Eduard, Prague, 1996, pp. 101–24
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Sixteenth Century Periodic Markets in Various Anatolian sancaks: İçel, Hamid, Karahisar-i Sahib, Kütahya, Aydın and Menteşe’, Journal of the Social and Economic History of the Orient 22, 1 (1979), 32–79
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Supplying Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Istanbul with Fresh Produce’, in Nourrir les cités de la Méditerranée, antiquité–temps modernes, ed. Marin Brigitte and Virlouvet Catherine, Paris, 2003, pp. 273–301
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Textile Production in Rumeli and the Arab Provinces: Geographical Distribution and Internal Trade’, Osmanlı Arastırmaları 1 (1980), 61–83
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘The Life Story of an Urban Saint in the Ottoman Empire’, Tarih Dergisi (special issue in memory of Uzunçarşılı İsmail H.) 32 (1979), 655–78, 1009–18
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘The Peasants of Saideli in the Later Sixteenth Century’, Archivum Ottoman icum 8 (1983), 216–50
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘The Venetian Presence in the Ottoman Empire, 1600–30’, in The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy, ed. İslamoğlu-İnan Huri, Cambridge, 1987, pp. 311–44
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Town Officials, Timar Holders, and Taxation: The Seventeenth Century Crisis as Seen from Çorum’, Turcica 18 (1986), 53–81
Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Urban Space as Disputed Grounds: Territorial Aspects to Artisan Conflict in Sixteenth- to Eighteenth-Century Istanbul’, in Faroqhi Suraiya, Stories of Ottoman Men and Women: Establishing Status, Establishing Control, Istanbul, 2002, pp. 219–34
Faroqhi Suraiya, Men of Modest Substance: House Owners and House Property in Seventeenth-Century Ankara and Kayseri, Cambridge, 1987
Faroqhi Suraiya, Pilgrims and Sultans: The Hajj under the Ottomans, 1517–1683, London, 1994
Faroqhi Suraiya, The Ottoman Empire and the World Around it, 1540 s to 1774, London, 2004
Faroqhi Suraiya, Towns and Townsmen of Ottoman Anatolia: Trade, Crafts and Food Production in an Urban Setting, Cambridge, 1984
Faroqhi Suraiya and Deguilhem Randi (eds.), Crafts and Craftsmen of the Middle East: Fashioning the Individual in the Muslim Mediterranean, London, 2005
Fattah Hala, ‘The Politics of Grain Trade in Iraq, c. 1840–1917’, New Perspectives on Turkey 5–6 (1991), 151–66
Fay Mary Ann, ‘From Concubines to Capitalists: Women, Property, and Power in Eighteenth-Century Cairo’, Journal of Women’s History 10 (1998), 118–40
Fay Mary Ann, ‘Women and Waqf: Property, Power, and the Domain of Gender in Eighteenth-Century Egypt’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 28–47
Fazlıoğlu İhsan, ‘Osmanlı’da Türkçe telif ve tercüme eserlerin dil bilincinin oluşumundaki yeri’, Kutadgu Bilig, Felsefe Bilim Araştırmaları 3 (March 2003), 151–84
Fazlıoğlu Şükran, ‘Nebî Efendi-zâde’nin Kasîde fî el-kutub el-meşhûre fi el-’ulûm’, Kutadgu Bilig, Felsefe Bilim Araştırmaları 3 (March 2003), 191–221
Feldman Walter, ‘Musical Genres and Zikir of the Sunni Tarikats of Istanbul’, in The Dervish Lodge-Architecture: Art and Sufism in Ottoman Turkey, ed. Lifchez Raymond, Berkeley, 1992, pp. 187–202
Feldman Walter, Music of the Ottoman Court: Makam, Compostion and the Early Ottoman Repertoire, Berlin, 1996
Filipović Milenko S., ‘Katun u našoj istoriografiji’, in Simpozijum o srednjevjekovnom katunu (24–25 November 1961), ed. Filipović M. S., Sarajevo, 1963, pp. 9–17
Fındıkoğlu Z. Fahri,‘Türkiyede İbn Haldunizm’, in 60. [=Altmışıncı] doğum yılı münasebetiyle Fuad Köprülü armağanı: Mélanges Fuad Köprülü, Istanbul, 1957, pp. 153–63
Findley Carter Vaughn, ‘Ebu Bekir Ratib’s Vienna Embassy Narrative: Discovering Austria or Propagandizing for Reform in Istanbul?’, Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes 85 (1995), 41–80
Findley Carter Vaughn, ‘Etat et droit dans la pensée politique ottomane: droits de l’homme ou Rechtsstaat? A propos de deux relations d’ambassade’, Etudes turques et ottomanes: documents de travail 4 (1995), 39–50
Findley Carter Vaughn, ‘Mouradgea d’Ohsson and his Tableau general de l’Empire othoman: Redefining the Self by Defining the Other’, in Making Sense of Global History: The Nineteenth International Congress of the Historical Sciences, Oslo 2000, Commemorative Volume, ed. Sogner Sølvi, Oslo, 2001, pp. 169–88
Findley Carter Vaughn, ‘Osmanlı siyasal düşüncesinde devlet ve hukuk insan hakları mı, hukuk devleti mi?’, in XII Türk Tarih Kongresi, Bildiriler, Ankara, 2000, pp. 1195–1202
Findley Carter Vaughn, ‘Patrimonial Household Organization and Factional Activity in the Ottoman Ruling Class’, in Türkiye’nin sosyal ve ekonomik tarihi (1071–1920), ed. Okyar Osman and Inalcık Halil, Ankara, 1980, pp. 227–35
Findley Carter Vaughn, Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789–1922, Princeton, 1980
Findley Carter Vaughn, Ottoman Civil Officialdom: A Social History, Princeton, 1989
Finkel Caroline, The Administration of Warfare: The Ottoman Military Campaigns in Hungary, 1593–1606, Vienna, 1988
Fleischer Cornell, ‘Royal Authority, Dynastic Cyclism, and “Ibn Khaldûnism”’, Journal of Asian and African Studies 18 (1983), 198–220
Fleischer Cornell, Bureaucrat and Intellectual in the Ottoman Empire: The Historian Mustafâ ʿÂli (1541–1600), Princeton, 1986
Fleming Katherine E., The Muslim Bonaparte: Diplomacy and Orientalism in Ali Pasha’s Greece, Princeton, 1999
Flohn Hermann, ‘Klimaschwankungen in historischer Zeit’, in Die Schwankungen und Pen-delbewegungen des Klimas in Europa seit dem Beginn der regelmäβigen Klimabeobachtungen, 1670 ed. Rudloff H. v., Braunschweig, 1967, pp. 81–90
Fodor Pál, ‘State and Society, Crisis and Reform in 15th–17th Century Ottoman Mirror[s] for Princes’, Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 40, 2–3 (1986), 217–40
Frangakis-Syrett Elena, ‘The Trade of Cotton and Cloth in İzmir: From the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century to the Early Nineteenth Century’, in Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East, ed. Keyder Çağlar and Tabak Faruk, Albany, 1991, pp. 97–111
Frangakis-Syrett Elena, The Commerce of Smyrna in the Eighteenth Century (1700–1820), Athens, 1992
Frazee Charles, Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453 –1 923, London, 1983
French David, ‘A Sixteenth Century English Merchant in Ankara’, Anatolian Studies. Journal of the British Institute of Archœlogy at Ankara 22 (1972) (special number in honour of the seventieth birthday of Professor Seyton Lloyd), 241–7
Fuess Albrecht, ‘An Instructive Experience: Fakhr al-Dīın’s Journey to Italy, 1613–18’, in Les Europ´ens vus par les Libanais à l’époque ottomane, ed. Heyberger Bernard and Walbiner Carsten-Michael, Beirut, 2002, pp. 23–42
Fukasawa Katsumi, Toilerie et commerce du Levant, d’Alep à Marseille, Paris, 1987
Galland Antoine, İstanbul’a ait günlük hatıralar (1 672–1673), ed. Schefer Charles, Ankara, 1987
Galland Antoine, Journal.… pendant son séjour à Constantinople 1672–1673, Paris, 1881
Gara Eleni, ‘In Search of Communities in Seventeenth Century Ottoman Sources: The Case of the Kara Ferye District’, Turcica 30 (1998), 135–62
Gara Eleni, ‘Lending and Borrowing Money in an Ottoman Province Town’, in Acta Viennensia Ottomanica, Akten des 13. CIEPO-Symposiums, ed. Köhbach Markus, GiselaProhazka–Eisl and Roemer Claudia, Vienna, 1999, pp. 113–19
Gassner GustavandFritzChristiansen-Weniger, ‘DendroklimatologischeUntersuchungen über die Jahresringentwicklung der Kiefern in Anatolien’, Nova Acta Leopoldina N. F. 12, 80 (1942/3)
Gaube Heinz and Wirth Eugen, ‘Aleppo. Historische und geographische Beiträge zur baulichen Gestaltung, zur sozialen Organisation und zur wirtschaftlichen Dynamik einer vorderasiatischen Fernhandelsmetropole’, Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, Reihe B 58, Wiesbaden, 1984
Gedikli Fethi, Osmanlı şirket kültürü XVI. ve XVII. yüzyıllarda mudârebe uygulaması, Istanbul, 1998
Genç Mehmet, ‘18. yüzyılda Osmanlı sanayii’, Dünü ve Bugünüyle Toplum ve Ekonomi 2 (September 1991), 99–124
Genç Mehmet, ‘A Comparative Study of the Life Term Tax Farming Data and the Volume of Commercial and Industrial Activities in the Ottoman Empire during the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century’, in Les villes balkaniques et sud-est européennes et la révolution industrielle de l’Europe occidentale, Sofia, 1976, pp. 243–80
GenÇ Mehmet, ‘A Study of the Feasibility of Using Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Financial Records as an Indicator of Economic Activity’, in The Ottoman Empire and the World-Economy, ed. Islamoğlu-İnan Huri, Cambridge, 1987, pp. 345–73
Genç Mehmet, ‘Entreprises d’état et attitude politique dans l’industrie ottomane au XVIIIe siècle’, in L’Accession de la Turquie à la civilisation industrielle. Facteurs internes et externes, ed. Thobie Jacques and Bacqué-Grammont Jean-Louis, Istanbul, 1987, pp. 5–12
Genç Mehmet, ‘L’Economie ottomane et la guerre au XVIIIe siècle’, Turcica 27 (1995), 177–96
Genç Mehmet, ‘XVIII. yüzyılda Osmanlı ekonomisi ve savaş’, Yapıt 49, 4 (1984), 52–62 and 50, 5 (1984), 86–93
GenÇ Mehmet, ‘Osmanlı iktisadî dünya görüşünün ilkeleri’, İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Sosyoloji Dergisi 1 (1989), 176–85
GenÇ Mehmet, ‘Osmanlı Imparatorluğu’nda devlet ve ekonomi’, V. Milletlerarası Türkiye sosyal ve iktisat tarihi kongresi. Tebliğler, Ankara, 1991, pp. 176–85
GenÇ Mehmet, ‘Osmanlı maliyesinde malikâne sistemi’, in Türkiye iktisat tarihi semineri, ed. Okyar Osman and Nalbantoğlu Ünal, Ankara, 1975, pp. 231–96
GenÇ Mehmet, ‘Ottoman Industry in the Eighteenth Century: General Framework, Characteristics, and Main Trends’, in Manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, 1500–1950, ed. Quataert Donald, Albany, 1994, pp. 59–86
Gerber Haim, ‘Social and Economic Position of Women in an Ottoman City: Bursa 1600–1700’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 12 (1980), 231–44
Gerber Haim, Economy and Society in an Ottoman City: Bursa, 1600–1700, Jerusalem, 1988
Gerber Haim, State, Society, and Law in Islam: Ottoman Law in Comparative Perspective, Albany, 1995
Gibb E. J. W., A History of Ottoman Poetry, 6 vols., London, 1958–67
Gibb Hamilton A. R. Sir. and Bowen Harold, Islamic Society and the West: A Study of the Impact of Western Civilization on Moslem Culture in the Near East, 2 vols. London, 1957
GöÇek Fatma Müge and Marc David Baer, ‘Social Boundaries of Ottoman Women’s Experience in Eighteenth-Century Galata Court Records’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 48–65
GöÇek Fatma Müge, East Encounters West: France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century, Oxford and New York, 1987
GöÇek Fatma Müge, Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change, Oxford and New York, 1996
Goffman Daniel, ‘Jews in Early Modern Ottoman Commerce’, in Jews, Turks, Ottomans, ed. Levy Avigdor, Syracuse, 2002, pp. 15–34
Goffman Daniel, ‘Ottoman Millets in the Early Seventeenth Century’, New Perspectives on Turkey 11 (1994), 133–58
Goffman Daniel, ‘The Capitulations and the Question of Authority in Levantine Trade 1600–1650’, Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (1986), 155–61
Goffman Daniel, Britons in the Ottoman Empire 1642–1660, Seattle and London, 1998
Goffman Daniel, Izmir and the Levantine World, 1550–1650, Seattle and London, 1990
Goffman Daniel, The Ottoman Empire and Early Modern Europe, Cambridge, 2002
Gökbilgin M. Tayyib, Rumeli’de Yürükler, Tatarlar ve Evlâd-ı Fâtihan, Istanbul, 1957
Gökyay Orhan Ş., ‘Mimar Mehmed Ağa, Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı’ya armağan’, Ankara, 1976
Goldstone Jack, Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World, Berkeley, 1991
Gölpınarlı Abdülbaki, ‘Şeyh Seyyid Gaybioğlu Şeyh Seyyid Hüseyin’in FUuuml;tüvvetnamesi’, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası 17, 1–4 (1955–6), 27–72
Gölpınarlı Abdülbaki, Mevlânâdan sonra Mevlevilik, Istanbul, 1953
Gölpınarlı Abdülbaki (ed.), Şeyh Galib, Hüsn ü Aşk: Önsöz, metin, bugünkü dileçevirisi, lûgatler, açıklama, Gâlib’in el yazısı ile Hüsn ü Aşk’ın tıbkı basımı, Istanbul, 1968
Gonnella Julia, Ein christlich-orientalisches Wohnhaus aus dem 17. Jh. aus Aleppo (Syrien): Das ‘Aleppo Zimmer’ im Museum für Islamische Kunst, Mainz, 1996
Goodwin Geoffrey, The Janissaries, London, 1994
Goodwin Godfrey, A History of Ottoman Architecture, London, 1981 [1971]
Göyünç Nejat and Hütteroth Wolf-Dieter, Land an der Grenze: osmanische Verwaltung im heutigen türkisch–syrisch–irakischen Grenzgebiet im 1 6.Jahrhundert, Istanbul, 1997
Gran Peter, Islamic Roots of Capitalism: Egypt, 1760–1840, Austin, 1979
Greene Molly, ‘An Islamic Experiment? Ottoman Land Policy on Crete’, Mediterranean Historical Review 11 (1996), 60–78
Greene Molly, A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean, Princeton, 2000
Griswold William J., The Great Anatolian Rebellion, 1000–1020/1591–1611, Berlin, 1983
Grosrichard Alain, The Sultan’s Court: European Fantasies of the East, trans. Heron Liz, London and New York, 1998 [1979]
Grove Jean M., The Little Ice Age, London and New York, 1988
