Skip to main content
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Lappalainen, Mirkka 2014. Death and Disease During the Great Finnish Famine 1695–1697. Scandinavian Journal of History, Vol. 39, Issue. 4, p. 425.


    Hamlin, Christopher 2012. Environment, Health and History. p. 45.

    HIONIDOU, VIOLETTA 2002. Why do people die in famines? Evidence from three island populations.. Population Studies, Vol. 56, Issue. 1, p. 65.


    Dirks, Robert 1993. Starvation and Famine: Cross-Cultural Codes and Some Hypothesis Tests. Cross-Cultural Research, Vol. 27, Issue. 1-2, p. 28.


    ×
  • Print publication year: 1993
  • Online publication date: March 2008

III.5 - Famine and Disease

from Part III - Medical Specialties and Disease Prevention
Summary
Famine can be denned as a failure of food production or distribution resulting in dramatically increased mortality. This increase is attributable to three orders of disease: the disease of general starvation, behavioral disorders and social disruptions, and epidemic infection. Social responses to famine develop through three phases: the alarm phase, phase of resistance, and the exhaustion phase. Epidemic disease has the potential for ushering in general starvation, especially if infections debilitate or kill a large number of food producers. The several published lists of the world's major famines, all compiled before the 1970s, contain little mention of catastrophic food shortages among the peoples of sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, and the New World. A rigorous historical detection of famine, should include evidence of a dramatic increase in mortality, and the evidence of a depression in live births.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge World History of Human Disease
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053518
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521332866
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Appleby Andrew. 1973. Disease or famine? Mortality in Cumberland and Westmoreland, 1580–1640. Economic History Review, 2d Sen, 26.
Blix Gunnar, et al., eds. 1971. Famine: A symposium dealing with nutrition and relief operations in time of disaster. Upsala.
Burger G. C. E., et al. 1948. Malnutrition and starvation in western Netherlands, September 1944–July 1945, 2 parts. The Hague.
Cawte John. 1978. Gross stress in small islands: A study in macro-psychiatry. In Extinction and survival in human populations, ed. Laughlin Charles Jr., and Brady Ivan. New York..
Cepede M., and Lengelle M.. 1953. Economique alimentaire du globe. Paris.
Chandra R. K. 1976. Nutrition as a critical determinant in susceptibility to infection. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 25.
Colson Elizabeth. 1979. In good years and bad: Food strategies of self-reliant societies. Journal of Anthropological Research 35.
Dando William A. 1980. The geography of famine. New York.
Dirks Robert. 1979. Relief induced agonism. Disasters 3.
Dirks Robert. 1980. Social responses during severe food shortages and famine. Current Anthropology 21.
Gopalan C., and Srikantia S. G.. 1973. Nutrition and disease. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 16.
Goure L. 1962. The siege of Leningrad. Stanford, Calif..
Grande Francisco. 1964. Man under caloric deficiency. In Handbook of physiology, Sec. 4, ed. Dill D. B.. Washington, D.C..
Greenough Paul R. 1982. Prosperity and misery in modern Bengal: The famine of 1943–1944. New York.
Helwig-Larsen Per, et al. 1952. Famine disease in German concentration camps, complications and sequels. Copenhagen.
Hocking Frederick. 1969. Starvation. Melbourne.
Keys Ancel. et al. 1950. The biology of human starvation, 2 vols. Minneapolis.
Laughlin Charles D. Jr., and Brady Ivan A.. 1978. Introduction: Diaphasis and change in human populations. In Extinction and survival in human populations, ed. Laughlin Charles D. Jr., and Brady Ivan A.. New York.
MacArthur William P. Sir 1957. Medical history of the famine. In The great famine, ed. Dudley Edward R. and Williams T. Desmond. New York.
Murdock G. P., and White D. R.. 1969. Standard crosscultural sample. Ethnology 8.
Pankhurst Richard. 1966. The great Ethiopian famine of 1888–1892: A new assessment. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 21(2, 3):.
Post John D. 1976. Famine, mortality and epidemic disease in the process of modernization. Economic History Review 29.
Robson John R. K., ed. 1981. Famine: Its causes, effects and management. New York.
Scrimshaw N. S., et al. 1968. Interactions of nutrition and infection. World Health Organization Monograph Series No. 57. Geneva.
Smith Dean A., and Woodruff Michael F. A.. 1951. Deficiency diseases in Japanese prison camps. Medical Research Council Special Report Series No. 274. London.
Taylor C. E., and DeSweemer Cecile. 1973. Nutrition and infection. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 16.
Turnbull Colin. 1972. The mountain people. New York.
Tushnet L. 1966. The uses of adversity. New York.
Woodham-Smith Cecil. 1962. The great hunger, Ireland, 1845–1849. New York.