Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 19
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Si, Jinghui 2018. English as a native language, World Englishes and English as a lingua franca-informed materials: acceptance, perceptions and attitudes of Chinese English learners. Asian Englishes, p. 1.

    Lou, Nigel Mantou and A. Noels, Kimberly 2018. Western and heritage cultural internalizations predict EFL students’ language motivation and confidence. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, p. 1.

    Malyuga, Elena N. and Orlova, Svetlana N. 2018. Linguistic Pragmatics of Intercultural Professional and Business Communication. p. 1.

    Brosch, Cyril and Fiedler, Sabine 2018. Language Policy and Linguistic Justice. p. 499.

    Dewi, Anita 2017. English Medium Instruction in Higher Education in Asia-Pacific. Vol. 21, Issue. , p. 241.

    Fleckenstein, Johanna Leucht, Michael Pant, Hans Anand and Köller, Olaf 2016. Proficient beyond borders: assessing non-native speakers in a native speakers’ framework. Large-scale Assessments in Education, Vol. 4, Issue. 1,

    Chen, Nancy F. Wee, Darren Tong, Rong Ma, Bin and Li, Haizhou 2016. Large-scale characterization of non-native Mandarin Chinese spoken by speakers of European origin: Analysis on iCALL. Speech Communication, Vol. 84, Issue. , p. 46.

    Stringer, David 2015. EMBEDDED WH-QUESTIONS IN L2 ENGLISH IN INDIA. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Vol. 37, Issue. 01, p. 101.

    van Gelderen, Elly 2014. A History of the English Language.

    Dewi, Anita 2014. Perception of English in relation to communication and identity: A study of Indonesian lecturers, teachers, and tertiary students. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Zipp, Lena 2014. Educated Fiji English. Vol. G47, Issue. ,

    Corrigan, Paul C. 2014. Handbook of Research on Transnational Higher Education. p. 432.

    Corrigan, Paul C. 2014. Cross-Cultural Interaction. p. 428.

    Subtirelu, Nicholas 2013. What (do) learners want (?): a re-examination of the issue of learner preferences regarding the use of ‘native’ speaker norms in English language teaching. Language Awareness, Vol. 22, Issue. 3, p. 270.

    Gil, Jeffrey 2011. A comparison of the global status of English and Chinese: towards a new global language?. English Today, Vol. 27, Issue. 01, p. 52.

    Vucetic, Srdjan 2011. What is so American about the American empire?. International Politics, Vol. 48, Issue. 2-3, p. 251.

    Ellis, Elizabeth Gogolin, Ingrid and Clyne, Michael 2010. The Janus face of monolingualism: a comparison of German and Australian language education policies. Current Issues in Language Planning, Vol. 11, Issue. 4, p. 439.

    Ndhlovu, Finex 2010. Belonging and Attitudes towards Ethnic Languages among African Migrants in Australia. Australian Journal of Linguistics, Vol. 30, Issue. 3, p. 299.

    Tochon, Francois Victor 2009. The Key to Global Understanding: World Languages Education—Why Schools Need to Adapt. Review of Educational Research, Vol. 79, Issue. 2, p. 650.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: September 2012

9 - English worldwide



The final quinquennium of the twentieth century saw an unprecedented interest in the topic of global English, articulated at both popular and academic levels, and a discernible step forward in the generality with which the phenomenon was discussed. To the media of the time, the global spread of English was an established and straightforward fact. ‘English Rules’ (The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 12 July 1997) was just one of many newspaper headlines presenting to the world an uncomplicated scenario that took for granted the universality of the language's spread, the speed with which it had happened, and the likelihood of its continuation. A statement prominently displayed in the body of the associated article, memorable for its alliterative ingenuity but for little else, reinforced the initial impression: ‘The British Empire may be in full retreat with the handover of Hong Kong. But from Bengal to Belize and Las Vegas to Lahore, the language of the sceptred isle is rapidly becoming the first global lingua franca.’ Millennial retrospectives and prognostications continued in the same vein, with several major newspapers and magazines finding in the subject of the English language an apt symbol for the themes of globalisation, diversification, progress and identity addressed in their special editions (e.g. Ryan, 1999). Certainly, by the turn of the century, the topic must have made contact with millions of popular intuitions at a level which had simply not existed a decade before.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

A History of the English Language
  • Online ISBN: 9780511791154
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *