Previous research on corporate cultures and ethical business cultures has focused almost exclusively on studies of multinational corporations from a handful of developed countries. This book addresses the intersection of human resource development and human resource management with ethical business cultures in the four BRIC countries, and four other fast-growing emerging economies: those of Mexico, Indonesia, South Africa and Turkey. Drawing on longitudinal large-scale survey-based studies, it compares managers' and employees' perceptions of ethical business cultures in these countries, contrasting them with the US economy. It then discusses the economic and socio-cultural context and current research on business ethics in each of these countries, including implications for research and practice. This significant study will appeal to scholars, researchers and students in business ethics, management, human resource management and development, and organization studies, and addresses issues faced daily by business executives and practitioners working in emerging market countries.