Skip to main content Accessibility help
Catholicism, Sexual Deviance, and Victorian Gothic Culture
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 26
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

It has long been recognised that the Gothic genre sensationalised beliefs and practices associated with Catholicism. Often, the rhetorical tropes and narrative structures of the Gothic, with its lurid and supernatural plots, were used to argue that both Catholicism and sexual difference were fundamentally alien and threatening to British Protestant culture. Ultimately, however, the Gothic also provided an imaginative space in which unconventional writers from John Henry Newman to Oscar Wilde could articulate an alternative vision of British culture. Patrick O'Malley charts these developments from the origins of the Gothic novel in the mid-eighteenth century, through the mid-nineteenth-century sensation novel, toward the end of the Victorian Gothic in Bram Stoker's Dracula and Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure. O'Malley foregrounds the continuing importance of Victorian Gothic as a genre through which British authors defined their culture and what was outside it.


'O'Malley's impeccably researched Catholicism, Sexual Deviance and the Gothic serves as a valuable reminder of the centrality nonetheless of issues of religious belief to Victorian public and private life. … O'Malley elegantly traces the history of the anti-Catholic anxiety, ranging fluently across responses to Ritualism and the Oxford Movement as well as to European Catholicism in sources such as Punch, polemic pamphlets and periodical writing. His account of how Ruskin appropriates and naturalises Gothic as the normative English identity, and of how Protestantism is appropriated as the original Christian church - and Catholicism a heretical deviation - is excellent. … The accounts of the novels are at their strongest in the attention paid to crucial details, where close reading teases elaborate meanings from Stoker's use of physiognomy, or from figurative language in novels of Walter Pater. … readers will find their sense of all of the texts he discusses enlarged.'

Source: Advance Access

'This is a study ‘dedicated to the task of tracing the metaphorical gargoyles and arches that produced nineteenth-century British concepts of sexual and religious difference’ and it does so with wit, theoretical dexterity and scholarly depth.'

Andrew Tate - University of Lancaster

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.


Works cited
Works cited
Achilli, Giovanni Giacinto. The Address of the Rev. Dr. Achilli, Formerly a Romish Priest, … Delivered at Cheltenham, on Thursday, September 2, 1847. Glasgow: S. and T. Dunn, n.d. [1847].
Adams, James Eli. Dandies and Desert Saints: Styles of Victorian Manhood. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.
Adams, James Eli “Pater's Muscular Aestheticism.” Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age. Ed. Hall, Donald E.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 215–38.
Adams, Kimberly VanEsveld. Our Lady of Victorian Feminism: The Madonna in the Work of Anna Jameson, Margaret Fuller, and George Eliot. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2001.
Anderson, Howard. Introduction to The Monk, by Matthew Lewis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980. v–xvii.
Anon. “The Three Priests.” The Sword and the Trowel (May 1869). 203–4.
Arata, Stephen D.The Occidental Tourist: Dracula and the Anxiety of Reverse Colonization.” Victorian Studies 33. 4 (Summer 1990). 621–45.
Arnold, Matthew. “The Function of Criticism at the Present Time.” 1865. Essays in Criticism. London: Macmillan, 1896. 1–41.
Arnold, MatthewOn the Study of Celtic Literature. 1866. The Complete Prose Works of Matthew Arnold. ll vols., III. Ed. R. H. Super. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1962. 291–395.
Arnold, MatthewRoman Catholics and the State. 1875. The Complete Prose Works of Matthew Arnold. ll vols., VII. Ed. R. H. Super. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1970. 131–37.
Athenæum Journal of Literature, Science, and the Fine Arts. January–June, 1859. London: J. Francis, 1859.
Auerbach, Nina. Our Vampires, Ourselves. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Auerbach, NinaWoman and the Demon: The Life of a Victorian Myth. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.
Austen, Jane. Northanger Abbey. 1818. Ed. Marilyn Butler. London: Penguin, 1995.
Backus, Margot Gayle. The Gothic Family Romance: Heterosexuality, Child Sacrifice, and the Anglo-Irish Colonial Other. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.
Bale, John. The actes of Englysh votaryes, comprehendynge their vnchast practyses and examples by all ages. London: 1551.
Barker, Charles. “Erotic Martyrdom: Kingsley's Sexuality beyond Sex.” Victorian Studies 44.3 (Spring 2002). 465–88
Bateman, James. The Church Association: Its Policy and Prospects. 3rd edn. London: William Ridgway, 1880.
Belford, Barbara. Bram Stoker: A Biography of the Author of Dracula. New York: Knopf, 1996.
Bentley, C. F.The Monster in the Bedroom: Sexual Symbolism in Bram Stoker's Dracula.” Literature and Psychology 22 (1972). 27–34.
Bernstein, Susan David. Confessional Subjects: Revelations of Gender and Power in Victorian Literature and Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
Bersani, Leo. The Freudian Body: Psychoanalysis and Art. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.
Biedermann, Hans. Dictionary of Symbolism. Trans. James Hulberg. New York: Facts on File, 1992.
Bloy, Léon.Le Mendiant Ingrat. 2 vols., II. Paris: Mercure de France, 1946.
