Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 72
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    GLANTZ, PAUL FREUD, EYAL JOHANSSON, CHRISTER NOONE, KEVIN J. and TESCHE, MATTHIAS 2019. Trends in MODIS and AERONET derived aerosol optical thickness over Northern Europe. Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 71, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Watson, Laura Michou, Martine Nabat, Pierre and Saint-Martin, David 2018. Assessment of CNRM coupled ocean-atmosphere model sensitivity to the representation of aerosols. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 51, Issue. 7-8, p. 2877.

    Sherwood, Steven C Dixit, Vishal and Salomez, Chryséis 2018. The global warming potential of near-surface emitted water vapour. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 13, Issue. 10, p. 104006.

    Formenti, Paola Piketh, Stuart John Namwoonde, Andreas Klopper, Danitza Burger, Roelof Cazaunau, Mathieu Feron, Anaïs Gaimoz, Cécile Broccardo, Stephen Walton, Nicola Desboeufs, Karine Siour, Guillaume Hanghome, Mattheus Mafwila, Samuel Omoregie, Edosa Junkermann, Wolfgang and Maenhaut, Willy 2018. Three years of measurements of light-absorbing aerosols over coastal Namibia: seasonality, origin, and transport. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue. 23, p. 17003.

    Fuchs, Julia Cermak, Jan and Andersen, Hendrik 2018. Building a cloud in the southeast Atlantic: understanding low-cloud controls based on satellite observations with machine learning. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue. 22, p. 16537.

    Baisya, Himadri Pattnaik, Sandeep Hazra, Vivekananda Sisodiya, Anshul and Rai, Deepika 2018. Ramifications of Atmospheric Humidity on Monsoon Depressions over the Indian Subcontinent. Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,

    Nwofor, Okechukwu K. Dike, Victor N. Lin, Zhaohui Pinker, Rachel T. and Onyeuwaoma, Nnaemeka D. 2018. Fine-Mode Aerosol Loading Over a Sub-Sahel Location and Its Relation with the West African Monsoon. Aerosol Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 74.

    Gkikas, Antonis Obiso, Vincenzo Pérez García-Pando, Carlos Jorba, Oriol Hatzianastassiou, Nikos Vendrell, Lluis Basart, Sara Solomos, Stavros Gassó, Santiago and Baldasano, José Maria 2018. Direct radiative effects during intense Mediterranean desert dust outbreaks. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue. 12, p. 8757.

    Kumar, Siddharth and Arora, Anika 2018. On the connection between remote dust aerosol and Indian summer monsoon. Theoretical and Applied Climatology,

    Voigtländer, Jens Chou, Cedric Bieligk, Henner Clauss, Tina Hartmann, Susan Herenz, Paul Niedermeier, Dennis Ritter, Georg Stratmann, Frank and Ulanowski, Zbigniew 2018. Surface roughness during depositional growth and sublimation of ice crystals. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue. 18, p. 13687.

    Boreddy, Suresh K. R. and Kawamura, Kimitaka 2018. Investigation on the hygroscopicity of oxalic acid and atmospherically relevant oxalate salts under sub- and supersaturated conditions. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, Vol. 20, Issue. 7, p. 1069.

    Zhang, Ting Brantley, Shelby L. Verreault, Dominique Dhankani, Raja Corcelli, Steven A. and Allen, Heather C. 2018. Effect of pH and Salt on Surface pKa of Phosphatidic Acid Monolayers. Langmuir, Vol. 34, Issue. 1, p. 530.

    Li, Zhi and Luo, Yiyong 2018. Response of the Tropical Indian Ocean to Greenhouse Gases and Aerosol Forcing in the GFDL CM3 Coupled Climate Model. Atmosphere-Ocean, Vol. 56, Issue. 1, p. 40.

    Frey, William R. and Kay, Jennifer E. 2018. The influence of extratropical cloud phase and amount feedbacks on climate sensitivity. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 50, Issue. 7-8, p. 3097.

    de Bruine, Marco Krol, Maarten van Noije, Twan Le Sager, Philippe and Röckmann, Thomas 2018. The impact of precipitation evaporation on the atmospheric aerosol distribution in EC-Earth v3.2.0. Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 1443.

