Skip to main content
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: June 2016

14 - The ergonomics of ethics

from Part IV - Reducing dishonesty
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Cheating, Corruption, and Concealment
  • Online ISBN: 9781316225608
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
Abrahamson, E., & Freedman, D. H. (2007). A perfect mess: The hidden benefits of disorder. New York, NY: Little, Brown.
Altman, I., Taylor, D. A., & Wheeler, L. (1971). Ecological aspects of group behavior in social isolation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1, 76100.
Anderson, C., John, O. P., Keltner, D., & Kring, A. M. (2001). Who attains social status? Effects of personality traits and physical attractiveness in social groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 116132.
Anderson, C., Kraus, M. W., Galinsky, A. D., & Keltner, D. (2012). The local-ladder effect: Social status and subjective well-being. Psychological Science, 23, 764771.
Banerjee, P., Chatterjee, P., & Sinha, J. (2012). Is it light or dark? Recalling moral behavior changes perception of brightness. Psychological Science, 23, 407409.
Baum, A., & Weiss, L. (1987). Social density and perceived control as mediators of crowding stress in high-density residential neighborhoods. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 899.
Beaussart, M. L., Andrews, C. J., & Kaufman, J. C. (2013). Creative liars: The relationship between creativity and integrity. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 9, 129134.
Blader, S. L., & Chen, Y. (2012). Differentiating the effects of status and power: A justice perspective. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 102, 9941014.
Bohns, V. K., & Wiltermuth, S. S. (2012). It hurts when I do this (or you do that): Posture and pain tolerance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 341345.
Boles, T. L., Croson, R. T. A., & Murnighan, J. K. (2000). Deception and retribution in repeated ultimatum bargaining. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 83, 235259.
Carney, D. R., Cuddy, A. J. C., & Yap, A. J. (2010). Power posing: Brief nonverbal displays affect neuroendocrine levels and risk tolerance. Psychological Science, 21, 13631368.
Carney, D. R., Cuddy, A. J. C., & Yap, A. J. (2015). Review and summary of research on the embodied effects of nonverbal expansiveness. Psychological Science, 26, 657663.
Carney, D. R., Hall, J. A., & LeBeau, L. S. (2005). Beliefs about the nonverbal expression of social power. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 29, 105123.
Chen, Y., Peterson, R., Phillips, D., Podolny, J., & Ridgeway, C. (2012). Introduction to the special issue: Bringing status to the table – Attaining, maintaining, and experiencing status in organizations and markets. Organization Science, 23, 299307.
Chu, S., & Downes, J. J. (2000). Long live Proust: The odour-cued autobiographical memory bump. Cognition, 75, B41B50.
Cramwinckel, F. M., De Cremer, D., & van Dijke, M. (2013). Dirty hands make dirty leaders?! The effects of touching dirty objects on rewarding unethical subordinates as a function of a leader’s self-interest. Journal of Business Ethics, 115, 93100.
Crank, J. P. (2003). Crime and justice in the context of resource scarcity. Crime, Law and Social Change, 39, 3967.
Cropley, D. H., Kaufman, J. C., & Cropley, A. J. (2003). Malevolent creativity: A functional model of creativity in terrorism and crime. Creativity Research Journal, 20, 105115.
Cuddy, A. J. C., Wilmuth, C., Yap, A. J., & Carney, D. R. (2015). Preparatory power posing affects job interview performance. Journal of AppliedPsychology, 100, 12861295.
Damasio, A. (1994). Descartes’ error. New York, NY: Grosset/Putnam.
Darwin, C. (1872/1904). The expression of emotions in man and animals. London: Murray (Original work published 1872).
de Waal, F. (1998). Chimpanzee politics: Power and sex among apes. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins.
DeCelles, K. A., DeRue, D. A., Margolis, J. D., & Ceranic, T. L. (2012). Does power corrupt or enable? When and why power facilitates self-interested behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 681689.