Braddon, Mary Elizabeth. The Fatal Three. 1888. Phoenix Mill: Sutton Publishing, 1997.
Braddon, Mary ElizabethLady Audley's Secret. 1862. New York: Dover, 1974.
Brady, Kristin. “Textual Hysteria: Hardy's Narrator on Women.” In Higonnet, Margaret R., ed. The Sense of Sex: Feminist Perspectives on Hardy.Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993. 87–106.
Bresnick, Adam. “Prosopoetic Compulsion: Reading the Uncanny in Freud and Hoffmann.” Germanic Review 71.2 (Spring 1996). 114–32.
Briganti, Chiara. “Gothic Maidens and Sensation Women: Lady Audley's Journey from the Ruined Mansion to the Madhouse.” Victorian Literature and Culture 19 (1991). 189–211.
Bristow, Joseph. Effeminate England: Homoerotic Writing After 1885. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.
Brontë, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. 1847. Ed. Richard Nemesvari. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 1999.
Brontë, CharlotteVillette. 1853. Ed. Mark Lilly. London: Penguin, 1985.
Buckton, Oliver S.‘An Unnatural State’: Gender, ‘Perversion,’ and Newman's Apologia Pro Vita Sua.” Victorian Studies 35.4 (1992). 359–83.
Buckton, Oliver S.Secret Selves: Confession and Same-Sex Desire in Victorian Autobiography. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Bullen, J. B. “Ruskin, Gautier, and the Feminization of Venice.” Ruskin and Gender. Eds. Birch, Dinah and O'Gorman, Francis. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2002. 64–85.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. 1790. Ed. J. G. A. Pocock. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1987.
Campbell, John (Lord). Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of England. 7 vols, II. Ed. Mallory, John Allan. New York: James Cockcroft, 1875.
Canuel, Mark. Religion, Toleration, and British Writing, 1790–1830. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Case, Sue-Ellen. “Tracking the Vampire.” differences: a journal of feminist cultural studies 3.2 (Summer 1991). 1–20.
Casteras, Susan P.Virgin Vows: The Early Victorian Artists' Portrayal of Nuns and Novices.” Victorian Studies 24.2 (Winter 1981). 157–84.
“C.B.” The Confessional Unmasked, Showing the Depravity of the Priesthood, Questions put to Females in Confession, Perjury and Stealing Commanded and Encouraged, &c., &c. London: H. Allman, 1851.
Chadwick, Owen. The Victorian Church. 2 Parts, Part I. 3rd edn. London: Adam and Charles Black, 1971.
Chamberlin, J. Edward and Sander L. Gilman. “Degeneration: Conclusion.” Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. Eds. Chamberlin and Sanders. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. 290–94.
Cixous, Hélène. “Fiction and Its Phantoms: A Reading of Freud's Das Unheimliche (The ‘uncanny’).” Trans. Robert Dennomé. New Literary History 7. 3 (Spring 1976). 525–48.
Clark, Kenneth. The Gothic Revival: An Essay in the History of Taste. 1928. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1962.
“Classic or Gothic: The Battle of the Styles.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 91 (March 1862). 283–301.
Clery, E. J. Introduction to The Castle of Otranto, by Horace Walpole. Ed. Lewis, W. S.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. vi–xxxiii.
Cohen, , Ed. Talk on the Wilde Side: Toward a Genealogy of a Discourse on Male Sexualities. New York: Routledge, 1993.
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. “The Blasphemy of The Monk.” Critical Review (February 1797). Rpt. in Sage, Victor, ed. The Gothick Novel: A Casebook. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1990. 39–43.
Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
Collins, Wilkie. The Woman in White. 1860. Ed. Harvey Peter Sucksmith. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Craft, Christopher. Another Kind of Love: Male Homosexual Desire in English Discourse, 1850–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
Crossman, Virginia. Politics, Law and Order in Nineteenth-Century Ireland. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.
Cumming, John (Reverend). Lectures on Romanism, Being Illustrations and Refutations of the Errors of Romanism and Tractarianism. 1850. Boston: John P. Jewett, 1854.
Cumming, John Letter. The Times of London, November 13, 1850. 8.
Cumming, JohnRitualism, The Highway to Rome, Lecture I: Ritualism – What is It?London: James Nisbet, 1867.
Cumming, John (Reverend) and French, Daniel, Esq. The Hammersmith Protestant Discussion; Being an Authenticated Report of The Controversial Discussion. Rev. edn. London: Arthur Hall, 1852.
Curley, Michael J.Geoffrey of Monmouth. New York: Twayne; Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan Canada, 1994.
Curtin, Nancy J.The United Irishmen: Popular Politics in Ulster and Dublin, 1791–1798. Oxford: Clarendon, 1994.
Cvetkovich, Ann. Mixed Feelings: Feminism, Mass Culture, and Victorian Sensationalism. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1992.
Dacre, Charlotte. Zofloya, or The Moor. 1806. Ed. Kim Ian Michasiw. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Daly, Nicholas. “The Colonial Roots of Dracula.” That Other World: The Supernatural and the Fantastic in Irish Literature and its Contexts. Ed. Bruce Stewart. 2 vols., II. Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe, 1998. 40–51.