    Mülmenstädt, Johannes and Feingold, Graham 2018. The Radiative Forcing of Aerosol–Cloud Interactions in Liquid Clouds: Wrestling and Embracing Uncertainty. Current Climate Change Reports, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 23.

    Schultze, Markus and Rockel, Burkhardt 2018. Direct and semi-direct effects of aerosol climatologies on long-term climate simulations over Europe. Climate Dynamics, Vol. 50, Issue. 9-10, p. 3331.

    Frege, Carla Ortega, Ismael K. Rissanen, Matti P. Praplan, Arnaud P. Steiner, Gerhard Heinritzi, Martin Ahonen, Lauri Amorim, António Bernhammer, Anne-Kathrin Bianchi, Federico Brilke, Sophia Breitenlechner, Martin Dada, Lubna Dias, António Duplissy, Jonathan Ehrhart, Sebastian El-Haddad, Imad Fischer, Lukas Fuchs, Claudia Garmash, Olga Gonin, Marc Hansel, Armin Hoyle, Christopher R. Jokinen, Tuija Junninen, Heikki Kirkby, Jasper Kürten, Andreas Lehtipalo, Katrianne Leiminger, Markus Mauldin, Roy Lee Molteni, Ugo Nichman, Leonid Petäjä, Tuukka Sarnela, Nina Schobesberger, Siegfried Simon, Mario Sipilä, Mikko Stolzenburg, Dominik Tomé, António Vogel, Alexander L. Wagner, Andrea C. Wagner, Robert Xiao, Mao Yan, Chao Ye, Penglin Curtius, Joachim Donahue, Neil M. Flagan, Richard C. Kulmala, Markku Worsnop, Douglas R. Winkler, Paul M. Dommen, Josef and Baltensperger, Urs 2018. Influence of temperature on the molecular composition of ions and charged clusters during pure biogenic nucleation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 65.

    Garimella, S. Rothenberg, D. A. Wolf, M. J. Wang, C. and Cziczo, D. J. 2018. How Uncertainty in Field Measurements of Ice Nucleating Particles Influences Modeled Cloud Forcing. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 75, Issue. 1, p. 179.

    Nanda, Swadhin de Graaf, Martin Sneep, Maarten de Haan, Johan F. Stammes, Piet Sanders, Abram F. J. Tuinder, Olaf Veefkind, J. Pepijn and Levelt, Pieternel F. 2018. Error sources in the retrieval of aerosol information over bright surfaces from satellite measurements in the oxygen A band. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 161.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: June 2014

Chapter 7 - Clouds and Aerosols

Summary

Executive Summary

Clouds and aerosols continue to contribute the largest uncertainty to estimates and interpretations of the Earth's changing energy budget. This chapter focuses on process understanding and considers observations, theory and models to assess how clouds and aerosols contribute and respond to climate change. The following conclusions are drawn.

Progress in Understanding

Many of the cloudiness and humidity changes simulated by climate models in warmer climates are now understood as responses to large-scale circulation changes that do not appear to depend strongly on sub-grid scale model processes, increasing confidence in these changes. For example, multiple lines of evidence now indicate positive feedback contributions from circulation-driven changes in both the height of high clouds and the latitudinal distribution of clouds (medium to high confidence). However, some aspects of the overall cloud response vary substantially among models, and these appear to depend strongly on sub-grid scale processes in which there is less confidence. {7.2.4, 7.2.5, 7.2.6, Figure 7.11}

Climate-relevant aerosol processes are better understood, and climate-relevant aerosol properties better observed, than at the time of AR4. However, the representation of relevant processes varies greatly in global aerosol and climate models and it remains unclear what level of sophistication is required to model their effect on climate. Globally, between 20 and 40% of aerosol optical depth (medium confidence) and between one quarter and two thirds of cloud condensation nucleus concentrations (low confidence) are of anthropogenic origin.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Climate Change 2013 – The Physical Science Basis
  • Online ISBN: 9781107415324
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×