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Freedom of Transit and Access to Gas Pipeline Networks under WTO Law
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    Freedom of Transit and Access to Gas Pipeline Networks under WTO Law
    • Online ISBN: 9781316681497
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316681497
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Book description

Gas transit is network-dependent and it cannot be established without the existence of pipeline infrastructure in the territory of a transit state or the ability to access this infrastructure. Nevertheless, at an inter-regional level, there are no sufficient pipeline networks allowing gas to travel freely from a supplier to the most lucrative markets. The existing networks are often operated by either private or state-controlled vertically integrated monopolies who are often reluctant to release unused pipeline capacity to their potential competitors. These obstacles to gas transit can diminish the gains from trade for states endowed with natural gas resources, including developing landlocked countries, as well as undermine WTO Members' energy security and their attempts at sustainable development. This book explains how the WTO could play a more prominent role in the international regulation of gas transit and promote the development of an international gas market.

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2.
2.1
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2.2
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2.3
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2.4
2.4.1
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European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, ‘Room Document 8’, Plenary Session (26 March 1993)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, ‘Room Document 10’, Plenary Session (24–26 March 1993)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, ‘Room Document 2 (Attached to the Basic Agreement)’, Working Group II (Brussels, 1 June 1992)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, ‘Room Document 6’, Working Group II (Brussels, 22–23 April 1993)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, ‘Submission from European Communities’ (Brussels, 1 April 1992)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, Room Document 26, Plenary Session (Brussels, 28 April 1993)
European Energy Charter Conference Secretariat, Working Group II Meeting, Chaired by Slater of UK (17–18 October 1991)
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2.4.2
Economic and Social Council, ‘Preparatory Committee of the International Conference on Trade and Employment’, E/PC/T/C.II/54/Rev.1 (28 November 1946)
Economic and Social Council, Preparatory Committee of the International Conference on Trade and Employment (Committee II), ‘Report of the Technical Sub-committee’, E/PC/T/C.II/54 (16 November 1946)
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2.4.3
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, ‘Trust Fund for Trade Facilitation Negotiations’, ‘Freedom of Transit’, Technical Note 8 (February 2009)
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2.4.4
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