Dellamora, Richard. “Male Relations in Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure.” Papers on Language and Literature 27. 4 (Fall 1991). 453–72.
Dellamora, RichardMasculine Desire: The Sexual Politics of Victorian Aestheticism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1990.
Dellamora, RichardRepresentation and Homophobia in The Picture of Dorian Gray.” The Victorian Newsletter 73 (Spring 1988). 28–31.
Derrida, Jacques. Specters of Marx: The State of the Debt, the Work of Mourning, and the New International. Trans. Peggy Kamuf. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Dickens, Charles. Bleak House. 1853. Ed. Norman Page. London: Penguin, 1971.
Dickens, CharlesOur Mutual Friend. 1864–65. Ed. Michael Cotsell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Dictionary of National Biography, 1931–1940. Ed. L. G. Wickham Legg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1949.
Diderot, Denis. La Religieuse. 1760, pub. 1780. Trans. as The Nun by Leonard Tancock. London: Penguin, 1974.
Dijkstra, Bram. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Fin-de-Siècle Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Dollimore, Jonathan. Sexual Dissidence: Augustine to Wilde, Freud to Foucault. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.
Donoghue, Denis. Walter Pater: Lover of Strange Souls. New York: Knopf, 1995.
Dowling, Linda. Hellenism and Homosexuality in Victorian Oxford. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994.
“Dracula, by Bram Stoker” (review). Daily Mail, June 1, 1897. Rpt. in Dracula. Ed. Nina Auerbach and David J. Skal. New York: Norton, 1997. 363–64.
“Dracula” (review). Spectator 79 (July 31, 1897). 150–51. Rpt. in The Critical Response to Bram Stoker. Ed. Carol Senf. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993. 60–61.
Dubois, J. A. (Abbé). Hindu Manners, Customs, and Ceremonies. Trans. Henry K. Beauchamp. 3rd edn. Oxford: Clarendon, 1906.
Duncan, Ian. Introduction Ivanhoe, by Walter Scott. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. vii–xxvi.
Duncan, IanModern Romance and Transformations of the Novel: The Gothic, Scott, Dickens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Eastlake, Charles L.A History of the Gothic Revival. 1872. Ed. J. Mordaunt Crook. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1970.
Edmundson, Mark. Nightmare on Main Street: Angels, Sadomasochism, and the Culture of Gothic. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Eliot, George. Adam Bede. 1859. Ed. Stephen Gill. London: Penguin, 1985.
Ellis, Havelock. “Concerning Jude the Obscure.” 1896. London: Ulysses Bookshop, 1931.
Ellis, Havelock and Symonds, John Addington. Sexual Inversion. London: Wilson and Macmillan, 1897.
Ellis, Kate Ferguson. The Contested Castle: Gothic Novels and the Subversion of Domestic Ideology. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1989.
Ellmann, Richard. Golden Codgers: Biographical Speculations. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973.
Ellmann, RichardOscar Wilde. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.
Faflak, Joel. “‘The Clearest Light of Reason': Making Sense of Hogg's Body of Evidence.” Gothic Studies 5. 1 (May 2003). 94–110.
Fagan, Patrick. Catholics in a Protestant Country: The Papist Constituency in Eighteenth-Century Dublin. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1998.
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. 3 vols, I. Trans. Robert Hurley. New York: Vintage Books, 1978.
Foucault, Michel “What is an Author?” 1969. Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews. Ed. Donald, F.Bouchard, . Trans. Bouchard and Sherry Simon. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992. 113–38.
Foye, M. W.The Seven Sacraments. Wolverhampton: T. Simpson, 1840.
Freud, Sigmund. From the History of an Infantile Neurosis. 1918. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., XVII. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. 3–122.
Freud, Sigmund Leonardo da Vinci and a Memory of His Childhood. 1910. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., XI. London: Hogarth Press, 1957. 63–137.
Freud, Sigmund “Medusa's Head.” 1922. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., XVIII. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. 273–75.
Freud, Sigmund Psycho-Analytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Dementia Paranoides). 1911. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., XII. London: Hogarth Press, 1958. 3–82.
Freud, Sigmund Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. 1905. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., VII. London: Hogarth Press, 1953. 135–72.
Freud, Sigmund “The ‘Uncanny.’” 1919. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. Ed. Strachey, James. 24 vols., XVII. London: Hogarth Press, 1955. 219–52.
Garber, Marjorie. Coming of Age in Shakespeare. London: Methuen, 1981.
Garber, MarjorieVested Interests: Cross-Dressing and Cultural Anxiety. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Garber, MarjorieVice Versa: Bisexuality and the Eroticism of Everyday Life. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
Gatrell, Simon. “Notes of Significant Revisions to the Text.” In The Return of the Native, by Thomas Hardy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. 443–73.
Gelder, Ken. Reading the Vampire. London: Routledge, 1994.
Geoffrey of Monmouth. Historia Regum Britannie (Bern, Burgerbibliothek, MS. 568). Ed. Neil Wright. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1984.
