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  • Cited by 8
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Taylor, Lucy Hahs, Amy K. and Hochuli, Dieter F. 2018. Wellbeing and urban living: nurtured by nature. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, p. 197.

    González-Oreja, José Antonio Zuria, Iriana Carbó-Ramírez, Pilar and Charre, Gregory Michaël 2018. Using variation partitioning techniques to quantify the effects of invasive alien species on native urban bird assemblages. Biological Invasions,

    Palma, Estibaliz Catford, Jane A. Corlett, Richard T. Duncan, Richard P. Hahs, Amy K. McCarthy, Michael A. McDonnell, Mark J. Thompson, Ken Williams, Nicholas S. G. and Vesk, Peter A. 2017. Functional trait changes in the floras of 11 cities across the globe in response to urbanization. Ecography, Vol. 40, Issue. 7, p. 875.

    Pickett, Steward T. A. and Cadenasso, Mary L. 2017. How many principles of urban ecology are there?. Landscape Ecology, Vol. 32, Issue. 4, p. 699.

    Kalusová, Veronika Čeplová, Natálie and Lososová, Zdeňka 2017. Which traits influence the frequency of plant species occurrence in urban habitat types?. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 65.

    McDonnell, Mark J. 2015. Journal of Urban Ecology: Linking and promoting research and practice in the evolving discipline of urban ecology: Figure 1.. Journal of Urban Ecology, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. juv003.

    Boone, Christopher G. Cook, Elizabeth Hall, Sharon J. Nation, Marcia L. Grimm, Nancy B. Raish, Carol B. Finch, Deborah M. and York, Abigail M. 2012. A comparative gradient approach as a tool for understanding and managing urban ecosystems. Urban Ecosystems, Vol. 15, Issue. 4, p. 795.

    Lascar, Claudia 2012. Urban Ecology: An Analysis of Interdisciplinarity. Science & Technology Libraries, Vol. 31, Issue. 4, p. 426.

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  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: March 2010

2 - Comparative urban ecology: challenges and possibilities

Summary

Introduction

Our research has been inspired by the views of Dennis and Ruggiero (1996) who emphasised that even simple inventories, if done with quality and consistency and repeated over large geographical areas, can provide valuable understanding about ecology and the impacts of humans across the world. Approximately 75% of the human population in industrialised countries lived in cities in 2003 and it is projected that half of the world's population will be urban by 2007 (United Nations,2004). In order to ensure that urban areas are planned for the well-being of both city dwellers and urban biodiversity, knowledge of the responses of the urban ecosystem – including ecological and human components – to the influence of urbanisation is pivotal (McDonnell and Pickett, 1990; Niemelä, 1999a).

Urbanisation creates patchworks of modified land types that exhibit similar patterns throughout the world. Nonetheless, little is known about whether these changes affect biodiversity in similar ways across the globe, or depend more on local conditions (Samways, 1992). Thus, there is a need for comparative, international research to assess the effects of these activities on native biodiversity, and, where possible, to minimise adverse effects (Dennis and Ruggiero, 1996; Andersen, 1999). Such research could potentially distinguish globally recurring patterns and convergence from more local phenomena. The new knowledge could enhance the development of urban ecology as a scientific discipline and foster international collaboration among researchers and managers in finding ways to mitigate the adverse effects of human-caused landscape change.

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Ecology of Cities and Towns
  • Online ISBN: 9780511609763
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511609763
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