Skip to main content
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ataabadi, Majid Mirzaie Kaakinen, Anu Kunimatsu, Yutaka Nakaya, Hideo Orak, Zahra Paknia, Mohammad Sakai, Tetsuya Salminen, Johanna Sawada, Yoshihiro Sen, Sevket Suwa, Gen Watabe, Mahito Zaree, Gholamreza Zhaoqun, Zhang and Fortelius, Mikael 2016. The late Miocene hominoid-bearing site in the Maragheh Formation, Northwest Iran. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, Vol. 96, Issue. 3, p. 349.


    Suwa, Gen Kunimatsu, Yutaka Mirzaie Ataabadi, Majid Orak, Zahra Sasaki, Tomohiko and Fortelius, Mikael 2016. The first hominoid from the Maragheh Formation, Iran. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, Vol. 96, Issue. 3, p. 373.


    Kaya, Ferhat Kaymakçi, Nuretdin Bibi, Faysal Eronen, Jussi T. Pehlevan, Cesur Erkman, Ahmet C. Langereis, Cor G. and Fortelius, Mikael 2016. Magnetostratigraphy and paleoecology of the hominid-bearing locality Çorakyerler, Tuglu Formation (Çankiri Basin, Central Anatolia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol. 36, Issue. 2, p. e1071710.


    Hara, Yuichiro Imanishi, Tadashi and Satta, Yoko 2012. Reconstructing the Demographic History of the Human Lineage Using Whole-Genome Sequences from Human and Three Great Apes. Genome Biology and Evolution, Vol. 4, Issue. 11, p. 1133.


    Casanovas-Vilar, I. Alba, D. M. Garces, M. Robles, J. M. and Moya-Sola, S. 2011. Updated chronology for the Miocene hominoid radiation in Western Eurasia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue. 14, p. 5554.


    Moya-Sola, S. Alba, D. M. Almecija, S. Casanovas-Vilar, I. Kohler, M. De Esteban-Trivigno, S. Robles, J. M. Galindo, J. and Fortuny, J. 2009. A unique Middle Miocene European hominoid and the origins of the great ape and human clade. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue. 24, p. 9601.


    ×
  • Print publication year: 2001
  • Online publication date: January 2010

14 - The late Miocene hominoid from Georgia

from PART III - Miocone hominoids: function and phylogeny
Summary

Introduction

More than half a century since the first announcement of the late Miocene discovery from Udabno (Gare-Kaxheti, East Georgia; Figure 14.1), remains of a hominoid-like primate were described by N.O. Burtshak-Abramovitz and E. G. Gabashvili (1945, 1950) as a new taxon – Udabnopithecus garedziensis. In the years that followed, other specialists in the field changed its taxonomy. Piveteau (1957) noted its close resemblance to the genus Dryopithecus, and later publications claimed that the hominoid ape from Udabno is actually synonymous with the species Dryopithecus fontani (Simons & Pilbeam, 1965; Szalay & Delson 1979; Andrews et al., 1996), although without any substantial discussion. Yet other opinions also were expressed (Reshetov, 1966, Nesturkh, 1968). In all the publications, the stratigraphic position of Udabnopithecus is rather approximate Middle/Late Miocene or Sarmatian.

A short description of the actual remains

A detailed examination of the hominoid remains from Udabno has convinced us that even though it shows significant similarities to Sivapithecus, a similarity which will be touched upon later, it is also very close in its attributes to Dryopithecus.

Udabnopithecus is represented by the right P4 and M1 imbedded in a maxilla fragment (Figure 14.2). During the extraction of the maxilla fragment, the P4 has been detached. It seems that the same happened earlier to M2 as evidenced by the remaining part of its alveolar cavity in the maxilla, and this tooth is now lost. The attrition of the teeth is slight to medium.

The P4 is oval shaped, rather squeezed in on its medial and distal sides (Figure 14.3). Its labial facet is shorter than the lingual, while the dorsal surface is less convex than the ventral.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Hominoid Evolution and Climatic Change in Europe
  • Online ISBN: 9780511600449
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511600449
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×