Gilman, Sander L.The Case of Sigmund Freud: Medicine and Identity at the Fin de Siècle. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Gilman, Sander L.The Jew's Body. London: Routledge, 1991.
Gilman, Sander L. “Sexology, Psychoanalysis, and Degeneration: From a Theory of Race to a Race to Theory.” In Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. Eds. J. Edward Chamberlin and Gilman. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985. 72–96.
Ginsburg, Ruth. “A Primal Scene of Reading: Freud and Hoffmann.” Literature and Psychology 38. 3 (1992). 24–46.
Glover, David. Vampires, Mummies, and Liberals: Bram Stoker and the Politics of Popular Fiction. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.
Goldberg, Jonathan. Sodometries: Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992.
Goodlad, Lauren M. E.‘A Middle Class Cut Into Two’: Historiography and the Victorian National Character.” ELH 67 (2000). 143–78.
Graham, Kenneth W. Introduction to Vathek with the Episodes of Vathek, by William Beckford. Ed. Graham, Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 2001. 17–41.
Grand, Sarah. The Heavenly Twins. 1893. Ed. Carol A. Senf. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992.
Green, Laura. “‘Strange [in]difference of sex’: Thomas Hardy, the Victorian Man of Letters, and the Temptations of Androgyny.” Victorian Studies 38. 4 (Summer 1995). 523–49
Green, William Robert. Puseyism Prostrated and Ritualistic Conspirators Confuted from the Authorized Formularies of the Church of England. London: Haughton, n.d. (1878?).
Greenfield, Susan C.Veiled Desire: Mother-Daughter Love and Sexual Imagery in Ann Radcliffe's The Italian.” The Eighteenth Century 33. 1 (1992). 73–89.
Griffin, Susan M.Anti-Catholicism and Nineteenth-Century Fiction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Haggerty, George. “Gothicism.” The Gay and Lesbian Literary Heritage. Ed. Claude J. Summers. New York: Henry Holt, 1995. 335–37.
Haining, Peter and Tremayne, Peter. The Undead: The Legend of Bram Stoker and Dracula. London: Constable, 1997.
Halberstam, Judith. Skin Shows: Gothic Horror and the Technology of Monsters. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.
Hall, Donald E., ed. Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Hall, Jasmine Yong. “Solicitors Soliciting: The Dangerous Circulations of Professionalism in Dracula (1897).” The New Nineteenth Century: Feminist Reading of Underread Victorian Novels. Eds. Barbara Leah Harman and Susan Meyer. New York: Garland, 1996. 97–116.
Halperin, David M.One Hundred Years of Homosexuality. New York: Routledge, 1990.
Hanson, Ellis. Decadence and Catholicism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Hardy, Thomas. Collected Letters of Thomas Hardy. Ed. Richard Little Purdy and Michael Millgate. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon, 1980.
Hardy, ThomasJude the Obscure. 1895. Ed. C. H. Sisson. London: Penguin, 1978.
Hardy, Thomas “Postscript.” 1912. Jude the Obscure. Ed. Sisson, C. H.. London: Penguin, 1978. 40–43.
Hart, Lynda. “The Victorian Villainess and the Patriarchal Unconscious.” Literature and Psychology 40. 3 (1994). 1–25.
Heller, Tamar. “The Vampire in the House: Hysteria, Female Sexuality, and Female Knowledge in Le Fanu's ‘Carmilla’ (1872).” The New Nineteenth Century: Feminist Reading of Underread Victorian Novels. Eds. Barbara Leah Harman and Susan Meyer. New York: Garland, 1996. 77–95.
Hendershot, Cyndy. The Animal Within: Masculinity and the Gothic. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1998.
Herbert, Christopher. “Vampire Religion.” Representations 79 (Summer 2002). 100–21.
Herman, Peter C. Squitter-Wits and Muse-haters: Sidney, Spenser, Milton and Renaissance Antipoetic Sentiment. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1996.
Hilliard, David. “Unenglish and Unmanly: Anglo-Catholicism and Homosexuality.” Victorian Studies 25 (1982). 181–210.
Hogan, Robert. Dion Boucicault. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1969.
Holland, Merlin. The Real Trial of Oscar Wilde. New York: HarperCollins, 2003.
Houston, Natalie M. “A Note on the Text.” Lady Audley's Secret, by Mary Elizabeth Braddon. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 2003. 32–36.
Hughes, William. Beyond Dracula: Bram Stoker's Fiction and Its Cultural Context. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan: New York; St. Martin's Press, 2000.
Hunt, John Dixon. The Wider Sea: A Life of John Ruskin. London: J. M. Dent and Sons, 1982.
Hurley, Kelly. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration at theSiècle, Fin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
[Hutton, Vernon Wollaston]. Catholics and Roman Catholics. London: E. Longhurst, [1872].
Huysmans, Joris-Karl. A rebours. 1884. Trans. as Against Nature by Margaret Mauldon. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Hyde, H. Montgomery. The Trials of Oscar Wilde. New York: Dover, 1973.
Irving, Laurence. Henry Irving: The Actor and His World. London: Faber and Faber, n.d. [1951].
Jacobus, Mary. “The Buried Letter: Feminism and Romanticism in Villette.” Women Writing and Writing about Women. Ed. Jacobus. London: Croom Helm, 1979. 42–60.