Grozdanova Elena and Ivanova Svetlana, ‘Einige Parallelen zwischen den Dorfgemeinden und den Stadtvier telgemeinden in den bulgarischen Landen (16.–17. Jh.)’, Bulgarian Historical Review 20, 4 (1992), 32–61
Grozdanova Elena, ‘Bevölkerungskategorien mit Sonderpflichten und Sonderstatus’, in Osmanistische Studien zur Wirtschafts-und Sozialgeschichte, ed. Majer Hans Georg, Wiesbaden, 1986, pp. 46–67
Grozdanova Elena, Bӑ;lgarskata selska obština prez XV–XVIII vek, Sofia, 1979
Güçer Lütfi, ‘XV–XVII. Asırlarda Osmanlı Imparatorluğunda tuz inhisarı ve tuzlaların işletme nizamı’, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası 23, 1–4 (1962–3), 97–143
Güçer Lütfi, XVI.–XVII. asırlarda Osmanlı Imparatorluğunda hububat meselesi ve hububattan alınan vergiler, Istanbul, 1964
Guilmartin John, ‘Ideology and Conflict: The Wars of the Ottoman Empire, 1453–1606’, Journal of Inter disciplinary History 18 (1988), 721–47
Gündoğdu Hamza, Doǧubayazit İshak Pasa Sarayı, Ankara, 1991
Güulsoy Ersin, Girit’in fethi ve Osmanlı idaresinin kurulması, Istanbul, 2004
Gyóni Mátyás, ‘La transhumance des Vlaques balkaniques au Moyen Age’, Byzantinoslavica 12 (1951), 29–42
Haarmann Ulrich, ‘Ideology and History, Identity and Alterity: The Arab Image of the Turk from the ‘Abbasids to Modern Egypt’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 20 (1988), 175–96
Habesci Elias, The Present State of the Ottoman Empire, London, 1784
Hacker Joseph R., ‘Kitvei ha-Yad ha-˯Ivriyim shel Jan Batist Qolber ve-ha-Moreshet ha-Ruanit shel Yehudei ha-Imperiyah ha-˯Ot’manit’, Zion 62 (1997), 327–68
Haddad Robert, Syrian Christians in Muslim Society: An Interpretation, Westport, 1970
Hadžibegić Hamid, Glavarina u Osmanskoj državi, Sarajevo, 1966
Hadžijahiće Muhamed, ‘Bune i ustanak u Bosni sredinom XVIII stoljeća’, Historijski zbornik 33–4, 1 (1980–1), 99–137
Haeri Shahla, Law of Desire: Temporary Marriage in Shi’i Iran, Syracuse, 1989
Hājib Yūsuf Khāss, Wisdom of Royal Glory (Kutadgu Bilig): A Turko-Islamic Mirror for Princes, ed. and trans. Dankoff RobertChicago, 1983
Halaçoğlu Yusuf, XVIII. yüzyılda Osmanlı İmparatorluğunun iskân siyaseti ve aşiretlerin yerleştirilmesi, Ankara, 1988
Hallaq Wael, ‘The Qadi Diwan (Sijill) before the Ottomans’, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 61, 3 (1998), 415–36
Hammer Joseph, Des osmanischen Reichs Staatsver fassung und Staatsver waltung, 2 vols., Vienna, 1815
Hammer-Purgstall Joseph, Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches, 10 vols., reprint Graz, 1963
Hanım Fıtnat, Dîvân, Istanbul, 1286/1869–70
Hanna Nelly, Making Big Money in 1600: The Life and Times of Ismaჯil Abu Taqiyya, Egyptian Merchant, Syracuse, 1998
Hatem Mervat, ‘Through Each Other’s Eyes: Egyptian, Levantine-Egyptian, and European Women’s Images of Themselves and of Each Other 1862–1920’, Women’s Studies International Forum 12 (1989), 183–98
Hathaway Jane, ‘Ç erkes Mehmed Bey: Rebel, Traitor, Hero?’, Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 22, 1 (1998), 108–15
Hathaway Jane, ‘Egypt in the Seventeenth Century’, in The Cambridge History of Egypt, 2 vols., Cambridge, 1998, vol. II, ed. Daly M. W., pp. 34–58
Hathaway Jane, ‘Marriage Alliances among the Military Households of Ottoman Egypt’, Annales Islamologiques 29 (1995), 39–52
Hathaway Jane, ‘The Grand Vizier and the False Messiah: The Sabbatai Sevi Controversy and the Ottoman Reform in Egypt’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 117, 4 (1997)
Hathaway Jane, ‘The Military Household in Ottoman Egypt’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 27 (1995), 39–52
Hathaway Jane, A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen, Albany, 2003
Hathaway Jane, The Politics of Households in Ottoman Egypt: The Rise of the Qazda˘lıs, Cambridge, 1997
Hatun Asiye, Rüya mektupları, ed. Kafadar Cemal, Istanbul, 1994
Hayashi Kayoko and Aydın Mahir (eds.), The Ottoman State and Societies in Change: A Study of the Nineteenth Century Temettuat Registers, London, 2004
Heppner Harald, ‘Pazvando˘lu –ein Prüfstein der habsbur gischen Südosteuropapolitikim Jahre 1802’, Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Staatsarchivs 38 (1985), 347–55
Hess Andrew, ‘The Forgotten Frontier: The Ottoman North African Provinces in the Eighteenth Century’, in Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Naff Thomas and Owen Roger, Carbondale and Edwards ville, 1977, pp. 74–87
Hess Andrew, The Forgotten Frontier: A History of the Sixteenth Century Ibero-African Frontier, Chicago, 1978
Heyberger Bernard, Les Chrétiens du Proche-Orient au temps de la réforme catholique, Rome, 1994
Heyd Uriel, ‘The Jewish Communities of Istanbul in the Seventeenth Century’, Oriens 6 (1953), 299–314
Heywood Colin J., ‘Some Turkish Archival Sources for the History of the Menzilhane Network in Rumeli During the Eighteenth Century’, Bo˘aziçi Üniversitesi Dergisi, Beşeri Bilimler 4–5 (1976–7), 39–55
Heywood Colin J., ‘The Ottoman Menzilhane and Ulak System in Rumeli in the 18th Century’, in Social and Economic History of Turkey (1071–1922), ed. Okyar Osman and Inalcik Halil, Ankara, 1980, pp. 179–86
Hezarfenn Ahmet, ‘18. yüzyılda Eyüp’te lale yetiştirenler’, Tarih ve Toplum 137 (May 1995), 300–2
Hickok Michael, Looking for the Doctor’s Son: Ottoman Military Administration of 18 th Century Bosnia, Leiden, 1997
Hochedlinger Michael, Austria’s Wars of Emergence, 1683–1797, London, 2003
Hochhut Pia, Die Moschee Nuruosmaniye in Istanbul, Berlin, 1986
Hodgson Marshall G. S., Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization, 3 vols., Chicago, 1974
Holbrook Victoria, The Unreadable Shores of Love, Austin, 1994
Holt P. M., Egypt and the Fertile Crescent, 1516–1922: A Political History, London, 1966
Horata Osman, ‘Evliya Ç elebi seyahatnamesi’ndeki manzum kısımlar’, in Evliya Çelebi ve seyahatname, ed. Tezcan Nuran and Atlansoy Kadir, Gazima˘usa, 2002, pp. 155–67
Hourani Albert, ‘Albert Hourani and the Politics of Notables’, in The Modern Middle East, ed. Hourani Albert et al., Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1993, pp. 83–109
Hourani Albert, ‘Ottoman Reform and the Politics of Notables’, in Beginnings of Modernization in the Middle East: The Nineteenth Century, ed. Polk W. R. and Chambers R. L., Chicago, 1968, pp. 41–65
Hourani Albert, A History of the Arab Peoples, Cambridge, 1991
Hourani Albert, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798–1939, London, 1970
Hourani Albert, Islam in European Thought, Cambridge, 1991
Howard Douglas A., ‘Ottoman Historiography and the Literature of “Decline” of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries’, Journal of Asian Historyi 22 (1988), 52–77
Hufton Olwen, The Prospect Before Her: A History of Women in Western Europe, Volume 1, 1500–1800, New York, 1995
Hupchick Dennis, The Balkans from Constantinople to Communism, New York, 2002
Hupchick Dennis, The Bulgarians in the Seventeenth Century: Slavic Orthodox Society and Culture under Ottoman Rule, Jefferson, 1993
Hurewitz J. C., ‘Europeanization of Ottoman Diplomacy: The Conversion from Unilateralism to Reciprocity in the Nineteenth Century’, Belleten 25 (1961), 455–66
Hütteroth Wolf-Dieter and Fattah Kamal Abdul, Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan, and Southern Syria in the Late Sixteenth Century, Erlangen, 1977
Hütteroth Wolf-Dieter and Höhfeld Volker, Türkei, Darmstadt, 2002
Hütteroth Wolf-Dieter, ‘Yı˘ılca kazasında Karadere vadisi’, İİstanbul Co˘rafya Enstitüsü Der gisi 7, 12 (1961), 166–9
Hütteroth Wolf-Dieter, L ändliche Siedlungen im südlichen Inneranatolien in den letzten vierhundert Jahren, Göttingen, 1968
Ibn Hayim Rabbi Eliyahu, Responsa, Venice, 1610
Ichčiev D., ‘Turski dӑržavni dokumenti za Osman Pazvantoglu Vidinski’, Sbornik za narodni umotvorenija, nauka i knižnina 24 (1908), 1–128
Idel M., ‘Mistiqah Yehudit ve-Mistiqah Muslemit’, Mahanayim 1 (1992), 28–33
İdris Bostan, Beylikten imparatorluğa Osmanlı denizciliği, Istanbul, 2006
İhsanoğlu Ekmeleddin, ‘Ottoman Educational and Scholarly-Scientific Institutions’ and ‘The Ottoman Scientific-Scholarly Literature’, in History of the Ottoman State, Society and Civilisation, 2 vols., ed. İhsanoğlu Ekmeleddin, Istanbul, 2001, 2002, vol, 2, pp. 361–515 and 519–603
Imber Colin, ‘Eleven Fetvas of the Ottoman Sheikh ul-Islam ‘Abdurrahim’, in Islamic Legal Interpretations: Muftis and their Fatwas, ed. Masud M. K., Messick B. and Powers D. S., Cambridge, 1996
Imber Colin, ‘Women, Marriage, and Property: Mahr in the Behcetül-Fetava of Yenişehirli Abdullah’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 81–104
İnal Güner, ‘Tekfigürlerden oluşan Osmanlı resim albümleri’, Arkeoloji-Sanat Tarihi Dergisi 3 (1984), 83–96
İnalcık Halil, ‘Ş;ik^yet hakkı: arż-ı hāl ve arżı mażhar’lar’, Osmanlı Araştırmaları 7–8 (1988), 33–54
İnalcık Halil, ‘Adâletnâmeler’, Belgeler 2, 3–4 (1965), 49–145
İnalcık Halil, ‘Osmanlı pamuklu pazarı, Hindistan ve İngiltere: pazar rekabetinde emek maliyetinin rolü’, METU Studies in Development (1979–80, special issue), 1–66
İnalcık Halil, ‘Sened-i Îttifak ve Gülhane Hatt-ı Hümayûnu’, Belleten 28 (1964), 603–22
İnalcık Halil, ‘Stefan Duşan’dan Osmanlı Imparatorluğuna. XV. asırda Rumeli’de hıristiyan sipahiler ve menşeleri’, in Fuad Köprülü Armağanı, Istanbul, 1953, pp. 207–48
İnalcık Halil, Şâirve patron: patrimonyal devlet ve sanat üzerinde sosyolojik bir inceleme, Ankara, 2003
Inalcik Halil, ‘Arab Camel Drivers in Western Anatolia in the Fifteenth Century’, Revue d’Histoire Maghrebine 10, 31–2 (1983), 247–70
Inalcik Halil, ‘Capital Formation in the Ottoman Empire’, Journal of Economic History 29,1 (1969), 97–140
Inalcik Halil, ‘Centralization and Decentralization in Ottoman Administration’, in Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Naff Thomas and Owen Roger, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1977, pp. 27–52
Inalcik Halil, ‘Comments on “Sultanism”: Max Weber’s Typification of Ottoman Polity’, Princeton Papers in Near Eastern Studies 1 (1992), 49–73
Inalcik Halil, ‘Military and Fiscal Transformation in the Ottoman Empire, 1600–1700’, Archivum Ottomanicum 6 (1980), 283–337
Inalcik Halil, ‘Ottoman Galata, 1453–1553’, in Première rencontre internationale sur l’Empire ottoman et la Turquie moderne, Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales; Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 18–22 janvier 1985. I:Reachers sur la ville ottomane: Le cas du quartier de Galata. II: La vie politique, économique et socio-culturelle de l’Empire ottoman à l’époque jeune-turque, ed. Eldem Edhem, Istanbul, 1991, pp. 17–116
Inalcik Halil, ‘Ottoman Methods of Conquest’, Studia Islamica 2 (1954), 103–29
Inalcik Halil, ‘Rice Cultivation and the çeltükci-re˯âyâ System in the Ottoman Empire,’ Turcica 14 (1982), 69–141
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Appointment Procedure of a Guild Warden (Kethudâ)’, Festschrift Andreas Tietze, Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (1986), 135–42
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Emergence of Big Farms, Çiftliks: State, Landlords and Tenants’, in Contributions à l’histoire économique et sociale de l’empire Ottoman, ed. BaquéGrammont Jean Louis and Dumont Paul, Paris, 1983, pp. 105–26
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Ottoman Decline andits Effects upon the Reaya’, in Aspects of the Balkans: Continuity and Change, ed. Birnbaum Henrik and Vryonis Speros Jr., The Hague and Paris, 1972, pp. 338–54
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Ottoman Economic Mind and Aspects of the Ottoman Economy’, Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A., Oxford, 1970, pp. 207–18
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Ottoman State: Economy and Society, 1300–1600’, in Quataert Inalcik (eds.), Economic and Social History, 1994, pp. 9–409
Inalcik Halil, ‘The Socio-Political Effects of the Diffusion of Fire-Arms in the Middle East’, in War, Technology and Society in the Middle East, ed. by Parry V. J. and Yapp M. E., London, 1975, pp. 195–217
Inalcik Halil, ‘Timariotes chrétiens en Albanie au XVe siècle d’après un registre de timar ottoman’, Mitteilungen des Österreichischen Staatsarchivs 4 (1951), 118–38
Inalcik Halil, ‘When and How British Cotton Goods Invaded the Levant Markets’, in The Ottoman Empire and the World-Economy, ed. İIslamoğlu-İnan Huri, Cambridge, 1987, pp. 374–83
Inalcik Halil, The Ottoman Empire: The Classical Age 1300–1600, London, 1973
Inalcik Halil and Quataert Donald (authors and eds.), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire 1300–1914, Cambridge, 1994
İnbaşı Mehmet, Ukrayna’da Osmanlılar, Kamaniçe seferi ve organizasyonu (1672), Istanbul, 2003
İpekten Haluk et al. (eds.), Şair tezkireleri, Ankara, 2002
İrepoğlu Gül, Levnî: nakış, şiir, renk, Istanbul, 1999
İsen Mustafa (ed.), Kuuml;nhü’l-ahbâr’ın tezkire kısmı, Ankara, 1994
İslâm Ansiklopedisi, İslâm Âlemi Tarih, Coğrafya, Etnografya va Biyografya Lugati, ed. by Adıvar Adnan et al, Istanbul, 1945–88 (İA)
İslamo˘lu Huricihan, State and Peasant in the Ottoman Empire: Agrarian Power Relations and Regional Economic Development in Ottoman Anatolia during the Sixteenth Century, Leiden, 1994
Islamoğlu Huricihan and Faroqhi Suraiya, ‘Crop Patterns and Agricultural Production Trends in Sixteenth-century Anatolia,’ Review 2, 3 (winter 1979), 401–36.