Doleac, J. L., & Sanders, N. J. (2013). Under the cover of darkness: How ambient light influences criminal activity. Working paper. Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of Virginia.
Doop, M., Mohr, C., Folley, B., Brewer, W., & Park, S. (2006). Olfaction and memory. In Brewer, W., Castle, D., & Pantelis, C. (Eds.), Olfaction and the brain (pp. 6582). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Dubois, D., Rucker, D. D., & Galinsky, A. D. (2010). The accentuation bias: Money literally looms larger (and sometime smaller) to the powerless. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 199205.
Duguid, M. M., & Goncalo, J. A. (2012). Living large: The powerful overestimate their own height. Psychological Science, 23, 3640.
Ellyson, S. L., & Dovidio, J. F. (1985). Power, dominance, and nonverbal behavior. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Fast, N. J., Halevy, N., & Galinsky, A. D. (2011). The destructive nature of power without status. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 391394.
Festinger, L., Pepitone, A., & Newcomb, T. (1952). Some consequences of deindividuation in a group.. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 47, 382389.
Flynn, F. J., Reagans, R. E., Amanatullah, E. T., & Ames, D. R. (2006). Helping one’s way to the top: Self-monitors achieve status by helping others and knowing who helps whom. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 11231137.
Galinsky, A. D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Magee, J. C. (2003). From power to action. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 453466.
Galinsky, A. D., Magee, J. C., Inesi, M. E., & Gruenfeld, D. H. (2006). Power and perspectives not taken. Psychological Science, 17, 10681074.
Galinsky, A. D., Rucker, D. D., & Magee, J. C. (2013). Power: Past findings, present considerations, and future directions. In Mikulincer, M. & Shaver, P. (Eds.), APA handbook of personality and social psychology, Vol. 3: Interpersonal relationships. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Gino, F., & Ariely, D. (2012). The dark side of creativity: Original thinkers can be more dishonest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 445459.
Gino, F., & Pierce, L. (2009). The abundance effect: Unethical behavior in the presence of wealth. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 109, 142155.
Gollwitzer, M., & Melzer, A. (2012). Macbeth and the joystick: Evidence for moral cleansing after playing a violent video game. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 13561360.
Graham, J. W. (1986). Principled organizational dissent: A theoretical essay. Research in Organizational Behavior, 8, 152.
Greenberg, J. (2002). Who stole the money, and when? Individual and situational determinants of employee theft. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 89, 9851003.
Greenberg, J., & Scott, K. S. (1996). Why do workers bite the hands that feed them? Employee theft as a social exchange process. In Staw, B. M. & Cummings, L. L. (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 18, pp. 111155). Greenwich: CT JAI Press.
Guinote, A. (2007). Power and goal pursuit. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 10761087.
Hall, J. A., Coats, E. J., & Smith LeBeau, L. (2005). Nonverbal behavior and the vertical dimension of social relations: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 898924.
Harries, K. (2006). Property crimes and violence in United States: An analysis of the influence of population density. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, 1, 2434.
Helzer, Erik G., & Pizarro, David A. (2011). Dirty liberals!: Reminders of physical cleanliness influence moral and political attitudes. Psychological Science, 22, 517522.
Hirsh, J. B., Galinsky, A. D., & Zhong, C. B. (2011). Drunk, powerful, and in the dark: How general processes of disinhibition produce both prosocial and antisocial behavior. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 415427.
Hirshleifer, D., & Shumway, T. (2003). Good day sunshine: Stock returns and the weather. Journal of Finance, 58, 10091032.
Holland, R. W., Hendriks, M., & Aarts, H. (2005). Smells like clean spirit: Nonconscious effects of scent on cognition and behavior. Psychological Science, 16, 689693.
Hsieh, C. C., & Pugh, M. D. (1993). Poverty, income inequality, and violent crime: A meta-analysis of recent aggregate data studies. Criminal Justice Review, 18, 182202.
Huang, L., Galinsky, A. D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Guillory, L. E. (2011). Powerful postures versus powerful roles: Which is the proximate correlate of thought and behavior? Psychological Science, 22, 95102.