James, Henry. “Preface” to the New York edition of The Novels and Tales of Henry James (1908). 26 vols., XII. Excerpted in The Turn of the Screw and The Aspern Papers. Ed. Curtis, Anthony. London: Penguin, 1986. 27–42.
Jedrzejewski, Jan. Thomas Hardy and the Church. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.
Joyce, James. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. 1916. Ed. Seamus Deane. New York: Penguin, 1993.
Kiely, Robert. The Romantic Novel in England. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1972.
Kilgour, Maggie. The Rise of the Gothic Novel. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Kincaid, James R.Annoying the Victorians. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Kincaid, James R.Child Loving: The Erotic Child and Victorian Culture. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Kingsley, Charles. Charles Kingsley: His Letters and Memories of his Life. Ed. Frances Eliza Kingsley. 2 Vols., I. London: Henry S. King, 1877.
Kingsley, Charles “What, Then, Does Dr. Newman Mean?” 1864. Apologia Pro Vita Sua by John Henry Newman. Ed. David, J.Laura, . New York: Norton, 1968. 310–40.
Lacan, Jacques. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis. Ed. Jacques - Alain Miller. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1978.
Lacan, Jacques “The Mirror Stage.” Écrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1977. 1–7.
Langland, Elizabeth. “Becoming a Man in Jude the Obscure.” The Sense of Sex: Feminist Perspectives on Hardy. Ed. Margaret R. Higonnet. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993. 32–48.
Langland, ElizabethA Perspective of One's Own: Thomas Hardy and the Elusive Sue Bridehead.” Studies in the Novel 12.1 (Spring 1980). 12–28.
Laqueur, Thomas. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.
Leckie, Barbara. Culture and Adultery: The Novel, the Newspaper, and the Law, 1857–1914. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999.
Le Fanu, [Joseph] Sheridan. In a Glass Darkly. 1872. Ed. Tracy, Robert. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Levine, George. Dying to Know: Scientific Epistemology and Narrative in Victorian England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002.
Lewis, Matthew. The Monk. 1796. Ed. Howard Anderson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Littledale, Richard Frederick (Reverend). Innovations: A Lecture Delivered in the Assembly Rooms, Liverpool, April 23rd, 1868. Oxford: A. R. Mowbray; London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1868.
Lozes, Jean. “In the Other World of Some Irish Vampires.”That Other World: The Supernatural and the Fantastic in Irish Literature and its Contexts. Ed. Bruce Stewart. 2 vols., I. Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe, 1998. 221–30.
Lutyens, Mary. Millais and the Ruskins. London: John Murray, 1967.
“Lyra Mystica: Hymns and Verses on Sacred Subjects, Ancient and Modern,” (review). Saturday Review. March 25, 1865, 352–53.
Madoff, Mark. “The Useful Myth of Gothic Ancestry.” Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 8. Ed. Runte, Roseanne. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1979. 337–50.
Malchow, H. L.Gothic Images of Race in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1996.
Marsh, P. T.The Victorian Church in Decline: Archbishop Tait and the Church of England, 1868–1882. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1969.
Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich. The Communist Manifesto. 1848. Ed. David McLellan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Massé, Michelle A.In the Name of Love: Women, Masochism, and the Gothic. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.
Maturin, Charles Robert. Five Sermons, on the Errors of the Roman Catholic Church, Preached in St. Peter's Church, Dublin. 1824. 2nd edn. Dublin: William Curry, Jr.; London: Hamilton, Adams, 1826.
Maturin, CharlesMelmoth the Wanderer. 1820. Ed. Douglas Grant. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Maurice, Peter. Postscript to the Popery of Oxford: The Number of the Name of the Beast. London: Seeleys, 1851.
Maynard, John. Victorian Discourses on Sexuality and Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
McLoughlin, T. O.Contesting Ireland: Irish Voices against England in the Eighteenth Century. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1999.
McNally, Raymond T. and Florescu, Radu. In Search of Dracula. Rev. edn. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994.
Mellor, Anne K.Romanticism and Gender. New York: Routledge, 1993.
“Melmoth the Wanderer” (review). Saturday Review. March 19, 1892. 335.
Mighall, Robert. A Geography of Victorian Gothic Fiction: Mapping History's Nightmares. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Miles, Robert. Ann Radcliffe: The Great Enchantress. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1995.
Miles, Robert “Europhobia: the Catholic Other in Horace Walpole and Charles Maturin.” European Gothic: A Spirited Exchange 1760–1960. Ed. Avril Horner. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002. 84–103.
Miller, Andrew H. and Adams, James Eli, eds. Sexualities in Victorian Britain. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996.
Miller, D. A.The Novel and the Police. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.
Miller, Edward. The Future Effects of the Folkestone Judgment, A Letter to His Grace, the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. Oxford and London: James Parker, 1877.
Milton, John. Areopagitica. John Milton. Ed. Stephen Orgel and Jonathan Goldberg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. 236–73.
Mishra, Vijay. The Gothic Sublime. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Mitchell, Judith. The Stone and the Scorpion: The Female Subject of Desire in the Novels of Charlotte Brontë, George Eliot, and Thomas Hardy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994.
