Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: December 2012

Seven - Entrenched Insiders

Summary

Introduction

Despite advances in social development and the presence of a very stable political order, during much of the twentieth century Mexico was unable to produce rapid economic growth. Even after dramatic economic transformations at the close of the century, including trade liberalization, privatization, and deregulation, economic performance has remained mediocre at best (Levy and Walton 2009). Democratization was a long and protracted process that only became a reality after a long delay, compared to political openings in Latin America and the rest of the world (Magaloni 2006). At the beginning of the twenty-first century the economy is stagnant; young men and women are unable or unwilling to find jobs in the modern formal economy (Levy 2008); and the state is unable to provide the most basic public good of controlling its territory and protecting its citizens from extortion and violence.

This chapter applies the theoretical framework developed by Douglass North, John Wallis, and Barry Weingast in their book Violence and Social Orders (2009) to the study of the social, political, and economic development of Mexico. In the context of this analytic lens, Mexico has already fulfilled what the authors call the “doorstep conditions” (rule of law for elites, perpetually lived organizations in the public and private spheres, and consolidated control of the military) that could enable it to transform into an open access order (OAO) society. But I argue that the prevailing political arrangement and the organization of economic interests have produced entrenched insiders who are preventing such transition.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

In the Shadow of Violence
  • Online ISBN: 9781139013611
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139013611
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
References
Brandenburg, Frank 1964 The Making of Modern MexicoEnglewood Cliffs, NJPrentice-Hall
Camp, Roderic 1982 Mexico’s Leaders: Their Education and RecruitmentTucsonUniversity of New Mexico Press
Cornelius, Wayne 1975 Politics and the Migrant Poor in Mexico CityStanfordStanford University Press
Dìaz-Cayeros, AlbertoMagaloni, BeatrizWeingast, Barry 2003
Dunning, Thad 2008 Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political RegimesCambridge Studies in Comparative PoliticsCambridge University Press
Escalante, Fernando 2009
Giugale, MarceloWebb, Steve 2000 Achievements and Challenges of Fiscal Decentralization. Lessons from MexicoWashingtonWorld Bank
Giugale, MarceloLafourcade, OlivierNguyen, Vinh H. 2001 Mexico. A Comprehensive Development Agenda for the New EraWashingtonWorld Bank
Grindle, Merilee S. 1977 Bureaucrats, Politicians, and Peasants in Mexico: A Case Study in Public PolicyBerkeleyUniversity of California Press
Haber, StephenRazo, ArmandoMaurer, Noel 2003 The Politics of Property Rights: Political Instability, Credible Commitments, and Economic Growth in Mexico, 1876–1929New YorkCambridge University Press
Hansen, Roger 1974 The Politics of Mexican DevelopmentBaltimoreJohns Hopkins University Press
Kornai, Janos 1992 The Postsocialist Transition and the State: Reflections in the Light of Hungarian Fiscal ProblemsAmerican Economic Review 82 1
Lajous, Adrian 2009 Levy, SantiagoWalton, MichaelNo Growth Without Equity? Inequality, Interests and Competition in MexicoNew YorkPalgrave MacMillan
Levy, SantiagoWalton, Michael 2009 No Growth Without Equity?: Inequality, Interests, And Competition In MexicoNew YorkPalgrave MacMillan
Levy, Santiago 2008 Good Intentions, Bad Outcomes: Social Policy, Informality, and Economic Growth in MexicoWashingtonBrookings Institution
Lujambio, Alonso 2001 Middlebrook, KevinParty Politics and the Struggle for Democratization in Mexico. National and State-Level Analysis of the Partido Acción NacionalSan DiegoUniversity of California in San Diego
Magaloni, Beatriz. 2006 Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and Its Demise in MexicoCambridgeCambridge University Press
Magaloni, BeatrizWeingast, BarryDìaz-Cayeros, Alberto 2008 Why Developing Countries Sabotage Economic Growth: Land Reform in MexicoStanford University
McCaa, Robert 2001 http://www.hist.umn.edu/~rmccaa/missmill/abstract.htm
North, DouglassWallis, JohnWeingast, Barry 2009 Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human HistoryCambridgeCambridge University Press
Razo, Armando 2008 Social Foundations of Limited Dictatorship Networks and Private Protection During Mexico’s Early IndustrializationStanfordStanford University Press
Sanderson, Susan Walsh 1984 Land Reform in Mexico, 1910 – 1980New YorkAcademic Press
Smith, Peter 1979 Labyrinths of Power: Political Recruitment in Twentieth Century MexicoPrinceton, NJPrinceton University Press
Tornell, AaronLane, Philip 1999
Turner, John Kenneth 1912 Barbarous Mexico. An Indictment of a Cruel and Corrupt SystemLondonCassell and Company
Warman, Arturo 1980 “We Come to Object”: The Peasants of Morelos and the National StateBaltimore, MDThe Johns Hopkins University Press
Wilkie, James 1978 La Revolución Mexicana (1910–1976): Gasto Federal y Cambio SocialMéxico, DFFondo de Cultura Económica
Zepeda, Guillermo 2000 Transformación Agraria. Los Derechos de Propiedad en el Campo Mexicano Bajo el Nuevo Marco InstitucionalMexicoM.A. Porrúa