Inesi, M. E. (2010). Power and loss aversion. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 112, 5869.
Johnson, D. J., Cheung, F., & Donnellan, M. B. (2014). Does cleanliness influence moral judgements? A direct replication of Schnall, Benton, and Harvey (2008). Social Psychology, 45, 209215.
Kaplan, S., & Kaplan, R. (2009). Creating a larger role for environmental psychology: The reasonable person model as an integrative framework. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29, 329339.
Kaplan, S. E., & Whitecotton, S. M. (2001). An examination of auditors’ reporting intentions when another auditor is offered client employment. Auditing, 20, 4563.
Keizer, K., Lindenberg, S., & Steg, L. (2008). The spreading of disorder. Science, 322, 16811685.
Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H., & Anderson, C. (2003). Power, approach, and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110, 265284.
Knight, A. P., & Baer, M. (2014). Get up, stand up: The effects of a non-sedentary workspace on information elaboration and group performance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 910917.
Knight, C., & Haslam, S. A. (2010). The relative merits of lean, enriched, and empowered offices: An experimental examination of the impact of workspace management strategies on well-being and productivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 16, 158172.
Kouchaki, M., Smith-Crowe, K., Brief, A. P., & Sousa, C. (2013). Seeing green: Mere exposure to money triggers a business decision frame and unethical outcomes. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 121, 5361.
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Lammers, J., Stapel, D. A., & Galinsky, A. D. (2010). Power increases hypocrisy: Moralizing in reasoning, immorality in behavior. Psychological Science, 21, 737744.
Lammers, J., Stoker, J. I., Jordan, J., Pollmann, M., & Stapel, D. A. (2011). Power increases infidelity among men and women. Psychological Science, 22, 11911197.
Landau, M. J., Meier, B., & Keefer, L. (2010). A metaphor-enriched social cognition. Psychological Bulletin, 136, 10451067.
Lee, S. W., & Schwarz, N. (2010). Dirty hands and dirty mouths: Embodiment of the moral-purity metaphor is specific to the motor modality involved in moral transgression. Psychological Science, 21, 14231425.
Lee, S. W., & Schwarz, N. (2011). Wiping the slate clean: Psychological consequences of physical cleansing. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 307311.
Liljenquist, K., Zhong, C. B., & Galinsky, A. D. (2010). The smell of virtue: Clean scents promote reciprocity and charity. Psychological Science, 21, 381383.
Magee, J. C., & Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Social hierarchy: The self-reinforcing nature of power and status. Academy of Management Annals, 2, 351398.
Magee, J. C., & Smith, P. K. (2013). The social distance theory of power. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 158186.
Mazar, N., & Zhong, C. B. (2010). Do green products make us better people? Psychological Science, 21, 494498.
McCallum, R., Rusbult, C. E., Hong, G. K., Walden, T. A., & Schopler, J. (1979). Effects of resource availability and importance of behavior on the experience of crowding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 13041313.
Niedenthal, P. M. (2007). Embodying emotion. Science, 316, 10021005.
Niedenthal, P. M., Barsalou, L. W., Winkielman, P., Krauth-Gruber, S., & Ric, F. (2005). Embodiment in attitudes, social perception, and emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 9, 184211.
Nolan, J. J. III (2004). Establishing the statistical relationship between population size and UCR crime rate: Its impact and implications. Journal of Criminal Justice, 32, 547555.
Page, R. A., & Moss, M. K. (1976). Environmental influences on aggression: The effects of darkness and proximity of victim. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 6, 126133.
Park, L. E., Streamer, L., Huang, L., & Galinsky, A. D. (2013). Stand tall, but don’t put your feet up: Universal and culturally-specific effects of expansive postures on power. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 965971.
Piff, P. K., Kraus, M. W., Cote, S., Cheng, B. H., & Keltner, D. (2010). Having less, giving more: The influence of social class on prosocial behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 771784.
Piff, P. K., Stancato, D. M., Cote, S., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Keltner, D. (2012). Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 40864091.