More, Thomas. A Dialogue Concerning Heresies. 1528. Ed. Lawler, Thomas M. C., Marc'Hadour, Germain, and Marius, Richard C.. The Complete Works of St. Thomas More. 10 vols., VI. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.
Moretti, Franco. Signs Taken for Wonders. Rev. edn. New York: Verso, 1988.
Morrison, Paul. “Enclosed in Openness: Northanger Abbey and the Domestic Carceral.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 33.1 (Spring 1991). 1–23.
Morrow, Felix. Foreword to Montague Summers, The History of Witchcraft and Demonology. 2nd edn. New York: University Books, 1956. vii–xiii.
Moses, Michael Valdez. “The Irish Vampire: Dracula, Parnell, and the Troubled Dreams of Nationhood.” Journal X 2.1 (Autumn 1997). 66–111.
Mowl, Timothy. Horace Walpole: The Great Outsider. London: John Murray, 1996.
Murphy, Patrick. Popery in Ireland; or Confessionals, Abductions, Nunneries, Fenians, and Orangemen. London: Jarrold and Sons, n.d. [1866].
Murray, Isobel. “Textual Notes.” The Picture of Dorian Gray, by Oscar Wilde. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974. 230–37.
Nemesvari, Richard. “Robert Audley's Secret: Male Homosocial Desire in Lady Audley's Secret.” Studies in the Novel 27. 4 (Winter 1995). 515–28.
Newland, Henry. Three Lectures on Tractarianism. 6th edn. London: Joseph Masters, 1869.
Newman, Beth. “The Situation of the Looker-On: Gender, Narration and Gaze in Wuthering Heights.” PMLA 105 (October 1990). 1029–41.
Newman, John Henry. Apologia Pro Vita Sua. Ed. David J. DeLaura, . New York: Norton, 1968.
Newman, John Henry Letters and Diaries of John Henry Newman. Ed. Ker, Ian and Gornall, Thomas. 33 Vols., IV. Oxford: Clarendon, 1980.
Noel, Baptist W. The Denial of the Cup: A Sermon Addressed to Roman Catholics. Wolverhampton: T. Simpson, 1840.
Nordau, Max. The Conventional Lies of Our Civilization. 1883. New York: Arno Press, 1975.
Nordau, MaxDegeneration. 1895. Trans. from 2nd German edn. New York: Howard Fertig, 1968.
“No Surrender.” Dr. Pusey's Insane Project Considered. London: Protestant Evangelical Mission and Electoral Union, n.d. [1871].
Oliphant, Margaret. “The Anti-Marriage League.” Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 159 (1896). 135–49.
Overton, J. H. The Anglican Revival. London: Blackie & Son, 1897.
The Oxford and Roman Railway. 3rd edn. London: Protestant Evangelical Mission and Electoral Union, 1871.
Parris, Leslie, ed. The Pre-Raphaelites. London: The Tate Gallery and Penguin, 1984.
Pater, Walter. Letters of Walter Pater. Ed. Lawrence Evans. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970.
Pater, WalterThe Renaissance: Studies in Art and Poetry. 1873. Ed. Adam Phillips. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
Patrick, James. “Newman, Pugin, and Gothic.” Victorian Studies 24.2 (Winter 1981). 185–207.
Paz, D. G.Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Victorian England. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1992.
Polidori, John William. The Vampyre and Ernestus Berchtold; or the Modern Oedipus: Collected Fiction of John William Polidori. Ed. Macdonald, D. L. and Scherf, Kathleen. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994.
Poovey, Mary. “Ideology and ‘The Mysteries of Udolpho.’Criticism 21 (1979). 307–30.
Poovey, MaryUneven Developments: The Ideological Work of Gender in Mid-Victorian England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.
Prins, Yopie. Victorian Sappho. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999.
Punch, or The London Charivari. 1851, 1858, 1865, 1867, 1874, 1877.
Radcliffe, Ann. The Italian, or the Confessional of the Black Penitents. 1797. Ed. Frederick Garber. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Radcliffe, AnnThe Mysteries of Udolpho. 1794. Ed. Bonamy Dobrée. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Radcliffe, AnnA Sicilian Romance. 1790. Ed. Alison Milbank. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Reed, John Shelton. Glorious Battle: The Cultural Politics of Victorian Anglo-Catholicism. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 1996.
Regeneration: A Reply to Max Nordau. London: Archibald Constable; New York: G. P. Putnam and Sons, 1896.
Reik, Theodor. Masochism in Modern Man. Trans. Margaret H. Beigel and Gertrud M. Kurth. New York: Farrar, Straus, 1941.
Rex, Richard, ed. A Reformation Rhetoric: Thomas Swynnerton's “The Tropes and Figures of Scripture.”Cambridge: RTM Publications, 1999.
Richards, Thomas. The Imperial Archive: Knowledge and the Fantasy of Empire. London: Verso, 1993.
Richlin, Amy. “Not Before Homosexuality: The Materiality of the Cinaedus and the Roman Law against Love between Men.” Journal of the History of Sexuality 3.4 (April 1993). 523–73.