Issawi Charles, ‘Comment on Professor Barkan’s Estimate of the Population of the Ottoman Empire, 1520–1530’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 1 (1957), 329–31
Itzkowitz Norman, ‘Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Realities’, Studia Islamica 16 (1962), 73–94
Itzkowitz Norman, The Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition, Chicago, 1972
Ivanova Svetlana, ‘Institutӑt na kollektivnata otgovornost v bӑlgarskite gradove prez XV XVIII v.’, Istoričeski pregled 46, 1 (1990), 33–44
Ivanova Svetlana, ‘The Divorce between Zubaida Hatun and Esseid Osman Aga: Women in the Eighteenth-Century Shari’a Court of Rumeli’, in Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira, Syracuse, 1996, pp. 112–25
İz Fahir, Eski Türk edebiyatında nesir, 2nd edn, Ankara, 1996
İz Fahir (ed.), The Seyahatname of Evliya Çelebi, facsimile of TS Bagdat 304, part 1, Cambridge, MA, 1989
Jakšić Grgur, ‘Notes sur Passvan-oglou, 1758–1807’, Revue slave 1 (1906), 261–79, 418–29, 2 (1906), 139–44, 436–48, 3 (1907), 138–44, 278–88
Jakšič Grgur and Vukčović Bojislav J. (eds.), Francuski dokumenti o prvom i drugom ustanku (1804–1830), Belgrade, 1957
Jelavić Vjekoslav, ‘Pazvan-Oglu od Vidina (Izvješće francuskog pukovnika Mériage)’, Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu 17 (1905), 173–216
Jelavich Barbara, History of the Balkans: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Cambridge, 1983
Jennings Ronald C., ‘Divorce in the Ottoman Sharia Court of Cyprus, 1580–1640’, Studia Islamica 78 (1993), 155–67
Jennings Ronald C., ‘Loans and Credit in Early 17th Century Ottoman Judicial Records: The Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 16, 2–3 (1973), 168–216
Jennings Ronald C., ‘Urban Population in Anatolia in the Sixteenth Century: A Study of Kayseri, Karaman, Amasya, Trabzon, and Erzurum’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 7 (1976), 21–57
Jennings Ronald C., ‘Women in Early 17th-Century Ottoman Judicial Records – the Sharia Court of Anatolian Kayseri’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18 (1975), 53–114
Jennings Ronald C., Christians and Muslims in Ottoman Cyprus, 1571–1640, New York and London, 1993
Jireček Constantin, Geschichte der Serben, vols. I and II, 1, Gotha, 1911–18
Jireček Constantin, Staat und Gesellschaft im mittelalterlichen Serbien: Studien zur Kultur geschichte des 13–.15. Jahrhunderts, part 1, Vienna, 1912
Jocov D., ‘Materiali za Pazvant-Oglu, izvlečeni ot ruskite archivi’, Periodičesko spisanie na B ӑlgarskoto kniž ovno družestvo 68 (1908), 749–55
Johansen Baber, The Islamic Law on Land Tax and Rent: The Peasants’ Loss of Property Rights as Interpreted in the Hanafite Legal Literature of the Mamluk and Ottoman Periods, London, 1988
Kabaklı Ahmet, ‘Muhayyelât’, in Türk dili ve edebiyatı ansiklopedisi, vol, 6, Istanbul, 1986
Kabbani Rana, Europe’s Myths of the Orient, Bloomington, 1986
Kafadar Cemal, ‘A Death in Venice (1575): Anatolian Muslim Merchants Trading in the Serenissima’, Raiyyet Rüsûmu. Essays Presented to Halil İ nalcık on his Seventieth Birthday by his Colleagues and Students. Journal of Turkish Studies 10 (1986), 191–218
Kafadar Cemal, ‘Les troubles monétaires de la fin du XVIe siècle et la prise de conscience ottomane du déclin’, Annales Economies Sociétés Civilisations 46 (1991), 381–400
Kafescioğlu Çiğdem, ‘“In the Image of Rûm”: Ottoman Architectural Patronage in Sixteenth Century Aleppo and Damascus’, Muqarnas 16 (1999), 70–95
Kagan Frederick W. and Higham Robin (eds.), The Military History of Tsarist Russia, New York, 2002
Kaiser Thomas, ‘The Evil Empire? The Debate on Turkish Despotism in EighteenthCentury French Political Culture’, Journal of Modern History 72 (2000), 6–34
Kal’a Ahmet et al. (eds.), İstanbul külliyatı: İstanbul ahkâm defterleri, Istanbul, 1997
Káldy-Nagy Gyula, ‘The First Centuries of the Ottoman Military Organization’, Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 31 (1977), 147–83
Kalpakıi Mehmet, ‘Kaside and Anti-Kaside: Nef’î and his Shafts of Doom (Siham-ı Kaza)’, paper presented at the meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Washington, DC, December 1995
Kanitz Felix, Donau-Bulgarien und der Balkan: Historisch-geographisch-ethnographische Reisestudien aus den Jahren 1860–1876, 3 vols., Leipzig, 1877
Karal Enver Ziya, ‘Nizâm-ı Cedide dair lâyihalar’, Tarih Vesikaları 1, 6 (April 1942), 414–25, 2, 8 (August 1942), 104–11, 2, 11 (February 1943), 342–51, 2, 12 (April 1943), 424–32
Karal Enver Ziya, Selim III’ün hatt-ı hümayunları – Nizam-ı Cedit – (1789–1807), Ankara, 1946
Karamuk Gümeç, Ahmed Azmi Efendis Gesandts chafts bericht als Zeugnis des osmanischen Machtverfalls und der beginnenden Reformära Selim III, Bern, 1975
Karger Adolf, Die Entwicklung der Siedlungen im westlichen Slavonien, Ein Beitrag zur Kultur geographie im westlichen Slavonien, Kölner Geographische Arbeiten, 15, Wiesbaden, 1963
Karpat Kemal et al., Social Change and Politics in Turkey: A Structural-Historical Analysis, Leiden, 1973
Kartal Ahmet, ‘Türkçe mesnev^ılerin tertip özellikleri’, Bilig 19 (2001), 69–117
Kasaba Reşat, The Ottoman Empire and the World Economy, Albany, 1988
Kavruk Hasan, Eski Türk edebiyatinda mensur hikâayeler, Ankara, 1998
Kaya Doğan, ‘Şairnâmelere ek’, Türk Bilimi Araştırmaları 7 (1998), 61–97
Kaya Doğan, Şâirnâmeler, Ankara, 1990
Keegan John, A History of Warfare, New York, 1993
Keep John L. H., Soldiers of the Tsar: Army and Society in Russia 1462–1974, Oxford, 1985
Kemp Percy, ‘History and Historiography in Jalili Mosul’, Middle Eastern Studies 19 (1983), 345–76
Kennett Lee, The French Armies in the Seven Years’ War: A Study in Military Organization and Administration, Durham, 1967
Keshales Hayim, Qorot Yehudei Bulgariah, vol. I, Tel Aviv, 1971
Khachikian Levon, ‘Le registre d’un marchand arménien en Perse, en Inde et au Tibet (1692–1693)’, Annales 22, 2 (March–April 1967), 231–78
Khaldûn Ibn, The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History, 3 vols., trans. Rosenthal Franz, 2nd edn, Princeton, 1967
Khodarkovsky Michael, Russia’s Steppe Frontier: The Making of a Colonial Empire, 1500–1800, Bloomington, 2002
Khoury Dina Rizk, ‘Identities in Flux: Tribe, Faction, and Neighborhood in Baghdad, 1760s to 1810s’, unpublished paper presented at the meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Washington DC, December 1998
Khoury Dina Rizk, ‘Merchants and Trade in Early Modern Iraq’, New Perspectives on Turkey 5–6 (1991), 53–86
Khoury Dina Rizk, State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul 1540–1834, Cambridge, 1997
Khoury Philip S., ‘The Urban Notables Paradigm Revisited’, Villes au Levant. Hommage à André Raymond. Revue du Monde musulman et de la Méditerranée 55–6 (1990), 215–28
Kiel Machiel and Friedrich Sauerwein, Ost-Lokris in türkischer und neugriechischer Zeit (1460– 1981), Passau, 1994
Kılıç Atabey, ‘Mirza-zadeler ailesinden Neylî-zade Mehmed Hamîıd’, Bir: Türk Dünyası İncelemeleri Dergisi: Prof. Dr. Kemal Eraslan Armaǧan Sayısı 9–10 (1998), 409–15
King Charles, The Black Sea: A History, Oxford, 2004
Kızıltan Mübeccel, ‘Dǐvǎn edebiyati özelliklerine uyarak şiir yazan kadin şairler’, Sombahar 21–2 (January 1994), 104–69
Koller Markus, Bosnien an der Schwelle zur Neuzeit: Eine Kulturgeschichte der Gewalt, Munich, 2004
Kolodziejczyk Dariusz, The Ottoman Survey Register of Podolia (ca. 1681): Defter-i mufassal-ı eyalet-i Kamaniçe, vol. I, Cambridge, MA, 2004
Kömürcüyan Eremya Çelebi, İstanbul tarihi, XVI. asırda İstanbul, Istanbul, 1952
Köprülü Fuad, ‘Türk edebiyatı’nda ‘Âşık tarzı’nın menşe’ ve tekâmülü hakkında bir tecrübe’, in Edebiyat araştırmaları, 2nd edn, Ankara, 1986, pp. 195–238
Köprülü Fuad, Türk sâz şairleri II: Antoloji, XVI–XVIII. asırlar, Istanbul, 1940
Koz Sabri, ‘Sermet Çifter Kütüphanesi’ndeki cönkler: I, parçalanmış bir cönk’, 4. Kat: Yapı Kredi Sermet Çifter Araştırma Kütüphanesi Bülteni 1 (April–May–June 2001), 18–23
Koz Sabri, ‘Sermet Çifter Kütüphanesi’ndeki cönkler: VII, parçalanmış bir cönk’, 4. Kat: Yapı Kredi Sermet Çifter Araştırma Kütüphanesi Bülteni (January–February–March 2003), 39–44
Kuban Doğgan, Türk barok mimarisi hakkında bir deneme, Istanbul, 1954
Küçükerman Önder, Türk giyim sanayii tarihindeki ünlüfabrika feshane’ defterdar fabrikası, Istanbul, 1988
Kuniholm Peter I., ‘Archaeological Evidence and Non-Evidence for Climatic Change’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A330 (1990), 645–55
Kunt İbrahim Metin, ‘Derviş Mehmed Paşa, Vezir and Entrepreneur: A Study in Ottoman Political-Economic Theory and Practice’, Turcica 9,1 (1977), 197–214
Kunt İbrahim Metin, Sancaktan eyalete. 1550–1650 arasında Osmanlı ümerası ve il idaresi, Istanbul, 1978
Kunt Ibrahim Metin, The Sultan’s Servants: The Transformation of Ottoman Provincial Government, 1550–1650, New York, 1983
Kuran Aptullah, ‘Orta Anadolu’da klasik Osmanlı çaǧinin sonlarında yapılan iki külliye’, Vakıflar Dergisi 9 (1979), 229–49
Kurnaz Cemal, ‘Arayıcızâde Hüseyin Ferdî ve Derviş Ömer Efendi’nin bilaâdiyyeleri’, Journal of Turkish Studies, Türklük Bilgisi Araştırmalar 19 (1995), In Memoriam Abd¨lbaki Gölpınarlı, 2 vols., vol. I, pp. 299–316
Kut Günay Alpay, ‘Veysî’nin Divanında bulunmayan bir kaside üzerine’, Türk Dili Arastırmaları Yıllıǧ ı: Belleten (1970), 169–78
Kut Günay and Kut Turgut, ‘Ayvansarayî Hafız Hüseyin b. İsmail ve eserleri’, İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Tarih Dergisi 33 (1980–1), 401–39
Kut Turgut and Türe Fatma (eds.), Yazmadan basmaya: Müteferrika, mühendishane, Üsküdar, Istanbul, 1996
Kütükoğlu Mübahat S.Sultan II. Mahmud devri yedek ordusu: Redîf-i Asâkir-i Mansure’, Tarih Enstitüsü Dergisi 12 (1981–2), 127–158
Kütükoğlu Mübahat, ‘Osmanlı esnafında oto-kontrol müessesesi’, in Ahilik ve esnaf konfer-anslar ve seminer, metinler, tartışmalar, Istanbul, 1986, pp. 55–86
Kütükoğlu Mübahat, ‘XVIII. yüzyılda Osmanlı devletinde fevkalâde elçilerin aǧırlanması’, Türk K¨ltürü Araştırmaları 27 (1989), 199–231
Kütükoğlu Mübahat, Osmanlılarda narh müessesesi ve 1640 tarihli narh defteri, Istanbul, 1983
Lamdan Ruth, A Separate People: Jewish Women in Palestine, Syria and Egypt in the Sixteenth Century, Leiden, 2000
Lane [Poole] Sophia, The Englishwoman in Egypt: Letters from Cairo, Written during a Residence there in 1842, 3, & 4, [and 1845–46], with E. W. Lane …, 3 vols., London, 1844–6
Lane E. W., An Account of the Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians, New York, 1973 [1860]
Laslett Peter and Wall Richard (eds.), Household and Family in Past Time, Cambridge, 1972
Lawless R. I., ‘The Economy and Landscapes of Thessaly during Ottoman Rule’, in An Historical Geography of the Balkans, ed. Carter Francis W., London, New York and San Francisco, 1977, pp. 507–33
Leed Eric J., The Mind of the Traveler, New York, 1991
Leeuwen Richard, Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: The Khazin Sheiks and the Maronite Church (1736–1840), Leiden, 1994
Lev Rabbi Yosef Ibn, Responsa, vol. III, Amsterdam, 1725
Levend Agâh Sırrı, Nabi’nin surnâmesi: Vakaayi’-i hitân-ı şehzadegân-ı Hazret-i Sultan Muhammed-i Gaazi li-Nabi Efendi, Istanbul, 1944
Levend Agâh Sırrı, Türk edebiyatı tarihi, vol. I: Giriş, 2nd edn, Ankara, 1973
Levi Avner, ‘Shav’at Aniyim: Social Cleavage, Class War and Leadership in the Sephardi Community: The Case of Izmir, 1847’, in Ottoman and Turkish Jewry, Community and Leadership, ed. Rodrigue A., Bloomington, 1992, pp. 183–202
Levy Avigdor, ‘Military Reform and the Problem of Centralization in the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century’, Middle Eastern Studies 18 (1982), 227–49
Levy Avigdor, The Sephardim in the Ottoman Empire, Princeton, 1992
Levy Avigdor (ed.), The Jews of the Ottoman Empire, Princeton, 1994
Lewis Bernard, ‘Ottoman Observers of Ottoman Decline’, Islamic Studies 1 (1962), 71–87
