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  • Cited by 11
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Choi, Yujin 2017. Work Values, Job Characteristics, and Career Choice Decisions: Evidence From Longitudinal Data. The American Review of Public Administration, Vol. 47, Issue. 7, p. 779.

    Miller, Aaron D. and Rottinghaus, Patrick J. 2014. Career Indecision, Meaning in Life, and Anxiety. Journal of Career Assessment, Vol. 22, Issue. 2, p. 233.

    Sterner, William R. 2012. Integrating Existentialism and Super's Life-Span, Life-Space Approach. The Career Development Quarterly, Vol. 60, Issue. 2, p. 152.

    Cappellen, Tineke and Janssens, Maddy 2010. The career reality of global managers: an examination of career triggers. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 21, Issue. 11, p. 1884.

    Beutell, Nicholas J. and O'Hare, Marianne M. 2006. Career Pathfinders: A Qualitative Study of Career Development. Psychological Reports, Vol. 98, Issue. 2, p. 517.

    Maglio, Asa-Sophia T. Butterfield, Lee D. and Borgen, William A. 2005. Existential considerations for contemporary career counseling. Journal of Employment Counseling, Vol. 42, Issue. 2, p. 75.

    Whiston, Susan C. and Rahardja, Daryn 2005. Qualitative Career Assessment: An Overview and Analysis. Journal of Career Assessment, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 371.

    Parker, Polly 2005. Intelligent Careers of Pacific Island Leaders. South Pacific Journal of Psychology, Vol. 16, Issue. , p. 1.

    Imel, Susan 2002. Careers Forum. Australian Journal of Career Development, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 79.

    Chen, Charles P. 2002. Enhancing Vocational Psychology Practice through Narrative Inquiry. Australian Journal of Career Development, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 14.

    Hartung, Paul J. 2002. Cultural Context in Career Theory and Practice: Role Salience and Values. The Career Development Quarterly, Vol. 51, Issue. 1, p. 12.

  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: January 2010

5 - Changing career: the role of values


The changing work place – a combination of economic, demographic, technological, and social changes – continues to have far-reaching effects on work, family, and other life roles of individuals. Changing definitions of career reflect the complex combination of work and nonwork roles which are increasingly a feature of life (Collin & Watts, 1996; Super, 1990; Watts, 1997). These definitions incorporate the themes of multiple roles and individual responsibility for career. Super (1980, p. 282) referred to the ‘combination and sequence of roles played by a person during the course of a lifetime’. More recent definitions emphasise that individuals must review their perception of their career as an individual rather than organisational phenomenon – ‘individuals should regard themselves as being self-employed’ (Collin & Watts, 1996, p. 391). Changes in the future of career – in the way individuals engage in society through work – and in its relationship with other life roles prompt a re-examination of values and personal meanings in role involvement.

Most writers would agree that the meaning we ascribe to values is constructed within the contexts in which we live (e.g. Gergen, 1985; Nord, Brief, Atieh, & Doherty, 1990). Our values and the meanings we attach to life roles change in concert with changes in culture and society, but the extent to which this happens is unclear (Kopper, 1993). In a post-traditional context, Giddens (1991) suggests that the radical alteration in the way we engage with society individually and collectively, so that individual and society reflexively interact, encourages a construction of a narrative of self-identity so that the self becomes a reflexive project. He notes that ‘the altered self has to be explored and constructed as part of a reflexive process of connecting personal and social change’ (p. 33).

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The Future of Career
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