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  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: March 2016

Esther Three


After these things, Ahashverosh the king promoted Haman, the son of Hamedata the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who were around him. And all the king's servants who were in the king's gate bowed and prostrated themselves before Haman, for the king had so ordained concerning him, but Mordechai did not bow nor prostrate himself.

The king's servants who were in the king's gate said to Mordechai: “Why do you violate the king's commandment?”

It came to pass that when they spoke to him day in and day out and he did not listen to them, they told Haman, to see whether Mordechai's words would stand, for he had told them that he was a Jew. When Haman saw that Mordechai did not bow nor prostrate himself, Haman was filled with rage. But it was disdainful in his eyes to lay hands on Mordechai alone, for they had revealed to him Mordechai's people, so that Haman sought to annihilate all the Jews throughout the entire kingdom of Ahashverosh, the people of Mordechai.

In the 1st month, the month of Nisan, in the year 12 of Ahashverosh the king, they cast the pur, that is the lot, before Haman, testing day by day and month by month, until they reached the 12th month, the month of Adar.

Then Haman said to Ahashverosh the king: “There is a certain people scattered and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different from those of other peoples, and the king's laws they do not keep, so that it is of no benefit for the king to tolerate them. If it please the king, let it be written that they be destroyed, and I will weigh out ten thousand talents of silver into the hands of those who have charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.”