Lewis Bernard, ‘Some Reflections on the Decline of the Ottoman Empire’, Studia Islamica 9 (1958), 111–127; also in The Economic Decline of Empires, ed. Cipolla C. M., London, 1970, pp. 215–34
Lewis Bernard, The Jews of Islam, Princeton, 1984
Lewis Bernard, The Muslim Discovery of Europe, New York, 1982
Lewis Bernard, The Political Language of Islam, Chicago, 1988
Lewis Reina, Gendering Orientalism: Race, Femininity and Representation, London, 1996
Lier Thomas, Haushalte und Haushaltspolitik in Bagdad 1704–1831, Würzburg, 2004
Longrigg Stephen, Four Centuries of Ottoman Iraq, Oxford, 1925
Louis Herbert, Das natürliche Pflanzenkleid Anatoliens, geographisch gesehen, Stuttgart, 1939
Lowe Lisa, Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms, Ithaca, 1991
Lowry Heath W., ‘Privilege and Property in Ottoman Maçuka in the Opening Decades of the Tourkokratia: 1461–1553’, in Continuity and Change in Late Byzantine and Early Ottoman Society, ed. Bryer Anthony and Lowry Heath, Birmingham and Washington, DC, 1986, pp. 97–128
Lowry Heath W., Fifteenth Century Ottoman Realities: Christian Peasant Life on the Aegean Island of Limnos, Istanbul, 2002
Lowry Heath, ‘Süleyman’s Formative Years in the City of Trabzon: Their Impact on the Future Sultan and City’, in Süleyman the Second and his Time, ed. Inalcik Halil and Kafadar Cemal, Istanbul, 1993, pp. 21–36
Lybyer A. H., The Government of the Ottoman Empire in the Time of Suleiman the Magnificent, Cambridge, MA, 1913
Mabro Judith, Veiled Half-Truths, London and New York, 1996 [1991]
MacKenzie John M., Orientalism: History, Theory and the Arts, Manchester and New York, 1995
Mahir Banu, ‘A Group of 17th Century Paintings Used for Picture Recitation’, in Art Turc. 10 e Congrès international d’art turc, Geneva, 1999, pp. 443–55
Mahir Banu, ‘Abdullah Buhari’nin minyatürlerinde 18. yüzyıl Osmanlı kadın modası’, P Sanat Kültür Antika Dergisi 12 (1998–99), 70–82
Mahir Banu, ‘Hüseyin Istanbulî’, in Ya şamları ve yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar ansiklopedisi, Istanbul, 1999
Mahir Banu, ‘Hasan Paşa (Nakkaş)’, in Ya şamları ve yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar ansiklopedisi, Istanbul, 1999
Mahir Banu, ‘Kalender Paşa’, in Yaşamları ve yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar ansiklopedisi, Istanbul, 1999
Mahir Banu, ‘PortraitsinNew Context’, inTheSultan’s Portrait: Picturing the House of Osman, ed. Kangal Selmin, Istanbul, 2000, pp. 298–335
Majda Tadeusz and Mrozowska Alina, Tureckie Stropje i Sceny Rodzajowe, Warsaw, 1991
Majer Hans Georg, ‘Gold, Silber und Farbe’, in VII. Internationaler Kongress für Osmanische Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte (1300–1920), ed. Motika Raoul, Herzog Christoph and Ursinus Michael, Heidelberg, 1999, pp. 9–42
Majer Hans Georg, ‘Individualized Sultans and Sexy Women: The Works of Musavvir Hüseyin and their East–West Context’, in Art Turc. 10 e Congrès international d’art turc, Geneva, 1999, pp. 463–71
Majer Hans Georg, ‘New Approaches in Portraiture’, in The Sultan’s Portrait: Picturing the House of Osman, ed. Kangal Selmin, Istanbul, 2000, pp. 336–49
Majer Hans Georg, Das osmanische ‘Registerbuch der Beschwerden’ (šikāyet defteri) vom Jahre 1675, Vienna, 1984
Makkai Lázslo, ‘Der ungarische Viehhandel 1550–1650’, in Der Aussenhandel Ostmitteleuropas 1450–1650, ed. Bog Ingomar, Cologne and Vienna, 1971, pp. 483–506
Maloney George, A History of Orthodox Theology since 1453, Belmont, 1976
Mann Michael, The Sources of Social Power, 2 vols., Cambridge, 1986–93
Mantran Robert, Istanbul dans la seconde moitié du XVIIe siècle: essai d’histoire institutionelle, économique et sociale, Paris and Istanbul, 1962
Marcus Abraham, The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century, New York, 1989
Marcus Jacob, The Jew in the Medieval World: A Sourcebook, 315–1791, New York, 1938
Marquiŕ Claude, L’Industrie textile carcassonnaise au XVIIIe siècle, étude d’un groupe social: les marchands–fabricants, Carcassonne, 1993
Marsigli Luigi Ferdinando, Stato militare dell’Impèrio Ottomanno incremento e decremento del medesimo, The Hague and Amsterdam, 1732
Marsot Afaf Lutfi al- Sayyid, Women and Men in Late Eighteenth-Century Egypt, Austin, 1995
Marsot Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid, Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali, Cambridge, 1984
Masson Paul, Histoire du commerce français dans le Levant au XVIIe siècle, Paris, 1896
Masson Paul, Histoire du commerce français dans le Levant au XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1911
Masters Bruce, ‘Power and Society in Aleppo in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries’, Revue du Monde Musulman et de la Mediterranée 62, 4 (1991), 151–8
Masters Bruce, ‘The Economic Role of Women in a Pre-Capitalist Muslim Society: The Case of Seventeenth-Century Aleppo’, paper presented at the Meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, Chicago, 1983
Masters Bruce, ‘The View from the Province: Syrian ChroniclesoftheEighteenthCentury’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 114, 3 (1994), 353–62
Masters Bruce, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism, Cambridge, 2001
Masters Bruce, The Origins of Western Economic Dominance in the Middle East: Mercantilism and the Islamic Economy in Aleppo, 1600–1750, New York, 1988
Mathee Rudi, ‘Unwalled Cities and Restless Nomads: Firearms and Artillery in Safavid Iran’, in Safavid Persia: The History and Politics of an Islamic Society, ed. Melville Charles, London, 1996, pp. 389–416
Matkovski Aleksandar, ‘About the Wallachian Livestock Breeding Organization in the Balkans with Special Attention to Katun’, Review/Glasnik 31, 3 (1987), 199–221
Matkovski Aleksandar, ‘Auftreten und Ausbreitung des Tabaks auf der Balkanhalbinsel’, Südost-Forschungen 28 (1969), 48–93
Matkovski Aleksandar, Otporot vo Makedonija vo vremeto na turskoto vladeenje, vol. IV: Buni i vostanija, Skopje, 1983
McCarthy Justin, The Ottoman Turks, London, 1997
McGowan Bruce, Economic Life in Ottoman Europe: Taxation, Trade, and the Struggle for Land, 1600–1800, Cambridge, 1981
McNeill William, Europe’s Steppe Frontier, 1500–1800, Chicago, 1964
McNeill William, The Pursuit of Power, Chicago, 1982
Mehmed Birgivi [Birgili], Tarikat-i muhammediyye tercümesi, trans. Yıldırım Celâl, Istanbul, 1981
Mehmed Mirzŝ-zâde, Sâlim dîvânı: tenkitli basım, ed. İnce Adnan, Ankara, 1994
Mehmed Zihnî, Meş âhir el-Nisâ, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1294–6/1877–9
Meillassoux Charles, The Anthropology of Slavery, Chicago, 1991
Melman Billie, Women’s Orients: English Women and the Middle East, 1718–1918, Ann Arbor, 1992
Mendels Franklin F., ‘Protoindustrialization: The First Phase of the Industrialization Process’, Journal of Economic History 32 (1972), 241–61
Mengi Mine, ‘Evliya Çelebi Seyahatnamesi’nin I. cildinde tahkiye’, in Evliya Çelebi ve seya-hatname, ed. Tezcan Nuran and Atlansoy Kadir, Gazimağusa, 2002, pp. 197–208
Meriç Rıfkı Melül, Türk nakış sa’natı tarihi araştırmaları I: vesikalar, Ankara, 1953–4
Meriwether Margaret L., ‘The Rights of Children and the Responsibilities of Women: Women as Wasis in Ottoman Aleppo, 1770–1840’, in Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira, Syracuse, 1996, pp. 219–35
Meriwether Margaret L., ‘Urban Notables and Rural Resources in Aleppo, 1770–1830’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 4 (1987), 55–73
Meriwether Margaret L., ‘Women and Waqf Revisited’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 128–52
Meriwether Margaret L., The Kin who Count: Family and Society in Ottoman Aleppo 1770–1840, Austin, 1999
Merkezi İstanbul İtalyan Kultur (ed.), İstanbul Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi ve Venedik CorrerMüzesi koleksiyonlarından yüzyıllar boyunca Venedik ve İstanbul Görünümleri/Vedute di Venezia ed Istanbul attraverso i secoli dalle collezione del Museo Correr Venezia e Museo del Topkapı, Istanbul, 1995
Mernissi Fatima, Beyond the Veil: Male–Female Dynamics in a Modern Muslim Society, rev. edn, Bloomington, 1987 [1975]
Mernissi Fatima, Women’s Rebellion and Islamic Memory, London, 1996
Meşihat Bab-İ, lmiye salnamesi, Istanbul, 1334/1915–16
Mexes Demos N., Hē Manē kai hoi Maniates: themata gia tēn historia tous, tēlaographia kai tēn technē, Athens, 1977
mi-Trani Mosheh, ben Rabbi Yosef, Responsa, 2 vols., Lvov, 1861
Miller A. F., Mustafa Pacha Baïraktar, Bucharest, 1975
Milstein Rachel, Miniature Painting in Ottoman Bagdad, Costa Mesa CA, 1990
Minkov Anton, Conversion to Islam in the Balkans:2 Kisve Bahası Petitions and Ottoman Social Life, 1670–1730, Leiden, 2004
Minorsky Vladimir, A Catalogue of the Turkish Manuscripts, Dublin, 1958
Mitterauer Michael and Reinhard Sieder, The European Family: Patriarchy to Partnership from the Middle Ages to the Present, Chicago, 1982
Moačanin Nenad, Town and Country on the Middle Danube 1526–1690, Leiden and Boston, 2006
Molkho Y. R. and Amarilio A. S., ‘Yalqut Haskamot Saloniqi be-Ladino’, Sefunot 2 (1958), 27–60
Moltke Helmuth, Briefe über Zustände und Begebenheiten in der Türkei aus denJahren 1835–39, 6th edn, Berlin, 1893
Moltke Helmuth, Der russisch–türkische Feldzug in der europäischen Türkei 1828–1829, Berlin, 1877
Moltke Helmuth, Essays, Speeches and Memoirs, vol. I, New York, 1893
Montagu Lady Mary Wortley, The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, 3 vols., ed. Halsband Robert, Oxford, 1965–7
Montecuccoli Raimondo, Della Guerra col Turco in Ungheria, Cologne, 1704
Moors Annelies, ‘Debating Islamic Family Law: Legal Texts and Social Practices’, in A Social History of Women and Gender in the Modern Middle East, ed. Meriwether Margaret L. and Tucker Judith E., Boulder, 1999
Morineau Michel, ‘Naissance d’une domination. Marchands européens, marchands et marchés du Levant aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles’, in Commerce de gros, commerce de détail dans les pays méditerranéens [XVIe–XIXe siècles]. Actes desjournées d’études. Bendor 25–26 avril1975, Nice, 1976, pp. 144–84
Motzki Harald, ‘Muslimische Kinderehen in Palästina während des 17. Jahrhunderts. Fatawa als Quellen zur Sozialgeschichte’, Die Welt des Islams 27 (1987), 82–90
Muhtar Ahmed, Türkiye devletinin en mühimm ve meşhur esfarından H 1244–1245 M 1828–1829 Türkiye–Rusya seferi ve Edirne muahedesi yahud vakıtsız sefer ibret ve intibah dersleri, 2 vols., Ankara, 1928–30
Murphey Rhoads, ‘Mustafa Ali and the Politics of Cultural Despair’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 21 (1989), 243–55
Murphey Rhoads, ‘Politics and Islam, Mustafa Sâfî’s Version of the Kingly Virtues as Presented in his Zübdetü’l-tevârîîh, or Annals of Sultan Ahmed, 1012–1023 AH/1603–1614 AD’, in Frontiers of Ottoman Studies: State, Province, and the West, 2 vols., ed. Imber Colin and Kiyotaki Keiko, London and New York, 2005, vol. I, pp. 5–24
Murphey Rhoads, ‘Solakzade’s Treatise of 1652: A Glimpse at Operational Principles Guiding the Ottoman State during Times of Crisis’, in V. Milletlerarası Türkiye Sosyal ve İktisat Tarihi Kongresi: Tebliğler, Ankara, 1990
Murphey Rhoads, ‘Westernization in the Eighteenth-Century Ottoman Empire: How Far, How Fast?’, Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 23 (1999), 116–39
Murphey Rhoads, Tekin Şinasi and Tekin Gönül Alpay (eds.), Kanûn-n^me-i Sultânî li ‘Azîz Efendi: Aziz Efendi’s Book ofSultanic Laws and Regulations: An Agenda for Reform by a Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Statesman, Cambridge, MA, 1985
Murphey Rhoads, Ottoman Warfare, 1500–1700, London, 1999
Mutafčieva Vera P., ‘Feodalnite razmirici v Severna Trakija prez kraja na XVIII i načaloto na XIX v.’, in Paisij Chilendarski i negovata epocha (1762–1962), ed. Kosev Dimitar et al., Sofia, 1962, pp. 167–210