Pitesa, M., & Thau, S. (2013). Compliant sinners, obstinate saints: How power and self-focus determine the effectiveness of (un)ethical social influences. Academy of Management Journal, 56, 636658.
Ranehill, E., Dreber, A., Johannesson, M., Leiberg, S., Sul, S., & Weber, R. (2015). Assessing the robustness of power posing: No effects on hormones and risk taking in a large sample of men and women. Psychological Science, 26, 653656.
Rotton, J. (1983). Affective and cognitive consequences of malodorous pollution. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 38, 213228.
Rozin, P., & Fallon, A. E. (1987). A perspective on disgust. Psychological Review, 94, 2341.
Schnall, S., Benton, J., & Harvey, S. (2008). With a clean conscience: Cleanliness reduces the severity of moral judgments. Psychological Science, 19, 12191222.
Schnall, S., Haidt, J., Clore, G. L., & Jordan, A. H. (2008). Disgust as embodied moral judgment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 10961109.
Schultz, J. J., Johnson, D. A. Jr, Morris, D., & Dyrnes, S. (1993). An investigation of the reporting of questionable acts in an international setting. Journal of Accounting Research, 31, 75103.
Singer, J., Brush, C., & Lublin, S. (1965). Some aspects of deindividuation: Identification and conformity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1, 356378.
Tiedens, L. Z., & Fragale, A. R. (2003). Power moves: Complementarity in dominant and submissive nonverbal behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 558568.
van den Bos, K., Van Lange, P. A. M., Lind, E. A., Venhoeven, L. A., Beudeker, D. A., Cramwinckel, F. M., … Van der Laan, J. (2011). On the benign qualities of behavioral disinhibition: Because of the prosocial nature of people behavioral disinhibition can weaken pleasure with getting more than you deserve. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 791811.
van Kleef, G. A., Oveis, C., van der Lowe, I., LuoKogan, A., Goetz, J., & Keltner, D. (2008). Power, distress, and compassion: Turning a blind eye to the suffering of others. Psychological Science, 19, 13151322.
Vohs, K. D., Redden, J. P., & Rahinel, R. (2013). Physical order produces healthy choices, generosity, conventionality, whereas disorder produces creativity. Psychological Science, 24, 17141721.
Weisfeld, G. E., & Beresford, J. M. (1982). Erectness of posture as an indicator of dominance or success in humans. Motivation and Emotion, 6, 113129.
Werner, C. M., Altman, I., & Brown, B. B. (1992). A transactional approach to interpersonal relations: Physical environment, social context and temporal qualities. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 9, 297.
Wheatley, T., & Haidt, J. (2005). Hypnotic disgust makes moral judgments more severe. Psychological Science, 16, 780784.
Willer, R., Youngreen, R., Troyer, L., & Lovaglia, M. (2012). How do the powerful attain status? The roots of legitimate power inequalities. Managerial and Decision Economics, 33, 355367.
Yap, A. J., Mason, M. F., & Ames, D. R. (2013). The powerful size others down: The link between power and estimates of others’ size. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 591594.
Yap, A. J., Wazlawek, A. S., Lucas, B. J., Cuddy, A. C., & Carney, D. R. (2013). The ergonomics of dishonesty: The effect of incidental posture on stealing, cheating, and traffic violations. Psychological Science, 24, 22812289.
Zhong, C. B., Bohns, V. K., & Gino, F. (2010). Good lamps are the best police: Darkness increases dishonesty and self-interested behavior. Psychological Science, 21, 311314.
Zhong, C. B., & House, J. (2012). Hawthorne revisited: Organizational implications of the physical work environment. Research in Organizational Behavior, 32, 322.
Zhong, C. B., & Liljenquist, K. (2006). Washing away your sins: Threatened morality and physical cleansing. Science, 313, 14511452.
Zhong, C. B., Strejcek, B., & Sivanathan, N. (2010). A clean self can render harsh moral judgment. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 859862.