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  • Cited by 9
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    Eltringham, Nigel 2014. Transition and Justice. p. 153.

    Nyseth Brehm, Hollie Uggen, Christopher and Gasanabo, Jean-Damascène 2014. Genocide, Justice, and Rwanda’s Gacaca Courts. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Vol. 30, Issue. 3, p. 333.

    Eltringham, Nigel 2014. ‘When we Walk Out, What was it all About?’: Views on New Beginnings from within the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Development and Change, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 543.

    Klosterboer and Hartmann-Mahmud 2013. <em>“Difficult to Repair”:</em> Applying African Models for Transitional Justice to Peace and Restoration Prospects in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review, Vol. 3, Issue. 1, p. 56.

    Ingelaere, Bert 2012. From model to practice: Researching and representing Rwanda’s ‘modernized’ gacaca courts. Critique of Anthropology, Vol. 32, Issue. 4, p. 388.

    Mukashema, Immaculée and Mullet, Etienne 2010. Current mental health and reconciliation sentiment of victims of the genocide against Tutsi in Rwanda. Revista de Psicología Social, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 27.

    Mukashema, Immaculee and Mullet, Etienne 2010. Reconciliation Sentiment Among Victims of Genocide in Rwanda: Conceptualizations, and Relationships with Mental Health. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 99, Issue. 1, p. 25.

    Ingelaere, Bert 2009. ‘Does the truth pass across the fire without burning?’ Locating the short circuit in Rwanda's Gacaca courts. The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 47, Issue. 04, p. 507.

    Rettig, Max 2008. Gacaca: Truth, Justice, and Reconciliation in Postconflict Rwanda? . African Studies Review, Vol. 51, Issue. 03, p. 25.

  • Print publication year: 2004
  • Online publication date: May 2010

10 - Connecting justice to human experience: attitudes toward accountability and reconciliation in Rwanda

    • By Timothy Longman, Associate Professor of Political Science and African Studies, Vassar College; Research Fellow of the Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, USA, Phuong Pham, Assistant Professor, Payson Center for International Development and Technology Transfer at Tulane University; Research Fellow of the Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, USA, Harvey M. Weinstein, Associate Director of the Human Rights Center and Clinical Professor of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, USA
  • Edited by Eric Stover, University of California, Berkeley, Harvey M. Weinstein, University of California, Berkeley
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • pp 206-225

After the 1994 Rwandan genocide, the government of Rwanda and the international community implemented three judicial responses in an effort to punish those responsible for the violence, help rebuild the country's war-ravaged society, and encourage reconciliation – the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), national-level domestic genocide trials, and local-level gacaca courts. The Rwandan government has also established commissions for human rights and for national unity and reconciliation; instituted re-education camps for returned refugees, former prisoners, students, and politicians; established memorials and commemorations to the genocide; and instituted a series of political reforms. While these programs have been adopted in the name of reconciliation and national unity, neither the Rwandan government nor the international community has solicited the views of the Rwandan population regarding the best means of achieving reconciliation and unity.

In implementing policies in a top-down manner, Rwanda is, of course, not alone. Governments and international institutions, such as the United Nations, rarely, if ever, consult affected populations when formulating policies aimed at rebuilding post-war societies. Indeed, while many national leaders and international officials claim to speak on behalf of those most affected by the violence, what people themselves believe is most needed to rebuild and reconcile their war-torn country is usually ignored. In 2002, we set out to gain a clearer idea of how Rwandans understood the concepts of justice and reconciliation and of whether they believed that the judicial initiatives underway in their country would contribute to the process of reconciliation and national unity.

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My Neighbor, My Enemy
  • Online ISBN: 9780511720352
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