Mutafčieva Vera P., Kӑrdžalijsko vreme, Sofia, 1977
Mutahhari Murtaza, The Islamic Modest Dress, trans. Bakhtiar Laleh, 2nd edn, Albuquerque, 1989 [1988]
Nӑsturel Petre Ş., ‘Vlacho-Balcanica’, Byzantinisch-Neugriechische Jahrbücher 22 (1977–84, Athens, 1985), 221–48
Na’eh Yaron Ben, ‘Between GuildandCongregation: Jewish Society in the Ottoman Empire in the Seventeenth through Eighteenth Centuries’, Zion 63 (1998), 277–318
Naff Thomas, ‘Ottoman Diplomatic Relations with Europe in the Eighteenth Century: Patterns and Trends’, in Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Naff Thomas and Owen Roger, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1977, pp. 88–107
Nagata Yuzo, Muhsin-zâde Mehmed Paşa ve âyânlık müessesesi, Tokyo, 1976
Nagata Yuzo, Some Documents on the Big Farms (Ciftliks) of the Notables in Western Anatolia, Tokyo, 1976
Nagata Yuzo, Tarihte Âyânlar, Karaosmanoğulları ü zerinde bir İnceleme, Ankara, 1997
Nahal Galal El-, The Judicial Administration of Ottoman Egypt in the Seventeenth Century, Minneapolis and Chicago, 1979
Naima Mustafa, Tarih-i Naჯima: ravzat ül-hüseyn fi hülaset ahbar Ül-hafikayn, 6 vols., Istanbul, 1863
Nasir Jamal J., The Status of Women under Islamic Law and Modern Islamic Legislation, London, 1990
Nayır (Ahunbay) Zeynep, Osmanlı mimarlığında Sultan Ahmed külliyesi vesonrası (1609–1690), Istanbul, 1975
Necmettin of Türinay, ‘Klasik hikayenin zirvesi: Hüsn ü aşk’, in Şeyh Galib Kitabı, ed. Ayvazoğlu Beşir, Istanbul, 1995, pp. 87–122
Neumann Christoph K., ‘Sel^nik’teonsekizinci yüzyılın sonundamasarif-i vilâyet defterleri: merkezî hükümet, taşra idaresi ve şehir yönetimi üçgeninde malî işlemler’, Tarih Enstitüsü Dergisi 16 (1998), 69–97
Neumann Christoph, ‘Spices in the Ottoman Palace: Courtly Cookery in the Eighteenth Century’, in The Illuminated Table, the Prosperous House: Food and Shelter in Ottoman Material Culture, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya and Neumann Christoph, Istanbul, 2003, pp. 127–60
Newton Judith L., Ryan Mary P. and Walkowitz Judith R., Sex and Class in Women’s History, London, 1983
Nieuwenhuis Tom, Politics and Society in Early Modern Iraq: Mamluk Pashas, Tribal Shaikhs and Local Rule between 1802 and 1831, The Hague, 1981
Nikitin Sergej A., (ed.), Pervoeserbskoevosstanie 1804–1813 gg. iRossija, Moscow, 1980
Novaković Stojan, Tursko carstvopred Srpski ustanak 1780–1804, Belgrade, 1906
Ocak Ahmet Yaşar, Kültür tarihi kaynağı olarak menâkıbnâmeler: metodolojik bir yaklaşim, Ankara, 1992
Ocak Ahmet Yaşar, Osmanlı toplumunda zındiklar ve mülhidler (15.–17. yüzyıllar), Istanbul, 1998
Ocak Fatma Tulga, ‘Nef˯îve eski Türk edebiyatindaki yeri’, in Ölümünün üçyüzellinci yilinda Nef˯î, Ankara, 1987, pp. 1–44
Ochsenwald William, Religion, Society, and the State in Arabia: The Hijaz under Ottoman Control, 1840–1908, Columbus, 1983
Odorico Paolo et al., Conseils et mémoires de Synadinos prêtre de Serrès en Macédoine (XVIIe siècle), Paris, 1996
Ohsson Ignatius Mouradgea d’, Tableau général de l’empire othoman, 7 vols., Paris, 1787–1824; also 3 vols., Paris, 1787–1820
Olson Robert W., ‘The Esnaf and the Patrona Halil Rebellion of 1730: A Realignment in Ottoman Politics’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17 (1974), 329–44
Olson Robert W., ‘The Patrona Halil Rebellion and Ottoman–Persian Wars and Eighteenth Century Ottoman Historiography’, in Turkic Culture: Continuity and Change, ed. Akural Sabri M., Bloomington, 1987, pp. 75–82
Olson Robert W., The Siege of Mosul and Ottoman–Persian Relations, 1718–1743, Bloomington, 1975
Ömürlu Yusuf (ed.), Türk musikisi klasikleri-ilahiler, vols. I–VIII, Istanbul, 1979–91
Öngül Ali, ‘Tarih-i Cami-i Nuruosmanî’, Vakıflar Dergisi 24 (1994), 127–46
Orhonlu Cengiz, ‘Fındıklı semtinin tarihi hakkında bir araştırma’, Tarih Dergisi 8, 11–12 (1955), 51–70
Orhonlu Cengiz, Osmanli İmparatorluğunda aşiretleri iskân teşebbüsü (1691–1696), Istanbul, 1963
Orhonlu Cengiz, Osmanli İmparatorluğunda derbend teşkilâtı, 2nd edn, Istanbul, 1990
Orhonlu Cengiz, Osmanli İmparatorluğunda derbend teşkilâti, Istanbul, 1967
Orhonlu Cengiz (ed.), Telhisler (1597–1607), Istanbul, 1970
Orwell George, Shooting an Elephant, and Other Essays, London, 1950
Owen Roger, ‘The Middle East in the Eighteenth Century and “Islamic” Society in Decline – A Critique of Gibb and Bowen’s Islamic Society and the West’, Review of Middle East Studies 1 (1975), 101–12
Owen Roger, The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800–1914, rev. edn, London and New York, 1993 [1981]
Öz Mehmet, ‘Ottoman Provincial Administration in Eastern and Southeastern Antolia: The Case of Bidlis in the Sixteenth Century’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 9, 1–2 (Summer 2003), 145–56
Öz Tahsin, Türk kumaş ve kadifeleri, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1951
Özbaran Salih, ‘Basra beylerbeyliğinin kuruluşu’, Tarih Dergisi 25 (1971), 53–72
Özbaran Salih, ‘Osmanlı İmparatorluğu ve Hindistan yolu’, Tarih Dergisi 31 (1964), 65–164
Özbaran Salih, ‘Ottoman Naval Policy in the South’, in Süleyman the Magnificent and his Age: The Ottoman Empire in the Early Modern World, ed. Kunt Metin and Woodhead Christine, London, 1995, pp. 55–70
Özdeğer Hüseyin, 1463–1640 yılları Bursa şehri tereke defterleri, Istanbul, 1988
Özkaya Yücel, ‘Canikli Ali Paşa’, Belleten 144 (1972), 483–525
Özkaya Yücel, ‘XVIII’nci yüzyılda çıkarılan adalet-nâmelere göre Türkiye’nin ic durumu’, Belleten 38 (1974), 445–91
Özkaya Yücel, ‘XVIII. yüzyılın ilk yarısında yerli ailelerin âyânlıkları ele geçirişleri ve büyük hânedânlıkların kuruluşu’, Belleten 42 (1978), 667–723
Özkaya Yücel, Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda âyânlık, Ankara, 1977
Özkaya Yücel, Osmanlı İmparatorluğunda dağlı isyanları (1791–1808), Ankara, 1983
Özoğlu Hakan, Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties and Shifting Boundaries, Albany, 2004
Öztürk Said, Askeri kassama ait onyedinci asır İstanbul tereke defterleri, Istanbul, 1995
Palairet Michael, The Balkan Economies c. 1800–1914: Evolution without Development, Cambridge, 1997
Pamuk Şevket, A Monetary History of the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge, 2000
Pamuk Şevket (ed.), İstanbul ve diğer kentlerde500 yıllık fiyatlar ve ücretler, 1469–1998, Ankara, 2000
Pamukciyan Kevork, ‘Üsküdar’daki Selimiye cami’nin mimarı kimdir?’, in Zamanlar, Mekânlar, ed. Köker Osman, Istanbul, 2003, pp. 155–9
Pamukciyan Kevork, ‘Foti Kalfa’ya dair iki kaynak daha’, in Zamanlar, Mekânlar, ed. Köker Osman, Istanbul, 2003, pp. 160–1
Pamukciyan Kevork, ‘Hassa mimarı Edirneli agop Kalfa’, in Zamanlar, Mekânlar, ed. Köker Osman, Istanbul, 2003, pp. 146–8
Pamukciyan Kevork, ‘Nuruosmaniye camii’nin mimarı Simeon Kalfa hakkında’, in Zamanlar, Mekânlar, ed. Köker Osman, Istanbul, 2003, pp. 152–4
Pantelić Dušan, Beogradski pašaluk posle Svištovskog mira, 1791–1794, Belgrade, 1927
Pantelić Dušan, Beogradski pašaluk pred Prvi srpski ustanak 1794–1804, Belgrade, 1949
Panzac Daniel, Commerce et navigation dans l’empire ottoman au XVIIIe siècle, Istanbul, 1996
Panzac Daniel, La peste dans l’empire ottoman, 1700–1850, Leuven, 1985
Papadopoullos Theodore, Studies and Documents Relating to the History of the Greek Church and People under Turkish Domination, Brussels, 1952
Pardoe Julia, The City of the Sultans and Domestic Manners of the Turks in 1836, London, 1837
Paris R., Histoire du commerce de Marseille, vol. V: De 1660 à 1789. Le Levant, Paris, 1957
Parker Geoffrey, The Military Revolution: Military Innovation and the Rise of the West, 1500–1800, 2nd edn, Cambridge, 1996
Paşa Mustafa Nuri, Netâyicü’l-vukuat III–IV, ed. Ankara Neşet Çağatay, 1987
Paskaleva Viržinia, Sredna Evropa i zemite po dolnija Dunav prez XVIII–XIX v. Socialno-ikonomičeski aspekti, Sofia, 1986
Patterson Orlando, Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study, Cambridge, 1982
Pavlowitch Stevan, ‘Society in Serbia, 1791–1830’, in Balkan Society in the Age of Greek Independence, ed. Clogg Richard, London, 1981, pp. 137–56
Paxton Roger V., ‘Russian Foreign Policy and the First Serbian Uprising: Alliances, Apprehensions and Autonomy, 1804–1807’, in The First Serbian Uprising 1804–1813, ed. Wayne Vucinich S., Boulder, 1982, pp. 41–70
Peirce Leslie P., ‘Seniority, Sexuality, and Social Order: The Vocabulary of Gender in Early Modern Ottoman Society’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 169–96
Peirce Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, New York and Oxford, 1993
Peirce Leslie, Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab, Berkeley, 2003
Pélissié du Rausas G., Le régime des capitulations dans l’Empire ottoman, 2 vols., Paris, 1902
Penah Efendi Süleyman, ‘Mora ihtilâli tarihçesi’, ed. Berker Aziz, Tarih Vesikaları 2 (1942–3)
Peri Oded, Christianity under Islam in Jerusalem: The Question of the Holy Sites in Early Ottoman Times, Leiden, 2001
Perjes G., ‘Army Provisioning, Logistics and Strategy in the Second Half of the 17th Century’, Acta Historica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 16 (1970), 1–51
Philipp Thomas D., ‘Acre, the First Instance of Changing Times’, in The Empire in the City: Arab Provincial Capitals in the Late Ottoman Empire, ed. Hanssen Jens, Philipp Thomas and Weber Stefan, Beirut, 2002, pp. 77–92
Philipp Thomas D., ‘The Farhi Family and the Changing Position of Jews in Syria, 1750–1860,Middle easter Studies 20, 4 (1984), 37–52
Piterberg Gabriel, ‘The Formation of the Ottoman Egyptian Elite in the 18th Century’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 22 (1990), 275–89
Piterberg Gabriel, An Ottoman Tragedy: History and Historiography at Play, Berkeley, 2003
Planhol Xavier, ‘Les nomades, la steppe et la forêt en Anatolie’, Geographische Zeitschrift 53, 1–2 (1965), 101–16
Planhol Xavier, Kultur geographische Grundlagen der islamischen Geschichte, trans. Halm H., Zürich and Munich , 1975
Planhol Xavier, Les fondements géographiques de l’histoire de l’Islam, Paris, 1968
Polite Loukia D., To Souli tēs Ēpeirou: hoi oikismoi kai hē historia tous, Athens, 1992
Polyviou Miltiades, To Katholiko tis MonisXiropotamou: Skhediasmos kai kataskevisti nao domia tou 18 ou aiona, Athens, 1999
Popov L. I., ‘Prinos za izučvane minaloto na bӑlgarskoto otečestvo’, Sbornik za narodni umotvorenija, nauka i knižnina 24 (1908), 1–157
Prohazka-Eisl Gisela, Das Sûrnâme-i Hümayun: Die Wiener Handschrift in Transkription, mit Kommentar und Indices versehen, Istanbul, 1995
Pulaha Selami, ‘Formation des régions de selfgovernment dans les Malessies du sandjak de Shkodër aux XVI–XVIIe siècles’, Studia Albanica 13 (1976), 173–9
Quataert Donald, ‘Clothing Laws, State and Society in the Ottoman Empire, 1720–1829’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 29 (1997), 403–25
Quataert Donald, ‘The Age of Reforms, 1812–1914’, in An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300–1914, ed. Inalcik Halil and Quataert Donald, Cambridge, 1994, pp. 759–946
Quataert Donald, Ottoman Manufacturing in the Age of the Industrial Revolution, Cambridge, 1993
Raby Julian, ‘1600 – The Beginning of the End’, in Iznik, ed. Atasoy Nurhan and Raby Julian, London, 1989, pp. 273–85
Rado Şevket, Subhatu’l-Ahbar, Istanbul, 1968
Radušev Evgenij, ‘Les Dépenses locales dans l’empire ottoman au XVIII siècle selon les données des registres de cadi de Ruse, Vidin, et Sofia’, Etudes balkaniques 16 (1980), 74–94
Rafeq Abdul Karim, ‘The Local Forces in Syria in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’, in War, Technology and Society in the Middle East, ed. Parry V. J. and Yapp M. E., London, 1975, pp. 277–307
Rafeq Abdul Karim, ‘The Syrian Ulama, Ottoman Law and Islamic Shariჯa’, Turcica 24 (1994), 9–32