Riquelme, John Paul. “Contextual Illustrations and Documents.” Dracula, by Bram Stoker. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2002, 370–75.
Riquelme, John PaulOscar Wilde's Aesthetic Gothic: Walter Pater, Dark Enlightenment, and The Picture of Dorian Gray.” Modern Fiction Studies 46.3 (Fall 2000). 609–31.
Riquelme, John PaulToward a History of Gothic and Modernism: Dark Modernity from Bram Stoker to Samuel Beckett.” Modern Fiction Studies 46.3 (Fall 2000). 585–605.
Roden, Frederick S.Same-Sex Desire in Victorian Religious Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.
Rodway, Opie. Ritualism: A Sermon. London: James Hurry, n.d. [1874].
Rosen, David. “The Volcano and the Cathedral: Muscular Christianity and the Origins of Primal Manliness.” Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age. Ed. Donald E. Hall. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 17–44.
Rudé, George F. E.The Gordon Riots: A Study of the Rioters and their Victims.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5th series. 40 vols., VI. London: Offices of the Royal Historical Society, 1956. 93–114.
Ruskin, John. The Complete Works of John Ruskin. Ed. E. T. Cook and Wedderburn, Alexander. 39 vols. London: George Allen; New York: Longmans, Green, 1903–12.
Ruskin, JohnThe Stones of Venice. 3 vols. London: Smith, Elder. 1851–53.
Sage, Victor. “Gothic Revival.” The Handbook to Gothic Literature. Ed. Marie Mulvey-Roberts. New York: New York University Press, 1998. 90–103.
Sage, VictorHorror Fiction in the Protestant Tradition. London: Macmillan, 1988.
Said, Edward W.Culture and Imperialism. New York: Knopf, 1993.
Schmitt, Cannon. Alien Nation: Nineteenth-Century Gothic Fictions and English Nationality. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997.
Schroeder, Natalie. “Feminine Sensation, Eroticism, and Self-Assertion: M. E. Braddon and Ouida.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 7. 1 (Spring 1988). 87–103.
Scott, Walter. General Preface. 1829. Rpt. in Waverley. Ed. Hook, Andrew. London: Penguin, 1985. 519–33.
Scott, WalterThe Lives of the Novelists. 2 vols., I. Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, et. al., 1825.
Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. Between Men: English Literature and Male Homosocial Desire. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.
Sedgwick, Eve KosofskyThe Character in the Veil: Imagery of the Surface in the Gothic Novel.” PMLA 96.2 (March 1981). 255–70.
Sedgwick, Eve KosofskyThe Coherence of Gothic Conventions. Rev. edn. New York: Arno Press, 1980.
Sedgwick, Eve KosofskyEpistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
Senf, Carol A.The Vampire in Nineteenth-Century English Literature. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1988.
Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. Evans, G. Blakemore. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974. 1135–97.
Shakespeare, William Measure for Measure. The Riverside Shakespeare. Ed. Evans, G. Blakemore. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1974. 545–86.
Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus. 1818. Ed. D. L. Macdonald and Kathleen Scherf. 2nd edn. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 1999.
Shelley, Mary The Last Man. 1826. Ed. Morton, D.Paley, . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Showalter, Elaine. A Literature of Their Own. 1977. 2nd edn. London: Virago Press, 1979.
Showalter, ElaineSexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. New York: Penguin, 1991.
Showalter, Elaine “Syphilis, Sexuality, and the Fiction of the Fin de Siècle.” Sex, Politics, and Science in the Nineteenth-Century Novel: Selected Papers from the English Institute, 1983–84. Ed. Ruth Bernard Yeazell. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986. 88–115.
Signorotti, Elizabeth. “Repossessing the Body: Transgressive Desire in ‘Carmilla’ and Dracula.” Criticism 38.4 (Fall 1996). 607–32.
Silverman, Kaja. Male Subjectivity at the Margins. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Sinfield, Alan. The Wilde Century: Effeminacy, Oscar Wilde and the Queer Moment. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
Skal, David J.Hollywood Gothic: The Tangled Web of Dracula from Novel to Stage to Screen. New York: Norton, 1990.
Smith, Andrew, Victorian Demons: Medicine, Masculinity and the Gothic at the Fin-de-siècle. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2004.
Smyth, Jim, ed. Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Union: Ireland in the 1790s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Spacks, Patricia Meyer. “Female Orders of Narrative: Clarissa and The Italian.” Rhetorics of Order/Ordering Rhetorics in English Neoclassical Literature. Eds. J. Douglas Canfield and J. Paul Hunter. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1989. 158–72.
Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn. The Life and Correspondence of Thomas Arnold, D. D. 2 vols., II. 5th edn. London: B. Fellowes, 1845.
Steinberg, Leo. The Sexuality of Christ in Renaissance Art and in Modern Oblivion. 2nd edn. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Stewart, Bruce. “Bram Stoker's Dracula: Possessed by the Spirit of the Nation?” That Other World: The Supernatural and the Fantastic in Irish Literature and its Contexts. Ed. Stewart. 2 vols., II. Gerrards Cross: Colin Smythe, 1998. 65–83.