Rafeq Abdul-Karim, ‘Changes in the Relationship between the Ottoman Central Administration and the Syrian Provinces from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Centuries’, in Studies in Eighteenth Century Islamic History, ed. Naff Thomas and Owen Roger, Carbondale and Edwardsville, 1977, pp. 53–73
Rafeq Abdul-Karim, ‘The Revolt of Alī Pāshā Jānbulād (1605–1607) in the Contemporary Arabic Sources and its Significance’, in VIII. Türk tarih kongresi: kongreye sunulan bildiriler, 3 vols., Ankara, 1983, vol. III, pp. 1515–34
Rafeq Abdul-Karim, al-˯Arab wa al-˯Uthmaniyyun, Damascus, 1974
Rafeq Abdul-Karim, The Province of Damascus, 1723–1783,Beirut, 1966; repr. 1970
Ragsdale Hugh, ‘Evaluating the Russian Aggression: Catherine II and the Greek Project’, Slavonic and East European Review 66 (1988), 91–117
Ralston David B., Importing the European Army, Chicago, 1990
Ramaswamy Vijaya, Textiles and Weavers in Medieval South India, Delhi, 1985
Raşid Mehmed, Tarih-i Rasid, 6 vols., Istanbul, 1282/1865
Raymond André, Artisans et commerçants au Caire au XVIIIe siècle, 2 vols., Damascus, 1973–4
Raymond André, Le Caire des janissaires: l’apogée de la ville ottomane sous Abd al-Rahman Katkhudâ, Paris, 1995
Raymond André, Osmanlı doneminde Arap kentleri, trans. Istanbul Ali Berktay, 1995
Refik Altınay Ahmet, Anadolu’da Türk aşiretleri (966–1200), Istanbul, 1930
Refik Altınay Ahmet, Onüçüncü asr-ı hicrî’de İstanbul hayatı (1786–1882), Istanbul, 1988
Refik Altınay Ahmet, Onbirinci asr-ı hicrî’de İstanbul hayatı (1592–1688), Istanbul, 1988
Refik Altınay Ahmet, Onikinci asr-ı hicrî’de İstanbul hayatı (1689–1785), Istanbul, 1988
Refik Altınay Ahmet, Onuncu asr-ı hicrî’de İstanbul hayatı (1485–1591), Istanbul, 1988
Reid James J., Crisis of the Ottoman Empire: Prelude to Collapse, 1830, Stuttgart, 2000
Reinkowski Maurus, Die Dinge der Ordnung. Eine vergleichende Untersuchung über die osmanischen Tanzimat, Munich, 2005
Renda Günsel, ‘17. yüzyıldan bir grup kıyafet albumü’, in 17. yüzyıl Osmanlı kültür ve sanatı, 19–20 Mart 1998, sempozyum bildirileri, Istanbul, 1998, pp. 153–78
Renda Günsel, Batılılaşma döneminde Türk resim sanatı 1700–1850, Ankara, 1977
Repp Richard C., The Müfti of Istanbul, London, 1986
Rıfat A. et al. (eds.), Mevlevî ayinleri, vols. VI–XVIII, Istanbul, 1934–9
Roberts Michael, The Military Revolution, 1560–1660, Belfast, 1956
Robertson Claire and Klein Martin (eds.), Women and Slavery, Madison, 1983
Rogers Michael, ‘The Collecting of Turkish Art’, in Empire of the Sultans: Ottoman Art from the Collection of Nasser D. Khalili, ed. Effeny Alison, Geneva and London, 1995, pp. 15–23
Rothenberg Gunter E., The Military Border in Croatia 1740–1881: A Study of an Imperial Institution, Chicago, 1966
Roudometof Victor, ‘From Rum Millet to Greek Nation: Enlightenment, Secularization, and National Identity in Ottoman Balkan Society, 1453–1821’, Journal of Modern Greek Studies 16 (1998), 11–48
Roure C., ‘La réglementation du commerce français du Levant sous l’ambassade du marquis de Villeneuve, 1728–1741’, in Filippini J.-P., Meignen L., Roure C., Sabatier D. and Stéphanidès G., Dossiers sur le commerce français en Méditerranée orientale au XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1976, pp. 33–101
Rozen Minna and Benjamin Arbel, ‘Great Fire in the Metropolis: The Case of the Istanbul Conflagration of 1569 and its Description by Marcantonio Barbaro’, in Mamluk and Ottoman Societies: Studies in Honour of Michael Winter, ed. Wasserstein David and Ayalon Ami, New York, 2005, pp. 134–63
Rozen Minna, ‘A Pound of Flesh: Meat Trade and Social Conflict among the Jews of Istanbul, 1700–1923’, in Crafts and Craftsmen in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya and Deguilhem Randi, London, 2005, pp. 195–234
Rozen Minna, ‘Boatmen and Fishermen’s Guilds in Nineteenth-Century Istanbul’, Mediterranean Historical Review 15 (2000), 72–93
Rozen Minna, ‘Classical Echoes in Ottoman Istanbul’, in Hellenic Arts and Jewish Arts, ed. Ovadiah Asher, Tel Aviv, 1998, pp. 393–430
Rozen Minna, ‘Collective Memories and Group Boundaries: The Judeo-Spanish Diaspora between the Lands of Christendom and the World of Islam’, Michael 14 (1997), 35–52
Rozen Minna, ‘Contest and Rivalry in Mediterranean Maritime Commerce in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century: The Jews of Salonika and the European Presence’, Revue des Etudes Juives 147 (1988), 309–52
Rozen Minna, ‘La Vie économique des juifs du bassin méditerranéen de l’expulsion d’Espagne (1492) à la fin du XVIIIe siècle’, in La Société juive à travers les âges, ed. Trigano Samuel, vol. III, Paris, 1993, pp. 341–3
Rozen Minna, ‘Public Space and Private Space among the Jews of Istanbul during the Sixteenth through Seventeenth Centuries’, Turcica 30 (1998), 331–46
Rozen Minna, ‘Strangers in a Strange Land: The Extra territorial Status of Jews in Italy and the Ottoman Empire in the Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries’, in Ottoman and Turkish Jewry: Community and Leadership, ed. Rodrigue Aron, Bloomington, 1992, pp. 123–66
Rozen Minna, ‘Tzarfat ve-Yehudei Mitzrayim: Anatomyah shel Yehasim, 1683–1801’, in The Jews of Ottoman Egypt (1517–1914), ed. Landau Jacob M., Jerusalem, 1988, pp. 421–70
Rozen Minna, A History of the Jewish Community of Istanbul: The Formative Years (1453–1566), Leiden, 2002
Rozen Minna, Ha-Qehilah ha-Yehudit bi-Yrushalayim ba-Me’ah ha-Yod-Zayin, Tel Aviv, 1984
Rozen Minna, Hasköy Cemetery: Typology of Stones, Tel Aviv, 1994
Rozen Minna, Jewish Identity and Society in the Seventeenth Century: Reflections on the Life and Works of Refael Mordekhai Malki, Tübingen, 1992
Rozen Minna, The Last Ottoman Century and Beyond: The Jewish Community of Turkey and the Balkans 1808–1945, 2 vols., Tel Aviv, 2005
Russell Alexander, The Natural History of Aleppo, 2 vols., London, 1794
Rycaut Paul, The History of the Present State of the Ottoman Empire, enlarged edn, London, 1686
Rycaut Paul Sir, The History of the Turkish Empire from the Year 1623 to the Year 1677 …, 2 vols., London, 1680
Rycaut Paul Sir, The History of the Turks Beginning with the Year 1679 … until the End of the Year 1698 and 1699, London, 1699
Šabanović Hazim (ed.), Turski izvori o Srpskoj revoluciji 1804, Belgrade, 1956
Sabit Bosnalı Alaeddin, Divan, ed. Karacan Turgut, Sivas, 1991
Sadat Deena R., ‘Rumeli Ayanları: The Eighteenth Century’, Journal of Modern History 44 (1972), 346–63
Sadeddin Müstakimzade Süleyman, Devhat el-meşayıh ma zeyl, Istanbul, 1978
Sadok Boubaker, La Régence de Tunis au XVIIe siècle: ses relations commerciales avec les ports de l’Europe méditerranéenne, Marseille et Livourne, Zaghouan, 1987
Sâfî Efendi Mustafa, Mustafa Sâfî’nin Zübdetü’t-tevârîh’i, ed. Çuhadar İ. H., Ankara, 2003
Sagredo Agostino and Berchet Federico, Il Fondaco dei Turchi in Venezia, Milan, 1860
Sahillioğlu Halil, ‘Sıvış Year Crises in the Ottoman Empire’, in Studies in the Economic History of the Middle East, from the Rise of Islam to the Present Day, ed. Cook M. A., Oxford, 1970, pp. 230–54
Sahillioğlu Halil, ‘Derviş Mehmed Paşa: Kişiliği ve Ekonomi Anlayışı’, Toplum ve Bilim 2 (1977), 171–8
Said Edward, Orientalism, New York, 1978
Sak İzzet, ‘Konya’da köleler (16. yüzyıl sonu–17. yüzyıl)’, Osmanlı Araştırmaları 9 (1989), 159–97
Sakaoğlu Necdet, Anadolu derebeyi ocaklarından Köse Paşa hanedanı, Ankara, 1984
Salati Marco, Ascesa e caduta di una famiglia di Ašraf sciiti di Aleppo, Rome, 1992
Salzmann Ariel C., ‘An Ancien Régime Revisited: “Privatization” and Political Economy in the Eighteenth Century Ottoman Empire’, Politics and Society 21, 4 (1993), 393–424
Salzmann Ariel C., ‘Privatising the Empire: Pashas and Gentry during the Ottoman 18th Century’, in The Great Ottoman Turkish Civilisation, ed. Çiçek Kemal, Istanbul, 2000, pp. 132–9
Salzmann Ariel C., ‘The Age of Tulips: Confluence and Conflict in Early Modern Consumer Culture (1500–1730)’, in Consumption Studies and the History of the Ottoman Empire, 1550–1922: An Introduction, ed. Quataert Donald, Albany, 2000, pp. 83–106
Salzmann Ariel C., Tocqueville in the Ottoman Empire: Rival Paths to the Modern State, Leiden, 2004
Sandys George, A Relation of a Journey Begunne, Anno Dom 1610 in Purchas Samuel, Hakluytus Posthumus, or Purchas, his Pilgrimes, 20 vols., Glasgow, 1905–7 [1625]
Sandys George, Sandys Travailes: Containing a History of the Originall and Present State of the Turkish Empire …, London, 1652
Savaş Saim, Onaltıncı asır Anadolusu’nda bir tekkenin dini ve sosyal tarihi: Sivas Ali Baba Z âviyesi, Istanbul, 1992
Schick Irvin Cemil, ‘The Women of Turkey as Sexual Personae: Images from Western Literature’, in Deconstructing Images of the Turkish Woman, ed. Arat Zehra F., New York, 1998, pp. 83–100
Schick Leslie Meral, ‘Ottoman Costume Albums in a Cross-Cultural Context’, in Art Turc. 10 e Congrès international d’art turc, Geneva, 1999, pp. 625–8
Schilcher Linda, Families in Politics: Damascene Factions and Estates of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Stuttgart, 1985
Schlechta-Wssehrd Ottokar Freiherrv., Die Revolutionen in Constantinopel in den Jahren 1807 und 1808. Ein Beitrag zur der Türkei, Vienna, 1882
Scholem Gershom, Sabbetai Sevi, Princeton, 1973
Schultze-Jena Leonhard, Makedonien – Landschafts- und Kulturbilder, Jena, 1927
Scott James, Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance, New Haven, 1985
Seidel H. P., ‘Die Notenschrift des Hamparsum Limoncuyan’, Mitteilungen des deutschen Gesellschaft für Musik des Orients 12 (1972/3), 71–119
Selim Necati, Prut [1711] Askeri Mecmua, special issue, Istanbul, 1931
Sella Domenico, ‘The Rise and Fall of the Venetian Woollen Industry’, in Crisis and Change in the Venetian Economy in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, ed. Pullan Brian, London, 1968, pp. 106–26
Seng Yvonne, ‘Standing at the Gates of Justice: Women in the Law Courts of Early Sixteenth Century Ü sküdar, Istanbul’, in Contested States: Law, Hegemony and Resistance, ed. Hirsch Susan and Lazarus-Black Mindie, New York, 1994, pp. 184–206
Şentürk Ahmet Atilla (ed.), Osmanlı şiiri antolojisi, Istanbul, 1999
Seroussi Edwin, ‘Musika ‘Osmanit Qlasit be-Qerev Yehudei Saloniqi’, in Ladinar: Meqarim ba-Sifrut, ba-Musika u-ba-Historiah shel Dovrei Ladino, ed. Dishon Judith and Refael Shmuel, Tel Aviv, 1998, pp. 79–92
Seroussi Edwin, ‘TheTurkish Makam in the Musical Culture of the Ottoman Jews:Sources and Examples’, Israel Studies in Musicology 5 (1990), 43–68
Sestini Domenico, ‘Beschreibung des Kanals von Konstantinopel, aus dem Italiänischen’, trans. Jagemann C. J., in Neue Sammlung von Reisebeschreibungen, Achter Teil, Hamburg, 1786, pp. 48–94
Setton Kenneth, Venice, Austria and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century, Philadelphia, 1991
Shamir Shimon, ‘Asჯad Pasha al-˯Azm and Ottoman Rule in Damascus (1743–58)’, Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 26 (1963), 1–28
Shaw Stanford J. and Shaw Ezel Kural (co-author of vol. II only), History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, 2 vols., Cambridge, 1976–7
Shaw Stanford J., ‘The Origins of Ottoman Military Reform: The Nizam-i Cedid Army of Sultan Selim III’, Journal of Modern History 37 (1965), 291–305
Shaw Stanford J., ‘The Ottoman Empire and the Serbian Uprising, 1804–1807’, in The First Serbian Uprising 1804–1813, ed. Vucinich Wayne S., Boulder, 1982, pp. 71–94
Shaw Stanford J., Between Old and New:The Ottoman Empire under Sultan Selim III, 1789–1807, Cambridge, MA, 1971
Shaw Stanford J., The Financial and Administrative Organization and Development of Ottoman Egypt, 1517–1798, Princeton, 1962
Shaw Stanford J., The Jews of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic, New York, 1991
Sheremetev S. D. and Viazemski A. I., Archiv kniazia Viazemskago. Kniaz’ Andre Ivanovich Viazemskis, Moscow, 1981
Shiloah Amnon, Music in the World of Islam: A Socio-Cultural Study, Detroit, 1995
Shuval Tal, ‘Cezayir-i Garp: Bringing Algeria Back into Ottoman History’, New Perspectives on Turkey 22 (2000), 85–114
Shuval Tal, ‘Households in Ottoman Algeria’, Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 24, 1 (Spring 2000), 41–64
Silahdar Fındıklılı Mehmed Ağa, Silahdar tarihi, 2 vols., Istanbul, 1928
Silay Kemal, ‘Singing his Words: Ottoman Women Poets and the Power of Patriarchy’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era, ed. Leiden Madeline C. Zilfi, New York and Cologne, 1997, pp. 196–213
Sinclair Tom, ‘The Ottoman Arrangements for the Tribal Principalities of the Lake Van Regionof the Sixteenth Century’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 9, 1–2 (Summer 2003), 119–44
Sinemoğlu Nermin, ‘Onyedinci yüzyılın ilk çeyreğine tarihlenen bir Osmanlı kıyafet albümü’, in Aslanapa Armağanı, ed. Mülayım Selçuk, Sönmez Zeki and Altun Ara, Istanbul, 1996, pp. 169–82
Sir Porter James, Turkey, its History and Progress, 2 vols., London, 1854
Skiotis Dennis N., ‘From Bandit to Pasha: First Steps in the Rise to Power of Ali of Tepelen, 1750–1784’, International Journal of Middle East Studies 2 (1971), 219–44
Soustiel Jean, ‘Fransa sanat piyasasında Osmanlı el yazmaları ve minyatürler’, Antik & Dekor 42 (1997), 84–92
Sözen Metin (ed.), Türk mimarisinin gelişimi ve Mimar Sinan, Istanbul, 1975
Spellberg Denise, Politics, Gender and the Islamic Past, New York, 1994
Sperl Stefan and Schakle Christopher (eds.), Qasida Poetry in Islamic Asia and Africa: Classical Traditions and Modern Meanings, 2 vols., Leiden, New York and Cologne, 1996
Št˘pánek Petr, ‘War and Peace in the West (1644/5): A Dilemma at the Threshold of Felicity?’, Archiv Orientalní 69, 2 (2001), 327–40
Steensgaard Niels, ‘Consuls and Nations in the Levant from 1570 to 1650’, Scandinavian Economic History Review 15, 1–2 (1967), 13–55
Steensgaard Niels, ‘The Seventeenth-Century Crisis’, in The General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century, ed. Parker Geoffrey and Smith Lesley, London, 1978, pp. 26–56
Steensgaard Niels, The Asian Trade Revolution of the Seventeenth Century: The East India Companies and the Decline of the Caravan Trade, Chicago and London, 1973
Stevens Carol Belkin, Soldiers on the Steppe: Army Reform and Social Change in Early Modern Russia, Dekalb, 1995
Stewart-Robinson James, ‘The Ottoman Biographies of Poets’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 24 (1965), 57–74
Stiles Andrina, The Ottoman Empire 1450–1700, London, 1989
Stoianovich Traian, ‘Land Tenure and Related Sectors of the Balkan Economy’, Journal of Economic History 13, 4 (1953), 398–411
Stoianovich Traian, ‘Le Mäïs dans les Balkans’, Annales Economies Sociétés Civilisations 21, 5 (1966), 1026–40
Stoianovich Traian, ‘Pour un modèle du commerce du Levant: économie concurrentielle et économie de bazar, 1500–1800, Istanbul à la jonction des cultures balkaniques, méditerranéennes, slaves et orientales’, AIESEE Bulletin 12,1 (1974), 61–120
Stoianovich Traian, ‘The Conquering Balkan Orthodox Merchant’, Journal of Economic History 20 (1960), 234–313
Stojančević Vladimir, ‘Karadjordje and Serbia in his Time’, in The First Serbian Uprising 1804–1813, ed. Vucinich Wayne S., Boulder, 1982, pp. 23–39
Stojanovski Aleksandar, Dervendžistvoto vo Makedonija, Skopje, 1974
Stojanovski Aleksandar, Raja so specijalni sadolženija vo Makedonija (vojnuci, sokolari, orizari i solari), Skopje, 1990
Stowasser Barbara F., Women in the Qur’an, Traditions, and Interpretations, New York and Oxford, 1994
Stoye John, Marsigli’s Europe, 1608 – 1730: Life and Times of Luigi Ferdinando Marsigli, Soldier and Virtuoso, New Haven, 1994
Stoye John, The Siege of Vienna, New York, 1964
Strauss Johann, ‘Ottoman Rule Experienced and Remembered: Remarks on Some Local Greek Chronicles of the Tourkokratia’, in The Ottomans and the Balkans: A Discussion of Historiography, ed. Adanır Fikret and Faroqhi Suraiya, Leiden, 2002, pp. 193–221
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Bedeutung und Entwicklung des Begriffes A’yân im Osmanischen Reich’, Südost-Forschungen 25 (1966), 3–26
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Die Entwicklung der Besteuerung durch die Avârız-i dîvanîye und die Tekâlîf-i Örfîye im Osmanischen Reich während des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts’, Südost- Forschungen 27 (1968), 89–130
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Mâlikâna (doživotni zakup državnih dobara u Osmanskoj državi)’, Prilozi za orijentalnifilologiju 8–9 (1958–9), 111–42
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Mālikāna (Lifelong Lease of Governmental Estates in the Ottoman State)’, Prilozi za Orijentalnu Filologiyu i Istorija Jugoslovenskih Naroda po Vladavinom 36 (1987), 197–230
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Seljačke bune u Bosni u XXVII i XVIII stoljeću’, Godišnjak Društva istoričara Bosne i Hercegovine 17 (1966–7), 163–207
Sućeska Avdo, ‘Tendencije u razvoju turske lokalne vlasti u Beogradskom pašaluku pred Prvi srpski ustanak’, in Istorijski značaj Srpske revolucije 1804 godine. Zbornik radova sa naučnogskupa održanog od3. do5. juna 1980 povodom obelezavanja 175. godišnjicePrvog srpskog ustanka, ed. Čubrilović Vasa, Belgrade, 1983, pp. 319–22
Sućeska Avdo, ‘The Position of the Bosnian Moslems in the Ottoman State’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 1, 2 (Autumn 1980), 1–24
Sućeska Avdo, Ajani. Prilog izučavanju lokalne vlasti u našim zemljama za vrijeme Turaka, Sarajevo, 1965
Sugar Peter F., Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, 1354–1804, Seattle and London, 1977
Süreyya Mehmed, Sicill-i Osmani, 4 vols., Istanbul, 1308–15/1891–7
Surûrî , Dîvân-i Surûrî, Bulaq, 1255/1839
Svoronos Nicholas, Le commerce de Salonique au XVIIIe siècle, Paris, 1956
Tabakoğlu Ahmet, Gerileme dönemine girerken Osmanlı maliyesi, Istanbul, 1985
Taeschner Franz, ‘Ein Zunft-Ferman Mustafas III.’, in Zünfte und Bruderschaften im Islam: Texte zur Geschichte der Futuwwa, Zurich and Munich, 1979, pp. 550–6
Taeschner Franz, Alt-Stambuler Hof-und Volksleben: Ein türkisches Miniaturen-Album aus dem 17.Jahrhundert, Hanover, 1925
Talbierska Jolanta, ‘Turkish Garments and Scenes from the Collection of King Stanislaw August Poniatowski: İstanbul and Warsaw, ca. 1779–1780’, in War and Peace: Ottoman–Polish Relations in the 15th–19th Centuries, ed. Kangal Selmin, Istanbul, 1999, pp. 273–323
Tamdoğan Işık, ‘Le nezir ou les relations des bandits et des nomades avec l’état dans la Cukurova du XVIIIe siècle’, in Sociétés rurales ottomanes, ed. Afifi Muhammed, Chih Rashida, Marino Brigitte, Michel Nicolas and Tamdoğan Işık, Cairo, 2005, pp. 259–69
Tanındı Zeren, ‘Nakkas Hasan Paşa’, Sanat 6 (1977), 14–125
Tanındı Zeren, ‘Topkapı Sarayı’nın ağaları vekitaplar’, Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi3, 3 (2002), 41–56
Tanman Baha, ‘Beşiktaş Mevlevihanesi’ne ilişkin bir minyatürün mimarlık ve kültür tarihi açısından değerlendirilmesi’, in 17. yüzyıl Osmanlı kültür ortamı, Istanbul, 1998, pp. 181–216
Tanman Baha, Hekimoğlu Ali Paşa camii’neilişkin bazı gözlemler, Aslanapa armağanı, Istanbul, 1996
Teofilova Maria, Buntӑtna Pasvant-Oglui negovoto značenie zabӑlgarskoto osvoboditeln odviženie vXIXv., Sofia, 1932
Testa Ignace, Recueil des traités de la Porte ottomane avec les puissances étrangères depuis le premier traité conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et François I jusqu’` nos jours, vol. I, Paris, 1864
Tezcan Hülya, Delibaş Selma and Rogers Michael, Topkapı Sarayı-Museum: Textilien, Herrsching am Ammersee, 1986
The Encyclopedia of Islam, 2nd edn, 1960–. ed. Gibb H. A. R. et al., Leiden: E. J.Brill (EI).
Thévenot Jean, Voyage du Levant, ed. Yérasimos Stéphane, Paris, 1980
Thieck Jean Pierre, ‘Décentralisation ottomane et affirmation urbaine à Alep à la fin du XVIIIe siècle’, in Passion d’Orient, ed. Kepel Gilles, Paris, 1992, pp. 113–76.
Thieck Jean-Pierre, ‘Décentralisation ottomane et affirmation urbaine à; Alep à la fin du XVIIIème siècle’, in Mouvements communautaires et espaces urbaines au Machreq, ed. Zakaria Mona et al., Beirut, 1985, pp. 117–68
Thomas Lewis V., A Study of Naima, ed. Itzkowitz Norman, New York, 1972
Thys-Şenocak Lucienne, ‘The Ottoman Fortresses of Seddülbahir and Kumkale’, in Aptullah Kuran için Yazılar: Essays in Honour of Aptullah Kuran, ed. Kafesçioğlu Çiğdem, Thys-Şenocak Lucienne and Danişman Günhan, Istanbul, 1999, pp. 311–23
Tietze Andreas and Georg Hazai, Turkologischer Anzeiger, Vienna and Budapest, 1975–2002
Tietze Andreas and Yahalom Joseph, Ottoman Melodies, Hebrew Hymns: A Sixteenth Century Cross-Cultural Adventure, Budapest, 1995
Tietze Andreas, ‘Aziz Efendis Muhayyelat’, Oriens 1 (1948), 248–329
Tietze Andreas (ed.), Muṣṭafā Al¯’s Councel for Sultans of 1581, parts I–II, Vienna, 1979–82
Tilly Charles, Coercion, Capital and European States, AD 990–1990, Oxford, 1990
Tızlak Fahrettin, ‘XIX. yüzyılın ilk yarısında Harput vakıfları’, Vakıflar Dergisi 22 (1991), 69–75
Todorov Nicolaj, La ville balkanique aux XVe–XIXe siècles: développement socio-économique et démographique, Bucharest, 1980
Todorov Nikolaj, ‘19.cu yüzyılın ılkyarısında Bulgaristan esnaf teşkilatında bazı karakter değişmeleri’, İstanbul Üniversitesi İktisat Fakültesi Mecmuası 27, 1–2 (1967–8), 1–36
Todorova Maria N., ‘Was There a Demographic Crisis in the Ottoman Empire in the Seventeenth Century?’, Etudes balkaniques 24 (1988), 55–63
Todorova Maria N., Balkan Family Structure and the European Pattern: Demographic Developments in Ottoman Bulgaria, Washington, DC, and London, 1993
Toledano Ehud R., Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East, Seattle, 1998
Toledano Ehud R., The Ottoman Slave Trade and its Suppression, 1840–1890, Princeton, 1982
Tott François Baron, Memoirs of Baron de Tott, 2 vols., New York, 1973 [1785]
Tournefort Pitton, Relation d’un voyage du Levant, 2 vols., Paris, 1717
Toynbee Arnold, A Study of History, abridged by Somervell D. C., London, 1946
Treuttel and Würtz M.M. (eds.), Voyage pittoresque de Constantinople et des rives du Bosphore: d’après les dessins de M Melling, architecte de l’Emperor Selim II, et dessinateur de la Sultane Hadidge sa soeur, Paris, 1819
Tucker Ernest, ‘The Peace Negotiations of 1736: A Conceptual Turning Point in Ottoman–Iranian Relations’, Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 20 (1996), 16–37
Tucker Judith E., ‘Marriage and Family in Nablus, 1720–1856: Toward a History of Arab Marriage’, Journal of Family History 13 (1988), 165–79
Tucker Judith E., ‘The Fullness of Affection: Mothering in the Islamic Law of Syria and Palestine’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire: Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 232–52
Tucker Judith E., ‘Ties That Bound: Women and Family in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Nablus’, in Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender, ed. Keddie Nikki R. and Baron Beth, New Haven, 1991, pp. 233–53
Tucker Judith E., In the House of the Law: Gender and Islamic Law in Ottoman Syria and Palestine, Berkeley, 1998
Tucker Judith E., Women in Nineteenth-Century Egypt, Cambridge, 1985
Tunçdilek N., ‘Türkiye İskan coğrafyası’, İstanbul Coğrafya Enstitüsü Dergisi 49 (1967)
Turan Fikret, ‘Halk Osmanlıcası I: Melhameler ve bir on yedinci yüzyıl melhamesi’, Bir: Türk Dünyası İncelemeleri Dergisi, Prof. Dr Kemal Eraslan Sayısı 9–10 (1998), 685–709
Turan Fikret, ‘Seyahatname’desentaks, kelime seçimi ve ton’, in Evliya Çelebi veseyahatname, ed. Tezcan Nuran and Atlansoy Kadir, Gazimağusa, 2002
Turan Şerafettin, ‘Osmanlı teşkilatında hassa mimarları’, AÜ Tarih Araştırmaları Dergisi 1, 1 (1963), 157–202
Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslam Ansiklopedisi, ed. Topaloğlu Ahmet et al., Istanbul, 1988–.
Tzevi Yitzhaq Ben, ‘The “Mas ‘ot Sasson Hai ben Qastiel”’, in Mehqarim u-Meqorot, ed. Tzevi Yitzhaq Ben, Jerusalem, 1966
Ülker Necmi, ‘The Emergence of Izmir as a Mediterranean Commercial Center for French and English Interests, 1698–1740’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 4, 1 (1987), 1–38
Uluçay Çağeatay, ‘İstanbul saraçhanesi ve saraçlarına dair bir araştırma’, Tarih Dergisi 3, 5–6 (1951–2), 147–64
Unat Faik Reşat, Osmanlı sefirleri ve sefaretnameleri, ed. Baykal Bekir Sıtkı, Ankara, 1987
Unat Faik Reşit, Osmanlı sefirleri ve sefaretnameleri, Ankara, 1968
Ünver A. Süheyl, ‘L’Album d’Ahmed Ier’, in Annali dell’Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, Naples, 1963, pp. 127–62
Ünver A. Süheyl, Ressam Nakşi: hayatı ve eserleri, Istanbul, 1949
Ünver Ismail, ‘Mesnevî’, Türk Dili: Türk Şiiri Özel SayısıII: Divan Şiiri 415–17 Hânesi” in der Lokalverwaltung des Kaza Manastir (Bitola) im 17. Jh’, Priloziza Orijentalnu Filologiyu i Istorija Jugoslovenskih Naroda po Vladavinom 30 (1980), 481–93
Ursinus Michael, ‘Mūṭ.afçı Aḥmed und seinesgleichen: zur Bedeutung des Der’uhdecilik in Manastir im 18. Jahrhundert’, in Proučvanija v čest na Profesor Vera Mutafčieva/Studia in honorem Professoris Verae Mutafčieva, ed. Radušev evgenij et al., Sofia, 2001, pp. 351–74
Ursinus Michael, ‘Zur Geschichte des Patronats: patrocinium, himāya und der’uhdecilik’, Die Welt des Islams 23–4 (1984), 476–97
Üstün Cevat, 1683 Viyana seferi, Ankara, 1941
Üzgör Tahir, Türkçe dîvân dîbâceleri, Ankara, 1990
Uzunçarşılı İ, ‘Sadrazam Halil Hâmid Paşa’, Türkiyat Mecmuası 5 (1935), 213–67
Uzunçarşılı İsmail Hakkı, ‘Osmanlılar zamanında saraylarda musiki hayati’, Belleten 41 (1977), 79–114
Uzunçarşılı Ismail Hakkı, Meşhur Rumeli âyanlarından Tirsinikli İsmail,Yılıkoǧlu Sül e yman Aǧalar ve Alemdar Mustafa Paşa, Istanbul, 1942
Uzunçarşılı Ismail Hakkı, Mekke-i mükerreme emirleri, Ankara, 1972
Vacalopoulos Apostolos e., History of Macedonia 1354–1833, Salonika, 1973
Valensi Lucette, The Birth of the Despot: Venice and the Sublime Porte, Ithaca and London, 1993
Valensi Lucette, Venise et la Sublime Porte: la naissance du despote, Paris, 1987
Vandal Albert, L’Odyssée d’un ambassadeur. Les voyages du marquis de Nointel (1 670–1680), Paris, 1900
Vasić Milan, ‘Knežine i knezovi timarlije u Zvorničom sandžaku u XVI vijeku’, Godišnjak Istoriskog Društva Bosne i Hercegovine 10 (1959), 247–78
Vatikiotis P. J., ‘The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem between Hellenism and Arabism’, Middle eastern Studies 30 (1994), 916–29
Vatin Nicolas and Veinstein Gilles, Le Serail ebranlé: essaisurles morts, dépositions et avènements des sultans ottomans, XIVe–XIXe siècle, Paris, 2003
Veinstein Gilles, ‘Ayan de la région d’Izmir et le commerce du Levant (deuxième moitié du XVIIIe siècle)’, Revue de l’Occident musulman et de la Méditerranée 20, 2 (1975), 131–46
Veinstein Gilles, ‘Du marché urbain au marché du camp: l’institution ottomane des orducu’, Revue d’histoire maghrebine 57–8 (1987) 299–323 also in Mélanges;professeur Robert Mantran, ed. Temimi Abdeljelil, Zaghouan, 1988, pp. 299–327
Veinstein Gilles, ‘L’Hivernage en campagne talon d’Achille du système militaire ottoman classique: à propose des sipāhī de Roumélie en 1559–1560’, Studia Islamica 58 (1983), 109–48
Veinstein Gilles, ‘Le patrimoine foncierdePanayoteBénakis, kocabaşıde Kalamata’, Journal of Turkish Studies 11 (1987), 211–33
Veinstein Gilles, ‘Marchands ottomans en Pologne-Lituanie et en Moscovie sous le règne de Soliman le Magnifique’, Cahiers du monde russe 35, 4 (October–December 1994), 713–38
Veinstein Gilles, ‘On the Çiftlik Debate’, in Landholding and Commercial Agriculture in the Middle East, ed. Keyder Çaǧlar and Tabak Faruk, Albany, 1991, pp. 35–53
Veinstein Gilles, ‘Sur les sauterelles à Chypre en Thrace et en Macédonie à l’époque ottomane’, in Armaĝan, Festschrift für Andreas Tietze, ed. Baldauf Ingeborg, Faroqhi Suraiya and Vesely Rudolf, Prague, 1994, pp. 211–26
Venzke Margaret, ‘Syria’s Land Taxation in the Ottoman “Classical Age” Broadly Considered’, in V. Milletlerarası Türkiye Sosyal ve İIktisat Tarihi Kongresi: Tebligler, Ankara, 1990, pp. 419–34
Venzke Margaret, ‘The Tithe as a Revenue Raising measure in Aleppo’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 29 (1990), 239–334
Vercellin Giorgio, ‘Mercanti turchi e sensali a Venezia’, Studi Veneziani 4 (1980), 243–75
Veselá-Přenosilová Zdenka, ‘Quelques remarques sur l’évolution de l’organisation urbaine en Empire ottoman’, Archiv orientálni 42 (1974), 200–24
Voll John, Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World, Boulder, 1982
Vryonis Speros Jr., ‘Byzantine and Turkish Societies and their Sources of Manpower’, in War, Technology and Society in the Middle East, ed. Parry V. J. and Yapp M. E., London, 1975, pp. 125–52
Vucinich Wayne S., ‘Introductory Remarks: Genesis and essence of the First Serbian Uprising’, in The First Serbian Uprising 1804–1813, ed. Vucinich Wayne S., Boulder, 1982, pp. 1–21
Vucinich Wayne S., ‘Russia and the First Serbian Uprising, 1806–1809’, in The First Serbian Uprising 1804–1813, ed. Vucinich Wayne S., Boulder, 1982, pp. 95–139
Wallerstein Immanuel, Decdeli Hale and Kasaba Reşat, ‘The Incorporation of the Ottoman empire into the World-Economy’, in The Ottoman Empire and the World-economy, ed. İslamoğlu-İnan Huri, Cambridge, 1987, pp. 88–100
Warnery Charles, Remarks on Cavalry; by the Prussian Major General of Hussars, Warnery: Translated from the Original, London, 1798
Watenpaugh Heghnar Z., The Image of an Ottoman City: Imperial Architecture and Urban Experience in Aleppo in the 16 th and 17 th Centuries, Leiden, 2004
Watson James L. (ed.), Asian and African Systems of Slavery, Berkeley, 1980
Weber Max, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft. Grundriβ der verstehenden Soziologie, ed. Winckelmann Johannes, 5th rev. edn, Tübingen, 1972
Weiker Walter F., Ottomans, Turks and the Jewish Polity, Lanham, 1992
White Charles, Three Years in Constantinople, 3 vols., London, 1845
Wilhelmy Herbert, Hochbulgarien I: Die ländlichen Siedlungen und die bäuerliche Wirtschaft, Kiel, 1935
Wilkinson H. R., Maps and Politics: A Review of the Ethnographic Cartography of Macedonia, Liverpool, 1951
Winnifrith Tom J., The Vlachs: The History of a Balkan People, London, 1987
Winter Michael, Egyptian Society under Ottoman Rule, 1517–1798, London, 1992
Winter Michael, Society and Religion in Early Ottoman Egypt, New Brunswick, 1982
Wraza Sofroni, Leben und Leiden des sündigen Sofroni, trans. Randau Nobert, Leipzig, 1979
Wright Owen, ‘Aspects of Historical Change in the Turkish Classical Repertoire’, Musica Asiatica 5 (1988), 1–109
Wright Owen, Demetrius Cantemir: The Collection of Notations, vol. I, London, 1992
Wright Owen, Words without Songs: A Musicological Study of an Early Ottoman Anthology and its Precursors, London, 1992
Yaჯari Avraham (ed.), ‘Masჯot Rabbi Yeshaჯayah mi-Zalazitz’, in Masჯot Eretz Yisrael, ed. Yaჯari Avraham, Ramat Gan, 1973
Ydema Onno, Carpets and their Datings in Netherlandish Paintings, 1540–1700, Zutphen and Woodbridge, 1991
Yediyıldız Bahaeddin, Institution du vaqfau XVIIIe si`cle en Turquie, Ankara, 1985
Yeğenoğlu Meyda, ColonialFantasies: Toward aFeministReading of Orientalism, London, 1998
Yekta Rauf, ‘La Musique Turque’, in encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du conservatoire, vol. V, ed. Lavignac A., Paris, 1922, pp. 2945–3064
Yenikale Ahmet, ‘Divan tertibine farklı bir yaklaşım: Hüsn-i Hakikî-Hüsn-i Mecâzî’, İlmî Araştırmalar 14 (2002), 209–19
Yerasimos Stéphane, Kuban Doğan, Tulum Mertol and Ertug Ahmet (eds.), ‘Surname’: An Illustrated Account of Sultan Ahmed III’s Festival of 1720, Bern, 2000
Yetkin Şerare, Kütahya dışındaki Kütahya çinileri ile süslü eserler, Kütahya and Istanbul, 1981–2
Yi eunjeong, Guild Dynamics in Seventeenth-Century Istanbul: Fluidity and Leverage, Leiden, 2004
Yılmaz Kâşif,Güftîve Teşrîfâtü’ş-şuჯarąsı, Ankara, 2001
Yılmazçelik İbrahim, XIX. yüzyılın ilk yarısında Diyarbakır (1790–1840), Ankara, 1995
Yücel Yaşar, Kitâb-i müstetâb, Ankara, 1974
Yüksel Hasan, ‘Vakıf-müsadere ilişkisi (Şam valisi Vezir Süleyman Paşa Olayı)’, Osmanlı Araştırmaları 12 (1992), 399–424
Yüksel Sedit, Şeyh Galip: eserlerinin dil ve sanat deǧeri, Ankara, 1980
Zarinebaf-Shahr Fariba, ‘Lale devrinde Osmanlı prensesleri’, Osmanlı 5, ed. Inalcik Halil, Gülereven et al., Ankara, 1999, 5 pp. 428–33
Zarinebaf-Shahr Fariba, ‘Women and the Tradition of Seeking Justice in the Ottoman Empire’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 253–63
Zdraveva Milka, ‘The Menzil Service in Macedonia, Particularly around Bitolj, in the Period of Turkish Domination’, Etudes balkaniques 2 (1995), 82–8
Ze’evi Dror, ‘The Use of Ottoman Shari’a Court Records as a Source for Middle Eastern Social History: A Reappraisal’, Islamic Law and Society 5 (1998), 35–56
Ze’evi Dror, An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s, Albany, 1996
Zeist Willem and Bottema Sytze, ‘Late Quaternary Vegetation of the Near East’, in Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, A–18, Wiesbaden, 1991
Zens Robert, ‘Pasvanoğlu Osman Paşa and the Paşalık ofBelgrade, 1791–1807’, International Journal of Turkish Studies 8, 1–2 (Spring 2002), 89–104
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘“We Don’t Get Along”: Women and “Hul” Divorce in the Eighteenth Century’, in Women in the Ottoman Empire, ed. Zilfi Madeline C., Leiden, 1997, pp. 264–96
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘A Medrese for the Palace: Ottoman Dynastic Legitimation in the Eighteenth Century’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 113, 2 (1993), 184–91
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘Elite Circulation in the Ottoman Empire’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26 (1983), 318–64
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘Goods in the Mahalle: Distributional Encounters in Eighteenth Century Istanbul’, in Consumption Studies and the History of the Ottoman empire, 1550–1922: An Introduction, ed. Quataert Donald, Albany, 2000, pp. 289–312
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘The İlmiye Registers and the Ottoman Medrese System Prior to the Tanzimat’, in Contributions à l’histoire économique et sociale de l’Empire ottoman, ed. Bacqué-Grammont J.-L. and Dumont P., Louvain, 1983, pp. 309–27
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘The Diary of a Müderris: A New Source for Ottoman Biography’, Journal of Turkish Studies 1 (1977), 157–74
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘The Kadızadelis: Discordant Revivalism in Seventeenth-Century Istanbul’, Journal of Near eastern Studies 45 (1986), 251–74
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘Whose Laws? Gendering the Ottoman Sumptuary Regime’, inOttoman Costumes: From Textile to Identity, ed. Faroqhi Suraiya and Neumann Christoph, Istanbul, 2004, pp. 125–41
Zilfi Madeline C., ‘Women and Society in the Tulip era’, in Women, the Family, and Divorce Laws in Islamic History, ed. Sonbol Amira, Syracuse, 1996, pp. 290–303
Zilfi Madeline C., The Politics of Piety: The Ottoman Ulema in the Postclassical Age (1600–1800), Minneapolis, 1988
Zilfi Madeline C. (ed.), Women in the Ottoman empire: Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era, Leiden, 1997
Zılli Evliyâ Çelebbi Derviş Mehemmed, Evliyâ Ç elebi Seyahatnâmesi: Topkapı Sarayı Bağdat 307 yazmasının transkripsiyonu-dizini vol. 5, ed. Dağlı Yücel, Kahraman Seyit Ali and Sezgin İbrahim, Istanbul, 2001
Zılli Evliyâ Çelebbi Derviş Mehemmed, Evliyâ Ç elebi Seyhatnâmesi: Topkapı Sarayı Bağdat 304 yazmasının transkripsiyonu – dizini, vol. I, ed. Gökyay Orhan Şaik and Dağı Yücel, Istanbul, 1996
Zirojevič Olga, ‘Zur historischen Topographie der Heerstraße nach Konstantinopel zur Zeit der Osmanischen Herrschaft’, Etudes Balkaniques 1 (1987), 81–106
Ziyâ Paşa, Harâbât, vol. I, Istanbul, 1291/1874
Zürcher Erik J. (ed.), Arming the State: Military Conscription in the Middle East and Central Asia, 1775–1925, London, 1999
Zwitter Fran, ‘Francuske revolucionarne ideje u zapadnim jugoslovenskim zemljama u vreme Francuske revolucije i Napoleona I’, in Jugoslovenske zemlje i Rusija za vreme Prvog srpskog ustanka 1804–1813, ed. Čubrilović Vasa, Belgrade, 1983, pp. 65–87