Stoddart, Helen. “‘The Precautions of Nervous People are Infectious’: Sheridan Le Fanu's Symptomatic Gothic.” Modern Language Review 86.1 (January 1991). 19–34.
Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897. Ed. Hindle, Maurice. Rev. edn. London: Penguin, 2003.
Stoker, Bram “Dracula's Guest.” Best Ghost and Horror Stories. Ed. Dalby, Richard, Dziemianowicz, Stefan, and Joshi, S. T.. Mineola, New York: Dover, 1997.
Stowell, Hugh. The Importance of the Protestant Controversy; or, The Church of England and the Church of Rome Contrasted. Wolverhampton: T. Simpson, 1840.
Stowell, HughTractarianism Tested by Holy Scripture and the Church of England, in a Series of Sermons. 2 vols. London: J. Hatchard and Son, 1845–46.
Summers, Montague. The Galanty Show. London: Cecil Woolf, 1980.
Summers, MontagueThe Gothic Quest: A History of the Gothic Novel. London: Fortune Press, n.d. [1938].
Summers, MontagueThe Vampire, His Kith and Kin. New Hyde Park, NY: University Books, 1960.
Symonds, John Addington. The Memoirs of John Addington Symonds. Ed. Grosskurth, Phyllis. New York: Random House, 1984.
Tancock, Leonard. Introduction to The Nun, by Denis Diderot. London: Penguin, 1974. 7–19.
Tanner, Tony. Venice Desired. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Tarr, Mary Muriel. Catholicism in Gothic Fiction: A Study of the Nature and Function of Catholic Materials in Gothic Fiction in England (1762–1820). Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1946.
“Terrorist Novel Writing.” The Spirit of the Public Journals for 1797. 2nd edn. London: James Ridgway, 1799.
Tooley, Sarah A. “The Woman's Question. An Interview with Madame Sarah Grand.” Humanitarian 8:3 (March 1896). Rpt. in A New Woman Reader: Fiction, Articles, and Drama of the 1890s. Ed. Carolyn Christensen Nelson. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 2001. 160–67.
Tracy, Robert. Introduction to In A Glass Darkly, by Sheridan Le Fanu. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Tracy, RobertUndead, Unburied: Anglo-Ireland and the Predatory Past.” LIT 10 (1999). 13–33.
Traubel, Horace. With Walt Whitman in Camden. 9 vols., IV. Ed. Sculley Bradley. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1953.
Trollope, Anthony. Barchester Towers. 1857. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.
Twitchell, James B.The Living Dead: A Study of the Vampire in Romantic Literature. Durham: Duke University Press, 1981.
Valente, Joseph. “‘Double Born’: Bram Stoker and the Metrocolonial Gothic.” Modern Fiction Studies 46.3 (Fall 2000). 632–45.
Valente, JosephDracula's Crypt: Bram Stoker, Irishness, and the Question of Blood. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002.
Vanita, Ruth. Sappho and the Virgin Mary: Same-Sex Love and the English Literary Imagination. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.
Varma, Devendra P.The Gothic Flame, Being a History of the Gothic Novel in England: Its Origins, Efflorescence, Disintegration, and Residuary Influences. 1957. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
Vasari, Giorgio. The Lives of the Artists. Trans. and abridged by Julia Conaway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Viswanathan, Gauri. Outside the Fold: Conversion, Modernity, and Belief. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Walkowitz, Judith R.City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late Victorian London. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992.
Walpole, Horace. The Castle of Otranto. 1764. Ed. W. S. Lewis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Walsh, Townsend. The Career of Dion Boucicault. New York: The Dunlap Society, 1915.
Walsh, Walter. The Secret History of the Oxford Movement. 1897. 3rd edn. London: Swan, Sonnenschein, 1898.
Ward, Bernard. The Eve of Catholic Emancipation. 3 vols. London: Green, 1912.
Wilde, James Plaisted (First Baron Penzance). The Folkestone Ritual Case. London: Vacher and Sons, 1876.
Wilde, Oscar. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Ed. Merlin Holland and Rupert Hart-Davis. New York: Henry Holt, 2000.
Wilde, Oscar The Picture of Dorian Gray. Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, July 1890. 3–100.
Wilde, OscarThe Picture of Dorian Gray. 1891. Ed. Robert Mighall. London: Penguin, 2003.
Wilde, OscarSalomé. The Plays of Oscar Wilde. New York: Vintage Books, 1988.
Williams, Anne. Art of Darkness: A Poetics of Gothic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Wolffe, John. God and Greater Britain: Religion and National Life in Britain and Ireland 1843–1945. London: Routledge, 1994.
Wolffe, JohnThe Protestant Crusade in Britain, 1829–1860. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.
Wright, Elizabeth, ed. Feminism and Psychoanalysis: A Critical Dictionary. Oxford: Blackwell, 1992.
Wollstonecraft, Mary. A Vindication of the Rights of Men. The Vindications. Ed. Macdonald, D. L. and Scherf, Kathleen. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview, 1997. 31–98.
Yates, Nigel. Anglican Ritualism in Victorian Britain, 1830–1910. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Žižek, Slavoj. The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso, 1989.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed